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nU^ (XPf\ ij^3
Regimental Commissary Sergeant
2nd Lieutenant Co. C, June 6, 1863
1st Lieutenant Co. E, Nov. 4, 1864
Captain Co. C, Nov. 26, 1864
Brevetted Major by the President "for Gallant Service in the
Campaigns of the Shenandoah Valley in 1864."
Luman Harris Tenney ^
1861 - 1865
Printed for Private Circuladon
Frances Andrews Tenney
Evangelical Publishing House
niK NEW YORK
Copyright, 1914, by Fnnces Andrews Tcnncy
MY thanks are here tendered to those who have
helped me in getting together the contents of this
book : to General A. B. Nettleton who so shortly
before his death showed his interest by writing the Intro-
ductory notes and making various explanations ; to Captain
Henry Chester who kindly allowed the use of the map he
had drawn and who spent time in verifying the names of
places and in elucidating certain doubtful points ; to Miss
Helen E. Keep who compiled the Genealogical Chart;
to Mr. W. R. Austin who gave the use of the Custer
Badge; to others who were always ready to answer
questions and to Mrs. Theodore E. Tenney who aided
in deciphering the fine script of the five well worn little
diary books, and in putting them into typewritten form.
— F. D. T.
Oberlin, August, 1914.
Luman H. Tenney .
Luman Harris Tenney
The Tenney Family, Oberlin, 1855
The Andrews House .....
Built in 1868.
The Andrews House ....
As It Looked After Being Remodeled in 1002.
Melissa and baby Carrie
Colonel Alvred Bayard Nettleton
Brevetted Brigadier General.
Brother Theodore .....
Killed in the last great battle at Five Forks, Va.
Poplar Grove National Cemetery at Petersburg, Va.
Bernard Frederick and his mother
Custer's Badge ......
The B. F. Group .....
B. F. Seal
The Tenney Family .....
Taken in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1879.
Front view of the Andrews-Tenney Home, taken in 1912
The Tenney family resided here after 1882.
Luman Harris Tenney, 1879 . . . .
Genealogical Chart . , . . .
By a. B. Nettleton, June 10, 1911.
When the Civil War began, early in April, 1861, by the Seces-
sionists firing upon and capturing Fort Sumter in Charleston Har-
bor, S. C, the general though transient belief at the North was that
in about sixty days the United States Government, with an army
of about a hundred thousand men, could certainly crush the re-
bellion and restore order. Acting upon this popular assumption,
President Lincoln on April 15th, 1861, called for Seventy-five Thou-
sand ninety-day Volunteers, which force added to the then existing
though badly scattered regular army of about Twenty-five Thou-
sand men, made up the desired force of One Hundred Thousand.
Preliminary skirmishes and unimportant engagements took place
during the next few weeks, and on July 21, 1861, occurred the first
serious battle of the war — that of Bull Run, or Manassas, in Vir-
ginia, near Washington, in which the Union Army was badly de-
feated. The whole country was aroused and alarmed. Realizing
the desperate nature of the conflict thus entered upon. President
Lincoln, under an act of Congress, then promptly called for three
hundred thousand volunteers, for three years or "during the war."
At that time Hon. Benjamin F. Wade was one of the two Ohio
Senators in Congress, and Hon. John Hutchins, of Warren, Ohio,
was the Representative in Congress from the District embracing
Northeastern Ohio. Immediately following the battle of Bull Run
these two men asked and received from the President authority to
recruit and organize a regiment of cavalry from the counties of
the Western Reserve, with headquarters at Cleveland. Under this
authority the Second Ohio Volunteer Cavalry enlisted and organ-
ized, and their camp of rendezvous was named Camp Wade. No
better material ever formed the rank and file of a volunteer regi-
ment. Governor Denison appointed Charles W. Doubleday to be
the first Colonel of the Regiment, as he had acquired some mili-
tary experience while serving as a member of a filibustering expedi-
tion against Nicaraugua, and possessed energy and dignity. Lorain
County furnished one company for the Second Cavalry, one hun-
dred men. Most of these came from the southern part of the
county, and mainly from the village of Wellington and vicinity.
Between August 25th and September 9th, nine young men from
Oberlin, mostly college students, enlisted in this so-called Welling-
ton Company, designated as Company "H", and joined the r€^-
ment at Camp Wade as privates, none anticipating official position
of any sort. This Oberlin contingent consisted of the following
besides the writer: Luman Harris Tenney, Charles Grandison
X Introductory Notes
Fairchild, Henry W. Chester, W. TuUy Norton, John Devlin, (after-
ward killed in battle) , Delos R. Haynes, William P. Bushnell and
Hamlin S. Bigelow. This group was afterward increased to ten
by the enlistment in the winter of 1862-3 of Theodore A. Tenney,
who was killed in the last great battle of the War, at Five Forks,
Va., April 1, 1865, nine days before Lee surrendered at Appomat-
tox, as recorded in the following diary of Major Tenney. No
better or braver soldier ever yielded up his life on the battle
field. In the course of Major Tenney's diary entries he refers fre-
quently to various members of this Oberlin party by initials, thus :
To Wm. Robinson, (L. H. Tenney's assistant) as "Bob" ; to Nettle-
ton as A. B. or A. B. N. ; to Delos Haynes as D. R. ; to Fairchild as
Charles, C. G. or C. G. F. ; to Bushnell as Will ; to Chester as Chet ;
to Theodore, his brother, as Thede.
The regiment was uniformed, mustered into the United States
service, armed with carbines, sabres and revolvers, and drilled at
Camp Wade, and then, in November, 1861, removed to Camp Deni-
son, near Cincinnati, to be nearer the scene of action, and then in
December and January transported to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas,
and Platte City, Mo., on the following errand :
In December, 1861, the President, at the urgent solicitation of
several influential but unwise western politicians, authorized the
eccentric but forceful United States Senator James H. Lane of Kan-
sas, commonly then called "Jim Lane", to organize and dispatch a
force of about 20,000 Federal troops. Infantry, Cavalry and Artil-
lery, intending to march southward through Kansas, Indian Terri-
tory, (now part of Oklahoma) , and into Texas, in order as Lane ex-
pressed it, "to attack the Southern Confederacy through its back
door." The Second Ohio Cavalry by military chance formed a part
of this expeditionary force. Our Colonel Doubleday was its rank-
ing oflicer, and from this fact and because of his undoubted com-
petency was entitled to command the army, bu* Lane's favoritism
preferred one Colonel Wier, of the tenth Kansas, and Colonel Dou-
bleday, in June, 1862, resigned his position in rage and disgust, and
never re-entered the army. Wier quickly proved to be a drunken
good-for-naught, was placed in arrest by his subordinate officers
and replaced by Colonel Salomon of the Ninth Wisconsin. This ex-
peditionary army was increased by the addition of about 2,500
wild Indians, mainly Osages, Cherokees and Creeks. These were
opposed to about an equal number of disloyal or Confederate In-
dians on the other side. Thus the Second Ohio boys had the novel
experience of fighting with and against real red Indians, in their
war-paint, and using their native war-whoop with a vengeance in
Our expedition encountered almost torrid heat in the Indian
Territory, lost great numbers of men and animals from this cause
and other needless hardships, and in July turned east and north
into Missouri and Arkansas where there was plenty of legitimate
campaigning and fighting under competent commanders. At the
Introductory Notes XI
close of 1862 the regiment was transferred to Camp Chase, Ohio,
to be recruited, remounted, rearmed, and sent, under General Bum-
side through Kentucky into East Tennessee, as recorded in detail
in this diary.
ORGANIZATION OF A CAVALRY REGIMENT
It may render clearer some entries in this diary if the organ-
ization of a Regiment of Cavalry, under the laws and regulations of
that period, is explained here:
Each regiment contained twelve companies, of one hundred
men each, exclusive of Commissioned Officers. These twelve com-
panies were divided into three Battalions of four companies each,
a Major being in immediate command of each Battalion.
Commissioned Officers: All commissioned officers serving in
a volunteer regiment were commissioned by the Governor of the
State, and mustered into the Army of the United States. In a
Cavalry Regiment they were as follows:
One Colonel, commanding the Regiment.
One Lieutenant Colonel, commanding in absence of Colonel.
Three Majors, one for each of the three Battalions.
12 Captains, one commanding each Company.
12 First Lieutenants, one for each Company.
12 Second Lieutenants, one for each Company.
One Surgeon, with rank and pay of Major.
One Assistant Surgeon, with rank and pay of 1st Lieut.
One Chaplain, with rank and pay of Captain.
One Regimental Quartermaster, (First Lieutenant).
One Regimental Commissary, (First Lieutenant).
One Regimental Adjutant, (First Lieutenant).
Three Battalion Adjutants, (First Lieutenant).
Three Battalion Quartermasters, (First Lieutenant).
Three Battalion Commissaries, (First Lieutenant).
Non-commissioned Officers: All appointed by the Colonel of
One Regimental Sergeant-major.
Three Battalion Sergeant-majors.
One Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant.
Three Battalion Quartermaster Sergeants.
One Regimental Commissary Sergeant.
Three Battalion Commissary Sergeants.
XII Introductory Notes
Eight Sergeants to each Company.
Eight Corporals to each Company.
(These Company, or Line, noncommissioned officers were num-
bered from one to eight, respectively, and bore rank and
During 1861 and 1862 Luman Harris Tenney served as (staff)
Commissary Sergeant of Major Purington's Battalion.
After being promoted to Second and then First Lieuten-
ant he served mainly with Companies E and C ; and when
promoted to Captain he was assigned to command Com-
pany "C." Because of his marked efficiency in and inti-
mate knowledge of the Quartermaster's and Commis-
sary's duties he was often detailed to perform these du-
ties, when he would have much preferred duty "in the
Line," that is, in the command of his Company or of a de-
tachment of troops. When on the details referred to he
almost always managed to get permission to go into bat-
tles and on scouts where danger was greatest, although
his duty did not call for such exposure.
CERTAIN CAVALRY BUGLE CALLS
In the Cavalry Service the following Bugle Calls were sounded
from Regimental or Company headquarters each day, except when
in action, or so near the Enemy that all sounds of this nature were
prohibited for prudential reasons:
"Reveille!" At daybreak, or sunrise usually and at such
earlier hour as the commanding officer may previously have di-
rected when actively campaigning. Upon this signal the First
Sergeant, commonly called the Orderly Sergeant, of each Company
sees to it that every man of his Company falls promptly into line
for the morning Roll-call. Every soldier who fails to respond to
his name is marked ''absent without leave" and he has a reckoning
to make afterward.
"Breakfast Call." Usually an hour or half hour after
"Reveille," to secure prompt and uniform breakfasting.
"Sick Call." At nine o'clock A. M. each morning when in
camp. The Orderly Sergeant of each Company brings to Regi-
mental headquarters those men of his Company who claim or ap-
pear to be sick. There they are looked over or questioned by the
Surgeon or his assistant who either, prescribes and furnishes medi-
cine and excuses from duty for the day, or sends to the Hospital
or frankly tells the soldier that he is not sick.
"Retreat." This sounded at sunset, when evening roll-call oc-
curs by companies. Thereafter the soldiers who are not on night
duty proceed to amuse themselves as best they may in or about
their tents, singing songs, playing cards and other games, etc.,
but never boisterously. Under proper circumstances passes are
Introductory Notes XIII
given to a certain number from each company to go outside camp
lines, to the neighboring town for example.
"Boots and Saddles." This stirring call is given whenever a
sudden emergency requires the command to be instantly in readi-
ness to march and fight.
"Taps." At nine or ten o'clock P. M. according to previous
general orders, when all lights must be out in camp, all soldiers
unless on night duty must be in bed, and general quiet must
THE SECOND OHIO CAVALRY IN THE EAST
It will be noticed under date March 25th, 1864, in the diary,
that the Second Ohio Cavalry had been ordered to return to duty
in Tennessee after the "veteran furlough" given as partial reward
for re-enlisting for three years more, and that upon reaching Cin-
cinnati a telegram from the Secretary of War changed the destina-
tion of the Regiment to Annapolis, Maryland, to which place the
command at once proceeded. This change meant that we were to
serve the remainder of our time with the Armies of the East, and
the boys were jubilant over the prospect, mainly for the opportun-
ity given for variety and observation. The change was due to
the special request made by General A. E. Bumside of Gen. Grant
that our Regiment might be sent east and again attached to
his Ninth (Infantry) Corps. We had been under his command
throughout our service in Kentucky and Tennessee, and he had
taken a great liking to our ways of doing things.
When Grant and Meade started the Army of the Potomac May
1, 1864, upon its great and sanguinary campaign against Lee, the
Second Cavalry formed a part of the great army by being attached
to Bumside's Ninth Corps. In this capacity we passed through a
part of the Campaign of the Wilderness, as described in the diary.
In May, '64, it became apparent that the cavalry must be massed,
and the Second was accordingly merged in Sheridan's Cavalry
Corps of the Army of the Potomac, in which connection it served
to the end of the War. The Cavalry Corps was organized into three
Divisions, the First, Second and Third. The Third Division was com-
manded by Gen's James H. Wilson and George A. Custer, and the
Second Ohio Cavalry was made one of the five regiments constitut-
ing the First Brigade of that Division. At first the Cavalry Corps
was commanded directly by General Sheridan, but when he was
made Commander of the Army of the Shenandoah, which included
the Cavalry Corps, the latter came under command of, first. General
Wilson, and then General Torbert. Generals Sheridan and Custer
probably have had no superiors in history as commanders of
The esteem in which the Second Ohio was held by the great
generals under which it served is sufficiently indicated by, (1)
the request by General Bumside, (already mentioned), to have
XIV Introductory Notes
the regiment sent from west to east so as to have it part of his
command; (2) the comment by General Sheridan, quoted in this
diary, that the second was without superior in the Army; (3) the
fact that both Burnside and Custer with rare exceptions sent for
the Second Ohio whenever any particularly difficult and dangerous
task was to be performed; (4) in a letter to Governor Brough of
Ohio, dated November, 1864, General Custer says: "Among all
the twelve regiments of my Division none excels the Second Ohio.
I have often seen it hold positions in battle when almost any other
command would have felt compelled to retreat."
A PERSONAL WORD
It may not be out of place if I add this as a foot-note to the
accompanying interesting record of personal Civil War experience :
As his companion-in-arms throughout the Great Conflict, and
his regimental commander during the months and years when he
rendered his most arduous and perilous military service, I can
say, without one reservation, that a braver soldier, a more gallant,
intelligent and effective regimental officer I did not know or meet
in the Union Army than was Major Luman H. Tenney. In spite
of the delicate physical constitution and resulting handicap with
which he entered the army, he never spared himself, but was
always ready and eager to share in the hardest enterprises. His
clean and noble character never for a moment wavered in the pres-
ence of the often demoralizing environment and the moral strain
of four years of life in the field. On the contrary, his example,
bearing and conversation, always manly, soldierly, cheerful and
friendly, exerted unpretentiously a robust influence for good. The
whole atmosphere of his diary, which largely records his inmost
thoughts and aspirations, written down often amid scenes of peril,
anguish and slaughter, sufficiently reveals the high order of Chris-
tian faith and principle which actuated his conduct from start to
In penning this memorandum I am not conscious that I am at
all influenced toward unmerited commendation by the fact that
Major Tenney during the War became my brother, and until his
early death continued to be a brother in deed.
Commanding Generals under whom the Second Ohio Served:
The Second Ohio Cavalry, during its four years of service in
the Civil War, served under the following Commanding Generals :
From December, 1861, to December, 1862, under Major-Gen-
eral James G. Blunt, commanding The Army of the Frontier, in
Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas and Indian Territory.
Introductory Notes XV
From March, 1863, until December 31, 1863, under Major-
General Ambrose E. Burnside, commanding the Ninth Corps and
The Army of the Ohio, in Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia,
Ohio and Indiana.
From April 20th, 1864, to May 20th, 1864, under Major-Gen-
eral Ambrose E. Burnside, commanding The Ninth Army Corps
of the Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac, in General Grant's
campaign of the Wilderness, in Virginia.
From May 20, to Sept. 30, 1864, under Gen. James H. Wilson.
From Oct. 1, 1864, to the surrender of Lee's army at Appomat-
tox, Virginia, April 9, 1865, under Bvt. Major-General George A.
Custer, commanding the Third Division of the Cavalry Corps of the
Army of the Potomac, the Corps being commanded by Major-
General Philip H. Sheridan.
During this period Sheridan's Cavalry Corps, including Wil-
son's Third Division of Twelve Regiments, was joined with the
Sixth and Nineteenth Corps of the Infantry with their complement
of Artillery, to constitute the Army of the Shenandoah, and Middle
Military Division, under the command of General Sheridan, for
operation in the Shenadoah Valley of Virginia.
During the time from April 20th, 1864, to the close of the
War, while the Second Ohio Cavalry was part of the Army of the
Potomac proper it was under the general command of Major-Gen-
eral George G. Meade, commanding the Army of the Potomac, and
under the general command all of the time of General Ulysses S.
Grant commanding all the Armies of the United States and making
his headquarters with General Meade and the Army of the Potomac.
States and Territories in which the Regiment rendered Active
During its Four Years of Service it was the lot of the Second
Ohio Cavalry to serve actively against the enemy in more States
and Territories than any of the nearly three thousand Regiments
of the Great Union Army, thus :
Missouri, Kentucky, Indiana,
Kansas, Tennessee, Maryland,
Arkansas, West Virginia, Virginia,
Indian Territory, Ohio, North Carolina,
District of Columbia.
Character of Service:
The function and duty of Cavalry in active campaigning re-
quire it to be ever on the alert, by means of scouting, raiding the
enemy's lines, reconnoitering, protecting wagon trains and artil-
lery, foraging, defending the rear of the army on retreat, furnish-
ing advance guards and flanking parties on the march through
the enemy's country, etc. All this service involves at times almost
constant conflict with the enemy, with necessary danger, frequent
casualties and captures on both sides, but this sort of work, al-
though perilous enough, and productive of the utmost fatigue, ex-
XVI Introductory Notes
posure and hardship, cannot be classed under the head of "Battles"
and seldom gets into press dispatches, or official reports which are
BATTLES AND IMPORTANT ENGAGEMENTS IN WHICH
THE SECOND OHIO CAVALRY SHARED.
On January 2nd, 1865, the Commanding Officer of the Second
Ohio Cavalry requested the War Department to authorize him to
place on the Colors of the Regiment the names of the well-recog-
nized and historic Battles and Important Engagements in which the
Regiment had participated honorably prior to May 20, 1864. Pur-
suant to said request, and upon the recommendation of the respec-
tive Commanding Generals under whom the battle service referred
to was rendered, the War Department duly authorized the names
of the following battles to be thus inscribed :
"Headquarters, District of South Kansas,
Paola, Jan. 19th, 1865.
I respectfully recommend that the within request be granted.
The 2nd O. V. C. participated iii the engagements named under
(Signed) Jas. G. Blunt, Major General"
Newtonia, Missouri, Oct. 4, 1862.
Cane Hill, Arkansas, Nov. 4, 1862.
Prairie Grove, Arkansas, Dec. 7, 1862.
"Providence, R. I., Jan. 10, 1865.
Respectfully forwarded with the recommendation that the
within request be granted, as this Regiment while under my com-
mand always fought with conspicuous daring and efficiency.
(Signed) A. E. BuRNsmE,
Steubenville, Kentucky, 1863.
Buffington Island, Ohio, July 19, 1863.
Richmond, KentuclQr, July 28, 1863.
Cumberland Gap, Kentucky, Sept. 9, 1863.
Blue Springs, Tennessee, Oct. 10, 1863.
Knoxville, Tennessee, Nov. 17 to Dec. 4, 1863.
Russellville, Tennessee, 1863.
Bean Station, Tennessee, Dec. 14, 1863.
On the same date the Commanding Officer of the Second Ohio
Cavalry made the following request of the War Department :
"I have the honor to ask permission to inscribe 'The Wilder-
ness' upon the colors of my Regiment, in recognition of the part
the 2nd Ohio Cavalry bore in the Wilderness Campaign, from the
5th to the 20th of May, 1864, while forming part of the Ninth Army
Corps, under the command of Major-General Burnside."
The Wilderness, Virginia, 1864.
Introductory Notes XVII
In his endorsement, dated Jan. 10, 1865, recommending the
desired inscription, Gen. Bumside wrote as follows :
"I most cheerfully endorse my approval of your request, and
shall be glad to know that your regimental colors bear upon their
folds the names of those fields where its members have proved
themselves faithful and efficient defenders of their Country.''
From the Battles of the Wilderness campaign, in May, 1864,
to the close of the War the service of the Second Cavalry, in com-
mon with its associate Regiments in Custer^s Third Division, was
nearly one continuous series of battles, engagements, skirmishes,
raids and marches.
The principal Battles and Important Engagements in which
the Second participated under Custer during the period now re-
ferred to are as follows :
The Wilderness, Virginia, (that part of Grant's Campaign
of the Wilderness following the 20th of May, 1864, when we ceased
to be under the command of Gen. Burnside and to form part of
the Ninth Corps), 1864.
Hanover Court House, Virginia, 1864.
Ashland Station, Virginia, 1864.
The Wilson Cavalry Raid around the right of Lee's Army in
Siege of Richmond and Petersburg (including picket duty on
the left of Grant and Meade's besieging army; and in the reserve
force on the occasion of the mine explosion at Petersburg in July
and early August) , 1864.
Sheridan's Campaigns and Battles of the Shenandoah, Aug.
'64 to Feb. '65, including the following battles :
Abraham's Creek, Virginia, 1864.
Winchester, Virginia, (or the Opequon), 1864.
Fisher's Hill, Virginia, 1864.
Tom's Brook, Virginia, 1864.
Cedar Creek, Virginia, 1864.
Waynesboro, Virginia, February, 1865.
Sheridan's Cavalry Raid, from Winchester, Va., to White
House Landing, on the Pamunkey River, tide water, Feb. and
Grant's Appomattox Campaign, Va., which ended in the sur-
render of Lee and his army of Northern Virginia on April 9, 1865.
Five Forks, Dinwiddie, Sailor's Creek and Appomattox Sta-
tion, Virginia, 1865.
Copy of Entries in the Diaries
Major Luman Harris Tenney
During his Service in the
U. S. Army in the War of the RebeUion
From the date
Sept. 9, 1861, to the date of his Muster-Out, July 11, 1865
Sept. 9th. Enlisted. At home till Sept. 14th. Splendid time.
Monday, 16th. Bid all the dear friends at home good-bye, and
left Oberlin for the camp. (Camp Wade, Cleveland, Ohio.) Ac-
companied Lizzie Cobb home, and called on Helen Cobb. Took tea
at Lizzie's with Charlie Fairchild. Commenced camp life.
Tuesday, 17th. Went through with the regular routine of
camp life until five. Went over to Uncle's and took tea. Wrote
home and to Fannie Andrews.
Wednesday, 18th. Arose at the firing of the cannon. After
the morning drill started for town and met Uncle. (Albert Har-
ris.) Returned and was introduced to Colonel (Chas. W. Double-
day), Major Miner and the Quartermaster. (Lt. Abbey.)
Thursday, 19th. Drilled during the day. Received bundle
from home through Delos (Haynes), also a line.
Friday, 20th. Received appointment of Com.-Sergt.
21st. Commenced to learn my duties. Drilled with the non-
commissioned officers by the Adjutant.
22nd. In the morning Lt. Nettleton and I went over to the
Cathedral. In the afternoon visited at Uncle's. Returned to camp
and found thousands of visitors. Such a Sunday. Prayer meeting
in the evening.
23rd. Stayed in camp during the day, went out with non-
commissioned officers. Stayed over night in camp. Had quite a
visit with Sergeant Townsend — good fellow.
24th. Thede came. He went to the circus. I watched for
horses. In the evening went in and saw them play billiards.
Stayed at Uncle's.
25th. In the morning went over to camp. Commenced work.
Thede went over to Uncle's after dinner. Went to tea. Called on
Lizzie Cobb. Had a fine time.
26th. Fast day. In the morning Thede and I had our pictures
taken for Aunt Rhodilla and one of Thede alone for Lizzie Cobb.
Went to camp. Worked in the Quartermaster's barracks. Services
at two. Aunt and Uncle were over.
2 War Diary
28th. Went down and tried some horses. Took one that John
Devlin chose for me. I stayed in camp. Thede at Uncle's.
29th. Went over to see Thede. Attended Mr. White's church
— Thede the Cathedral. Took tea at Byron's. Heard Mr. Van
Meter again in the evening.
30th. Thede returned in the morning. I felt rather ill from
a hard cold.
1st. My birthday (twenty) — ^what a contrast between this
one and that of the year before. Spent the day about as usual.
9th. My mother's birthday. The Wellington Three Hundred
came to camp. Somewhat indisposed. Had a good time though.
10th. Played chess with Miss Hamlin, and visited with the
other girls. Wrote to Fannie.
11th. Rainy and unpleasant in the morning. Cleared up rath-
er cold in the afternoon. Fannie, Libbie, and Fannie Hudson came
to camp. So surprised, but glad.
12th. The girls (Minnie and Lissa) came out. Met them
at Uncle's. Found Fannie and the other girls at the camp. At-
tended a picnic. Company I, in the afternoon. Went to Aunt
Jones', Fannie too. Spent the evening, good time. Col. Ratliffe.
Sunday. Took Fannie over to Helen's. Returned to camp
to hear the Chaplain. Fannie and Mrs. Cobb came over too late for
14th. Went to town with Will. (Bushnell.) Saw Fannie in
15th. Called to see Fannie in the morning. Saw her to Ober-
lin cars in the afternoon.
16th. A letter by the kindness of Mrs. Haynes. Stood guard
for Delos a little while.
17th. Phoebe Haynes was in camp. Sang.
20th. Boys prepared Camp Taylor for our reception.
21st. Moved after a picked up breakfast to the fair grounds.
23rd. Changed my quarters for noncommissioned staff — ^was
24th. Rather strange life — smoking and such talk!
From Oct. 25th to Nov. 3rd stayed in camp ; got our horses ;
duties occupied most of my time — rode some — ^horse almost sick.
Nov. 4th. Rainy and unpleasant. Stayed in camp, rather dull,
Nov. 5th. Rode to Uncle Jones' with Roxena and Watson.
6th. Attended concert at Academy of Music by invitation
from Nell. She sang well. Nettleton there.
LUMAN HARRIS TENNEY
Before Enlisting at the Age of Nineteen
4 War Diary
7th. Went home with Nettie Chidgey and Lizzie Cobb. Went
to hear the Minstrels— disgusted.
8th. At Charlie Abbey's candy-pull in the evening.
10th. Sunday. Remained in camp. Chaplain preached a good
sermon on morals. Read the Atlantic Monthly and Harper's.
13th. By permission of the Colonel went to Uncle Jones', took
my fatigue coat. Supper at Uncle Albert's — a pleasant visit.
14th. Returned from Uncle's. Letter from Fannie. Mrs.
Helen Cobb, her mother-in-law and sister, Cousin Byron Harris
and Miss Chidgey were in camp. Good visit.
15th. A cold rainy day. Some snow towards night. Spent
the evening at the tent. Played checkers and read. Boys played
euchre. ^ ,
16th. Theodore surprised me in the morning. Took a ride
to Woodland Cemetery. Lizzie and Nettie came to camp. Heard
Slade, Riddle and several others in the evening.
17th. Sunday. Stayed at Uncle's in the morning. Theodore
rode my horse to Uncle Jones'. Stayed over night.
18th. Monday. Theodore, Roxena and mother came to camp
in the afternoon.
21st. Visited Uncle Washington's boat "The Rawson." Heard
23rd. Brownell and Brooks left on furlough, so I had double
24th. Sunday. Stayed in camp. D. R. H. and C. G. F. went
up town. Read some and wrote home.
25th. Was kept very busy all day with wood.
26th. Made arrangements to go home but couldn't.
27th. Went home on the freight. Surprised the folks. In
the evening attended a party at Delos'. Had a grand time — all the
young people there.
28th. C. G. and D. R. returned to camp. Visited, called at
Fannie's. Splendid time. Attended a small charade party at Mrs.
, Holtslander's. Thanksgiving meetings.
29th. At Prof. Morgan's to a tea party — a nice visit. Made
several calls. Called at Fannie's.
30th. Made several calls with Fannie — enjoyed them so much.
Returned to Cleveland with Ma and Theodore.
Dec. 1st. Sunday. Spent in camp and at Uncle's. Was paid
2nd. Wrote and sent a package to Fannie. Bid the friends
good-bye and left for Camp Denison. A noisy time — ^boys drunk —
slept in caboose.
3rd. Reached Camp Denison where were encamped 8,000
4th. Was obliged to work hard in the commissary.
January, 1862 5
Through the remainder of the month nothing of special in-
terest occurred. The same daily routine of business. Through
order of Quartermaster Thayer, the quartermaster and commissary
sergeants formed a mess by themselves. Christmas lost my pocket-
book containing upwards of five dollars.
Jan. 1st. Wrote, rode and read some. In the morning went
over to Company I's quarters. Wrote to Ella Clark. Made some
resolutions for the future.
2nd. Wrote some and read in "Shirley."
3rd. Received a letter from Fannie. Was busy with wood
4th. Answered Fannie's letter. Received a package from
home — letter, pocketbook, etc.
5th. A blustering, cold day. Delivered wood in the morning,
then kept in the house quite closely.
6th. Word came that we should go under Jim Lane. (Sen-
ator Lane of Kansas.)
7th. Paymaster telegraphed to, and preparations for leaving
8th. Men sent to Columbus to help in making out pay-rolls.
9th. Mr. Haynes came to camp, brought a letter to me. Went
over and ate some doughnuts. Gay time in the evening.
10th. Visited some with Mr. Haynes. He and Delos went to
12th. Sunday. No services. Read and wrote.
13th. Principal Pairchild came down. Letters from home and
Fannie. Also a book from her — "Sermons on the New Life."
14th. Prin. Fairchild returned home. Stayed with John Dev-
lin over night. Cooked rations and packed up.
Jan. 15th. Arrangements to move at 9 A. M. for Cincinnati —
marched mounted by country road. Went on ahead with Robinson,
overtook Abbey and Wood. Rode on my horse about the city. P. M.
took cars for St. Louis — 1,300 strong.
16th. Enjoyed the trip much, especially the prairies, saw one
on fire. Left over one train.
17th. Reached the eastern bank of the Mississippi, unable
to cross on account of ice.
18th. Rode out into the country with Delos and John. Got
19th. Moved over the river in afternoon, found our barracks
(Benton) occupied and unfit. Camped out in the fair grounds.
Men occupied the amphitheatre.
20th. Moved into tents. Found missing equipment. Severe
cold and rash.
21st. First Battalion moved on horseback for St. Charles at
nine A. M. Wrote to Uncle Albert.
6 War Diary
22nd. Second Battalion moved, the distance nineteen miles,
over the most lovely country I have yet seen — rolling and beautiful.
Took care of Sergeant Button and our colonel during the night.
First Battalion got to St. Charles. Lost my revolver.
23rd. Rode a little while about town. The boys better.
24th. Had quite a cold, so kept close to quarters.
25th. Arose at 3 A. M., fed, watered and prepared to move.
Second Battalion moved at ten A. M. Some rolling country and
some level prairie. Passed burnt bridge where guards were sta-
26th. Arrived at Hudson, Mo., midnight. Next morning, Sun-
day, reshipped men and horses and left in the freight cars at nine
27th. Rode over prairies and rough road to St. Joseph, Mo.
Moved toward Weston.
28th. After forty hours reached Weston at two P. M. Fed,
watered and marched for Platte City at six P. M. Five letters.
Major was fired at.
31st. Letter from Will Hudson. Wrote to Sarah Felton.
Secesh arrested. Whiskey emptied out on the streets. Third Bat-
talion arrived. Found new quarters in a house out by the seminary.
1st. Mr. Hutchinson, our nearest neighbor, called and gave
us some potatoes and biscuit. Had a good visit with him.
Feb. 2nd. Sunday. Read during the day in "Female Life
Among the Indians." In the evening attended Disciples Church
3rd. Went down town and drew rations. Neighbors sent in
some nuts and pickled beets.
4th. In the evening called at Mr. CourtelPs. Treated us with
cream and peaches, pie and nuts — seemed very hospitable.
5th. Went to town and commenced duty again. Seemed dull
staying about town all day having little to do. Got clothes. Wrote
6th. On duty again. Played chess with Adams. He beat me
four games to my two.
7th. Friday. Went and saw Delos and Charlie. Wrote to
8th. One day behind hand. Hardly realize that time passes
so swiftly. Up town nearly all day on duty.
9th. Sunday. Went out and heard Chaplain Hawkins upon
"Following Christ." Went to Mr. Campbell's to dinner — a good
one. Stayed for some time, had hickory nuts.
10th. On duty up town again. Played chess with Bugler
Adams. Called at Mr. Crockett's. Not at home. Played a game
February, 1862 7
11th. Commenced to make my quarters at Quartermaster
Thayer's. Wrote a line home and sent it in Charlie's to sister.
12th. Read some in "Lessons in Life." Spent the evening at
13th. Wrote to Fannie and received a letter from her —
14th. Very busy making out requisitions and settling the
15th. Squared up with Farmer and Thayer. First Battalion
of our regiment moved for Fort Leavenworth at ten A. M. Roads
very slippery. Passed through Leavenworth City after crossing on
17th. Sunday. At Fort Leavenworth. Read the papers and
wrote home. Saw the regulars on parade. Very exact and nicely
dressed. Very strict officers — ^too exact and overbearing. Major
Prince made Reeve Spencer stand on the porch and me take off
18th. Drew requisitions for wood and attended to delivery.
Had quite a cold.
19th. Commenced letter to Fannie. Cold better.
20th. Received letter from Fannie and finished letter to her.
Wrote requisitions to balance wood drawn. Were mounted and
started from Fort Leavenworth at ten A. M. Traveled about twenty
miles over the rolling prairies, and encamped in a piece of woods
on an Indian farm. Country finely settled. Indians upon the
woodland. Saw a prairie wolf.
Feb. 21st. Continued our journey and reached Kansas City
a little after noon. Arrested two men pretending to be secession-
ists — drunk. Encamped out on snow and ice a little distance from
town. Major heard of a gang of jay-hawkers and secessionists at
Independence under Parker and Quantrell. He detailed 150 men
to go after them under Lieutenant Nettleton. Brownell and I got
leave to go too. Was up nearly all night issuing cartridges and pre-
paring to go.
Feb. 22nd. Started at 2 A. M. Went to and surrounded In-
dependence. After search found none, so started to return
at seven A. M. Stopped a little distance out of town, down a hill,
and got feed for our horses. Ordered to be ready to go on at ten
A. M. All ready at the time. Three or four fellows up town,
fired upon, bring the report that rebel troops are in town. Forth-
with all the companies, all ready, start at full gallop. Company
L leading. The enemy after one volley, wheel and run down into
the gully east, our troops following closely, and firing as they go. At
the forks in the road they scatter, some going straight forward
and some getting into lots behind buildings and stumps and then
firing. The boys charged upon them, killing two and taking five
prisoners. Brownell was shot. After passing him to see if there
was a chance to shoot and finding none, I returned to him. Helped
him up hill to barber shop. Citizens assisted zealously. Three
8 War Diary
wounded. Stayed by them until ready to return. In the meantime
Nettleton and the command went up the road in search of the reb-
els. Found none. One of our men killed. Co. L. Saw two rebels
dead — awful sight — all over dirt and such an expression upon their
countenances. Reached camp at Kansas City at 4 p. M. All pleased
with the expedition. Issued rations.
23rd. Sunday. Felt half sick all day, sore throat, hard cough.
Lay still and did nothing all day.
25th. On duty around in the wet.
26th. Went down and saw Brownell and the other wounded
boys. All getting along well. Guarded against Quantrell. The
boys, about two hundred, saddled and went out to meet the wagons.
Met them and escorted them in. Quantrell captured two horses.
Another night alarm.
28th. Moved to Independence. Quartered in the Academy,
a very pretty building. Met several acquaintances formed at the
fight the other day — ^a good time — a beautiful town.
1st. Up town all day. Issued rations. Body guard went
out on expedition for Quantrell. Failed. Orders to return to Kan-
sas City. "General" (Colonel Doubleday) and Co. L returned. Co.
H came with orders.
2nd. Returned to Kansas City.
3rd. Commenced a letter to Theodore but did not finish.
Bathed all over and changed my clothes. Got my washing done
and some baking.
Monday, March 4th. Procured rations for seven days pre--
paratory to our trip to Fort Scott. First Battalion and "General"
moved. Got some chickens baked by a woman who was a mes-
senger in the Lexington fight, and who was a prisoner one week.
Heard some little girls sing. Had a turkey baked by some Union
ladies who were afraid we might be poisoned by the secesh. God
bless these friends ! Gave a lady some coffee and sugar.
5th. Packed and struck tents. Received a letter from home.
Ready to march at 9 A. M. Called for the turkey and received the
blessing of the good ladies. Had a very pleasant ride of fifteen
miles toward Fort Scott, until we overtook the First Battalion.
Trip delightful and novel. The scenes were truly grand as we
crossed the rolling prairies and looked over them from some ele-
vated spot — here and there oases, wood-covered and watered by
pure clear streams. It made the trip restful and refreshing. I
enjoyed it and walked some, leading my horse.
Wednesday, 6th. The three battalions of the Second Cavalry
marched thirty miles to Harrisonville, the county seat of Cass
County, once a thrifty town, almost entirely deserted. Day bluster-
ing and chilly. A march makes pretty busy times distributing
rations, getting forage for so many horses. Letter from Fannie.
Encamped by the side of a little stream.
March, 1862 9
7th. Passed through the village and again struck the prairie.
Pleasant day, enjoyed the ride very much indeed. Rode by the side
of Lieutenant Nettleton, enjoyed visiting with him much.
8th. Struck tents and were ready to march at 7 A. M. En-
joyed a ride of thirty miles to Butler, the burnt and deserted county
seat of Butler County, once a thriving town, now but a few poor
9th. Left Butler at 8 A. M. Major Wilson of our regi-
ment marched the rest of the distance to Fort Scott, under
arrest by order of the General for drunkenness. Rode by the side
of Nettleton. Crossed one of the branches of the Osage, Marais des
Cygnes, very swift. Great time crossing with the mules led by
ropes — one team rolled down the bank. Encamped by a little
stream on the prairie. Found considerable muddy road during the
day along the river bottom.
10th. Finished our march to Fort Scott. Strong wind in
our faces — ^great dust to trouble us. Had colic most all way. Thun-
derstorm during the night. Encamped near the Ninth Wisconsin
a little beyond the village.
Sunday, 11th. Issued rations. Wrote a letter to Theodore
and read some. Commenced a letter to Fannie. Helped bring
12th. Finished letter to Fannie after work done. Then took
mail to post-office and helped get supper. Mail leaves Mondays,
Wednesdays, and Fridays.
13th. Saw the boys jay-hawking from countryman who had
apples, chickens, eggs, etc. They stole half he had. Read a chapter
in Beecher's "Letters to Young Men."
14th. Mail came. Letters from Fannie and home for me.
Numerous papers came, Independent and Lorain News. Girls at
March 15th. Wrote to Sarah Felton and was on duty at the
16th. Sunday. Helped clean up in and about the quarters of
Co. "H." Heard the Chaplain preach from "Whatsoever a man
soweth that shall he reap." Used strong language against the
drunkenness and profanity of officers especially, and of the men.
Spoke of the increase of immorality — sad, but true.
17th. Wrote home. Helped weigh out beef.
18th. Ruled the blank abstract provision return book — nine-
teen pages. Wrote to Ella Clark.
19th. Detailed to take charge of twenty men to chop and draw
wood for Second Battalion. Went out about two miles west by
the creek. Sawed, chopped and helped load eleven or twelve loads.
Had a good detail and first-rate time.
20th. Found the books in use, so busied myself in writing to
21st. Went out with a detail of twenty privates and two ser-
geants to cut wood for the regiment. Had twelve mule teams.
Drew twenty-two loads. Saw a long overland train bound for
10 War Diary
Humboldt with crackers. Another train coming loaded with nine
yoke of oxen. One wagon had 17 yokes stuck fast in the mire of
the creek. California Overland Route.
22nd. A report circulated that we are to be among the regi-
ments disbanded. Hope not true — prefer to see the thing through
without re-enlisting. After all would like a short furlough. Dealt
out the bacon. Got a good piece of beef for myself. Heard the
wolves howl during the night.
23rd. Read the papers received in the morning and wrote
home. No preaching.
24th. New recruits came, so I moved over to the Major's
quarters. Played chess with Nettleton.
25th. Commenced reading Scott's "Ivanhoe." Delighted with
its principal characters, Rowena and Ivanhoe.
26th. Played several games of chess and read. Helped in
the Q. M. department.
27th. News came that the staff would be paid off. All went
to the Fort to sign pay-rolls. Returned to dinner. Rode the
Major's horse. Saw a tame buffalo. Quite a curiosity. Sergeants
receive only $17 per month — a joke on their extra stripes.
28th. No letters for poor me. Read the latest papers. Rode
over with Nettleton for the mail. The boys set the prairie on fire
in several places, making one of the grandest sights I ever saw.
Slept last night out of doors on the ground with Nettleton.
March 29th. Had a good bath in the creek, and washed my
clothes — new experience. Very warm and sultry.
30th. Sunday. Brigade review, Second Ohio Cavalry, Ninth
Wisconsin Infantry and Rabb's Battery practiced with guns.
Helped foot up officers account with Q. M. Received and answered
a good letter from Fannie.
31st. In the morning read in "Ivanhoe." Learned to play
whist, pleasant game, but unprofitable as all cards are — ^will not
allow myself to play. Rainy and cool.
1st. The "Long Roll" was sounded at the Ninth Wisconsin
headquarters for an April Fool. Another dark rainy day. Read
"Ivanhoe" and issued rations.
2nd. Messenger came in and reported Indians coming north.
A scouting party was sent out.
3rd. Camp moved to better ground for defense.
4th. Moved camp again. Nothing of importance occurred.
Many rumors afloat. Scouting parties still being sent out.
6th. Sunday. Heard the minister make a few remarks from
"Be ye not overcome of evil." Letters from home and Fannie
7th. After work was done went to the river and washed.
Had a good visit with Ed June.
April, 1862 11
9th. Went out with a detail of woodchoppers. Had a good
time. Boys caught a rabbit and cooked it — all ate a morsel. Went
and saw squad of Indians — savage looking enough.
10th. Thursday. The First Battalion of the Second Cavalry
(four companies) left at ten A. M. for Carthage, Mo. Issued to
them ten days' rations. Reported that we shall leave in a few days
for some point forty or fifty miles east.
11th. Day chilly with slow rain falling. In the evening
Oakie McDowell and I kept a light in the commissary. Commenced
a letter to Fannie. Came near being reported for having light.
Captain Seward is under arrest !
13th. Sunday. In the morning cleared up to my disgust.
In the afternoon had my horse shod and visited hospital, very neat
and clean. There seems to be so much need of female nurses. Went
down and saw Indians (Delawares and Osages) in their savage
state — ^had heavy beads and rings in their ears — wore buckskin
leggings and red blankets, faces all painted and marked. Good
visit with A. B. N.
14th. Issued one day's rations in the morning and again in
the afternoon three days' rations. Orders countermanded before
taps in the evening.
15th. Morning passed as usual at work. Major's horse sick.
Evening new orders to march with ten days' rations. Played chess
with A. B. Regiment paid off for two months.
16th. Morning rainy. Issued ten days' rations. Major said
that the boys of the non-commissioned staff could not go on ex-
pedition for lack of transportation. We were already packed up,
tent down for the march. Finally to our joy another team came
and we loaded, saddled and started. The sky cleared and the
ground was nice for marching. After marching 6 or 7 miles we halt-
ed for the horses to graze. The grass has started considerably.
Encamped on the Drywood Creek, east branch, at sundown. Bag-
gage train being mired on the road, the men bivouacked without
tents, without suppers, the distant thunder threatening rain. Our
team came, no rain.
April 17th. Train came up about nine. Commenced to rain.
Pitched tents and remained there during the day. Played chess
18th. Marched to Lamar, Mo. Met Major Miner's command
from Carthage. Creek at Lamar was high, so we left the baggage
and a detail to guard it, and went up the creek to a bridge. Found
the town, county seat of Barton County, almost deserted. Only a
19th. Went down to the creek and practiced a while with our
revolvers. Played chess in the evening.
20th. Sunday. Moved the camp over the creek. Heard the
stories, pitiful indeed, of Union refugees driven from home by the
jay hawkers. Wrote home.
12 War Diary
21st. A rainy day. Felt most sick, feverish, took a blue pill.
Did not do much during the day.
22nd. General Doubleday and bodyguard and a few officers
came. In the evening a man came in saying Union man was shot
by jayhawkers. Thirty men of Co. "D", Major, Adjutant, Assis-
tant Surgeon and I, with three or four others started at noon for
Horse Creek, twenty miles away. Took a backwoods road. Found
no enemy. Orders from the General to bum the house. Major
gave the wife and two daughters at home time to take out their
valuables. Wife was sick. Declared her husband's innocence. Fin-
ally concluded for the women's sake not to bum the house. The
scene of the women crying and the desolation the boys were spread-
ing about the premises was painful. Two men from Price's rebel
army came up and were taken prisoners. Their horses and arms
were taken and they were told to leave. When not more than three
rods off, the boys, instigated by Major Purington, commenced shoot-
ing at them. They ran. Boys mounted and gave chase, shooting.
Lieutenant Pike probably fired the fatal shot. One of the fellows
not killed, was brought into the house. Two daughters — one mar-
ried. Feared her husband was killed. At 8 P. M. we started back.
Arrived in camp at 3 :30 A. M. Wednesday morning.
23rd. Slept until ten o'clock. Commenced letter to Fannie.
Brooks went out and got a load of hams and bacon.
24th. In the morning early. Companies "A" and "G" came in
with Major Burnett and staff. At noon fifty men from each of the
four companies of Burnett's battalion left camp, marched twenty
miles. Our ride was through a rich country, over Gen. Siegel's
first battle field. Many pretty flowers. Passed a little deserted
village. Encamped by a clear stream and occupied some vacant
houses. After supper made our bed out of doors and had a good
25th. Started south for Diamond Grove. Detachments kept
leaving when we approached the grove, so as to surround and
enter it from different directions. Nettleton and we of the non-
commissioned staff took one course and scouted through the woods.
None found any rebels. Went to the farm of a Mr. Holsell, a no-
torious rebel. Boys took everything takable from the house and
premises. Abundance of apples and some ammunition. Encamped
here for the night. One girl, good secesh, has brother in the
26th. Sunday. In the morning separated and went by com-
panies. Nettleton and staff went with Co. "G" to "Turkey Creek,"
stopped at nearly every house. Took what arms, horses and cattle
we could find. The guides deceived several families making them
think we were secesh to capture Carthage. All people here are
rebels, loud in their praises of the rebel soldiery and in their
imprecations against the Union boys. The girls sang the "Army
Wagon." Was much amused. Had a good visit with them — "Chal-
les" by name, said I was the only gentleman in the lot — ^asked
May, 1862 13
my name and said possibly they could some time do me some
good. Our men brought into camp cattle and horses. Eight pris-
oners were brought in, including John Dale, State Senator from
Jasper County. Lots of interesting incidents.
27th. At 7 A. M. marched to Carthage leaving Co. "G" to
guard cattle. Arrested some men in town. Our boys occupied
Court House. We (of the staff) set up in a boot and shoe store
and boarded at Mr. Hueston's a little out of town — ^pleasant people.
Issued rations to the boys.
28th. People began to come into town for their property.
Six prisoners were released. Somebody shot at them. I am tired
of this barbarous way of soldiering. Doubleday returned to Fort
Scott with body guard.
29th. Baggage train and remainder of companies came in.
Letter from Lucy Randall and several papers — rich treat. Wrote
to Will Hudson.
30th. Received letters from Fannie and Uncle Albert. An-
swered Fannie's. Beautiful day. Arrested a suspicious looking
fellow, acted like a spy. Told of the fight at Neosho and the Indian
band on Cowskin Prairie.
1st. Wrote to Sarah Felton. Nothing of interest occurred.
2nd. Orders from Curtiss to go somewhere, of course we
know not where, probably to Cowskin Prairie in extreme south-
west comer of Missouri, near the border of Indian Territory. Went
out to a grist mill, two miles, and got some flour. Enjoyed the ride
very much. Letters from Uncle and L. Randall.
3rd. Saturday. Ninth Wisconsin, two companies, came in.
Lieutenant-Colonel OrfF. Major Purington under arrest for say-
ing that he should obey the order of Curtiss. He went to Lamar.
Sent returns for six days* rations. Played chess with Lt. Nettleton.
4th. Sunday. In the morning went with Archie to the river,
saw some very pretty scenery, high bluffs, a cave, and fine foliage.
5th. Went out with Lt. McGowan after bacon. Went 14
miles. Saw the Challes-Louise. Enjoyed seeing the family again —
talkative as ever. Took some hams from Mr. Robertson's and some
others. Went to Mr. Webb's. Got some apples. Had a good time
all around. Got back to camp at ten P. M. Major cross.
May 6th. Issued five days' rations, sugar and coffee. Started
on the march southwest at one o'clock. Companies "L", **M",
"G", "D" and "A" under Major Purington, and two Dutch com-
panies under Lt. Col. Orff. Marched eighteen miles to Redding
Mills. Secesh galvanized. Found plenty of com and sheaf oats.
Occupied a house deserted a few minutes before. A store near by.
Nothing of importance left. News of rebels within twelve miles.
14 War Diary
7th. Wednesday. At 2 A. M. prepared for another day's
march. At 3 were on the way. Reached Sparlan's, a noted secesh,
at nine A. M. Fed and ate breakfast. Jayhawked his store. They
said the boys destroyed a great deal of property ruthlessly. Con-
tinued the march. During the day Orff and Purington had a fuss.
OrfF took his men and our wagons and turned east to Neosho.
After going a few miles we got trace of a band of jayhawkers.
Charged after three on horses. Quite a spirited time we had, but
the men had a long start, getting on a high hill and in the woods.
Scoured the woods, finding some suspicious characters but with-
out arms. Kept eight prisoners. Encamped near by in the valley.
They stole a horse during the night.
8th. Thursday. Marched on towards Cowskin Prairie. A
little skirmish on the road. Our course lay mostly among the Ozark
Hills. A rich country and beautiful scenery. Reminded me of
Vermont scenes. Enjoyed the ride much. As we struck Cowskin
Prairie, a little beyond Elk Mill, we saw a band of thirty armed
and mounted men. When we learned they were rebels, we followed,
Co. "G** pursuing on their track, and Co. "A" going around a
piece of timber. They had too much of a start and escaped. Ex-
citing time. Scouts and spies of the enemy out in every direction.
The Major said after we had rallied, that our squad, who had gone
three miles farther than most of them, had been within a mile
of a camp of 400 men. We were fourteen miles from Marys ville
where Coffee with 1,000 men was reported. We were in the Chero-
kee nation. Fine country. Enjoyed it well.
9th. Friday. During the night we expected an attack every
hour. Pickets fired two or three times. Companies were called out
into line for a fight early in the morning — at four. Mounted at
eight and went six or eight miles and fed oats and com. Traveled
through a fine valley, hills on both sides. Reached Neosho at dusk.
Went for corn to a widow's a mile from town. Slept on the porch
at a hotel. Ate there. Good joke on Lt. Nettleton. The next
morning when he presented the lady a five dollar bill, she quietly
doubled it up and gave no change. Hear cannonading east.
10th. Saturday. Boys broke into P. 0. and a store. Major
was very angry and arrested Lt. Lockwood there and made three
boys walk to Carthage. Boys were mad. This morning I was
sick of service or rather longed to get into some other department.
Spencer, Archie and I went ahead and got a good dinner at Mr.
Hammond's — old secesh. Found an old gun, which we carried
through. Reached Carthage before dusk. Letter and papers from
home. Learned that the day before, Co. "I" while out foraging met
a squad of rebel soldiers. One was killed, two wounded and three
taken prisoners. Next day Sergt. Smith was released on parole to
get an exchange of three of Jockman's men for them.
11th. Sunday. Issued rations, slept and read Independent.
Wrote to Fannie Andrews.
May, 1862 15
May 12th. Monday. Major Miner arrived at three A. M.
Major Purin^on left early to report under arrest at Fort Scott.
Miner commenced a rigid discipline and introduced a new system.
Quite an alarm from shooting at an ox. Companies turned out.
13th. Issued four days' rations. Most all the horses were
condemned for sore backs. Sent to mill for one day's ration of
flour. Companies fell out several times from false alarms. I
accidentally fired a gun while drilling with Reeve and Archie.
14th. Wednesday. Left Carthage at 8. Most of the boys
footed it. My horse was well enough but I thought I would fare as
the rest did. Stopped to graze our horses at ten miles. I was very
tired. Got my haversack and gave my horse into Tom's care. I
went to a little bush and ate a lunch in sight of my horse. Soon
fell asleep and when I awoke, could not find my horse. Baggage
wagons were going on. One of the boys said he saw the horse go
ahead. Hurried on to see. Tom rode all about the field and prairie
vainly. I got a horse and another man and went back and searched
thoroughly and vainly. Reached Lamar in the evening.
15th. Thursday. Archie and I cooked a respectable meal.
Took our ease until five P. M. Then we marched again. Reached
East Drywood at midnight. Capt. Stanhope and Lt. Rush were
ahead and were chased by thirty jay hawkers. Column halted. I
went on with the advance two or three miles, no sign of any men.
16th. Rain obliged us to arise at five. Stayed under the
wagon a while. Then went to the creek to wpsh. Reveille blew
just before I got back. Lt. Hubbard arrested Brooks and me be-
cause somebody had wanted us and could not find us. Released
us as soon as we came into camp. Rode partly on the wagons and
walked some. Seemed good to get back to Fort Scott again. Found
two letters from home.
17th. Saturday. Went up town and saw George Ashman.
Went to the hotel and got breakfast. Cooked our own meals. Let-
ter from Fannie Andrews.
18th. Sunday. Wrote to Fannie. Attended preaching by Mr.
Hawkins, from Isaiah 1st, 3rd verse, "My people doth not con-
19th. Made arrangements for another horse. Had the one
lost examined and got an order from the General for another.
Very pretty bay, well satisfied.
20th. Tuesday. Nettleton and Stewart went to Leavenworth.
21st. Wednesday. Archie and I went out and grazed our
horses. Good time. Saw George Ashman. Bathed.
22nd. Drew rations. Archie grazed both horses. We washed
23rd. Started at 8 A. M. for lola. Marched fifteen miles. Saw
George. Shaved by Charlie Fairbanks. Encamped out in the open
air by Turkey Creek. A. B. and I cooked our suppers. Happy time.
A grand ridge of mounds surrounds us.
16 War Diary
24th. Saturday. Reveille at 4 A. M. Breakfasted, loaded
wagon and horsed at six A. M. Grazed about five miles. Splendid
prairie view. But one little bunch of woods in sight. Reached lola
about three o'clock. Good visit with the boys.
May 25th. Sunday. Wrote home, grazed my horse and rested.
26th. Helped unload seven loads of provisions. Played ball
a little while. Reminded me of old times.
27th. Woods and I issued five days' rations. We boys carried
ours to the woman where we board.
28th. Wednesday. Wrote to Fannie in time for the mail.
Read Will's old journal.
29th. Thursday. Went to Neosho Falls, nine miles, to see
the Indians play ball. Gay time and gay dinner. Visited them in
their camp and home. Saw some slaves among them. Was dis-
gusted with their primeval customs. Saw Seminoles and Dela-
wares. About 7,000 encamped along the river.
30th. Friday. I wrote a letter to Ella Clark, in answer to
one received weeks before. I am ashamed of my negligence or
inability to write more. Showed the letter to the Oberlin boys.
31st. Saturday. Wrote a short letter to Uncle. Issued seven
days' rations. The Major bought a mess box, $18, a splendid one.
Received a letter from home.
1st. Wrote a line home. Marched south at 7. Went forward
with Colonel Salomon and Adj. Ninth Wisconsin to find camping
ground. Indian trading post. Several Indian graves. Cold day,
drizzly rain. Enjoyed the trip well. 25 miles, Humboldt.
2nd. Passed a Catholic Mission for Indians. Very good con-
veniences. Many children. Three or four buildings. Stopped
often to graze. Passed through a good country. Good oak and
hickory timber. Passed an Indian village — Osages. Encamped
upon a good plat of grass along the Neosho. After supper went
to the river and bathed. Received invoice of provisions from "Buck-
3rd. Arose at 4 A. M. First Battalion off at 5 to join Double-
day, 35 miles. Loaded provisions from citizens to mule teams.
Infantry, as usual got the start, artillery next. Had a pleasant
march. Long time crossing the Lightning Creek. Narrow roads
for the wagons through the woods. Grazed often. Encamped with
Ninth Wisconsin on the banks of Cherry Creek. Artillery crossed
and camped. Issued beef. Rained in the afternoon. Slept out in
the open air. Several officers and men tight. McMurray.
4th. Wednesday. Reveille at 3 :30 A. M. Breakfast and un-
der way at 6 A. M. After riding ten miles, troops rested. Lieuten-
ant Lisering of Doubleday's staff met us with the news that Col.
Salomon had been made brigadier and Col. Weir of the Tenth Kan-
sas had the command of the expedition. All seemed astonished. Lt.
June, 1862 17
Colonel said, "the news rather surprised him.'* Considerable sen-
sation. Crossed the Neosho and encamped near the rest of the
troops. A very pretty situation for a camp. A range of hills,
overlooking large valley and woods.
June 5th. Learned and ordered the number of pounds of beef
needed, also issued it. Issued rations for the five days' expedi-
tion under Doubleday. Took us till "taps." Orders came from
Col. Wier, Tenth Kansas, to delay further movements. The Colonel
(Doubleday) resolves to resign immediately, so enraged at the in-
trigue and rascality of Kansas officers and politicians in making
Wier rank him. Officers sent a paper to him begging him not to
do it. Seemed to regret the idea very much. Concluded to go on
with the expedition anyway.
6th. Eight companies of the Second Ohio, Majors Miner and
Burnett, four Ninth Wisconsin Infantry, three Tenth Infantry
Kansas, one Sixth Kansas Cavalry were on the march at 8 A. M.
Major P. was going independently. He had refused me several
times, but after all the troops were gone, he consented. Left in a
hurry with little provisions. Crossed Spring River and the Neo-
sho. After marching fast 35 miles, came upon the camps of Stand-
waite and Coffee. Major P. conversed with pickets. Shelled the
position of Standwaite, but probably too late, having escaped with
Coffee south to Col. Rains. The shelling was splendid. The shells
would bound from tree to tree and burst with a thundering noise.
First Battalion took position between the two camps, if possible to
prevent a junction of forces. Also went out as skirmishers. Third
Battalion deployed along the woods to prevent escape and watch
the movements of the enemy. The Battery took a position on the
hill favorable for shelling the enemy. Was supported by the Kan-
sas Infantry. Ninth Wisconsin deployed as skirmishers and en-
tered the woods. Scouts went near Coffee's camp and represented
them leaving. "General" (Col. Doubleday) immediately marched to
the south of the camp and ceased operations for the night. It was
now 1 o'clock A. M. Bivouacked with few blankets in the open air.
Slept soundly till 3 A. M. I enjoyed all the doings very much, acted
as carrier for the "General." Accompanied Major Purington. Saw
large herds of horses and cattle. Took many prisoners. Some Cof-
fee's men and some not.
7th. In saddle at 4 A. M. Went into the timber for breakfast.
Ate with Co. "E." Good appetite, having eaten nothing of conse-
quence since the morning before. Reconnoitering party was sent
south to learn the position and force of the enemy supposed to be
encamped 15 miles south. The command encamped in favorable
positions in and near Round Grove, the former camp of Col. Coffee.
The women in the grove reported that he moved at sundown. One
sick man of Coffee's left behind, reported that he had 600 and
Standwaite 1,000. Raines' unknown. Variously estimated from
500 to 2000. At night the First Battalion went out on picket. Some
Co. H men fired on our patrol. Slept with Delos in No. 3.
18 War Diary
8th. Sunday. Started on our return at 8 o'clock, with drove
of cattle and horses. Major and Purps went ahead, and a few miles
from the road, to a deserted camp and got a secesh wagon, old style,
hitched in four horses and had a gay time. Lead horses whirled
after a time and broke the tongue, fixed it and with two horses
drove through the camp. Horses balked several times, once in the
river. Hadley and I undressed and helped across. Command
stopped at Hudson's. Jayhawked the people badly. ("Purps" —
nickname for noncommissioned staff.)
9th. Monday. Did very little save rest and graze my horse.
Letters from Fannie, home and Sarah.
June 10th. Tuesday. Great false alarm in camp. Major
with Co. "I" went out seven miles. We saw nothing.
11th. Moved camp nearer the river on the edge of the woods
on account of water. Issued rations to eight companies. Rather
tired at night. Went fishing after supper with Major and Brow-
nell. Caught no fish, pleasant time.
12th. Another false alarm. Whole brigade in arms. Scouted
about some. Nothing unusual. Grazed my horse.
13th. Issued rations in the morning. Moved camp over the
river west. Pitched our tent in a splendid grove in a secesh corn
field. Found some mulberries.
14th. Wrote a letter home. Mail came bringing home letters
and Independent. Issued rations to four companies, to go the next
morning on expedition five days. Moved the Second Battalion again
half a mile. After work had a gay time finding our tent. Wan-
dered all through the woods.
15th. Sunday. A beautiful Sabbath morning. Would love
to be at home or somewhere to enjoy peaceful rest. Read the Inde-
pendent. Wrote to Emma McWade.
16th. Monday. Issued rations to several companies. Stayed
at the Commissary most of the day.
17th. Wrote to Brockway. Part of the Missouri expedition
returned with a load of bacon. Tired horses and men. Issued
18th. Wednesday. Grazed my horse. Did little more. Read
some. Paymaster came from Leavenworth.
19th. Thursday. Went to the Commissary as usual at 9 A. M.
Archie got thrown from his horse. Wrote to Fannie. Went bath-
ing with Nettleton and Brownell. Talked Minnie and Professor.
Two letters. Home and Fannie.
20th. Friday. Attended to my usual duties. Read papers.
21st. Saturday. Wrote home. Major Purington and Adju-
tant acted ridiculously in the evening. Out almost all night on a
22nd. Sunday. Major Purington started at 5 for Ohio on
30 days furlough. Carried lots of money for the boys. We boys
sent to Wilson Dodge, former Q. M., to get the Major a ring worth
$10. Got our pay. Commissary and Q. M. received alike this time.
July, 1862 19
Issued some rations and drew enough from Brigade Com'y for ten
23rd. Monday. According to orders started for Neosho at
6 A. M. Up early and flew around to get chores done. Our road
lay mostly through the woods. After 8 miles ride, mail came. A
letter from good Fannie. Met Co. "A" and "D" from Sherwood,
three miles north of Neosho. Met some Kansas Sixth who had
fallen in with a band of 400 rebels on the rpad to Granby. Council
of War — Burnett wanting to go on with 200 men — RatclifF not
thinking it best. Bivouacked for the night in open air.
24th. Tuesday. Arose before sunrise 3:45 A. M. Took the
horses out to graze. Archie and I went with horses to an oat field
up on a hill beyond the pickets. Good feed for the horses. De-
tachment went ahead to Neosho at 7 A. M. Entered N. and en-
camped a little after noon on the ground where the militia was
surprised. An alarm in the night. False.
June 25th. Issued the remainder of the ten days' rations
taken along. Received a letter from home.
26th. Turned over some commissary stores to the 4th and
9th Wisconsin, who came in that evening. Wrote to Fannie. An-
other false alarm. Citizens expected an attack.
27th. Friday. Was busy as usual. Battery came. Issued
rations to them.
28th. Saturday. Got my horse shod. A good many ladies
in camp. Straightened the provision returns and wrote letter to
Fannie, and sent them by Corp. I., Co. M. Didn't get to bed till
12 P. M.
29th. Sunday. Started from camp at 5 A. M. Marched by
long road from Neosho towards Cowskin. Encamped on a high
piece of ground, over an excellent spring of water.
30th. Monday. Arose at 2 :30. Marched at 4 A. M. Reached
Cowskin at noon, and Rains' camp at 3 P. M., which he had deserted
the day before. Found the Indians before us encamped near by.
Four companies, Ninth Rabb's Battery and Second and Third Bat-
talion came from Neosho. Nothing particular by the way. Noticed
some places well remembered when Major Purington was down.
Mustered for pay. Pitched tent loosely for the Major and Adjutant
and made our beds outside. Thunderstorm camp up, tent blew over
and such a time I never had before. Soaking wet all of us, but
nearly the whole force fared the same way.
1st. Reveille at three A. M. Started at 4 A. M. Moved 8 miles
to where the command from the other way was, at Round Grove,
where Coffee had camped. Indians in their natural state encamped
there too. Laughable sight. Pleasant day. Cooler and grass good.
Saw the Oberlin boys. Letter from Fannie. Rested. Wrote in
20 War Diary
2nd. Wednesday. In our saddles at 5 A. M. Marched 8 miles
west, near where the Major and we boys captured the wagon.
Nothing special occurred.
3rd. Thursday. In saddles at three A. M. Rode 18 miles.
Encamped on Grand River.
4th. Great day. So many drunk. Officers gave the freest
license to the men. Both caroused. I was most disgusted. Bill
and L. fought.
5th. Issued rations to two battalions. The reaction of the
4th was visible among the boys. Slept on the prairie by my horse.
6th. Sunday. Overslept and wakened at "forward." Hur-
ried along. Rode a little obstinate pony. Passed the other brigade
and encamped at two miles distant. Saw some Confederate papers,
very neat. Warmest day of the season. Bathed in Grand River.
Wrote a little, read two or three chapters in Philippians. I wish it
were easier to be good, or rather I wish I were a better boy and
doing some good.
July 7th. On the march at 4 A. M. We boys did not know we
were to march, so awakened merely in time to hurry off without
breakfast. Marched 8 miles and encamped on the prairie near the
woods. Archie and I took our horses to a corn field. Read a chap-
ter in Bushnell's "Respectable Sin," very applicable to myself.
Veal noodle soup for supper. Hot day, no covering at night.
8th. Reveille a little before two. Got coffee and meat for
breakfast. Started on the march, in the rear, at daybreak. Like
Capt. Smith some better but I long for Major Purington to come
back again. Second Brigade in the rear of the first ones. Issued
9th. Marched all the forenoon, and went only five miles for-
ward. So many blunders. Encamped on Grand River near it on
the edge of the woods, good place.
10th. Grazed our horses and rested. Wrote some.
In a letter dated Camp Flat Rock, Ind. Ter., July 11, 1862, he
"The Fourth of July was duly celebrated at Cabin Creek Camp.
^ We did no marching, and perfect license was given to all to drink and
carouse as much as they chose.
One officer even told his men that the one who wasn't drunk that night
should be ducked in Grand river. .
When the 1st Brigade had their fight near here, Col. Weir, our comman-
der, was so intoxicated that he could neither receive the report of the battle
or give any orders.
One reason everybody liked Col. Doubleday so well was, that he never
It seems good to get settled down again. While marching, the middle of
the day was so very hot, that we commenced marching at three o'clock in the
morning, so we had to get up very early to have breakfast out of the way
and get ready.
The greatest trouble so far has been the scarcity of water.
Had we come down the other side of the river — people say — there would
have been an abundance of water. But water has been very scarce — and mostly
stale creek water for which we would have to go quite a distance.
July, 1862 21
One Q. M. Sergeant was reduced to the ranks day before yesterday for
going to a spring almost in our line of march.
I feared there would be a mutiny that day, so many boys hadn't water and
weren't permitted to leave the ranks to get any. Hereafter any member of
the cavalry losing a horse, save in battle, must go afoot, by order of Col. Wier.
Well, Charlie seems to have had his iill of grass, so I must go back to
camp. I have been sitting here on my blanket while he has been grazing. We
have to go quite a distance from camp for good grass. . . You don't know
what melting weather we have had.
The thermometer has been as high as one hundred and twelve in the
shade I believe.
Several men have been sunstruck. There has been no rain of consequence
for about two months."
11th. Major Purington returned to us. Had been only to
Fort Leavenworth. Could not get beyond the department. Came
at breakfast time. I had been out on prairie grazing. Found him
here with a tent full of officers. Jolly time. We were so glad to
see him, so were all. I believe he has more friends than any man
in the regiment.
12th. Saturday. Wrote a letter to Uncle and Aunt Branch.
My horse got away suddenly and I did not find him until morning.
13th. Awoke early and found my horse. Took him out to
graze. Issued rations to the whole command. Tired at night.
Slept out with the pickets, with Charlie Fairchild.
14th. Monday. Read in "Guy Mannering." Rained very
heavily most all day. Thunder. Got wet in tent. An alarm. Large
detachment sent out. 1st and 2nd Battalions went, Archie and
Thayer too. Major was angry that they went. Major, field officer
of the day.
15th. Stayed in camp and read "Guy Mannering," good story.
Pastured my horse and Brownell's.
16th. Wednesday. Boys returned from Fort Gibson, no en-
emy there. Enemy four miles below on the south side of the Ar-
kansas, at Fort Davis. Expecting artillery. Boys rested.
17th. Played a little chess. Wrote to Aunt Luna. Slept on
the prairie. All the horses of the regiment were out.
18th. Ordered to commence on half rations. Visited Capt.
Nettleton. Sick since going to Fort Gibson, weak. At 11 P. M.
orders came to march at 2 A. M. Second Battalion in advance.
Colonel Wier under arrest and a prisoner, Colonel Salomon com-
19th. Kept up after eleven and packed up. The circumstances
of the trouble with Wier are these: On account of drunkenness
and his seeming determination to starve us out. Col. S., all the
officers in his brigade and most of the others approving, concluded
to arrest him; sent the adjutant with a detail of 100 men who or-
dered him under arrest. He refused the order. The detail pre-
sented bayonets and took him prisoner. Took him to Col. S.'s tent,
where were officers representing most of the regiments. When he
saw Capt. Allen of the Battery, he said, "And are you here?" and
burst into tears. I never saw so much excitement. All were glad.
Before this Col. S. had determined if rations did not come by Mon-
22 War Diary
day to march his brigade north. Left the Indians there, marched
39 miles to our old second camp, slept on the prairie as usual. Net-
tleton came along slowly during the day. Officers began to be
frightened after 4 or 5 hours, and ordered an ambulance to go
back for him. Just then he came up.
20th. Reveille at 2 A. M. Marched at 4 A. M. Left Co. "A''
to keep up communications. Encamped after 12 miles march. Ma-
jor Burnett left with an escort for Leavenworth with orders and
papers about Wier's arrest.
21st. Rested and wrote some.
22nd. Read in "Guy Mannering." Issued rations for eleven
days. Horses got away. Looked all over the country until the
next day at 4 P. M., when we marched.
23rd. Visited the rich mansion of Louis Ross, brother of
John. Splendid place. The destruction seemed terrible. Owned
160 slaves. Good piano. Marched 12 miles and camped at 11.
24th. Marched at 3 A. M. Reveille at 2 A. M. Marched 12
25th. Started at 4 A. M. Marched 7 miles beyond Hudson's
Crossing. Met the third battalion.
26th. Wrote a letter to Fannie. Played chess with Sergeant
27th. Sunday. Wrote home and read some in "Nathalie," -by
Julia Kavanagh. Very good story.
28th. Mail came. Letter from home. Rather discouraging
news. Adjutant Weeks slept with the Major. Such a time talking
and carrying on.
29th. Wrote to Uncle Albert Harris.
30th. Wednesday. In camp on Rocky Creek, Spring River.
Issued five days' rations, preparatory to marching northward. Boys
in good spirits. Wrote to Fred Allen. Saw Charlie in the morn-
ing. Read Will's last journal, much better than his late ones. His
discouragement about the late reverses. To be sure the present
hour looks dark but I have faith in the future. The light will soon
break. I have faith to believe that the North will yet be victorious
over the South, right be victorious over wrong. I am sorry Will
feels so. It looks like an apology for not enlisting. To fear defeat
and yet not raise a hand looks faulty.
July 31st. Thursday. Finished a letter to Fred Allen. The
Court Martial meetings still continue. Major Purington presiding.
The officers are beginning to be more strict and exacting. The
discipline cannot but be improved. Went to the river and bathed.
Washed a pair of pants and handkerchief and towel. Went up on
a high bluff of rocks, a more romantic place than I had seen for a
long time. It reminded me much of Old Vermont, or Canada side
of Niagara. Marched at three P. M. Reached Baxter's Springs
at sundown. Major Miner, Capt. Stanhope and Adj. Weeks ate
supper with us, had tomatoes and pineapples for dessert.
August, 1862 23
1st. Friday. In camp on Cow Creek, 40 miles south of Fort
Scott. Two men were killed here by Standwaite some time ago. Poor
water. The big twenty-five miles prairie just beyond. Rode with
the Sergeant Major. Fooled with him considerably. Good time.
Capt. Smith played fool, infringing on the Second Battalion. Major
Purington gave him a blowing. The mail came this evening. Let-
ters from Fannie and home. They did me good. I long for the
furlough time to come. Bamitz received a commission as Second
Lieutenant. Pleased all. Wrote a short letter to Fannie. Puring-
ton thinks of going on tomorrow.
2nd. Saturday. In camp on Drywood, sixteen miles from
Fort Scott. Marched today 22 miles over a barren prairie. Rested
for two or three hours in the heat of the day. Mail came in the
evening. Received another letter from Fannie. It seemed so good
to hear from her two days in succession. Got to fooling with
Reeve in the tent along in the evening, and we concluded to take
a turn outdoors. We first took hold squarehold. After a long time
I brought Reeve to the ground but he whirled me. Boys said I
threw. Then he dared me to sidehold. Major and boys watched
me. I threw him in a trice. I wouldn't try again for I know his
superiority in strength and skill.
3rd. Sunday. Started again at 4 A. M. Marched 14 miles
in sight of Fort Scott. Then turned back two miles on account of
the scarcity of water. Encamped along a little vale where were
little puddles of water. Got into camp a little after noon. Slept
some. Got wood for a fire. Helped eat some oysters and sardines.
Supper at 5 P. M. Mail came bringing a letter from Minnie. Wrote
home. Sent a letter to Fannie. Saw some new acts relating to the
formation of regiments under the new law. All Batt. staffs to be
mustered out. One more 2nd Lt. to a company. A good berth for
some of the staff. Warm day, not much like Sunday.
4th. Monday. "General" blew at 7 A. M. Struck tents and
moved to our first camping ground when we entered Fort Scott
from Kansas City. I went ahead with Major Miner to lay out
camp. Q. M. issued clothing. Drew boots and shirt. Helped get
things ready for supper. In the evening Major P., Major M. and
Adj. Weeks got news of the fight in the Indian Territory. Stand-
waite prisoner, another notable killed. 400 proved traitors, having
come into camp and given up and then turning on our men. 300
of them killed. Sergt. Major was taken sick suddenly, probably
sunstuick. Bill drunk and quarrelsome. Adj. Weeks in tent.
5th. Tuesday. In the morning did little of everything. Wrote
to Fannies A. and H. in answer to letter received almost three
months since. In the afternoon the service for the burial of three
men was performed. Lt. Pike drilled the escort. It seemed his
whole ambition to get the men well drilled. He had an escort drill-
ing for one very sick man who had not yet died. Maj. M. and Adj.
24 War Diary
W. boarding with us. In the evening attended a variety perform-
ance up town. Very good for barren Fort Scott. Got home about
midnight. Received no letters, a little disappointed. Mr. Haw-
kins returned yesterday.
Aug. 6th. Wednesday. In the morning there was a great
scare about Quantrell's band. Reported near Montebello, 40 miles
east, preparing for a raid against Fort Scott. A report that three
companies of the 3rd Wisconsin had been captured. At nine "to
arms" blew and to arms the men went. They seized their old rusted
carbines, scoured them and were in line for the assembly. They
were assembled, mounted under Capt. Smith and dismounted under
Major Purington. 3rd came in unharmed save one killed, several
wounded and baggage train lost. Rations for five days were issued.
Went over to town at retreat, got shaved and hair cut by Charlie
7th. Watered my horse and took a good bath. Had a good
visit with Newt. Adams about officers of our acquaintance and
future prospects. Today, as often, I am uneasy for something to
satisfy a nervous want of something real to do. Can't be easy at
anything. Commenced reading the "Woman in White," by Wilkie
Collins. Found the book quite interesting. Could hardly leave it
for my meals. There seems to be no stopping place. Every para-
graph, every chapter, every book is full of thrilling adventures, well
laid plot. Great vigilance against surprise.
8th. August. Commenced "Woman in White" again. Fairly
begun when I was ordered off with Capt. Smith to find a camp.
Selected one up on the hill west of town. Somewhat fortified.
Moved camp in the forenoon. All tired after moving. Had one
meal. Continued the story. Our new site for camp overlooks a
large tract of country. The horses are picketed away from the im-
mediate vicinity of the camp so that we will be free from the dust,
and be nearer water for horses.
9th. Saturday. In the morning had to give up the book which
I had borrowed from Robinson. Accomplished very little during
the day. Tried to write Will but could not think fast enough, so
threw aside paper and ink. Sale of cattle confiscated at the fort.
Archie attended. Stock mostly bought by Babcock and Company,
who are getting rich from the government. So are many of Kan-
sas officers interested in the many contracts made for the troops,
purposely kept here in Kansas. 9th and Battery arrived.
10th. Sunday. In the morning received a little treasure
from Fannie at Richfield. Finished the story of the "Woman in
White," so well told. Like the style. Inspection at ten A. M. Our
staff did not go. I went to the creek and bathed. Issued rations
for five days. Delos came up from town and went with me to see
Charlie. Had a good visit. Heard Will's journal read. Received
a good photograph of Will. Glad to get it. Chaplain preached in
the evening, on the parade. Large numbers out to hear him. Good
remarks, especially in reference to his visits at home. Enjoyed it.
August, 1862 25
11th. Monday. Read some in the June Atlantic. Nothing
especially interesting. After dinner went down for Charlie and
visited Delos per engagement. Had a splendid visit, real social
time. Got some lemon syrup, talked over our old experiences at
home and with **B. F." In the evening went to town to hear Lane
and Blunt. Lane did well enough for a border ruffian. Blunt criti-
cised the course of our officers in arresting Wier. Referred to the
whole thing as a conspiracy. 1st Brigade did not cheer much till
Gen. Salomon's name was heard. Then the boys grew wild with
excitement and cheered heartily for him. Blunt found, I guess,
that Wier had enemies and Salomon friends.
12th. Tuesday. In the morning molasses was issued to the
boys. Wrote a letter home. One boy from Co. G was buried.
Wrote to Fannie and Uncle. Lt. Carter died. It must be a sad
affliction for his poor mother who esteemed him her pet. Sergt.
Daniels was wounded in the thigh by accident. Gen. Blunt held
a council of all the officers in the division. Squashed the whole
Wier fuss. I hope Wier won't accept the terms. Many officers talk
of resigning. Ladies about camp. Arrived yesterday. Mesdames
Miner, Burnett, Ratliffe, Taylor.
13th. Wednesday. Did very little in the morning. In the
afternoon Lt. Carter was buried. Capt. Nettleton rode up to our
tent and told me he would like to see me a minute. I went aside
and he said he was going home. I asked him if he were going home
for good. He said that was about the only way men could get out
of the department at this time. Finally after deceiving me he told
me he was going on regiment business. Wrote lines to Fannie and
14th. Thursday. Put some stripes on my pants, and gave
my poor wardrobe a good looking over and repairing. Should not
like playing old bachelor for life — ^not any. Like company and so-
ciety too well. In the afternoon orders came for the 2nd Ohio to
be ready to march at 8 P. M. with 5 days' rations. Under way at
nine P. M. 1st Brigade and 6th and 9th Kansas marched from town
at ten with the 2nd Ohio in the rear. The dismounted men and 9th
Wisconsin rode in the wagons. Marched all night. I got Major's
permission and rode in baggage wagon. Most sick with the bloody
flux. All were ignorant of our destination, but supposed and hoped
15th. Stopped a little while in the morning to feed the horses.
Moved on and passed through "Ball Town." Stopped to get some
breakfast. Received a letter from home. The prairie took fire
several times and kept the boys busy fighting it. Colonel, Capt.
Smith, Majors Miner and Purington rested under a tent fly we
pitched. Marched again at 3 P. M. Passed Pappinsville. All these
places in Mo. are little stingy trading posts. Over prairies and
through woods and ravines we went. Sometimes slow, sometimes
fast. Tired of jolting. Made a bed of the blankets. 2nd Ohio
mounted and in advance under Major Purington. Stopped about
2 A. M. and fed horses. Roasted com.
26 War Diary
16th. Saturday. Kept up our march till morning at nine.
Crossed the Osage. At nine A. M. stopped to feed and breakfast.
Marched on through Johnstown. All the day the boys made for
every melon patch, orchard or beehive to be seen. Had a good eat
from melons and apples. Saw very few people. Encamped at sun-
down. For the first time had a night's sleep. Very little water.
Expected somewhat an attack before morning. Ordered to sleep
on our arms. I slept soundly, as I usually do. Johnnie Devlin and
I devoured a nice large watermelon. Enemy supposed to be six
17th. Sunday. Breakfasted and under way at 5 A. M. Passed
through Rose Hill, a very pretty little town. Hugh Watson and
I went ahead and got apples, watermelons, plums and wild grapes.
Had a good time. Passed through **Index," another little town.
Major rode with us in the wagon all day, good time. Reached **Lone
Jack," where the enemy were, at sundown an hour before. A man
came up and reported 1500 enemy in our rear. Major Purington
with rear giiard, watched them and kept near them. Fired a good
deal and tried to detain them. Proved to be the enemy retreating
the way we had come. Major sent word for reinforcements. Some
went but did not follow fast enough till dark set in. Commenced
to rain. Command moved. Baggage soon could not go, it was so
dark. So the enemy escaped us, so slickly through the gap. General
Salomon had advised and entreated Blunt to keep flankers and
scouts out through the woods near "Lone Jack." They had intelli-
gence from Warren that they were surely there, and we were pass-
ing within a mile. The ground was favorable for their retreat from
the town — unseen. They kept a large picket about town and
thus fooled our men. Warren could not believe that they had gone.
So they left us, as a mouse from a trap. All the officers were
enraged and disgusted with Blunt's mistake, still hoped to over-
take them. I went out a mile and got an old mare to ride. The his-
tory of the fight of the day previous was as follows : The day before,
Quantrell, with 1200 men burned Independence and then skedad-
dled; Capt. Burns from Kansas City, with two companies of cav-
alry, four of infantry and two pieces of artillery, followed ; at night
overtook them and shelled their camp. They ran. The next morn-
ing Quantrell met Coffee and turned back. Lay in the brush and
waited for them, coming through a lane. When the Feds came
along they rose up and poured volley after volley into them. They
hurried back to the village and there fought desperately. Finally
overpowered, spiked one of the guns, destroyed the ammunition
and ran. Warren, who had followed Coffee from Butler, watched
them here that and the next day, till we came up confident that they
would stand a fight. About 60 killed and many wounded on each
side. Rebels burned ten of our wounded men in a house used as a
18th. Monday. After the moon rose, so that the teams could
pick their way, we started on. Moved back on the same road we
August, 1862 27
went up. Col. Cloud and Warren's forces took another route and
went faster than we. Passed through "Index" and **Rose Hill" and
stopped after passing the big mill. Awful place for baggage to
cross. Got a little supper. Hard bread and coffee, then moved on —
the dismounted men and infantry on foot. The report came in
that Cloud met the enemy at Johnstown — ^so Blunt hastened.
Mules and horses tired out. As we marched boys would fall asleep,
walk on and frequently tumble down. Major Burnett said he rode
the whole length of train and every mule driver but two were
asleep — ^most in their wagons. Train moved on well.
19th. Tuesday. Breakfasted at Johnstown. As usual boys
went for chickens, com and anything to eat. People have felt our
march through their country. Report came that the enemy were
at Osceola, 30 miles southeast. Continued our march Osceola-
ward. Stopped two or three miles from Johnstown and fed mules
and ourselves — ^three hours. Moved on. Report came that Cloud's
advance was fighting with rear guard of the enemy. One man
killed on the prairie, just buried. Changed our course towards
Stubbleville. Reached that place in the morning, sunrise. In the
afternoon my horse troubled me so getting away that I got on
bareback. Got a saddle and rode all night. Very sleepy. Slept
on my horse. Major Miner fell from his horse. Pat Collopy fell
twice. It was almost impossible for the rear guard to get the sleep-
ing ones awake and along.
20th. Wednesday. Hamlin and Devlin had been missing for
two days. Hamlin returned. They had been with Cloud's com-
mand. By permission, Hamlin and Watson went ahead intending to
overtake Cloud's command, but they had too much the start of us.
Went up to the house where four Kansas men's wounds had been
bandaged the day before. Sick men and those unable to stand
service went to the fort. Warren's command passed. We went
with the advance guard of our brigade. In the P. M. Mo. men and
Iowa (Warren) turned back. Reached Montebello about 8 p. M.
Pedrick, with whom I had been riding, got a supper at an old lady's.
Paid 50 cents. Moved on two miles to the prairie. Couldn't find
our wagons. It rained hard and wet us thoroughly. So tired we
did not feel it much.
21st. Thursday. Went with two Company F men and got
breakfast at a farmhouse. Some of the boys had had nothing to
eat for 36 hours. Ham and corn bread. Borrowed 20 cents and
paid. They asked nothing but we preferred to pay them. Major
Burnett, with detail of five started for Fort Scott. Several of us
contrived to go too. Got breakfast out three miles, milk and honey.
A man came up. We frightened him so he swore he was secesh
and made himself ridiculous generally for a union man. Had a
secesh horse, taking care of it. Brought him in. In the morning
put a rope around a boy's neck and made him take the oath with
some meaning. Letters from Minnie, Melissa and Fannie.
22nd. Friday. Slept rather late. F. Brooks back, looking
very sleek. Went to the river and washed myself thoroughly.
28 War Diary
Changed my clothes and rested as well as possible. The command
came in. Boys seem hardy, though the trip has been tough. All
the boys are exasperated that they did not catch the enemy. News
that Fremont is to have command here, good. We to go home.
Wrote a middling long letter to Fannie Andrews. Wrote while
Brownell read in "Woman in White." Boys issued rations for five
days. Naturally lazed a while myself.
23rd. In the morning did chores and read the papers. In the
afternoon went into Adj. Watson's tent. He treated to straw-
berries. Reeve and Major Miner were in when some one asked
about our being mustered out of service. He said he thought we
would not be, and then he asked why we wanted to go. He believed
if we stayed in the regiment, we would all have commissions.
In the evening wrote to Will H. Received letters from Fannie
Andrews and Fred Allen, both excellent. Got some new ideas
about Will from Fred. News came that Doubleday was coming
back to command and that the regiment would be taken to another
field. Boys all rejoiced. Some officers were opposed.
24th. Sunday. In the morning found my old contraband
missing. Didn't think it worth while to look for it. Cleaned up
and prepared for inspection. Archie and Reeve laid out a bed
of state pistols, sabres and spurs. Wrote to Melissa and Ma and
some more to Fannie. Read some in an old Independent. In the
evening went out and heard Chaplain preach a good sermon. Ro-
mans, 6th chapter, 11th verse. Good remarks. Mrs. Miner was
out to hear him. The Mrs. Majors are still here raising sensa-
tions. Seemed good to see them horseback riding.
25th. Monday. Went over to Capt. Nettleton's tent and bor-
rowed Longfellow's "Hyperion." Charlie came over in the morn-
ing and read Will's last journal and my letter from Fred. En-
joyed both and a first-rate visit about home and "B. F." and other
friends. Like Fred's course. Read in "Hyperion." Enjoyed it
pretty well. In the evening commenced a letter to Sarah Felton.
John Devlin and two other boys of Co. F came in. Were in the
late brush on Drywood. One of the corporals was wounded. Had
a clever visit with Newt. Adams. Bill tolerably drunk, yelling as
usual. Lively talk before sleeping.
Tuesday, 26th. In the morning read some. Finished a letter
to Sarah Felton. She is a splendid girl. I wish she would be con-
tent to stop study for a year like Fannie A. and Fannie H. In
the afternoon issued five days' rations. Had a very pleasant time
talking with the boys. Mail came in the evening. None of us but
John Thayer, received letters. Rather disappointed. Andy enlisted
and left for Mount Vernon. Rather sorry to see him go — good boy.
Wednesday, 27th. In the morning did very little. Read some.
In the afternoon Delos and I went down to see Charlie. He was
about going to water his horses. Stayed a short time and read a
Lorain Neivs. Nothing particular. Saw a corpse, a Co. A. man.
Went in and saw several sick men. Two from Co. H. are doomed to
September, 1862 29
die. Boys sat about as carelessly as ever, playing cards and swear-
ing. Washed the dishes when I got home. Played ball a little.
Thursday, 28th. In the morning came the detail for the 2nd
Kansas Battery. Heretofore officers had said that such a detail
should not be made. But the order came to the Colonel for 150 men
and the Colonel gave orders to Batt. commanders for the detail
and they to their companies. The detail was made but not a man
would go. Three or four companies marched to guard house. Fin-
ally after several Orderly calls and speeches by Majors to Battalions,
the detail submitted. The wrangle about the to-be colonel of the
regiment continues. Papers went on signed by ten in favor of
Doubleday and nine against. Miner, Burnett and Ratliff rascals —
selfish. Major P. sent in his resignation.
Friday, 29th. Morning passed as usual in reading the late
papers and loafing. Washed dishes. No encouraging news. Sev-
eral commissions came over — some very just and deserved ones. In
the afternoon came a detail of all well mounted men to go on an
expedition into Mo. Archie and I went. 50 men in all under Capt.
Welch. 9th Wisconsin, Allen's Battery, and part of the 9th Kansas
along under Gen. Salomon. We went as advance. Rode all night.
Slept a good deal in saddle. Was very sleepy. Reached Montebello
just before sunrise. Went in on all roads, dashing down at full
gallop, but never an enemy. Expected to find 1200 there.
Saturday, 30th. In the morning was on picket in the town.
Roasted corn for breakfast. Ate and slept on a porch to a jay-
hawked store. Slept soundly. Went to the tannery and had a good
wash. Got some peaches. Went out about noon and joined the
main command, two miles out. Went out a mile where Capt.
Welch was staying with a picket guard. Got plenty of melons to
eat from a Mrs. Dade, whose husband was in the secesh army, a
surgeon. Scouting parties went out ten and twelve miles each
way, north and east. Went out and met our command. Slept in a
house on floor. Strange.
Sunday, 31st. Word came early to march. Sergt. Co. K and
I went out a mile and got breakfast. Three sons in the rebel army.
Two good horses, but papers from Gen. Salomon guarded them.
Sergeant had got them to cook a few chickens, on which we lunched.
At first in the rear, then hurried on and got in the advance. Passed
through Nevada about noon. Got some warm bread and butter.
Encamped three miles out, where water was abundant but poor.
Went out and helped kill and butcher beef. Borrowed some coffee
till the wagon came up. Slept out till commenced raining. Got
Monday, 1st. Reveille in the morning at 3 A. M. Breakfasted
and started in the advance. Crossed Drywood and grazed. Got
into camp in time for dinner. Sandy cooking, and several officers
boarding with the Major. Found a letter from Ella Clark, very
Digitized by VjOOQIC
30 War Diary
welcome. I have a high regard for her. Boys fully convinced that
we would soon get mustered out of service. Band went to Leaven-
worth and home this morning. Boys think can get away in ten or
fifteen days. In the evening wrote home. Boys all talking about
Tuesday, 2nd. Slept till rather late — up in time for Sandy's
breakfast. During the day wrote to Fannie Andrews. Delos called
in the morning and I read Ella's letter to him. Commented upon it.
In the evening Charlie came up and I again reviewed Ella's letter
with him. Read some in Shakespeare And the latest papers. Re-v
ceived letter from home. Last one from Minnie E. Tenney.
Wednesday, 3rd. Spent the morning visiting with various
boys about the prospects of going home. Boys all in high spirits.
Talk of paying Burnett $5 to help us get out. Blunt gone to Leav-
enworth. When he returns, he will try to get the order made.
Wrote quite a lengthy letter to Fred Allen — strange boy. This last
letter is better than any I ever received from him.
Thursday, 4th. Read some in "Othello." Enjoyed some parts
much. News came that Jackson had been taken with 20,000 men.
Proved a lie. Tried to write a decently neat letter to Ella Clark,
didn't succeed very well. Didn't finish in time for the evening
mail. A good letter came from Fannie — a little behind time. En-
joyed it all. Read the latest Cleveland papers. News of the morn-
ing proved entirely false and we the ones whipped.
Friday, 5th. Went down to the river and washed. Charlie
and Delos came up with a letter from Fred Allen, good. Proposed
a plan for celebrating C's birthday. Report about camp that N.
and M. were to be married. Rode to town. Went and saw some
miscellaneous horses. Went to the hospital and saw Merrick and
Lewis Emmons. Came back to camp in the rain. Sandy in the
guardhouse for insolence. Got supper.
Saturday the 6th. Hugh White cooked for us. Sandy got out
of the guardhouse. Hugh cooked first rate. Read and rested. In
the evening received a letter from Melissa and a Herald from Uncle
Albert announcing the marriage of Sister Minnie and giving an
account of the Oberlin Commencement. He commended Will Hud-
son's "The Heroic Age," eloquent, earnest, and good. Read a little
after "taps." Two Independents.
Sunday, 7th. At breakfast Capt. Seward and Bernard said
Nettleton had returned. After breakfast saw him and received a
note from Sister Melissa expressing her delight at the visit with
"her dear Lu" and giving a description of Minnie's marriage. Sent
a nice handkerchief. Read some during the day. In the evening
Capt. Nettleton called, invited me to walk and gave me a minute
description of his call at Chicago for Melissa ; his visit on the road ;
visit and business with Tod, about colonel etc. ; visit at home, and
Minnie's marriage. Enjoyed all. Capt. Welsh interrupted us and
I went to my quarters.
September, 1862 31
Monday, 8th. Wrote a short letter to Melissa. Considerable
talk among officers about the colonelcy. Tod says Ratliff can not
be colonel. So it is thought Major Miner will be the favored one.
He says he will either run the regiment or be out of it! Consid-
erable prejudice against him among the men on account of his
course at Carthage in April and on the march from Flat Rock.
Tuesday, 9th. In the afternoon wrote to Ella Clark. Spent
the day much as other days, reading, writing and loafing about
hearing the news and waiting for the news. Report that Jackson
had been captured. Evening papers contradicted the rumor and
gave the Rebels the decided advantage. Driving our men towards
Washington. Stirring news from Cincinnati. Battle at Lexington.
Raw troops whipped out.
Wednesday, 10th. Word came to Major Burnett that the offi-
cers of the 2nd Ohio must be unanimous in choosing a colonel or
someone from the regular army would be chosen. Officers met,
ballot impromptu, Major Miner 7, Major Purington 7, Major Bur-
nett 6. 1st ballot, Major Miner 7, Major Burnett 7, Major Puring-
ton 6. 2nd ballot, Major Burnett 12, Major Miner 8, Major P. hav-
ing left the room, it being agreed that the one having the least votes
should drop out. As agreed they made Burnett's vote unanimous.
Miner seemed almost crazy, so surprised and disappointed. At 4
P. M. Major Purington left for Columbus with the papers. At 7
P. M. Major Miner started with his wife. He thought there had
been underhanded work, so was going to lay the matter before the
governor. If Burnett were commissioned he wished to be trans-
ferred. Nettleton stood by him. Very exciting. Officers and men
full of wine and champagne at Burnett's expense. King under ar-
rest in his tent, awful mad.
Thursday, 11th. Went down to the post commissary to get
provisions. Saw Delos and went down with him to see Charlie.
He agreed upon proposal to fill out a program Fred had sent on
for the celebration of the 10th, Charlie's birthday, and anniversary
of our enlistment. Issued rations during the day. Charlie came
up in the evening and read what he had written. Liked it well. A
complete farce to fool the boys. No mail for me in the evening.
Friday, 12th. Spent a good part of the day building me a bed.
Got some boards at a house near camp. Drove down some stakes,
made some crossbars and fastened them and laid boards on top,
making a very comfortable cot. Archie, Ed and Reeve full of the
Old Nick at night. Nothing of interest transpired. Report that
we were bound soon for Ohio.
Saturday, 13th. In the afternoon a brigade left under General
Salomon for Carthage. Dispatches from Col. Weir came, stating a
fight was soon expected. I went down and got provisions for 88
men going from our regiment under Capt. Welch. No mail again.
Read the latest papers.
Sunday, 14th. In the morning washed out some shirts, went
to the creek and bathed and cleaned up generally. Mac Murray
32 War. Diary
came up and spent the afternoon. He is a good boy. In the even-
ing borrowed **Agnes of Sorrento" from Q. M. S. Mason and read
till about 11 o'clock, by Capt. Welch's permission. The boys were
awake late, talking and making a noise. Col. complained about so
much noise being made.
Monday, 15th. Okie and I went to town and got provisions for
five days' rations. Saw Haynes and went to his tent and took din-
ner with him. Had a good time. Read a letter from Fred Allen.
Went into the hospital and visited Bigelow and Ohio boys. Saw
Laundon and walked to camp with him. Full of fun as ever.
Found Okie issuing rations. Helped during the rest of the after-
Tuesday, 16th. A rainy, cold and dismal day. Brownell fin-
ished a little clamshell ring for me. I polished it up nicely. In the
afternoon and evening read "John Brent." Enjoyed it well. Never
read a more thrilling story of a ride. The description of the horse
Don Fulano, and his powers was grand. The horse seemed the
hero of the tale. Went to town and testified against a prisoner
taken while out with Major Burnett. I pitied his poor wife, in
tears. Believed the man Union.
Wednesday, 17th. Did very little in the morning. Charlie
came up for the mail — not arrived. Played three games of checkers.
At dinner talked of books read. Saw Capt. Nettleton, returned
from Lamar to do some work. Intend to return with him, if Col.
Abbey will permit it. Hope Buckshot will get well rapidly enough.
Thursday, 18th. Visited with Capt. Nettleton. Mail came
bringing letter from Melissa. Wrote home and to Fannie Andrews.
Friday, 19th. In the morning went to the post commissary
for provisions. Met on my return to camp the poor man we had
prisoner, with his wife. I stopped and conversed with them. The
woman at first seemed angry but she soon quieted. When I bid
them goodbye, they invited me to call, if I ever came that way. At
4 P. M. left with detail of 60 men, Capt. Nettleton, Lieuts. Stewart
and Niman for Springfield. Marched to the Drywood and en-
camped at 8 P. M. Lost the command and passed them and went
through the woods.
Saturday, 20th. Reveille at sunrise. Boys got the coffee and
bacon ready at the creek. Went down with Archie, washed and
As we passed the Big Drywood, we noticed our bed of rough
crooked poles. Reached Lamar at 4 P. M. Orders for no man to
enter any house or to disturb any property whatever. Some com-
plaining at first but boys soon saw it was the better way. Capt.
bought a sheep for breakfast. Noticed several rather tasty girls.
Sunday, 21st. Marched at sunrise. Ate breakfast at hotel.
Went back after starting to look for Lt. Stewart. Met him coming.
He had been out to stay with some friends and his horse had
broken loose. Stopped after 15 miles at Mr. L.'s. Splendid spring,
bathed in the cold water. Some of the mixed colored population so
plentiful visited the Capt.'s tent. Two quite pretty little girls.
September, 1862 33
Monday, 22nd. Breakfast at 4:15 A. M. Marched at sunrise,
passing through Greenfield, a very pretty little village. One en-
couraging sign, seldom seen of late months, a comfortable school-
house. Stopped two miles out of town, by a spring for dinner.
Capt., one or two others and myself explored a cave near by. Found
the layers of stone filled with shells and all sorts of stones. Several
lizards lying about. Learned afterwards that some bushwhackers
were watching us from the bluffs above. Here the country changed
from boundless prairie to woodlands and hills. Like the variety
better. Encamped for the night after riding 7 miles farther.
Slept beneath a clump of trees with Archie.
Tuesday, 23rd. Up, dressed and work done and off at sunrise.
Our course lay mostly through the woods till within nine miles of
Springfield. Stopped at a splendid spring and lunched before
striking the prairie. Capt. looked for cover and finally we
camped there. Found plenty of peaches and hazelnuts. Archie,
Chamberlain and I went with the Capt. in to Springfield. The 8
mile prairie looked more like civilization, good farms and farm
houses. The highway to town reminded me of the road to Elyria.
Enjoyed all well. All sociable. Passed the road from the north
where Fremont's bodyguard charged down the lane. It was indeed
interesting to be upon and see the ground where the brave fellows
charged so nobly. Entered the village, passing encampments and
entrenchments upon elevations on both sides of the road. Spring-
field a gay little place. Hotel full, stopped at a boarding house.
Several officers there, music by them and one of their wives. Ex-
cellent. Humorous major.
Wednesday, 24th. After breakfast and taking care of our
horses, we went to meet the command. A mile and a half out I
waited for the rest to come. Got grapes to eat. Read the morning
papers. Stirring news of a week for us. We three boys visited
the earthworks. Saw artillery in Pea Ridge battle, one "Betsy"
(howitzer) opened the battle second day. Good visit with some
of the boys. Four regiments came in, Iowa, Wis., Ind., and 111.
About 25,000 troops in and about Springfield. Arriving all the tim6
and working at entrenchments all the time. Salomon at Mt. Ver-
non. Hindman reported 40,000 strong at Cross Hollows.
Thursday, 25th. In the morning went to town and did some
chores for the Capt. Made out a requisition and got com. Helped
Chamberlain get some clothing and issue it. Got me a blue over-
coat, pants and lariat. Wrote brief letter to Fannie A. In P. M.
detachment started for Mt. Vernon. Encamped at "Little York," 10
miles. Stayed behind with Porter and a few men and drew rations:
I couldn't but notice the difference between the business officers
here and at most posts. All pleasant and accommodating. Last
night Capt. Nettleton promised me a place in his company as ser-
geant if I wanted after being mustered out. I was delighted. I
should like it well. Overtook the command about an hour after
camping. Became quite cold. Frightened a girl — called to inquire
our way and surprised them. All seemed frightened.
34 War Diary
Friday, 26th. Renewed our march at sunrise after breakfast.
Our course lay mostly through the woods, a little over rough prairie.
After 25 miles march, reached Mt. Vernon at 4 P. M. Gen Brown's
command here mostly Mo. troops, one Arkansas regiment. Made
requisition and drew com. Pretty little town. Took supper with
teamsters. Sold my old overcoat to Noah Long for $4, to be paid
pay day. News came from Sarcoxie about a fight. Gen. Salomon.
Good prospects ahead for a fight. Order to muster out staff has
Saturday, 27th. Up bright and early and on our way by sun-
rise. Marched till about noon, then halted and took a lunch. Found
some good peaches and apples. Col. Small, Chief of Commissary
of this dep't, passed us in a four-horse rig. Met Capt. Welch and
command just before entering Sarcoxie. Seemed good to see the
2nd and 9th boys again. Found all excitement on account of an
expected attack — up from 1 A. M. Troops moved to good position
for defence. John Devlin missed at Greenfield. Received a note
from Melissa. Visited among the boys and accomplished little.
Took supper with Capt. Welch and Nettleton. Wier's Brigade
arrived in the night.
Sunday, 28th. In the morning went to the creek and washed.
3rd Indian regiment came in. Chilly and misty. In the P. M.
Archie, Chamberlain and I went out to hunt peaches. Went three
miles, found no peaches. Plenty of good wild grapes. Got some
milk from a minister. Written on house "Thou shalt not steal" —
pretty lady. Read "Virginia" in Macaulay's Essays. In the even-
ing Chamberlain read Horatius to us — lying under the oak and the
fly cover of our tent. Enjoyed it.
Monday, 29th. Spent some time mending up my old clothes.
After watering my horses had a visit with Trotter, taken prisoner
at Fort Gibson — some interesting facts. 3,000 of the enemy, poor
arms and worse clothes, frightened to death for fear of attack.
Went out in P. M. for forage, 4 miles — corn. Saw a pretty, modest
maiden weave, barefooted, blushed. Went off the road a mile and
got peaches, the man a prisoner at Springfield. Wrote home. Or-
der for detail of 25 men and oflftcers for scout. I go. Success and
fun ahead I hope. Boys start for Fort Scott.
Tuesday, 30th. Up long before sunrise and prepared for the
scout. At 6 A. M. reported to Gen. Salomon. Wanted us to go 30
miles for coal! Boys all mad. When two miles from Carthage,
men fired upon the wagons and us from the brush. Drew up into
line but they did not show themselves. Passed through Carthage.
Kansas train fired upon. Twelve men went back and met them.
Reached the coal pit 13 miles west of C, about dark. Bunked with
Capt. Nettleton. Rained next morning at 2 A. M. Went to wagon.
Got quite wet. Saw Miss Hood and Shirley at their doors. Heard
artillery firing. Proved to be a battle at Newtonia between a re-
connoitering party of 500 and against 7,000 rebels. 2nd Ohio Bat-
tery covered itself with glory.
October, 1862 35
Wednesday, 1st. Up at 5 o'clock. Commenced work at 5 :25.
Divided into three reliefs. I took charge for four hours. Boys
went for provisions to a house three miles and got some breakfast
at an empty house. Kept at work — after breakfasting at 10 — ^till
noon. Then marched homewards. Bivouacked 2 miles west of Car-
thage. Slept with A. B. N. My birthday anniversary (twenty-
one) . Charge of advance guard.
Thursday, 2nd. Renewed our march without breakfast.
Scoured the woods for our old friends. Took five men and acted as
skirmishers. No bird discovered. Reached camp in the P. M.
Heard the boys relate their stories about the fight. Somewhat tired.
Friday, 3rd. Was going to the river to wash when I was de-
tailed for picket guard. My first experience. Reported with 14
men. Relieved 12 on the Granby road and stayed there till 10 P. M.
Drawn in to go with command. Whole body moved at 12. Got
ready and fell in. N. gave me the command of a platoon of 20 men.
Quite an honor! Horse had belly-ache. Bled him most to death.
Had to leave him. Saw Sturtevant coming. Had the rear guard.
Saturday, 4th. Rainy and cold early. At sunrise got in sight
of the enemy at Newtonia. Got batteries and men into position and
fired upon them. The scene of the cannonading of our troops and
the enemy was grand. The enemy in force are massed behind a
fence and upon the plain near the woods. Our troops occupied the
surrounding hills. The enemy at first scatter at the artillery fire,
then collect again and commence a retreat. Rabb's Battery, in-
fantry and cavalry follow. We had been support to this battery.
Now we change to the 2nd Battery, our own, which had been shell-
ing the town and driven 100 men out. Boys rush into town and
soon report 23 wounded of the Dutch retaken. Soon camped for the
day. Horses saddled. The enemy fight Rabb. He follows closely
and pours shell into them. Boys lay down, half frozen, and slept.
One adj. regiment and one Adj. General captured. Took one piece
of artillery, a long wire arrangement. Got rails and water and had
coffee. Horse grows stronger. Rode about town.
Sunday, 5th. In the morning rode about town and visited the
different places of interest connected with the battle. Went into the
stable where the Dutch were confined. At noon, after a hearty meal
got up by us non-commissioned officers, started south. Capt.Sew-
ard came on and took command. N. officer of the day. Encamped
on Big Indian, 15 miles from Pineville.
Monday, 6th. Got all ready to start. Ordered to lie still for a
day or two for train supply to arrive. Went out on forage detail
under Welch and Shattuck, four miles, got plenty of sweet pota-
toes and apples and honey. Sergt. Smith, Sturtevant and I got up
a good meal. Had a good visit with the boys — ^very warm day.
Shattuck said I had been reserved to stay in the regiment. Most of
36 War Diary
the boys mustered out. A regular officer, a captain, is to be our
Tuesday, 7th. Commenced a letter to Fannie after the morn-
ing work. Went to the river and washed some shirts with Sergt.
Smith, Co. K., a boy whom I like much from short acquaintance.
Mail arrived about noon, letters from Fannies A. and H., Sarah
Felton, Fred and George Ashman. Went to 9th Kansas surgeon
to get medicine for Sturtevant. Finished good Fannie's letter. Sick
with carbuncle and I with boils afflicted. I am so disappointed that
I can not see her and home friends this fall. Bunked with Capt. N.,
Co. K. tent. Read part of a letter from Melissa, good sister. Read
the late Cleveland papers. We lay and talked about boy and girl
Wednesday, 8th. Commenced drizzling in the morning and
kept it up all day. I was detailed to act as Sergt. Major, which
pleased me much. Went with picket detail and reported to Stewart
at Salomon's headquarters. Went down and saw Battery boys,
and Archie, Reeve, Brooks, and Mason. Good time. In the P. M.
Major Burnett with detail started back to Fort Scott. Major sick.
Our cook among the detail, so we boys had to commence cooking
ourselves. Kept raining all night. Battery paid off and very noisy.
Thursday, 9th. Orders came to be ready to march at 7 A. M.,
we to draw our pay before starting. Hastened breakfast and we
were paid during the day. Awful wet and muddy, cold and chilly.
Wore overcoats and shivered. Delayed the march. In the evening
a Kansas officer of the day became frightened and alarmed the
camp. Got saddled and sat two hours in the rain. Boys mad.
Some of the boys started for the fort with the sick.
Friday, 10th. Sky clear and quite cold. Lieut. Spencer and I
issued a good amount of clothing. About noon orders came to
march. After a hurried dinner, saddled and lay about until most
sundow^n. Rear guard. Had to wait till every wagon had started.
Very dull business ; probably the advance guard was in camp before
we started. Every mile wagons were in to the hubs in mud. At
midnight halted, saddles on, so many teams had given out. Fed
and lay down with oilcloth for a coverlet. Had lent my shawl to
Saturday, 11th. Up before sunrise and got roasted potatoes
and honey for breakfast. Marched at sunrise. Passed Wier's and
Cloud's Brigades at five miles — and Schofield's. Encamped at Fer-
guson Springs, eight miles from Cassville. Arrived at 3 P. M.
Feasted and rested.
Sunday, 12th. Cleaned my revolver and dried my cartridges.
Indians had preaching by their Chaplain. Seemed good to hear
singing and preaching even in an unknown tongue. Took a bundle
of letters to headquarters. Smith went with me, a right good fel-
low. Went to spring and bathed.
Monday, 13th. Made the detail to go for forage in charge of
Sergt. Smith. Went along in wagon. Got some cabbage and talked
October, 1862 37
with some women while the boys loaded oats. Oh what suffering
and misery this war is making. But there is an end to be gained
at all hazards. Were it otherwise it could hardly be endured. Went
out in the afternoon and bought some apples and lard. Ball and
Smith were the company. Pitied the poor woman and her children.
Tuesday, 14th. Saw the Lieuts. play poker a while. Was sur-
prised to see Will Bushnell come up to headquarters boldly with
cigar in his mouth. Somewhat changed. In the P. M. wrote a
short letter to Fannie A.
Wednesday, 15th. Paymaster started for the fort — 9th Kan-
sas and 3rd Wis. escort — made the picket detail. Man wanted to
buy salt at most any price — the article is very scarce.
Thursday, 16th. Spent the day reading various nonsensical
books. Rather a lazy day on the whole. Capt. Nettleton returned.
Whole detachment ordered to "Hazel Hollow" on picket duty. Six
miles, advance guard. Slept in a vacant house. Quite a confab
with a Kansas Lieut.
Friday, 17th. Aroused at 3 A. M. Killed a calf for breakfast.
Quite a time trying to kill a pig. Marched at sunrise. Whole com-
mand gone from old camp. Rear guard. At noon arrived at Krits-
ville. Stayed till 10 P. M. Marched again at 10 and moved till near
morning. Lay down a few minutes by a little fire. Before day-
break passed the Arkansas line, Elkhom Tavern, and stopped for a
cold lunch on the old Pea Ridge battle ground. Interesting — ^trees
considerably marred by bullets. Shot, grape, and shell picked up
by different boys as relics of the battle.
Saturday, 18th. Lay about two or three hours, then went into
camp on the rise near the spring. Marks of a large rebel camp.
At noon orders came for the Capt. to go with 50 men to Benton-
ville, to learn locality and number of the enemy. I went. Started
about dusk. Called at a house to know distance. Two or three
girls. Looked like a cousin. Shattuck with advance guard two
miles ahead. Boys said he was a coward, rode way behind the men.
Halted and fed. Heard artillery moving. Capt. ordered me to take
four men and guide and learn what it was. It sounded as though it
were moving from the southwest. After going a mile or two, we
were halted by a picket, close at hand. Ordered one to advance,
dismount, and give the countersign. Dared not risk it. Asked
who they were. "Federals." Asked who we were. "Federals."
"Advance then." What division did they belong to? Gen. Heron's.
Never heard of him. What brigade? Would not tell. Ordered
them to tell or would march my battalion on them. Didn't care a
damn, advance or he would fire. Advanced horseback, a couple of
rods. Ordered to dismount or he would shoot. Couldn't see it and
shied behind a tree. Told him to listen and I would give the coun-
tersign — "Allen." "What! Allen — never! that won't do here."
Did you understand it, "Allen"? Bang, bang, bang, bang. Boys
wheeled and ran. I had sent two back to report to the captain. I
wheeled and got behind another tree a rod back. Cocked my re-
38 War Diary
volver and fired once, then wheeled and ran. The bullets followed
mighty thick. Met the command and reported the facts. One of
the boy's horses was shot in the leg and abandoned. Capt. turned
back and went back the same road to camp. Capt. discovered he
had given me the "parole" instead of countersign, a mistake that
would not happen again for an age, but one that might have caused
a great deal of trouble. Started for Bentonville on another road.
Slept two hours. N. had cautioned me to be very careful and not
approach any force but to learn from families. Proved to be our
men — Heron's.
Sunday, 19th. Fed when out two or three miles. Got some
apples. When we reached Heron's division, I called at his quarters
and inquired if he could give the Capt. any information. Very
pleasant. Stylish. A fur coverlet, neat stove and desk, cigars and
very fine dress. Said that the rebel pickets were within a third of
a mile of ours the night before. Wouldn't pass his pickets, hardly
advisable, do as he thought fit. Went through to the town, 100 of
our Indians there. Called at two houses and had very pleasant and
spicy chats with two girls, one pleasant lady. Southern officers
left their "regards" for any "Feds" that might call. Believed the
south right. Would fight if a man. Got back to camp at dark and
found good letter from home and Fannie. Pleased with the whole
trip and incidents. Quite a laugh with the captain. Like Arkansas
first rate considering — good farms and orchards — pretty girls.
Monday, 20th. In the morning watered my horse and cleaned
up his feet. Capt. N. told me something very acceptable from Col.
Ratliffe. Read the Lorain News and Cleveland Herald. In the
P. M. wrote to Fannie.
Tuesday, 21st. Spurgeon went out with forage detail. Bill
Smith lost $15. Circumstances as follows: Capt. had given him
some money to pay the boys. We lay on the blankets conversing
when Sheldon came up, and Bill pulled out his money and paid him.
He had showed me the money a little while before. All three lay
down. Bill and I side by side and S. a little farther down. All at
once Sheldon attracted mine and B.'s attention to a holster, asking
if I had lost my revolver. After we had examined, I left. In five
or ten minutes Nick called us to dinner. We ate and I went a few
rods into the woods, leaving B. by his horse. When I came back B.
had lost his money. We looked all about. Soon he told me he sus-
picioned Sheldon. I tried to find him. Finally found him playing
poker, 2 or 3 P. M. Stolen at noon.
Wednesday, 22nd. After breakfast went out on Culver's horse
foraging with Spurgeon and Bushnell. Got some apples and a
sheep. At one house where we stopped, two sons were forced into
the army. The people felt very badly. The old lady, 70 years old,
prayed very earnestly and loudly for mercy and protection — quite
Thursday, 23rd. Bill and I did some washing. Johnson, Co.
E, invited us to dinner — pork and crackers. Made inquiries about
October, 1862 39
Sheldon. Found he had not sold his pony — never found it. Claimed
he sold it to get '*poker money." Said he went immediately to play-
ing poker with Co. F after leaving here. They said it was the mid-
dle of the P. M. N. asked him in and saw him. Would not admit it.
Read St. Louis Reptiblican of the 20th. Surprised to see Ohio so
Democratic. Hope it won't influence the president.
Friday, 24th. Got the morning reports and combined them.
Helped pitch the tent and clean up. Turned very chilly — appear-
ance of cold weather. News of a fight, Black and Cooper, few par-
ticulars, 200 prisoners and 4 cannon. During the night three or
four inches of snow fell.
Saturday, 25th. A cold wintry morning. Never remember of
seeing snow so early. Snow fell during the forenoon. Afternoon
more moderate. Night cold. Built a big fire of brush. Com-
Sunday, 26th. Cold but pleasant morning. Made a forage de-
tail to go out with brigade teams. Several of the boys played poker.
Read some in Pope. The Iliad. Gibbs strange fellow. Came into
the army a professing Christian, a class leader, today he is playing
poker with the boys. I occasionally hear an oath from him. Never
saw a man more egotistical. Eats more than any three men. Still
a harmless fellow. Good talk about going home with Co. H boys
around a big fire.
Monday, 27th. Report that we are to go to Camp Cleveland,
boys all pleased. Made picket detail and heard the officers discuss
military tactics. Some rather ignorant. A beautiful day, warm
and pleasant in the sun. Cold in the shade. Capt. N. officer of the
day. Small train came from the fort and recruits for Battery. No
news brought about going to Ohio and worse still, no mail. Pity
that none of the 2nd Ohio care enough about their fellow soldiers
to send their letters to them. Orders to march next morning at 6.
Boys played poker till midnight — precious little sleep.
Tuesday, 28th. Reveille at three. Breakfasted and were on
the move at 6 in the advance — ^bound for Maysville. Capt. kept me
running a good deal. Passed through Bentonville about noon. Saw
several whom I had seen on my other visit there. Passed along
two miles. Got plenty of rambow apples at an orchard. Encamped
in an orchard. Had to go two miles for water. An old man showed
us protection papers, signed by Curtis, given because he went for
the old Constitution.
Wednesday, 29th. Up at daybreak. In the rear guard. Wait-
ed several hours for the train to get by. Stewart and Jacobah came
up and joked. Read a Leslie. Very slow work today, so many
halts. Can not admire Capt. Seward. Had the impudence to keep
me carrying water for him to drink. Lingered to guard a sutler,
whose stock he tried — ^the miserable poison. Advance guard fired
upon near a mill, three stories. Got into camp at Price's old head-
quarters three miles from Maysville — an old Free Love Institute,
they say. Had a little conversation with our guide of the 1st Ar-
40 War Diary
kansas. Bill and I went to work to get supper — soon others
Thursday, 30th. In the rear guard again. Till noon getting
to Maysville, a little place, mostly forsaken, a few old people. Tried
to catch a hog. Didn't succeed. Letters from home, Sept. 30th, and
an Independent. Read Lorain News. Little article about N. and
me being taken prisoners.
Friday, 31st. Reveille between two and three A. M. Break-
fasted and off in advance at five on backward track. Reported that
our rations had run short, a train been captured, etc. — again that
we were to join Schofield, etc. Nothing of interest till we reached
camp 10 miles from Bentonville, near where they were fired upon
before. I had gone ahead to see if there was a spring up a ravine,
advance a little ahead — halted — suddenly, "bang, bang, bang."
Drew revolver and waited. Nothing appeared. Saw Hoppy, Co.
B, rnnning by — followed. Heard him telling a woman to show him
where to find the rebels. I told him we knew enough and two of
us rushed up the hill and others followed. Burr, Co. G, rushed
ahead. I saw nobody, soon heard shouting — Burr — saw him and
followed. Got off half a mile. Foolishness to pursue so far with
such a start. Followed a distance and was returning when we met
Capt. Welch's command. Scouted the woods some and went to
camp. One man was overtaken, his arms taken and himself shot.
Got dinner at the house. Considerable excitement.
Saturday, 1st. Lay in camp. Men save ours were mustered
for pay. The boys went out and got the body of the Butternut, and
buried him in the cornfield — shot in the neck. Wrote home. Bought
a jacket of T. R. S. Saw Major P.'s ring we boys have bought for
him — nice. Went to bed rather early. Commenced a letter to Fan-
nie. Interrupted to go out scouting. In the P. M. Capt. Welch with
Stewart and Lisering and 25 men went out seven or eight miles
expecting to find some bushwhackers seen by a 9th Wis. Found
nobody. Stopped at three houses and got horses. One girl, hus-
band pressed into rebel army, plead so earnestly for her pony. It
was touching. Finally the captain gave it back. Reached camp
at 1 A. M.
Sunday, 2nd. In the morning read Oct. Atlantic. In the P. M.
finished Fannie's letter. Detail came for Lt. or trusty Srgt. to go
out with 30 men as escort to brigade forage teams. Officers said
they proposed sending me. I agreed if they wished it, to start at
7 :30 A. M.
Monday, 3rd. Orders to march at 7. Up at 3 A. M. Break-
fasted and in saddle at 7. Advance guard. Marched 8 or 10 miles
to Osage Spring 5 miles south of Bentonville, Ark., on Burns'
farm. Got the lady to bake some bread. Went out and killed some
chickens. Quite tired at night.
November, 1862 41
Tuesday, 4th. During the day got a report of horses in de-
tachments. Bill and I washed some clothes. Before dark orders
came for a company of 2nd O. V. C. to report to Col. Weir with 3
days' rations. Capt. N. went with 40 men, I along. Reported and
after waiting an hour or two returned till daylight the next morn-
ing. Got a good sleep. Caught some cold from damp clothes.
Wednesday, 5th. Up at 3 A. M. After breakfast started for
Jones' Mills, with two companies of 6th Kansas. Some 10th Kan-
sas — ^two howitzers. Pitched tents and made ourselves comfort-
Thursday, 6th. In the morning went out with four men to
forage three and one-half miles south. Load of oats for 6th and
2nd. The owner just up from Vanburen with two bushels of salt.
Seemed to have considerable information, so took him in to Capt.
Quigg. One of the boys met me with my horse to go with Capt. and
20 men on scout. Had to gallop a good distance to catch up. With-
in seven miles of Fayetteville, fifteen miles distant from camp, took
a prisoner from Col. Armstrong's conscripts. He was at home — on
furlough — been sick. Out with horse saddled, talking with his wife
washing by the clear stream of water. She seemed a very pretty
lariy, pitied her — innocent looking man. Before reaching Fayette-
ville two miles out, Capt. sent me with three men. Porter, Morgan
and Shaw. After going a mile, found a fire; soon spied two
mounted men with glistening guns around a point of woods, watch-
ing us and quietly disappearing. Sent back word. No answer and
went on. After half a mile we got within sight of them, but did not
know whether to shoot or not — no instructions. They took a final
look and went pellmell down the hill. Sent word to Capt. No in-
structions again. Neared town — women and girls at windows and
doors — ^perfectly ignorant! Didn't know that there were any se-
cesh in town. Passed by a large house. Big negro woman stood
on the stoop, showing her teeth and pointing to town ominously,
and shook her head. Such were appearances. By the tannery
stood a grey horse, looking like the one the picket was riding; were
discussing whether to take it or not, when two men came out, citi-
zens apparently; said there were but two or three dozen in town.
Capt. halted his command and overtook us and asked what we had
learned. Told us not to go further for the present. Turn back if
he whistled. After enquiries whistled and turned back. Porter and
I kept in the rear in hope that they would follow us. Three miles
out saw a man at a house near by. Rode out and learned that he
had charge of a hospital at F. Had no papers to show it. Took
him to Capt. He brought him to camp. Rode along beside him all
the way in. Had been in the service one year last May, on Raines'
staff. Dressed in a field officer's uniform, coat, black pants, neat
gloves and cap and patent leather boots. Was perfectly sanguine
of success eventually — perfectly posted in regard to our movements.
A lady was out riding with him, out to see some sick. Very indig-
nant. Waited at a private house with him for supper, while Capt.
went to camp and back. Ladies very much pleased to see him.
42 War Diary
Very sure he is an officer of rank. Said he had no commission as
surgeon. Showed an appointment as assistant surgeon by surgeon
of 8th Div. Mo. State Guards.
Friday, 7th. Capt. Quigg after examination released "Dr.
Brissel" without a parole. Capts. Lucas and Nettleton and all the
boys think the man fooled us — black hair and whiskers, good look-
ing and very gentlemanly. Heard no mean expression. When I
bade him good morning, three miles out, he shook hands with me,
and said if we ever got into trouble, he would be glad to do what he
could for us. At 11 A. M. got orders to march with two days' ra-
tions, at 12 M. Had no bake kettles and no rations but beans and
flour. Got me a canteen full of bean soup. Ready at noon. 25 2nd
Ohio and 25 6th Kansas. Had charge of platoon of twelve — our
boys. Went west, trotted most of the time. Got to the tannery at
3 P. M. 13th at work getting out the hides from the vats. Soon Col.
Cloud with 250 or 300 — and all went to work. A grand scene.
Would like to see it represented in Leslie. Burned up twenty or
twenty-five thousand dollars worth of property. Started in about
dark — southwest. Went 15 or 20 miles, mostly on a trot. Then
stopped at a field of com and lay down by fires till 4 or 5 A. M.
Changed platoons to get 2nd Ohio together. Capt. N. with Kansas
Saturday, 8th. Still southwest to Rhea's Mills ten miles and
then breakfast — fresh beef and no salt. Col. Philips here two
nights before, two of his Indians shot. Two girls wounded se-
verely by rebels firing into a house. After breakfast went to my
own men with Capt. Gave Capt. Lucas detachment — ^the advance.
Direction southeast. Rode 7 or 8 miles to Cane Hill — Boonsboro —
hilly country. Pickets fired upon at Cane Hill. Captured a secesh
saddle and equipments. Went into town. Col. made inquiries and
moved on. Col. always with the advance. Went a couple of miles
and bang, bang, went guns. Soon 60 or 70 men showed themselves
in the woods on a hill half a mile to our left. Sharp's rifles and car-
bines came into play — ^no effect — distance too great. Howitzers
came up, cavalry fell back into the woods and shell went whizzing
over the cornfield. They skedaddled. One fellow whom 8 or 10 men
started for, ran forward and threw down the fence and then ran
back behind a tree. Blue overcoat. Did not take him. Bold fellow.
They took two or three prisoners. After some delay, Col. learned
that the rebels, 400 or 500, were one mile farther on. Went on a
mile, saw pickets on a distant hill. Sharpshooters advanced, and
then command moved forward. Found camp just vacated — fires
still burning. Went over the Boston mountains. Over the moun-
tains at the foot, our extreme advance came in sight of rear guard
of the enemy. A charge was ordered and away we flew with loose
reins and set spurs, up hill and down hill, across and back again
Cove Creek, a very rough road. After three miles we began to see
stirrups, blankets, com and a thousand things strewn along the
road. The Col. was up with us. He commenced yelling, which
was kept up by all the men. More things scattered along. After
November, 1862 43
ten miles in the midst of excitement, back came a volley of shot
and bullets from the bush at a point a little elevated just ahead of
us. The extreme advance fell back a few rods. Up we rode upon a
charge into the bush as we were ordered. We rode up and fired
away. Still farther up into the road we were ordered. We hurried
up and formed along the road facing the bush. The bullets whis-
tled merrily for a season. Not over 20 or 25 were up. We fired
all our rounds, then a sabre charge was ordered. We had our sabres
drawn and ready for a charge, when Capt. Lucas' horse was shot
and the rebels were running by a byroad. The color-bearer was
shot through the head and colors captured, 13 stars — ^two others
were reported killed. Waited for signs of the enemy, but in vain.
Went down and helped about unloading wagons and burned them.
None of us harmed. Started back. Returned 4 or 5 miles and
camped. All the boys got some little trap — baggage and equip-
ments of Mo. Provost Guard commanded by Provost Gen. McDon-
ald. Private correspondence of Col. Sevier of Marseilles, Mo. One
excellent letter from his Aunt Phil on the war.
Sunday, 9th. Recrossed the mountain, after a breakfast of
hoecake of meal captured from the enemy. Went by another road
direct for Fayetteville. Very rough roads and poor country most
of the way. Encamped in sight of the town.
Monday, 10th. After breakfast — poor beef — went into town.
Advance with secesh flag and a dozen rushed to it and showed
passes from Raines and McDonald — one had taken an oath to shoot
every picket, straggler, messenger or pilot he could. Citizens came
in for protection. Several recruits came in with guns. 6th sang
John Brown and Dixie. Got back to the Mills at noon — ^tired out
and chafed up badly — without anything to eat to speak of but fresh
beef — and that seldom enough. On a trot most of the time — tried
to rest some. Letters from home and Fannie.
Tuesday, 11th. Capt. went to camp and left me in charge of
Det. Wrote letters home and to Fannie. Felt most sick during the
day. Did little. Read the Independent in the evening.
Wednesday, 12th. Lay around most of the day, feeling most
sick. Went into the mill. Capt. returned and Bushnell and several
boys for a visit. Said Major Purington sent his love at three dif-
ferent times to me. Made me feel good. Sky clear again. Yes-
terday cloudy and cold.
Thursday, 13th. Felt most sick. Had a slight chill — I sup-
pose — afterwards feverish. Moved camp late in the afternoon on
account of a report by an old man who came in with two conscript
deserters to join our army, that a force of cavalry of 9,000 were
moving north, then at Cane Hill. Before midnight orders came to
join our commands. Got breakfast and saddled at 2 A. M.
Friday, 14th. At 2 A. M. moved a mile to the other mill, then
lay down by the fire till sunrise. Marched most of the day in the
woods, southwest. Found the command encamped at some good
springs. I felt very tired and sick, sore throat and chill. Went to
44 War Diary
bed early. Capt. Seward came in. Had been with 200 men, some
2nd O. to Cane Hill. Had a skirmish with enemy. None hurt.
Saturday, 15th. Alarm at 4. Saddled and packed up. At nine
in line on account of firing heard. Proved to be Capt. Greenough
fighting a scouting party. Enemy moved camp about a mile to the
prairie west, a little nearer the other brigades. I still felt pretty
bad — another slight chill. Lay down by fire but could not keep
warm. Fever some worse in the night.
Sunday, 16th. It commenced raining early and kept it up all
day. Felt weak and miserable. Still did my duties as sergeant
Maj. Some seventy odd contrabands came in from Indian Terri-
tory — Creeks. A good many had arms. They had a skirmish with
bushwhackers. Seven of their men killed.
Monday, 17th. Made the accustomed details. Papers from
home, Herald, the 8th. Archie gave me a bottle of pickles. Lay
still in the tent. Boys got a stove and had a good fire. At night
feverish again. Very hot fire.
Tuesday, 18th. Still rainy and muddy. Lay in the tent unless
obliged to get out. Almost homesick. Body guard came back.
Wednesday, 19th. Wrote short letters home and to Fannie.
Cleared up about noon. Bought a pack of envelopes and a little
'^ndy. Moved camp up on the hill to the Masonic Hall. In the
evening had a chill, took some quinine.
Thursday, 20th. Another pleasant day. Made a detail of 20
men, one sergeant, two corporals, picket, 15 for forage. Chicken
broth and dumplings for dinner.
Friday, 21st. Took three powders and at night had another
chill. Drank some capsicum tea. Slept pretty well.
Saturday, 22nd. Took a blue pill and three quinine powders
during the day. Kept very quiet. Went to bed early and rested
well. Still did my usual duties. Letter from home.
Sunday, 23rd. In the morning commenced Macaulay's "War-
ren Hastings." Kept still during the day and commenced to feel
like myself again. Had a good visit with A. B.
Monday, 24th. Read 15 or 20 pages in "Hastings." Made the
details. Got my horse shod during the afternoon. Rebel Captain
and 25 men with flag of truce came in with sealed orders for Gen.
Blunt. Some shrewd fellows they say.
Tuesday, 25th. Went over to see secesh but they had gone.
Shattuck went on detail as chief of commissary. Capt. Seward said
I must make out morning reports after this. Major Purington re-
ceived orders to proceed at once with his command to Evansville.
Blair's Battery practised with artillery — shell. Major and detach-
ment started out on a scout, an odd old genius on a white horse as
guide. Went by a byroad. When 4 or 5 miles from Cincinnati,
crossed a byroad where 400 or 500 had passed. I had charge of
advance. Before going a half mile, saw two "butternuts." Wheeled
and ran like fun. Followed about a mile and learned from a family
November, 1862 45
that 4 or 5 had passed not more than ten minutes before. Reported
back. Followed most of the time at a trot. When we had gone two
miles, we struck the main road and here the rebels fired at us from
the brush. I had 20 men. All wheeled but 3 men. Soon rallied.
Moved on a few rods and saw 15 or 20 in line by the bushes ready
to fire. They fired and we in line fired in return. Soon Major sent
word to reload. While reloading the rebels crossed the byroad to
the main road. We followed a few hundred rods and were ordered
to halt. Soon some of the 3rd Wis. came up, and passed dis-
mounted. When 5 or 6 rods ahead a volley was poured into them,
wounding two. Two days after, we heard that they were 400 of
QuantrelTs men and that they ran to Cane Hill, also that 4,000 went
over the mountains. Also that we killed two men. Bivouacked
Wednesday, 26th. Capt. Welch came up with 15 men and Capt.
Greenough with 50 men, increasing our force to 180. At daylight
moved on south. Passed through Cane Hill and followed the Divi-
sion train, which we supposed the rebs were after. Officers feared
that they had run into the rebel camp at Dutch Mills. Found them
on 3 or 4 miles. Went on with them 3 or 4 miles, then went on
alone till within a mile of the mills. Then Major and Capt. Green-
ough went on alone and discovered two regiments in direction of
Cane Hill moving north at a trot. We turned back by untraveled
roads and reached camp at 9 P. M.
Thursday, 27th. Up at 3 A. M. and ready to march at sunrise.
Went as advance of whole division. I had charge of advance, 20
men. Moved south till within a mile of Rhea's Mills. Fed ourselves
and horses at Cin. and went on. The scouts were in advance most
of the time, saw no enemy. Got some nice apples at a house. Went
into camp on the hill and went out as picket on the road to the
south. Slept without fires.
Friday, 28th. Started out at 5 as advance, but soon were or-
dered back, as rear guard. Division moved by another road. While
at Rhea's Mills we could hear the cannon roar. How aggravating.
Moved on to Cane Hill. Learned that quite a battle had taken place
there and on the mountain beyond. Went to a house and got some
provisions. Built fires and rested, after some fresh pork and meal
Saturday, 29th. Other brigades returned to Cane Hill, where
we had been retained as reserve. Our brigade was ordered back to
Rhea's Mills. Moved back and camped north of the mill. Got the
mail from the train just arrived. Six letters, two from Fannie, 3
from home and 1 from Will. Happy boy. Several papers.
Sunday, 30th. Had to make out morning report and field re-
port and details. Was kept quite busy all day. In the evening
wrote to Fannie A.
46 War Diary
(Still in Arkansas, near Bentonville)
Monday, 1st. Day cold, like snow. Kept quite busy all day.
Did some washing. In the evening wrote home a hasty letter.
LETTER FROM L. H. TENNEY TO HIS MOTHER AND SISTERS
Camp at Ray's Mills, Arkansas, Dec. 1, 1862.
My Dear Friends:
I guess you wonder a little why you don't hear from your soldier boy.
Well, 1 presume you will wonder often if we stay in the field and keep up our
scouts and marches. Since last Tuesday, my regrular day for writing and the
day I intended to write, I haven't had a minute's opportunity for writing until
yesterday, and then I was busy till night, when I was too tired to write.
Tomorrow another train leaves for the Fort. Several sick boys return.
I should have liked to go back for comfort, but after all as long as there is a
man in the Regiment in the field, I want to be there, too, though there must
be some suffering and sacrifices.
Today I had an opportunity to go into the Brigade Commissary as clerk
and get $12 a month extra. Lt. Shattuck, brother of Nina, is acting Brigade
Commissary and wanted me to help him. N. thought I hadn't better ffo. I
don't care much. Should have liked the little sponduiics though.
Sunday night when we arrived here I found six letters, three from home,
two from Fannie, and one from Will. I guess I was happy that night and as
usual dreamed of home. Thede, I thank you very much for your good long
letter. You did me proud. Please do so more.
I see by the papers that Col. Ford has received his just deserts. I enjoy
all the particulars of the home circle visits, calls and town gossip. It is always
my Thanksgiving Day when my letters come. My letters both received and
written have been quite irregular of late and I presume will be in future.
During the last week we have been on our horses most of the time. My
ague left me just in time. Tuesday and Wednesday our detachment was out
on a scout down below here a little. We had the pleasure of overtaking 400 of
Quantrell's men Tuesday night and turned their course from the nortn south-
ward on double quick. The Major had 115 men. I had the pleasure of beine
in the advance and had two or three little skirmishes with the rear guard.
None of us, how I don't know, was hurt. Afterwards some of the 3rd Wis.
were sent ahead of us and when a few rods in advance were fired into from
the bushes and two of the men wounded.
I suppose you have heard by this time of the fight at Cane Hill and beyond.
Thursday our detachment went in advance of the whole division but Fri-
day we were rear guard and the Brigade was left at Cane Hill as a reserve.
It was aggravating to hear the roar of artillery and not partake. There will
be some hard fighting if we go over the mountains.
I have no ambition to die immediately or anything of that sort. I guess
life, real life, is precious to the most wicked, but I do long to have our armies
hasten on to victory or defeat. If Schofield's forces join ours, I believe our
success will be sure, though earned by a good deal of sacrifice.
Lt. Shattuck has been acting Adj. but has gone now. So I have enough to
do his duties and those of Sergt. Major.
I have just been out doors and I could see the "fire on the mountains"
along our line of march over the hills from the North.
Tonight the air is cold and the fire in our little stove is comfortable and
cozy enough. We are getting well used to bivouacking in the open air with
few blankets and no fires. When out scouting we go without fires so as not to
let the enemy know our movements. Sometimes we can't get much sleep,
December, 1862 49
though. Don't you believe I occasionally long to creep into that soft bed at
home and to sit down at our little supper table? Oh no, never!
Please excuse another hasty letter. The Independents have come as usual.
I presume we will remain here a few days and then go over the mountains.
I hope so.
The boys are all talking as loudly as can be and I can't think overmuch
With much love,
Tuesday, 2nd. Saw Shattuck. $9.00 extra. Refused. Up
early with orders to report with the train to Fort Scott. Most of
the boys glad. Marched to Cincinnati (Ark.).
Wednesday, 3rd. Met the train coming down — some delay.
Sorted out the mail. Several letters for me, Fannie, Lucy, Fred,
Charley. Marched to our old camp on Lindsley Prairie.
Thursday, 4th. Marched to Maysville and camped in town.
Cold and uncomfortable. Went to the Secesh hospital and got sup-
per of the family. Good visit with the surgeon. Invited me to stay
Friday, 5th. As we neared Cowskin a good many bushwhack-
ers showed themselves, but at a distance. Camped three miles north
of Elk Mills.
Saturday, 6th. Up at 3 A. M. and off at daylight as usual.
Reached Neosho at 8 P. M. Charlie and I got supper at a private
house, secesh. Got into a little fuss with Mart Cole in regard to
forage. He pushed me off the wagon and I reported him. He was
tied up to a tree for an hour. The Major asked me why I did not
knock him down. Afterwards I was put under arrest for investi-
Sunday, 7th. Up and off as early as usual. I carried a car-
bine and rode as usual in the ranks. Saw a large flock of wild tur-
keys. Advance ran after three "butternuts." Took two horses.
Saw any number of rebels around Diamond Grove. Encamped four
miles west of Sherwood.
Tuesday, 9th. Saw a good many rebels about Turkey Creek.
Camped 30 miles from fort.
Wednesday, 10th. Maj. P., Capt. S., Capt. N. with 25 men
came into the fort. Arrived about 2 P. M. Got supper at Mrs. Har-
ris' — very kind. Other detachment came in. Several boys drunk.
Friday, 12th. Issued clothing in the morning. Bathed.
Marched in P. M. to Fort Lincoln. Took charge of 10 soldier
Saturday, 13th. Marched at daylight. Had a cold ride, chilled
through. Reached Twin Springs in time for supper, before dark.
Slept soundly under tent. Rained a little during the night.
Sunday, 14th. Reveille at 4 and off a little before sunrise.
Reached Spring Hill at 4 P. M. Charlie Ball and I went out to a
house and got supper. Kept us till dark. Got cider.
Monday, 15th. Reached the Kansas river about noon and got
crossed before dark. Went five miles to the edge of the prairie and
camped. Pleasant place.
50 War Diary
Tuesday, 16th. Went on as usual 18 miles and waited for the
Major to meet us. Went in and camped between the fort and town.
Went down to the Planters House for supper with Sergts. Love,
Pierce and Archie. Had my hair cut. Went with Love to theatre*
All the officers there. Play was Willow Copse. Very good, also a
Wednesday, 17th. In the morning took the prisoners to the
fort and hurried over to Col. Burris. Rode up to south part of
town and found Cousin Austin's. Stayed to dinner. Had a good
visit. Made me promise to call in the evening if we stayed in town.
Went over in the evening. Lost my way. Found Mr. Buckingham
of the BuUetin there. Read some of his letters for Augusta for the
Baptist benefit. Augusta played on her guitar and sang, also on the
piano. Enjoyed the evening very much indeed. Leona a very
pretty girl. Had a lunch and apples, good feather bed. Had nice
Thursday, 18th. After a good breakfast, cousin went up to
camp with me. Officers gone. Went back to town and the Plant-
ers. Introduced him to Capts. Seward and Welch. Went about
town with him. Enjoyed all. Went to fort and helped in turning
over property. In the evening went with Bill Porter and Nichols
to theatre. Officers there. "Pizarro." RoUa played well. Wanted
to go to Festival but dared not.
Friday, 19th. Up at 4 A. M. Off on foot for the ferry at 7.
Boys started with the Indian warwhoop. All in good cheer. Quite
a long walk. Bid Kansas goodbye before noon and were off on hog
cars at Weston. At St. Joseph got a lunch, pie, bread and ham.
Got some hay. Bill and I fixed a bed. 34 in a freight car, all lay
down, piled top of one another.
Saturday, 20th. Reached the river about noon. After some
delay were ferried over and marched to the cars. Then waited in
a cold wind and occasional sleet for two hours, then marched
through the town east to barracks. Got some coffee and hard bread.
In the evening had a good fire. Most of the boys up town. Capt.
invited me to Quincy House but preferred to stay in camp. Quincy
a very neat town — city.
Sunday, 21st. After cleaning up in the morning went up town
with Brown. Promenade about the leading streets. Then left him
and went to the 2nd Congregational Church and Sabbath School.
Seemed very much like home but not so full and interesting. Heard
a very practical sermon on the use of wealth. The congregation
seemed very intelligent, aristocratic and up with the times. Seemed
good to see some civilization again. Took dinner with A. B. at
Quincy House. Wrote home. At 2 P. M. went to depot and loaded
into freight cars. Off at 4 p. M. At Springfield at 9 P. M. Took
Monday, 22nd. Arrived at Lafayette at 10 A. M. Went to a
bakery for dinner. Pie and bread and butter. Remained till 2
December, 1862 51
p. M. Herb. Kenaston came aboard and went with us to Indian-
apolis. Had a good visit with him, not much change. Told a pleas-
ing incident about correspondence with Mary Dascomb. Arrived at
Indianapolis at dark, only an hour or two delay. Lunch.
Tuesday, 23rd. Arrived at Dayton at 2 A. M. Went into a
hotel. Landlord very insolent. Turned down the gas on the Major.
Major told him he was the meanest man he ever saw. He intimated
that he was secesh. I told him to say he was half secesh and we
would clean him out so soon he wouldn't know it. Kept the light
burning. Boys stole a good many things. Went around Dayton a
little. A very neat city. Liked it well but couldn't go the "Vallan-
dighamism" of the place. Arrived at Columbus at 3 P. M. Re-
mained with baggage to take care of Major's things. After dark
when I got to camp, stayed with Bill.
Wednesday, 24th. Went and saw the boys and Col. Abbey.
Moved my things over to his quarters. Spent the day looking
around and seeing the boys. In the evening wrote to Fannie An-
Thursday, 25th. Rather a quiet day for Christmas. Wonder
how the folks at home have spent the day, happily I hope. Re-
ceived a note through A. B. Went over and had a good visit with
him. Told me some encouraging things. Not much faith ! In the
evening wrote some. Saw Dwight Burrell. The day has been
cloudy and damp. I have caught cold by some means. The air is
getting colder this evening and the wind getting into the north.
Washed up and changed my clothes. Where will another Christmas
find me and the whole army?
Friday, Dec. 28th, 1862, till Jan. 1st, 1863. Received and an-
swered home letters. Kept at my old duties of Com. Sergt., not
very arduous. Delos went home, having received a telegram that
his presence was needed there* They had a real family gathering
of friends from east, south and west. Came back the 31st and made
us most homesick. Wrote a letter, a good one too, to Will, intend-
ing to send it by C. G. F. but he did not let me know when he left,
so I destroyed it, getting too old.
Well, the year as a whole has passed much more rapidly and
pleasantly than I anticipated a year ago. To be sure I never could
be satisfied to spend a life in such service, still I have rather enjoyed
the life I have been leading, because a sense of duty prompted me to
it. My sufferings have been light indeed.
Of one thing I am sure. Had I spent the year at home, though
I would have enjoyed it much, I would have been a poor, frail, sickly
boy longing for death to come quickly and suddenly. Nearly so I
felt January last. I hoped that health would come quickly or that
by the fate of war my life would be sacrificed. A lingering death
I have always had a horror of. Even now did I know that my fate
were to die of consumption 8 or 10 years hence or to be shot in
battle in six months, I should prefer the latter I believe. In fact, I
have no desire to live a frail dependent boy any length of time. I
52 War Diary
presume this feeling has influenced me greatly in going upon so
many expeditions, when I have been where I need not have gone at
all. I have felt that this time I can go as well as any one else and if
I fall, the world loses nothing, if somebody else fell, the contrary.
Still I never went where bullets were flying but I thought seriously
of my past life, my preparation to die. Sometimes there would be a
hesitation, but only for a minute.
March, Platte City, Fort Scott.
April, Carthage, Horse Creek, Neosho, Cowskin Prairie.
May, Fort Scott, lola.
June, On the march to Indian Territory.
July, Cabin Creek.
August, Fort Scott, Lone Jack.
September, Springfield, Mo.
October, Sarcoxie, Grandby, Newtonia, Coalbed.
November, Arkansas, Pea Ridge, Bentonville, Maysville, The
Mills, Osage Springs, Jones Mills, Fayetteville, Tannery, Boons-
boro, Boston Mountains, Cane Hill.
December, Fort Scott, Leavenworth, Ohio.
Jan. 1st. In Camp Chase. Charlie went home and D. R. H.
returned to camp. Saw D. R. and John Devlin. Brought a note
and stick of candy from home.
2nd. Friday. Issued bread and beef. Read some. In the
afternoon rode to town. Went up into the Senate and heard the
big-bugs spout. Went to Quartermaster and selected some pants.
3rd. Saturday. Besides my daily work, did little. Took up
checks and distributed them. Col. Abbey made me a present of a
pair of government pantaloons. I was pleased with the kindness.
Heard that Phoebe (Haynes) was in town.
4th. Sunday. Stayed at home and read the Independent and
newspapers. Passed the day very quietly. Wrote a letter home.
5th. Monday. In the morning George Fairchild called.
Pleasant visit. After my work Rob and I rode to the city. Took
up my pants for stripes. Got me a vest. Called at Neil House.
Phoebe not in. Sorry. Muddy, and I had a servant black my
boots ! Rode back disconsolate and disappointed.
6th. Delos returned from town and told me of his visit with
his sister. Sent my regards and explanation. John got into the
guard house for being away without a pass. R. and I went to Mr.
Bateham's, met Libbie Kinney, Will Rice and sister, and Miss
Cohen. Went to meeting in the evening, concert for prayer.
Walked home. Letter from home, wanting me to come home.
January, 1863 53
7th. Wednesday. In the morning rode to town and took a
telegram for Lt. Abbey to his wife. Went and got Rob's boots and
tried some on. Then rode back to camp again in time for supper.
Jan. 8th. Thursday. Saw Delos a few minutes. Wrote to
Fannie. Read some in "The Canoe and Saddle" by Winthrop.
Don't like this as well as "John Brent." Commenced getting bread
from baker of 2nd O. V. C. (A. B. N. and Melissa Tenney married
9th. Friday. Got the rations up from the post Commissary,
ready for issue the 10th. Was kept quite busy. Finished "Canoe
and Saddle" and read in January Atlantic.
10th. Saturday. Robinson and I issued rations for ten days.
Col. Abbey went home on the morning train, also Dan Arnold. In
the afternoon had baked beans. Capt. Nettleton returned. Left
Melissa with his friends near Delaware. Charlie F. returned.
11th. Sunday. Stayed at home again and read the Independ-
ent and home letters telling of M.'s marriage.
12th. Monday. Capt. N. called for me. Went into the house
and stayed till noon, then went to the depot and met Melissa and
S. R. N. Went with them to N.'s Aunt's. Plain people. Returned
to camp and went down with boys to Mr. Rice's. Melissa there.
Very good visit. Miss Cohen there, too. Libbie expects to go
home Friday. (S. R. N. was Stiles Nettleton, brother of A. B. N.)
13th. Tuesday. Spent the day very quietly at home. Worked
as usual. Last night Chester treated to the oysters. Buglers ex-
pect to be mustered out, very jubilant over it. Wrote a letter home.
14th. Wednesday. Met D. R. in the morning. Gave me a let-
ter from Ella Clark. Went over to Co. H. and read it to the boys.
The best I ever received from her, I think. The boys seemed
pleased and surely I was.
15th. Thursday. The Buglers went down town and were mus-
tered out. I was not there to get the promised oysters. The others
did. D. and John called on Melissa.
16th. Friday. After work went up town in the afternoon.
Saw Melissa. Libbie was there. Had a good time. Rode back
about dusk. Libbie has concluded to wait until I go home. Good
17th. Saturday. Tried to get my pass signed so as to get away
Monday. Drew the rations from the post for the next ten days so
as to get away.
Jan. 18th. Sunday. In the afternoon rode to town to see Me-
lissa. By invitation stayed to tea and then overnight. Had a first
rate visit with Melissa during the evening and wrote a little to
Theodore. Intended calling at Mr. Rice's, but Melissa promised to
ciall and see Libbie.
19th. Monday. Went to work early and got rations issued by
noon. But I could not get my pass signed so as to leave. Got
memoranda of all stores received and accounts at bakery and com-
pared all accounts, which proved correct.
54 War Diary
20th. Tuesday. Got my pass and started in the rain. Called
and told Libbie all ready. At 1 P. M. left with her for home. How
good it seemed! Could hardly wait for the slow cars. Pleasant
company. At home at 8:30. W. N. and D. R. at depot. Found
Minnie and John at our house. What a blessing to be home again.
21st. Wednesday. Stayed at home in the morning. D. R.
called. Played a game of chess with Minnie. Saw EUie. (Mrs. Al-
bert Bushnell.) In the evening called on Fannie, the dear girl.
What happiness for me, a poor soldier boy ! She has not changed
much. The same beautiful, perfect creature of 15 months ago.
Home at nine.
22nd. Thursday. Had a good visit with Ma. In the afternoon
met the "B. F." at Will's. Adjourned to Thursday lecture by Prof.
Fairchild. Liked it well. In the evening called on Fannie. Home
early with Ma.
23rd. Friday. Minnie came down and played chess. In the
evening met the boys at Fred's and had a very sociable time. Went
to church and heard Fred play on the organ — good.
24th. Saturday. Spent a portion of the afternoon at Fannie's.
F. Henderson was there and we had a good time. Got home early
and read in 'Tantine" and visited with Ma. Read some in the
Jan. 25th. Sunday. Met M. at Infant Sunday School. Went
to Sunday School with the girls, then to church. Pres. Finney
preached. Made some hits about the new chapel. Afternoon sat
alone and heard good Dr. Morgan. Minnie at our house to tea.
After a nap went over to Mrs. Holtslander's. Apples, pears and
cider. Went home with Minnie. Heard John relate about the
Jan. 26th. Monday. In the morning read. At 1 P. M. went up
town. Got chess and called at Fannie's — played some. F. Hender-
son stopped in. Good visit — played on piano. Went to Young Peo-
ple's meeting and enjoyed it much. Called on Libbie and played
chess. Beat Hattie at checkers. Went to Minnie's. Had some nuts
and heard EUie and John play and sing. Rich treat.
27th. Tuesday. After breakfast went up to prayer meeting.
Met Minnie at the corner. Called with Minnie on Henry Lincoln,
Prin. Fairchild, and Haynes. Went to the new house and then
home. After a lunch played battledore and game of chess. W. N.,
F. D., and D. R. called, good time. Took tea with Fred. Charade
party. F. D. A. and H., M. and J., Ella and Libbie acted Masquer-
ade and Mendicant. Music.
28th. Wednesday. Went to prayer meeting at nine. Had a
nice fall at Goodrich's. Went to Minnie's and played chess. Ellie
and Minnie came down. Played battledore. Good time. In the
evening by invitation went to Libbie's. Small party. Had a very
pleasant time. Pins and backgammon. Got home at 11, in bed
February, 1863 55
29th. Thursday. Went to Minnie's at nine. Found E. and M.
about to go to the skating pond. Went as far as shop. No ice.
Went down by the mill with E. Ice good. Called at Chester's,
Bigelow's, Ella Clark's and French's, Mrs. Kenaston's and John-
son's. In the evening saw Fannie. Went down to F. Henderson's.
Bid F. goodbye at 9 :30 P. M. Hard. Found Theodore at Prof. El-
lis's. Heard them sing awhile, then home. Bed at twelve.
30th. Friday. Concluded to wait until 2 P. M. Called with
Thede at Maria's, Fannie H. and Fannie A.'s and said goodbye. At
two rode out to Cleveland. Time for Holland's lecture. Ma and T.
came on train. Lecture on "Fashion." Very good. Visited with
Uncle and Aunt. Thede went to the Bazaar.
Jan. 31st. Saturday. We went to Camp Cleveland and saw the
boys. Then to Auntie Jones' to dinner. Down to Alfred's, Mattie's
and back to Uncle's. Then with Thede went to see Lizzie Cobb.
Not at home. Called on Mrs. H. Cobb. A pleasant time. Off at
6 :45. C. G. at the depot. Put up at the National for the night.
1st. Went up to Melissa's after breakfast in the rain. N.
there. Stayed to dinner. About 2 started out with N. in a drizzle
for Camp Chase. Rather tires me walking. Enjoyed rehearsing
my good visit home with Ma, F. and other friends.
2nd. Got the rations up from the post and Okie (MacDowell)
helped me issue them. Thede came down. Helped me clean up
about the commissary. Felt rather tired when night came. Wrote
two small sheets to Fannie and then retired. A cold night.
3rd. Tuesday. Commenced taking c^re of my cream mare.
Thede tried her gait. We cleaned her off nicely. Was kept quite
busy all day straightening accounts in commissary. A cold, chilly,
piercing day. Suffered considerably. Seems good to have Thede
Tuesday, 4th. Let Thede go to town on my mare. Read "Tom
Brown." Became quite interested. There seems so much reality
in all the sports and tricks. In the evening went to tactic school
at Co. K's quarters. Like it well.
5th. Continued the reading of "Tom Brown." The talk of
consolidation is making the boys very much dissatisfied. There
will be more deserters. In the evening recited my lesson.
6th. Called at the captain's quarters. Told me Fannie Hudson
was coming that day at noon. Am glad. Would I could see Will,
7th. After my morning work, issuing bread and beef and
tending to my horse, Thede went to town for the girls. Called at
Capt. N.'s quarters in the P. M. to see them. Good time. No lesson
in the evening, so many of the boys away at theatre. I went over
to Chester's. Played checkers and dominoes.
56 War Diary
Sunday, 8th. Spent the day very quietly in camp. Finished
"Tom Brown" and read some in "Sermons on the New Life," and
in my Bible. Archie called for me to go to town with him, but I had
some invoices, etc., to make out, so stayed in camp.
9th. In the morning moved up to the commissary to make
room for Lt. and Mrs. Abbey and child. Brougham came and I
went to town with him in the evening. A lunch in town and then to
Melissa's. Major P. and Reeve left for Kentucky. Met Brougham
at 10 at Winard's and went to Mr. Crarey's for the night.
10th. After breakfast we four started out to visit the peniten-
tiary. Called at Mr. Rice's. Got Mary and Mrs. Hickox and went
to the Asylum instead. Was deeply interested and affected. So
many pretty and talented little creatures among the sufferers. Saw
Fanny H. off at 1 P. M. Uncle dead. Went with Brougham to Peni-
tentiary, then to camp for the night. Answered a good letter from
11th. After breakfast B. went with me to commissary and then
to town. Drew and issued rations for ten days. Rained in the
afternoon. Did the work alone. Thede went to town and brought
me back Irving's "Life of Washington." Commenced it. Case in-
quired about Thede enlisting in his company.
12th. A dark and unpleasant day, rainy. Saw some of the
boys and talked over the invitation to Mr. Rice's. Thede got the
papers made out for muster. Had to get me to sign Ma's name al-
lowing him to enlist. Covil examined Thede's head. Made it out a
good one. Let him look at some writing.
13th. When Chester came over we talked about going to Mr.
Rice's in the evening and concluded we wouldn't go, so went over to
Capt. N.'s and got him to give our regrets, etc. Saw the other boys
before dark and none of them was going. I prefer staying in
camp, a soldier's home.
Saturday, 14th. Was kept quite busy in the forenoon, issuing
bread and beef for two days. Thede got a pass from Capt. L. and
left for a visit of a week at home. I wish I could be there with him.
Home is dearer to me now than ever. Will God ever bring us all
home on earth again ? If not, may He in Heaven.
15th. Thought some of going to camp, but concluded not to.
Made some taflFy and read some in "Ravenshoe." Called at Cap-
tain's quarters and had a good visit. Seems lonely without Thede
after being with him so constantly for a week or two. How hard it
is for mother to be entirely alone. God bless her.
16th. After breakfast exercised my horse a little bareback.
Enjoyed it well, though it was hard work. Got her shod. Finished
"Ravenshoe." Rather pleased with the story. Mud deeper than
ever. A poor woman told us how she had $6.25 stolen from her.
Has two little children, dependent upon her daily work.
17th. After breakfast fixed up a little and went to town to see
Melissa and get second volume of "Life of Washington." Received
Hn excellent letter from the fair Rowena. In the P. M. and evening
Digitized by VjOOQIC
February, 1863 57
wrote to Ella Clark and a little to Fannie. I like Ella Clark very
much. She is talented and good and true, I guess.
18th. After a late breakfast, at which John Devlin partook
with me, and my morning work over, I finished my letter to Fannie
and got out Cream to take letters to town, when I saw Chester
homeward bound, so I stayed. Read in "Life of Washington" and
played some at checkers. Received letters of Dec. 1 from home and
F. Violins and guitar going in the evening in the Q. M. D.
19th. Robertson came at 3 A. M. I got up and read Irving's
"Life of Washington," Vol. 2. Bob brought me a nice little box to
keep my things in. After my work read most all day. In the even-
ing wrote to Sarah Felton and Fannie Henderson. Talked with a
little girl begging and with our washerwoman. Has a hard time.
20th. Brought up the rations from town. Got another volume
of Irving. Met Capt. when coming back. Expecting Sarah Jewell.
Oberlin boys came back over their furloughs one day. In the even-
ing read till late.
21st. In the morning we issued rations for eight days. Then
cleaned out and chopped wood. Thede came bringing a line from
home. Seemed to have had a good time. Glad to see him again.
He will be a great deal of company for me. Fannie Turner came.
22nd. Snowing in the morning and all day. Thede came over
and stayed with us to breakfast, 10 A. M. During the day read 3rd
volume of Irving. Stormed so I did not go to town. A year ago we
had the little affair at Independence. Oh what a time in rain, snow
and ice at Kansas City.
23rd. Cleared off pleasantly. Busy in morning getting mem-
orandum receipts of the stores for the month. Afternoon rode to
town and beat Melissa at a game of chess. F. gone. Had a good
time. Spent the evening. M. and N. went to theatre to hear Mac-
24th. The mail brought me three letters, one from Lucy, one
from home and one from Fannie. All good and cheering. How
much I prize my letters. Back and forth to Post Commissary. In
the evening beat Capt. N. two games of chess. Read some. Fin-
ished 4th Vol. Thede looks well in "sojer" clothes.
Wednesday, 25th. After breakfast wrote to Fannie. Thede
took the letter to town. Found tea, candles and coffee in McGuire's
box — the thief. In evening at quartermaster's. Ate apples. Got
beaten at four games of checkers. Read in Irving. Am rejoiced at
the reaction against the Copperheads. God still rules.
26th. In the morning came letters from Will Hudson at Leb-
anon, and one of Nov. from home. Had quite a visit with Lt. Ab-
bey about Pa. In the evening took my letters from Fred and Will
and reviewed them with Charlie. Played four games of chess with
McAulis. Beat three times. Finished the "Life of Washington."
Had some taffy.
27th. After breakfast played two games of chess with Case.
Got beaten. Ordered to move to Covington immediately, then coun-
58 War Diary
termanded. Wrote to the boy William. God bless him and lead
him. Thede came over. Went down and looked at a horse he
thought of taking. Read in Scott's "Waverly." Music in Q. M. D.
28th. Got up the rations and issued for ten days. Overlifted
and strained my back and sides, makes me lame. After we got
through I cleaned up. Charlie Crarey came down, got all the busi-
ness straightened up, thinking I would go home Monday morning.
1st. Stayed at home in the morning. Snow. Chester came in.
Made a little taflFy and ate apples. Read the Independent and Cin-
cinnati Commercial. Col. Abbey was in and told his usual number
of stories. Knew Pa well. Wrote a short letter home.
2nd. Helped about the meat and bread. My back gets worse.
Mason has given me some liniment which he warrants sure cure.
Invited to Mr. Rice's. Charles, Tully, and Theodore went. M. and
I couldn't. Commenced a letter to Fannie Andrews and wrote a
short letter to Fred.
3rd. The Convention of Govs, took place. I was too lame to
venture out. It stormed awfully, snow and rain, and the boys suf-
fered considerably. 2nd Ohio out en masse, as escort. No letter
from Fannie. Finished her letter and wrote to Lucy Randall.
Played checkers with McAulis.
4th. After the work in the morning repaired to headquarters
and heard Andy Johnson of Tennessee and Gov. Wright of Indiana.
Both spoke well, said much to encourage us soldiers and discourage
traitors. Received good letters from Sarah Felton, Ella Clark and
home. Went over to see Charlie. Wrote a line to Delos.
5th. My back quite well. Not much going on during the day.
In the evening the boys mostly went out to town and mobbed the
"Crisis*' and then went to the "Statesman" but did no damage.
Medary and the press were in Cincinnati. The boys carried off all
the books, etc., they could find.
6th. In the morning the colonel called the officers together and
stated in tears that he should resign if the thing were not ferreted
out. I was in Case's tent. C. and H. burned their property. Offi-
cers feigned a search but found nothing. In the evening officers
held a meeting and passed resolutions. Medary received at the cars
Note — The episode briefly referred to under date of March 5, 1863, was of
this nature: At that time Samuel Medary, formerly a state oflicial of con-
siderable prominence, was conducting a weekly newspaper called "The Crisis"
at Columbus. This periodical was perhaps the most oitter and dangerous and
disloyal "Copperhead" sheet published in the North. Its utterances distinctly
encouraged the Rebellion, instigated desertions of Union soldiers and thus pro-
moted dfisunion, prolonged the war and increased the slaughter of Union
troops. On the night of March 5th, a considerable nimiber of Second Ohio
boys mysteriously got through the guard line of the Camp Chase encampment,
went quietly down town, threw out pickets for i>rotection from the police, en-
tered "The Crisis" office and thoroughly g:utted it, throwing the type, presses.
March, 1863 59
Saturday, 7th. Finished my letter to Ella. Col. Abbey went to
town and sent a barrel of flour to mother. Good. A Democratic
mass meeting to consider the best way for democrats to protect
their property. Finished "Mistress and Maid."
8th. Spent the day in camp. Thede came over and we made
a little sugar candy. Read some in "Currents and Countercur-
rents," by O. W. Holmes. Wanted to read Motley, but Charlie had
sent the book back home. Thede and I wished we could be at home
two or three hours. A dark and cloudy day.
9th. Melissa sent word that she was going on the P. M.
train. So I rode up and bade her goodbye on the cars. Seemed sad
to have her go. Have enjoyed having her here so much. Thede
got a letter from home. Sent a letter to Ma. Roast beef for sup-
per. Went down and saw the boys in the evening.
10th. After breakfast got up the rations and got shaved.
Read some in the Ledger. Bought some maple sugar. Took a little
down to Thede. In the evening wrote to Sarah Felton and a little
to Fannie. Got a good letter from Minnie and Mother. Checkers
with Mason and Mac.
11th. After getting up beef and bread, issued rations for 10
days. Drove round in wagon and distributed the potatoes. Through
in good season. In the evening played checkers and finished my
letter to Fannie. Received a good letter from her, also one from
12th. Capt. Nettleton called and gave me a line from home
and told me about his visit. Read two or three good lectures in
"Currents and Countercurrents." Went down to Co. H in the
evening. Visited with the boys.
13th. The Capt. called and asked me to join his school. Got a
book and went over in the evening. Then had some maple sugar.
Washwoman came in. Pity the poor woman. Her husband has
returned and I fear will cause her trouble.
14th. Robinson went home to make a chest for H. quarters.
Went over to Capt. N.'s and saw T. E. Davis, Morey, E. W. and Joe
Dewey. A letter from Major Purington inquiring about his papers.
Got them out and conmienced work. Covil said he would do it if
I would help him. Evening attended class.
15th. After the morning work was done, bathed all over.
Thede and Lu Emmons came in and stayed some time. Wrote a
line to Major Purington and a letter to Cousin Augusta Austin.
Read an excellent sermon in the Independent on the differences be-
tween the good and bad. Day passed very quietly.
16th. Theodore was over awhile after the morning work.
paper, etc., out of the back windows into the Scioto River. Then as quietly
as they came they returned to camp, still unobserved by the sentinels on guard
at camp, and went to bed. As mentioned in the subsequent entries in the
diary, it proved impracticable to identify any of the participants and nobody
was punished. The then Colonel of the Regiment, August V. Eautz of the
Regular Army, and a son-in-law of then Governor Tod, was naturally greatly
wrought up over the circumstance. — A. B. N.
60 War Diary
Good visit, letter from home. After class in the evening played two
games of chess with Chester. One draw game and beat him once.
17th. Day passed very quietly, like others. Soon Camp Chase
will be very pleasant, as soon as the sun comes out and dries up the
mud. More orders to march, I believe. No arms yet. Some talk
that we will be kept in the state to help enforce the coming draft.
Boys would like to go at the ** Crisis*' again.
Wednesday, 18th. Day passed about as usual. In the morn-
ing answered Fannie's letter. In the evening at class and at chess
with Capt. and Case. Washerwoman was out. I pity the poor lab-
orer for her daily bread and two poor little children. God help the
poor in these times.
19th. In the morning cared for Rowena and gave out the
bread. Read "Thirteen Months in the Rebel Service" by Stevenson,
very interesting. No lesson in the evening. Capt. and Lt. Case
gone home. Studied mine but did not care much about reciting.
Wish I could go home now, too.
20th. Issued bread and beef after breakfast. Then got up ra-
tions to issue for the remainder of the month. No lesson again.
Read some and played checkers. C. G. slept with me last night and
did not wake up, so has had to work all day. He received a letter
21st. John Devlin went down to Oberlin without a pass. Will
probably be punished. Took a letter for C. G. and brought another
from Fred which C. G. showed to me. Both good. Issued rations
for 11 days. After going round with potatoes, felt rather tired.
A sore toe, miserable com.
22nd. After morning work, Sergts. Drake and Arnold and
Capt. Tod and I rode down to Alton. Very pleasant. Drake is a
good boy. Seems to have a heart. After dinner saw Col. RatliflF
and got permission to go home three days. Oh what a happy boy.
How good it will seem to see Ma and girls and F. Thede has a
pass, too. C. G. and Tully (Norton) rode to town with us. Stayed
at the National.
23rd. Awakened at 3 :30 A. M. Off at 4 A. M. Reached Ober-
lin at 9:15. So good to see the dear friends. Minnie and EUie
came down. At 11 started for Elyria with Delos. Very muddy.
Took dinner with Floy. Aunt Mary looking well, pretty little baby.
At 8 : 15 saw Fannie, the dear girl, good child ! Home a little after
ten. How hard to return to camp again.
24th. In the morning did some errands. Played chess with
Thede and Melissa. Oysters for supper. Thede goes back tonight.
I could see he dreads it — so do we. In the evening went to N. P.
(North Professor street — Fannie Andrews' home). Had such a
good visit. Called at N. P. 2 a few minutes. (Fannie Henderson's
home.) Had a pleasant tete-a-tete with F. The more I see her, the
greater is my love and admiration. Called on Fred and Fairchild.
Thede returned to camp. Pictures. Sweet Home !
25th. After reading some in the morning, went down to Min-
nie's. Heard EUie sing. Beat Minnie a game of chess. John beat
April, 1863 61
me twice. Stayed to dinner. Did some chores and went down
N. P. in the evening. Read and visited. Happy enough. How glor-
ious it will be when war ceases, we victors and peace comes again.
F. sang so sweetly.
26th. In the morning played battledore with Melissa. Scored
711 and 637. Made us feel large. D. R. and C. G. who came in last
night, were down an hour or two. Went to town. Met Minnie.
Called on Lucy Randall at the store, then at Mr. Fairchild's and at
Mr. Lincoln's door. C. G. and I went to F. A.'s F. H. came up.
They played for us. Said goodbye all around. Left at 6 :30 with
C. G. and Mrs. Norton. Tried to be cheerful.
27th. Got into Columbus at 1. After a cup of coffee and lunch,
walked out to camp. Delivered letters and packages. Wrote hastily
to Fannie. Commenced instruction on Outpost and Picket. Got a
lesson and recited in the evening. Read some in "Guide to the
Savior." My heart received new life in my visit home with F. and
Mother. So anxious for us to do well. May we not disappoint
28th. Tended Rowena, my saddle mare, and got rations from
the Post Commissary. About noon Bob came. Glad to be relieved.
Letters from Lucy R., Ella Clark and Sarah Felton. All very good
and quite acceptable. In the evening went to class. After it, beat
Capt. N. three games of chess. Boiled eggs. Sleeked up the com-
missary for Sunday and chopped wood. Unusual.
29th. After breakfast cleaned up and changed my clothes.
Thede brought a note from home through Tully. Got a lesson and
recited to Capt. N. Our new Chaplain, Brown, has been very busy
visiting the companies. Hope he may do much good. How we need
some religious influence. I long for a closer walk with God. Read
Independent and "Guide to the Savior."
30th. After issuing the bread and beef went to Columbus with
Chester. It was a delightful ride, the air so mild and warm. Went
to the Blind Asylum to see about a collar. Went to a bookstore and
bought "Les Miserables." Got back about 5. Studied and recited
lesson in evening. After recitation wrote to Lucy Randall. I pity
the poor girl. She has the dark side of life.
31st. Got up rations for the next issue. Read some in "Coun-
try Living and Country Thinking," by Gail Hamilton. Was par-
ticularly interested in "Men and Women," a good deal of sense and
truth. In the evening wrote to Ella Clark.
1st. After breakfast and morning work, issued rations. Then
cleaned up nicely. Practiced my horse some at jumping. Is learn-
ing nicely. Read some in Gail Hamilton and "Les Miserables." In
the evening attended class at Co. H and wrote to Fred Allen.
2nd. After issuing bread, got out Rowena and tried her at
jumping. Did first rate. Charlie came over and read me Delos'
64 War Diary
Journal. Enjoyed it well. In the evening attended class and played
three games of chess. Was beaten once and beat twice.
3rd. Rumor about camp that we will leave Monday. We are
ready. Arms have come and good ones, too, I guess. Received and
answered letters from home and good Fannie. t)id me good. No
school in the evening so stayed at home and wrote. Snowed in the
morning. Pleasant afternoon.
4th. Went up for the bread and beef. Visited the barber shop.
Sleeked up. Examined our new arms. Like them well. We ought
to be able to accomplish something with them. At school in the
evening. A. B. has telegraphed for Melissa. Hope she can come
tonight. He goes to town. Beat and was beaten one game of chess.
5th. Orders for our Battalion to move today to Cincinnati.
Received orders to go along a little while before starting. Went up
with the Battalion. Drew my pay. Went and called on Sister Me-
lissa in P. M. and evening. Sent $125 home. Wrote to Fannie and
home. Left on the cars at eight. Rather tiresome ride. All glad
to go into the field but sad at leaving again.
Monday, 6th. Got into Cincinnati at 8 A. M. Stopped a mile
from the depot. Watered and fed horses. Then marched down
town to the market. Dismounted and were given a very good din-
ner and breakfast. Election in the city. Crossed the river and
passed through Covington to the barracks. Dod and I stayed at the
stables in an old building.
7th. After doing stable duty, went up to Co. H and got some
ham, bread and coffee. Read the morning paper and wrote to De-
los. A little after noon received orders to march. Fed, packed up
and marched down to the boat. Saw Al Bushnell. Other battalion
along. Took supper with Capt. Stewart on the boat. Had a berth
with A. B. Good sleep.
8th. Had a very pleasant morning ride up the smooth, glassy
water in the sunshine. Reached Maysville at nine. The people re-
ceived us with open arms. All seemed very hospitable. Waved
handkerchiefs and flags and invited the boys to breakfast. Never
were treated so well before. Took dinner at hotel with Thede and
Burt. Horse at stable. Marched at two. Rode with Drake. Had
a very pleasant visit with him. Beautiful rolling country, grass
green. Encamped at Lewiston, 7 miles from Maysville. Slept out
with Drake. Cooked ham and made tea for supper. Many boys
and officers drunk.
9th. A little after sunrise, went to breakfast at a private
house. So many slaves about here, more than white folks by far.
Started on at 8 P. M. After nine miles passed through Flemings-
burg. Men, women and children were out with flags and handker-
chiefs. It did our hearts good. Passed through Tilton. Drake and
I stopped at a house and got dinner. Went on to Sherburne and
camped. Chamberlain got thrown and hurt badly. Got wagon for
April, 1863 65
10th. Renewed our march soon after sunrise. Got some bis-
cuit for lunch. Drake and I rode together some again. Got into
Sharpsburg a little after noon. We of the commissary put our
horses in a shed and slept in a hayloft. Issued one day's rations.
Such a green Com., never saw. Ate supper at a sound Union fam-
ily's Hart's. Sarah very pretty little girl. Saw quite a scene at the
hotel about a slave. Four or five girls crying.
11th. Left town soon after breakfast. Two negro slaves were
snatched from the horses — oh how shameful ! Am glad I did not
witness the scene. Afterwards several such incidents transpired.
How shocking. Major Burnett delivered up one on the word of two
Ky. officers. Met the Third Batt. at Mount Sterling. Very pretty
country all the way. Letters from Fannie, Will and Fred. Wrote
to F. Chaplain at supper. Drake most sick.
12th. After breakfast, Col. (Abbey) and I got a team and rode
horseback to town for rations — got 3 days' rations. These troops
from the Potomac never received any company savings. Marched
at noon after giving rations. Ordered to Stanford, 50 miles south
of Lexington. Reached Winchester about dark. Got some eggs and
biscuit. A darkey came in and had a good visit. Intelligent though
13th. Ordered to remain here at present. Prospect of staying
in "Sturges's" division in east Ky. Don't like him on account of Mo.
notoriety. After breakfast cleaned up my revolvers and loaded
them. After noon, wrote home and went down town. Pitched
quoits over at Co. H. Charlie came over and we reviewed old letters
of mine. Saw the boys gamble. One little 15-year-old had $120 won.
14th. Ordered on to Stanford. Started right away after
breakfast. Passed many large massive residences along the road.
Excellent fences and beautiful farms. Saw a great many negroes,
generally well dressed, but very wishful. Drew and issued rations
at Lexington in the evening. Saw West Hospital. Rode through
the city, twelve or fifteen thousand. H. Clay's monument, 150 ft.
15th. Rainy during the night and drizzling in the morning.
Went on, leaving the teams. Drew ammunition. Rode along some
with A. B. then with Chester. Passed through Nicholasville and
Lancaster. Crossed the Kentucky River. Mountains for several
miles. Grand scenery. Reminded me of the Alleghanies. Reached
Stanford, 45 miles, about 10 P. M. Went on two miles.
16th. Got up and foraged eggs for myself and oats for my
horse. Box gone. Team tipped over last night three times. Very
dark. Slept with Thede. 103rd camped near by. Many boys came
over, seemed good to see them. Issued beef. Boiled beef and had
tea, crackers and gingerbread for supper. Like old times. Thede
and Charlie on picket. Occupied their tent alone. Wrote to Sarah
66 War Diary
17th. In the morning got breakfast and brushed my clothes.
Went to town with the Lt. to get five days' rations. Saw Gen. Car-
ter, a man slightly gray, whiskers and a good kind look. Took
dinner on Co.'s account. 3rd Battalion came in. Saw Bob. Issued
rations before dark. Wrote to Fannie in the evening. Ordered to
march to Somerset at 10. Up till 2 A. M. Then slept again till
18th. Got started at sunrise. Rode along with Drake a good
deal of the way. Had to leave some rations. Met a messenger for
more forces. Fear of rebels crossing the Cumberland. Very warm
and sultry at noon. We stopped twice and napped. Very rough
and sterile country. Houses deserted generally. Got into camp
at sundown. Slept with Thede and C. G. Had a good visit with
Henry Drake on religion. Did me good.
19th. Train stopped back twelve miles. No grain or feed for
our poor horses. Ordered to march at 11. Train arrived at noon.
Got rations and started. Took a good bath. All the forces, 1st Ky.,
2nd Ohio and 45th Ohio moved to the Cumberland. Pickets could
be distinctly seen across the river. Rode with Lt. Abbey, and
Drake. Got some forage. Moved camp. Went to church in the
evening. A chaplain preached. Rather tired tonight.
20th. Passed the day very quietly in camp. Took my washing
over to a house. Called at large white house to see if we could get
a beef creature. Made a good many inquiries. Got shaved by one
of the boys. The day has been very warm. The train brought in a
good supply of forage. Everything passing quietly at camp.
21st. Took my horse out to graze in the morning. A good long
letter from Fannie. Saw Delos' journal. Ordered out on a recon-
noissance. Went to the river. Major P. and several of us went
down the bank about two miles. Pickets visible. Quite romantic,
a narrow path between deep river and high perpendicular bluffs.
In the evening wrote to Fannie. Have been happy all day.
Wednesday, 22nd. Finished Fannie's letter and mailed it.
Pitched quoits awhile with Charlie Fairchild. Read in an old At-
lantic. "Old Age and Hundred Days in Mo.'' Boys went out and
got a beef from 1st Ky. Issued rations from what we had. Re-
ceived some from 3rd Battalion. Stayed out doors till tattoo. Com-
menced raining. Wrote a letter home. Got a Cincinnati paper of
23rd. In the morning Dod killed the beef. Issued some ra-
tions. Received letters from home and Lucy Randall, also one from
Charlie Crandall. Does me good to hear of him, an old schoolmate.
Pitched quoits with Henry Drake. In the evening played three
games of chess with Capt. Nettleton, all success.
24th. After breakfast had a visit with Henry Drake. Exam-
ination for commissions. Henry went in. None in before allowed.
A very pleasant day. About noon rations came. Issued in the
P. M. A little slave child buried. Exercises by the chaplain.
Serious thoughts. An immortal soul gone out of a poor slave.
May, 1863 67
Wrote to Will in the evening. Read Independent. Letter from
25th. Played chess with Chester. One game ahead. Was
down to see Charlie, writing to Will Hudson. Mr. Brown preached
in the evening at the church. Read Fantine in "Les Miserables."
Much more interested than at first. Splendid. In the evening
wrote to Delos. This is his birthday, **B. F." anniversary.
26th. Spent the morning cleaning up the tent clothes and
boots. At 11 A. M. went to hear Mr. Brown preach. Was much
pleased. Quite disappointed. My only objection was that I had
seen him smoke. Read some in Independent. Orders to march at
daybreak, so went to bed rather early.
27th. Up at 4 and an early breakfast in anticipation of march-
ing. Infantry came in a little before noon. Saw Wattle. Got din-
ner and then started. Bob, Col. A. and I went. Covil and Dod
stayed. Marched by way of "Fishing Creek." Very high banks.
Country quite mountainous. Fun to see the infantry fording. En-
camped at 16 miles. Got a ham and had tea and crackers. Rained
in the night.
28th. Up at daylight, breakfasted, fed and started on at 6.
Gen. Carter passed by. Went but two miles and waited an hour or
two. River not fordable. Returned and bivouacked on the ground
of the night before. Went out foraging corn, hay, and combread
and milk. Saw two idiots. Rained again. Got somewhat wet.
Two of the 2nd O. V. C. companies on picket.
29th. Went out for oats. After breakfast started back to Som-
erset. Let our horses eat and then followed. Drake, Ritter, Bob
and I stopped half way and got a cup of tea. Found reinforcements
at S. Issued pork. No mail for me. "H,'' "E," and "M" ordered
over the river. In the evening got my coat fixed — mended. Got my
washing. Wrote to Fannie.
30th. After breakfast, mustered. Issued two days' rations.
Lt. Abbey started for Stanford for rations. Bob, Ritter and I
overtook the column five miles from Mills Springs. 103rd, 27th
N. J., 112th 111. crossed at the upper ford. Commenced crossing at
Mills Springs at 10 A. M. Unsaddled and got tea. Skirmishing
over the river. Saddled up and hastened to the river by order.
Swam the horses, ferried the men. Amusing to see the horses.
Several drowned. Hard to get them across. Lay down on the
bank. So much noise, could not sleep much. Crossing all night.
Fannie's birthday (nineteen).
1st. Commenced moving across at 4 and all the regiments
over by 9 A. M. Some fortifications on both sides of the river;
Zollicoffer's old huts still there. Moved on and overtook the 1st
Battalion at Monticello. H, E, M in advance of column continually.
Skirmishing. Four miles beyond M. found the rebels in force on
two roads leading to Albany and Traversville. Howitzers, 1st. Ky.,
68 War Diary
45th O. V. I. on the Albany roads, 2nd O. V. C. on Traversville. In
line near the woods. Co. D dismounted to fight on foot. Rebels
broke. Pike fired 5 rounds at them, 500 or 600 yards, wounding
some. Gave my canteen to one wounded man. Pursued two or
three miles, ordered back. Several prisoners. Ate supper where
one wounded 1st Tennessee man was, Andrew Johnson. Marched
back to Monticello.
2nd. Major Purington ordered on a scout with 150 men to-
wards Traversville. 7th on the Albany road, I went along. Learned
there were 900 rebels in the fight yesterday. Cheke among them.
Went to a house and saw another wounded man, wounded in the
charge near Monticello, hit in thigh. Rode four to eight miles, leg
bleeding, Arthur Brannon of Lebanon, Ky., Shewarth's Regt.,
wished the war had never commenced, still willing to fight. Cit-
izens represented nearly 100 wounded. All demoralized. Officers
could not get them to stand ground. Got into camp at 8 P. M.
Rained during the night. I got wet enough.
Sunday, 3rd. Wet and muddy, disagreeable. Went to Post
Commissary and drew rations, 948. Issued to the men in the P. M.
Mr. Brown came, bringing the mail. Two letters for me, one from
Fannie and one from home. Both did me much good. Fixed up
our oilcloth as a tent. Thought it very nice. At dark a thunder-
storm arose. Had a candle to read by. Soon discovered a stream
ran through the tent. Blankets wet — soaked and half suffocated.
Rebels gone to Traversville.
4th. Sky clear and sun roasting. Blankets steaming. All felt
miserable, so wet and such a dreamy sleep. "Boots and saddles"
before breakfast. Went to commissary for rations. Could get
none. Whole cavalry force went out, some on each road. When at
Otter creek learned that the rebels had left Traversville and gone
to Jamestown, bound for Knoxville. Turned back, heavy thunder
shower. Wet through in places. Got forage. Got supper and slept
just inside of our lines. Slept on a porch.
5th. Rode into camp bright and early. Made a tent again and
got some coffee. Cloudy and dark. Got dinner at a wealthy plant-
er's. We were all disgusted, so much superficiality. So little soul
or mind. Marched towards the river. Ordered back to Somerset.
Various reasons given. Many speculations. Got rations after
stopping for night. Went two and a half miles and dealt with
drunken Lt. Was angry and threatened him.
6th. Reached the ford at Waitsboro at noon. Troops were
crossing. One boatload of 27th N. J. drowned, 32 persons, Capt.
Alexander. Pitiful sight. Camped on the hill. Rainy and chilly.
Issued about half rations. Saw an old lady, **Aunt Betsy," 115
years old, good mind and good heart. Enjoyed hearing her talk.
Rheumatism, ready to die when God calls.
7th. Weather still bad. After breakfast ordered to the river.
No chance for us today to cross. By orders of Col. Kautz, I went
May, 1863 69
to the Div. train and helped myself to one day's rations. Lt.
crossed over. Robinson, Drake and I got permission to swim our
horses and cross. Saddled and went round by the river road to
avoid pickets. Glad to get back into a dry bed again.
Friday, 8th. Clear but uncomfortably warm. The regt. came
in during the day. Issued four days' rations in the morning. Con-
flicting reports about a battle on the Potomac. Hooker whipped !
Richmond taken ! etc. All very anxious to get reliable news. Col.
Miner in camp. Received no letters from home and Fannie. Wrote
in the evening.
9th. Killed beef for Sunday. Read considerably in "Les Mis-
erables." Reviewed "Fantine." Never read a book which con-
tained so much truth and sense on every page. Rob and I took a
good bath and changed our clothes. Wrote home.
10th. Issued beef in the morning. After cleaning up and in-
spection, Mr. Brown preached. Small audience but good sermon.
Psalms 2-11. He seems to study his sermons. Took dinner with
Capt. Nettleton and Lt. Case at a widow's in town. Very genteel
and pretty lady. Read. Went to the woods and let Rowena graze.
11th. Issued five days' rations in the morning. Watched the
boys play chess. Had a good visit with Thede and Charley. News
in papers a little more encouraging. In the evening heard Co. H
boys sing. Enjoyed it much. Capt. Nettleton and Col. Ratliffe told
me some news.
12th. Sent a letter to Minnie. Played chess with Chester and
Lt. Case, on the whole did well. Short talk with Bushnell. Could
have done better in Arkansas. Let our horses into a field to graze.
Read the Commercial of the 10th, some in Gazette. Drove up a
beef from town.
13th. Took our horses out. Issued beef. Cleaned up and went
over to town. Col. Abbey bought me a good woolen hat. John Rit-
ter moved over to town — Div. saddler — ^good place. Took Thede
some cheese. Diarrhoea. Sorry. Played chess with A. B. — ^got
the worse. Rainy evening. No letters.
14th. Went down to H Co. after morning work and played
chess. Beat Capt. N. three times and John Devlin four times.
Cleaned up my revolvers. Col. Abbey appointed acting Brigade
Com. Says Thede can be detailed here. Good. He has been sick
with diarrhoea. Getting a little better. In evening read in "Les
Miserables." Has been a pleasant day. Girl of McGuire's buried
today. Alarmed last night. Morgan coming.
15th. Theodore brought over a letter from Melissa. Good.
Reported this morning for duty. I am glad we can be together.
We now belong to the 1st Cav. Brig. 4th Div. 23rd Army Corps.
Another beautiful day. Morgan expected. Thede and Dod got two
beef creatures and butchered. Wrote a letter to Minnie. Read
some in Victor Hugo.
16th. Played at chess in the morning with Chester and Case.
Co. returned from scouting. About noon rations came. Issued to
70 War Diary
the boys. Rushed them through rapidly. Had a shave and spent
the evening in quarters. Read the Cincinnati Commercial. Wrote
to Lucy Randall and Fred Allen.
17th. In the morning, Rob, Thede and I went to the creek and
took a bath and changed clothes. Read some in "Guide to the
Savior." At 5 P. M. Mr. Brown preached from "And shew thyself
a man." The companies were out. Gen. Carter and staff were
present. Good sermon. Letters from home and Fannie.
Monday, 18th. Got Victor Hugo and finished it. An interest-
ing and profitable work, a few exceptions. Capt. Hayes and A. B.
called a little while. Gave them some pickles and H. bread and
butter. In the evening wrote to Fannie. A delightful day. What
a blessing, such weather and good health. Thede has a troublesome
19th. Finished a letter. Henry Drake brought me a letter
from Will Hudson. Good but rather discouraging. Beat Capt. Net-
tleton at two games of chess. Horse shod. Mike took him out to
graze. Put up a fly for commissary. Read the Lorain News and
also Herald. Compliment to Case. Favorable news from Grant,
Jackson and Alexandria Banks.
20th. After breakfast Mike and I took out the horses to graze.
Went with Co. G. Took a book along to read, "The Slave Power,"
by Caimes. Very sensible. Got dinner at a house. Avoided the
order by having dinner on the porch. Returned about 3 P. M.
Mike got a chicken. An excellent letter from Sarah Felton.
21st. Played some chess with Thede. Beat Chester two
games. Thede and I one apiece. In the afternoon issued rations
of sugar and coffee. Pork, bread and beef in the evening. In the
evening two papers came. Independent. Commenced letter to
22nd. After breakfast sleeked up. Charlie blacked my boots.
Bill shaved me. Played two games of chess with Capt. N. Even
games. Wrote to Sarah. Received two papers. Very warm day —
uncomfortable. Major Purington's horse died. Seems to have very
23rd. Drew rations for the 7th Ohio. Got rations over for
the remainder of the month. Potatoes and beans. Thede went out
a mile or so with the horses and came back used up. Looks miser-
able. Eyes glaring and face emaciated. Made me frightened. Had
the doctor look at him. Gave some rhubarb, uneasy during the
night, cramps. Slept with him. Wrote to Fannie.
24th. In the morning early issued potatoes and beef. Thede
felt a little better. After breakfast got water and helped him bathe.
Bathed myself and changed clothes. Read Independents and Con-
gregationalist. Word that chaplain would preach at 5 P. M. but
ne'er a sermon. Report came that Grant had defeated Pemberton.
Wrote home. Made thickened milk. Slept with Thede.
25th. After breakfast, just as most of the Cos. had started to
graze, word came that rebels were crossing at Fisher's Creek in
June, 1863 71
force and had captured pickets. "Boots and Saddles" sounded and
we were soon under way for the ford. Issued rations first. Rebels
gone. Followed trail some distance and rested at the Brewery.
Got back into camp before dark. Got some supper. Cleaned my
horse. Wrote a little and retired.
26th. Charlie came over in the morning. Finished letters
home and to Fannie A. Yesterday was birthday of Fred Allen.
Wrote him a congratulatory letter according to program. Rode
over to town with the letters. Letter from home — Minnie.
27th. In the morning Rob went over to town with his Charlie.
I believe he has said that he would prefer to give up a hope in
Heaven rather than the horse. In the afternoon I took my boots
over to town to get them repaired. Went for them in the evening.
28th. Spent the day in camp as usual. Read May Ballou.
Some good things and some silly. In the evening felt quite aguey.
29th. Felt quite feverish in the morning. Afternoon, light at-
tack of ague. Felt miserable all day. Got badly beaten at chess in
the morning by Chester. Spent a very restless night. Sore, head-
ache and uneasy every way. Thede very kindly did my work. Col.
Kautz went out with 450 men. Aggravating.
30th. Rained last night. Eleven prisoners came in at 9 A. M.
Pickets captured. Soon after 22 others. Kautz went to the forks
before halting. Crossed at 2 A. M. and hastened towards Monticello,
sending Detachments to the different fords to capture pickets. "E"
and "C" covered the retreat. Skirmished a good deal. 20 to 40
rounds. I feel about the same, quite feverish and chilly at times.
31st. Felt better and got up to breakfast. Cleaned up and
rode to water with Thede. Capt. N. has been quite sick for several
days, bowel complaint principally. Thede called on him. C. G.
came over. Walked a little. Wrote a few lines to Fred. Read the
Congregationalist Chaplain preached in the evening. Frequent
Monday, 1st. Ration day. After breakfast and morning work,
we went at it. Hereafter to have fresh beef every day. Pontoon
train arrived in P. M. indicating a forward move. Talk of pay;
order reducing of baggage to 30 lb. Capt. Nettleton sick. Com-
menced a letter to Fannie.
2nd. Saw the Capt. again and got permission to write to Me-
lissa. Wrote short letter, did not feel very well myself. Sent let-
ters to Melissa, Fannie and Sarah Felton. I believe 9th Army Regts.
marched in the night. Destination supposed to be Vicksburg.
3rd. Day passed much as usual. Played a little chess with
Thede and Johnny. Called on the Capt. Found him about the
same. Stomach much out of order and some fever. Called for
bread at Widow Vickery's. Permission to borrow some books.
4th. After usual work, read some in paper. In the afternoon,
went for some strawberries for Brother A. B. and ourselves. Had
72 War Diary
a nice meal of them, 25 cents per quart. Enjoyed them much.
Mailed a letter to Melissa from A. B. Offered to write myself.
5th. Big scuffle with Rob yesterday. Makes me somewhat
sore. Played a game of chess with John. Read the Atlantic which
A. B. lent me. Called on him. Rather better than for some time.
Up most all day. Called at Mrs. Vickery's and got Shakespeare and
some other books. Very pleasant.
6th. After breakfast and morning work issued rations — ^beef —
at daylight. Felt rather tired after the work. Cleaned a carbine
I had used for some time. Rather hard job. Another dry sultry
day. Thede feels under the weather. Both have the diarrhoea.
Boys went for strawberries, but could not get any. Paymaster
7th. After breakfast and morning work, went up to the bluff
and enjoyed a good bath. A small stream of water enters the
ground and runs for half a mile underground and comes out clear
and cool from the rocks, beneath a high bluff. Runs through a big
trough, falling several feet. Read the Independent and wrote home
and to Fannie. Talk of a raid soon.
8th. Issued beef in the morning. Rob and I went out and got
some strawberries and milk. Some for Capt. N., getting some
better. In the P. M. orders for Kautz brigade to be ready to march
at 4 P. M. Thede, Drake and I went together. Forded the river at
StigalFs Ferry and encamped three miles on. Pulled grass. Bed
at 11 P. M. Two days' rations. Tod and we boys got some tea.
Very little sleep.
9th. Awakened at three A. M. Got coffee for breakfast,
baked potatoes, but didn't get done in time. Marched on at day-
light. Met the 2nd Tenn. at Capt. West's,^ they had crossed and
captured 7 or 8 pickets on Mills Springs road. Co. H in advance.
Soon came upon the pickets and kept skirmishing for two or three
miles. Drake, Thede and I followed Co. H. Soon body of rebs was
seen to the left. Fences thrown down and boys went into the field.
Georgia Regt. gave L Co. a volley with no effect and soon fell back.
As we were advancing, a regt. 10th Confederate from Georgia,
Florida and Alabama came out into a field on the hill with flying
colors and gave battle. D and I were near K Co. in a little valley,
but bullets whistled lively — ^horse and man wounded near by. Soon
howitzers came up and before long started these. Rebels made
several stands before reaching Monticello. Fought well. Several
killed and wounded, Corp. Laundon. Last stand near town be-
hind a wall, determined. Aggravating to see their colors. Charged
after them through town. Quaker gun in courthouse window.
Went out without carbine. Got but one good shot with revolver.
Picked up a musket and carried it. Advance ordered back. 45th
and 7th with section of howitzers went on and drove the Rebs
'In the official records this fight near Capt. West's is called Rocky Gap, Ky.
June, 1863 73
through the gorge. Went along. Soon drove them and turned
back. Rested awhile in town. Destroyed arms and ammunition,
then commenced the retreat— H, two companies of 45th, two of
7th rear guard. Went on and saw the wounded. Interesting con-
versation, intelligent prisoners from Georgia. One man killed
whose father worth several millions of property. At Capt. West's,
halted awhile, made tea, drank, when firing was heard. Col.
Kautz heard enemy or force were following and overpowering the
rear guard. All troops gone by but two companies of the 45th.
Col. turned back with them. We went with him. Got to the woods
and rear guard came up hurriedly, some boys running away. Dis-
mounted the men and got into the woods in time to give the rebels
a telling round as they charged up the road with a yell. Several
of them killed and wounded. Rebs stood and gave fierce volleys.
Very near a panic. Finally efforts succeeded. Kept up firing and
drove Rebs a mile through the woods. Lt. Case severely wounded
and other H Co. boys before. H boys did splendidly. Noble fellows.
Few exceptions. Just at edge of woods rebs got behind stone wall
and poured murderous volleys into the woods. All troops ordered
up, and howitzers. Failed to come for half an hour. Boys had to
stand and take it and be unable to do harm in return. Brush and
woods too thick to see ahead far, and stone wall. Col. had good
plans and had the Battery come up and everjrthing gone off as he
expected, we would have won a splendid victory. Our own boys
fired some at one another — sad to see. Finally Howitzers came up
and silenced the rebs and started them. Dark and too late to fol-
low — also report that rebs were flanking us. Retreated to three
miles up river. Command six miles. Brought off all wounded but
Case and Chapman. Dr. Smith remained, John Devlin missing.
Wed., 10th. Up at three A. M. and on to the river. Forded and
found rations for men and horses. Remained till noon. Talk of re-
crossing. Fresh troops on hand. Finally went back to camp. Took
a nap and got rested — pretty tired.
Thursday, 11th. In the morning issued beef and rations for
5 days. Pontoons gone to the river. Dr. Smith returned and re-
ported John Devlin found in the morning, wounded in bowels and
died at 3 P. M. yesterday. Chapman also died. Uncertain in regard
to Case. Badly wounded, brave fellow. He told me to tell the Capt.
that he fell at the head of his company. Rebs came in with flag
of truce to care for wounded. Made fair bargain not to parole our
men, if would let theirs alone. Evidently considered themselves
whipped and we still near. Afterwards claimed a victory. Took
a good nap. Saw C. G. in evening. Letter from home. A. B.
12th. Henry Drake quite bad with abscess on his knee. Rob
and I sat up with him. Wrote a line home and to Fannie.
13th. Another hot sultry day. Flies swarm about the com-
missary by thousands — a continual fight to keep them off. Got
some lemons for Henry and some candy. Independent and Con-
74 War Diary
gregationalist came. Good sermon by Beecher. Both Thede and
I are bothered with diarrhoea.
Sunday, 14th. No services during the day. Mr. Brown said
he had an appointment to preach at 10 :30, but no one went to hear
him. I took a bath, changed my clothes and read in Independent.
Stayed awhile with Drake.
15th. Passed the day much as the other hot days, doing little
or nothing. Read some and lay around some. Tried to get some
peaches for Henry. Found none, got candy and nuts. Had a very
good nap. Sent out letters. The Col. got rations over from town
and we issued in double quick time. Small rations of potatoes.
Byerley was over to see us, so was Marx Kraus, the boy who worked
at Mr. Clough's with me.
17th. A very hot, sultry, uncomfortable day. Suffered much
from the extreme heat. Passed part of the day with Henry. Fin-
ished Emma Bartlett or "Prejudice and Fanaticism'', a book bor-
rowed from Mrs. Vickery. Treats some of slavery, both sides,
18th. Orders to draw ten days' rations and be ready to march
at a minute's notice. Drew and issued ten days' rations. Hospital
boys sent back to Hickman. Brigade quite inquisitive as to where
we are going. In the evening concert. Wrote to Will Hudson.
Letter from Sarah Felton.
19th. Felt miserable in the morning. Hospital moved to the
brick church. Col. Dod and Bob worked at the old wagon. Thede
and Mike went for cherries for a cherry pie tomorrow. Byerley
came over. Read some in "Barnaby Rudge." In the evening got
a letter from Lucy Randall. Wrote a letter to Fannie.
20th. Awakened at 4 A. M. and ordered to take 3 days' rations,
forage and provisions on horse and 3 in wagon. Marched at 6.
Thede and I went together. Passed the 103rd at the river. Fol-
lowed us to Monticello. Took the Albany road. Went five miles
and camped. Cool day for marching. Saw Lt. Case at Capt.
West's, doing well. Got dinner there, some coffee, green oats.
21st. Breakfasted and were off at 6. Rained a little. Crossed
over to the Jamestown road. Found the roads over the mountain
very rough indeed. Hills very steep and rugged. Several hills
capped with high pinnacles of rocks. Rested at a house on the
creek. One intelligent girl, but secesh. Reached Traversville at
4 P. M. Several houses but no occupants. Grazed our horses,
camped. Scouting party went near Jamestown. Bathed in creek.
22nd. Last night was quite cold, suffered a little. Rash
troubles me. Up at sunrise, breakfast of ham, potatoes and coffee.
At 6 commenced falling back. No rebels near by. Seem to have
gone to Knoxville. Reached Monticello at about 4 P. M., where
found rations for ourselves and horses. Took care of Rowena and
made our beds. Passed through a miserable country — poor coun-
try and people.
June, 1863 75
23rd. All astir again early. Soon after breakfast teams pulled
out. Thede and I went ahead. Got a drink of milk at West's.
Case not so well. Crossed the river and reached camp at 3 P. M.
Found good letters from home and Fannie. Have had nice cool
weather for marching all the time. Felt like having ague.
24th. A rainy, unpleasant day, such as they say Englishmen
commit suicide in. Melancholy. Kept pretty close to the tent.
Read Independent of May 28th, and some in "Barnaby Rudge." In
the evening wrote part of a letter to Fannie. Am about free of
diarrhoea. Feel encouraged.
25th. Answered home letter and wrote a little to F. Kept
raining most of the day. Had to keep pretty close to tent. In the
evening Rob and I rode to town. Got some figs and called at the
hospital. Henry prospering nicely, so are the remainder of the
boys wounded. Mr. Wright in the hospital. Gave some figs to
26th. Wounded boys all happy with the promise of going
home on furlough. Rebs reported at the river again. Invitation
to dinner at Mrs. Vickery's. Col. and his men. Stayed in camp.
Bought some cakes, pies and bread from bakery. Still continues
to rain. Makes camp life seem rather dull.
27th. Thunder shower during the day. Passed the day read-
ing and resting. At 5 P. M. commenced marching towards James-
town. 7th and 2nd Ohio. Rained very hard. Fishing Creek too
high to ford. Bivouacked on the bank. Cleared off, so slept very
well, save wet clothes. Thede and I went together. Three days'
rations. A. B. along, first for two months.
28th. Up for breakfast at daylight. Fed and cleaned our
horses and saddled. Creek quite high, current strong. One fellow
got a good ducking. Rained considerable during the day. Passed
through a thickly wooded, rough and barren country. Reached
Jamestown about 4 P. M. Got a lunch of cakes and cheese. 112th
III. there. Went back a mile and camped. Grass, had a few oats.
Onions for supper.
29th. After breakfast and grazing, moved through James-
town and on to Jackman's Bottom. Had a guide to get com. Fol-
lowed a long high ridge through the wood, then went by a rugged
path to the flat for corn. Hard work. Some firing on both sides.
At Jackman's Bottom ferry Bugler Co. B wounded in the leg. Went
to main road and camped at Mr. Glenes. Thede and I occupied
a shed. Husks for a bed.
30th. Saddled up about 8 and went towards Creelsboro. Went
by another ridge, as yesterday, only a little path. Command
stopped back behind the hills. Advance guard, Col. and we boys,
L. and I went to town. Several rebs had just passed. Advance
went up the river and we down to ferry. Ladies just over report
the rebels all gone down the river. Stopped at a house during a
thunder storm. Got dinner and returned by Jackman's Bottom to
Hilms. Thence to town in the afternoon. T. and I got under an
old house. Pleasant to get rest again.
July, 1863 77
1st. Went to the 1st Ky. and borrowed a day's rations. A
very hot sultry day. Everyone trying to find cool shade, almost
impossible. The rash broken out on me makes me a great deal
of trouble. Keeps me awake nights and gives me very little rest.
Got some blackberries.
2nd. Borrowed one day's rations of the 12th R. I. Expect-
ing a train for ourselves. Boys very accommodating. Regt. to be
mustered out of service on the 13th. All very happy. It makes
me almost homesick and still I am glad my time is not out. I
could not be satisfied at home with this cruel war going on. Many
will re-enlist. Boys went for forage.
3rd. Mail came in afternoon. Merely a paper and note
through Lu. The Proclamation also by Ampt. Shows a mean
spirit, considerable wit. In the evening orders came to be saddled.
Stood all night. Two detachments went out. One under Seward
and another under a Ky. officer. Co. B in quite an engagement at
Columbia. Lt. Bills slightly wounded, one man wounded in hip,
another missing and one killed. Morgan across at Burksville
with 4000, advancing seemingly towards Lebanon. Expecting or-
ders. (This was the start of Gen. John Morgan's ill-fated raid
through Ky., Ind. and Ohio.)
4th. All aroused by the booming of cannon. Law's Battery.
We understood it. 12th R. I. got out under arms. At 4 A. M.
marched to town and got brealrfast preparatory to a fight. Re-
turned to camp. Went to the 12th and drew 3 days' rations; re-
turned some to 1st Ky. Train came in — our boys. A very heavy
thunder shower, wet through. At 5 P. M. orders came to march
with 3 days' rations. Drew one more and issued three. Got off
at 8 P. M. Thede waits till morning on account of his horse.
Marched 10 miles and camped at 2 A. M. Morgan has succeeded
in getting into Ky. and now the drama is to see if he can get out
or whether he is to succeed in his raid. We are all anxious to over-
take him and if possible to capture or annihilate him. Letter from
5th. Aroused at daylight. Marched very soon, roads quite
muddy. Crossed Green River about 7:30 and camped one mile
out. Fed and breakfasted. Got a good meal at a large white
house. Passed through a now almost wilderness till reaching the
Green River. Some day this will be a rich country, good pine tim-
ber. Several little showers. Moved on to Dan Tucker's, 22 miles
from Lebanon. Got supper and ordered to unsaddle ready to start
again at daylight. Rained and all got wet through. Great time
6th. Aroused early and breakfasted. Marched two or three
miles and got forage. Our brigade in advance. Passed through
several villages. A beautiful country for farming, good residences.
78 War Diary
Reached Lebanon at 3 P. M. 20th Ky. 350, surrendered here to
Morgan, but not till punishing him. Out a mile, fed and got sup-
per. Passed through Springfield, 9 miles and camped on Pike, 8
7th. Morgan still 20 hours ahead of us. Out at 2 A. M. Passed
through Fredericksburg. Forded Rolling Fork and through Bards-
town. Got breakfast 2 miles farther on. Rested an hour. Reached
Bardstown Junction (Kentucky) near dark. Got supper and fed.
Train came in from Louisville, 36 miles with rations, bacon and
bread. Issued them before midnight. Slept till morning, a very
8th. Breakfasted and moved out about sunrise. Boys found
amusement reading our brother soldiers' letters which Morgan had
feasted upon. Morgan reported near Elizabethtown. Find he
turned off towards Brandenburg on the Ohio Road, over the hills.
Reached Garnettsville before dark. Some fun with a girl who
thought I looked like her former sweetheart — now dead. Three
miles from Ohio. Morgan across the river. Captured several
steamboats. Lay in the road till morn.
9th. On at daylight. Advance reached Brandenburg on south
bank of Ohio River, just as the last boat of rebels crossed the river.
He set the Alice Dean on fire. Burned to the water's edge. One
propeller came down at 1 P. M. and commenced ferrying. Fed corn
and looked about town. Before dark, 12 to 14 boats, steam, gun
and packets. 'Twas a fine sight. Got over in the evening and
camped on the hill — all over. Several boats ferried us. Two mills
burned near river.
10th. Moved out at 4 A. M., our brigade in advance. Reached
Corydon, 17 miles, before noon. Passed the barricade where the
militia fought. Made of logs and rails, very good. Made little
resistance, afraid of cannon. 350 taken prisoners. Many home
guards went on with us. All the men, women, girls and children
out to see us, water and grub. Did us all good to meet friends.
11th. Started at daylight. Thede, Steve and I went ahead to
town. Several met us with "Have you been to breakfast?" "Come
with us." We accepted an invitation of a gentleman, but a Mr.
Lyon insisted on Thede and me going with him. Very pleasant
people. Wanted to do everything for us. A girl, Emma, Ella or
Anna Lyons, beautiful girl, 16 or 17 years. She went up town and
we had a good visit here. Brought me some paper. Wrote home
and to Fannie. Depot and bridges burned. Stores gutted. Levies
made upon the people. A good many pretty girls — one Miss Reed.
Oh it cheered our hearts to meet with such kindness and friends.
Passed through Lexington and camped at 12 P. M. Morgan 25
12th. Moved out at 3 A. M. 10 miles from Paris. Reached
Paris in time for breakfast at Mr. Dixon's, and little Lizzie Dixon
attracted my attention, resembles, etc. Morgan served the town
as others. Moved towards Vernon. Morgan turned off to Du-
July, 1863 79
pont, bridges and depot burned. Some Ohio people, Charlie Mc-
Kane's mother. Very hearty reception, bread, beef and pies. Went
to Versailles and camped at 11 P. M. in a meadow. Only 25 miles
from Ohio line. Think Morgan will go to Ohio.
13th. Breakfasted in town about 5 A. M., at Mrs. Harper's,
very kind and hospitable people. Mrs. Derban's husband Q. M. in
Grant's Army. Two little girls sang "Down With the Traitor."
Passed through several German towns, very patriotic. Passed
through Lawrenceburgh. Reached the Whitewater at dusk. T.
and I stopped at a German's for supper and napped till 2 A. M.
Rebels burned the bridge, compelling us to ford the river.
14th. Entered Harrison on state line at 2 A. M. Napped and
breakfasted. Seemed good to be in Ohio again, and see faces of
Ohio people. Passed through New Baltimore, New Springfield,
Sharon, Montgomery, Miamiville, in sight of Camp Dennison and
camped 5 miles. Morgan has today burned 48 cars, captured 300
militia, etc. People very hospitable.
15th. Moved out at 2 A. M. Mistake in road and went sev-
eral miles out of way. Morgan 8 hours ahead. Passed through
several little towns near Cincinnati. People out with provisions,
very warm. Dinner at Batavia. Passed through Williamsburgh
and camped at Sardinia. People out with baskets and loads of
provisions. Bridge burning continues.
16th. 2nd Ohio in advance. Rations came and delayed us a
little. Drew none. Breakfasted at Winchester. Our brigade or-
dered to the front and to act independently. Moved over a rough
road by Jacktown and Locust Grove. A high mountain to climb.
Stout work. Morgan but a few miles in advance. Bridge over the
Scioto burned. Bridge and mill at Jasper burned. Bivouacked two
hours. Could not ford the stream. Built a temporary bridge. One
Union man shot because he would not take the oath. Put him in
17th. Up at sunrise. Crossed after some trouble and break-
fasted at Piketon. Morgan well in advance. A Miss Lou C. Bailey
wanted my photograph. None along. Rather pretty girl. New-
ton, old Oberlin student, along. Reached Jackson a little after dark
and found an abundance of good things for our craving appetites.
Horse mired. Camped near the fair grounds, nice village.
18th. Moved at 3 A. M. Up at 1 : 30 awakening officers, etc.
Reached some large iron furnace where we fed our horses and got
breakfast. Morgan stripped Rutland of most everything. Rested
an hour and fed. Some old Vermonters. Reached Chester at mid-
night. Hour's rest. Got a lunch. People much frightened. **A" 31
bivouacked one mile in rear of Morgan. Awful roads through
19th. Moved at daylight. Soon came upon rebel pickets and
fired. Skirmishing. Dismounted 2 and 7 and went forward. One
man wounded soon. Mich. Battery came up and one piece fired
shell. Almost simultaneously Gen. Judah and gunboats opened.
80 War Diary
We heard musketry 10 minutes before ours. Before 10 minutes the
rebels broke in a perfect rout, most complete, left wagons, cannon
and any amount of plunder. I soon changed clothes, light clothes.
Went with skirmishers, got several shots. Rested till 4 P. M.
Marched up the river near Tupper's Plains, and then bivouacked.
Rather hungry — ^all of us.
20th. Went on to Tupper's Plains. Rebs got around and
made for 8 Miles Island near the shore. Moved rapidly. At Har-
risonville and Rutland the hungry boys were satisfied. Little rain.
About dusk the report came back that the rebs, 1800, had surren-
dered. Duke, Col. Morgan, Ward and other field officers. Had quite
a visit with some. Seemed queer to see our Ky. boys hunting our
brothers and cousins. Marched to Cheshire and camped. Rained
during the night.
21st. About noon the Scioto came up with rations. Drew one
day. Went to a kind old gentleman's for dinner. Thede and I went
up and saw the prisoners. Boys went out and got good apples. Vol-
unteers, 1000, went on with Shackleford and Woodford after Mor-
gan. Would go but for horse.
22nd. Another chat with some rebels. Some intelligent, but
impudent. Makes the boys mad that they are not deprived of their
plunder. Drew and issued three days' rations. Managed to get
a saddle. Day passed very quietly. Waiting for transports, they
23rd. Thede got on order a secesh saddle. Gave up my mare
to Dr. Smith. Gave me an old plug. Traded her for a pretty brown
mare, $25 to boot. Jeff gave us a shave all round. Apples. Cleaned
revolvers. Traded and gave $5 for a silver mounted one. Or-
dered to march tomorrow with Com. horses to Cinn.
24th. After breakfast drew 5 days' rations. Regt. moved
about 9 A. M. with horses. Got permission from Major to be ab-
sent from Regt. for 5 days. Going around with S. R. Nettleton.
Thede goes across too. Shall send my mare home. Passed through
Pomeroy, Rutland and Athens. Fed and rested.
Saturday, 25th. Breakfasted at a farmer's. Off at 7, towards
Lancaster, 45 miles. At Chancey got some horses shod. Rained
considerably. Road lay along the canal. Two miles out of Lan-
caster, rested and remained till after dinner. A very pleasant
family by the name of McLeary.
26th. At noon moved on. Passed through Groveport and
reached Columbus a little before dark. Passed Camp Thomas and
reached Camp Worthington about 11. Had hardly fed the horses
when a squad of men came for us. Kept us under guard. Whole
town and Militia near Columbus turned out. Morgan's advance re-
ported at Worthington. Ludicrous.
27th. Guards and team came for us soon after breakfast and
gave us a ride to Columbus. Provo. Marshal examined us and
sent us to guard house, supposed to be implicated in stealing horses.
August, 1863 81
Thede and I do not feel worried at all, for we know we are in the
right. The Sergt. Major of the 18th Regulars was the man who
caused us the trouble — a Dutch upstart with little brains — was all in
a tremor and frightened.
28th. Passed the night very quietly in guard house. De-
serters and drunken men filled the room. Novel place. Before
noon went down to Provost and saw Mrs. Mills. At 3 P. M. we took
the train under guard to Cincinnati. Lawyer Hall came with S. R.
N. Pleasant ride down. Reached the city and after marching half
an hour took quarters on fifth floor of Military Prison. Felt sorry
for S. R. and friends. Felt jolly enough myself. Floor filthy and
29th. About 9 A. M. some coffee. Bought some cakes. Major
A. B. N. called early and assured S. R. that all was right. Seemed
good to see him. At noon went with A. B. and Mr. Hall to dinner
at Gibson House. Got shaved and went at 3 to report to Gen. Cox.
Released, without examination. Telegraphed to Columbus and re-
ceived reply that I had been commissioned, 2nd Lt. Got me a suit
of clothes. Went round with Thede. Took a bath at the Burnett
house. Purington, Kautz and others laughed at me — for the scrape.
Regiment came in and camped. Received some congratulations.
30th. After some shopping and looking around went on street
cars to Regt. Met it and came back. Found everything all right.
Went around with Tod. Many boys congratulated me, did me good.
Received two good letters from Fannie and one from home. What
a contrast between today and yesterday. In the afternoon helped
some about filling furloughs for boys. Applied for leave of ab-
sence for ten days. Boys on tiptoe. Saw Bushnell and Shorty
who was in Oberlin the Sen. Prep. year. Good men. Went to
Wood's theatre to hear Minstrels. Went for ice cream with Maj.
31st. Didn't arise until nearly eight. Passed rather a rest-
less night on account of rash. Went over to Covington and made
arrangements for barracks for 2nd O. V. C. Only 30 allowed to
go home now. Some disappointed. Called on A. B. in P. M.
Took me to ice cream saloon and did the fair thing. Got leave of
absence. Rained some. Off at 10 P. M. Jolly boys.
Aug. 1st. Reached Columbus about 3 A. M. Went to Niel
House and rested two or three hours and breakfasted. Did busi-
ness. Receipted for property. Left horse and equipments at Q. M.
Burrs. All very pleasant. Left C. at 3 :40. Took dinner at Mrs.
Crarey's. Pleasant time. From Wellington rode across in car-
riage. Colored man company. Oberlin about 10 :30. Happy boys.
Saw Minnie and John.
2nd. Didn't rise till quite late. Thede went to Sabbath School.
I remained at home, resting and visiting with Ma. Minnie
82 War Diary
came down after S. School. Good visit with Ma and the girls.
Thede and I went to the Second Church in the evening. Saw Delos.
John's after meeting.
3rd. Spent the forenoon at home and doing chores. Spent a
little time reading. After dinner called on Fannie. Found her the
same lovely creature as of old. One may well feel rich in the pos-
session of such a friend. I do. In the evening attended Young Peo-
ple's Meeting. Did me good.
4th. Right after breakfast got a livery team and Thede and I
were on our way to Amherst. Called at Helen's (Helen Rood),
then Grandpa's. He seemed affected to see us. Growing old or
rather young again (in mind) . Stopped at Mr. Lysell's for dinner.
Uncle Milo there. Stayed at Elyria three hours. Good visits with
Floy, and Mr. and Mrs. Williams. Back, and in evening at Mr.
Haynes' — good time.
5th. Went to Cleveland in morning on train. Did some shop-
ping and then went to Uncle's. Mrs. Col. Webb, cousin of Ma's,
there. Had a splendid visit with her. Very plain but rich and in-
telligent. Went home on the P. M. train. Attended Young Ladies'
Literary. Miss Everson did well, natural. In the evening had
pleasant visit at Fannie's.
6th. Engaged a carriage for the afternoon for a ride with Fan-
nie. Went to meeting with Minnie and EUie. Pres. Finney
preached admirably. Was off with Fannie at 1 :30 P. M. Drove by
Boynton's S. Amherst to Lake. Enjoyed an hour's stroll on the
shore and ate nuts in the grove. Then home again, calling at
Mary's (Aunt Mary Hitchcock) to see the little boy. Home at 8
7th. Spent the morning reading and doing chores. In the
afternoon made an hour's call on Fannie. Engaged Mr. Turner's
horse and rode from 7 :30 till 9 with Thede and Minnie. Very pleas-
ant time. Went to George Fairchild's room and read class letters.
Borrowed one from Burrell.
8th. Read some during the morning. At 11 went to Daguer-
rian Gallery and had likeness taken. New coat. Met Mr. Austin
and wife, Miss Smith formerly. Helen and Aunt came. Charlie
Fairchild treated boys to ice cream, lemonade, etc. Sorry can not
stay in O. till after Com. too. In the evening went to N. P. St. and,
shame to me, remained till nearly 11. But these farewell calls are
excusable, if long, hard to say goodbye. Promised to meet the boys,
but all abed. Reconsecrated my life and all to Jesus.
Sunday, 9th. Thede and I went to S. S. together. Visited the
infant school. So pleasant. Enjoyed being back again. Bless God
for these occasional home visits. Heard Mr. Finney in the morn-
ing. Good but queer sermon. Sat in gallery. P. M. heard Prof.
Morgan, very warm. Girls and John at home. Evening Ed Wil-
liams gave an account of S. Carolina life. Very interesting indeed.
August, 1863 83
10th. Went to Minnie's at 7 and saw the folks off for the lake.
Ed., Frankie, Phoebe, M., E. J. and Terrell's people. At 9:30
called on Fannie. Supposed I had gone. Interchanged sentiment,
and agreeably. Happiest day of my life. Most fortunate boy.
God grant it may cause no regret to either of us. Oh for grace to
nobly do my part of life. Off at 2. Hard to leave again. Reached
Columbus at 9 :30 with Ampt. Supper at Exchange.
11th. Went to Capt. Burr's office and stable. Found my horse
almost blind. Did some trading and did errand with Gov. Tod for
Dr. Johnson. Over the State House with Ampt. Thunder shower.
Took the freight train at 9:45. Got into a caboose and rested
nicely. A Mo. Captain aboard. One fright. Brakes whistled
down — all startled.
Wednesday, 12th. Took breakfast at Loveland. Reached Cin-
cinnati at 9 :30. Went to Gibson House. Room with Eggleston. Got
my horse. Rode to Gen. Cox's and hospital, Covington, to see about
Homer Johnson. Successful, I guess. Supper at Gibson. Saw Al
Bushnell. Forgot letter from Ellen. Evening wrote to Dr. John-
son and Fannie.
13th. After breakfast and reading morning papers went over
to City Library and read some in Quarterlies and Magazines. Mr.
Brown came in. Saw Bamitz. After dinner took a stroll about
the city in search of a lovely, honest, satisfied countenance, a per-
son who seemed perfectly happy with self, world and God. A few
happy children, but most of them even seemed marred, scarred and
marked by contact with this world.
14th. Boys came down and got saddles, etc., and at the depot
in time for the 6:30 o'clock train. Horses remained behind.
Reached Nicholasville at noon. Tried to find rations, failed. Found
a private house to board at, Mrs. Fletcher's. Plenty of negroes to
wait on you. Wrote a letter home, read a little. Husband in our
army, but all Southern sympathizers.
15th. After morning duties went with wagon and three men
to Camp Nelson for rations. Had returned to within half a mile
of the place when we met the boys in wagons. Turned back again.
Camped near the 86th Ohio. Saw Capt. Lindsley and Lieut. Steele
of our old regiment. Drew some horses. Had the blue sky for our
covering, the first time for a long while.
16th. After a breakfast of boiled corn, bread and bacon, boys
went after horses and I, in company with Eggleston, started for
Stanford. Several thunder showers. Stopped at a farmer's for
dinner. Reached camp near 4 P. M. Stopped at my old stand, the
Commissary. Saw Nettleton and other officers. Made application
for discharge from the army.
Monday, 17th. Reveille at daylight. Division moved to Crab
Orchard at 8 a. M. I was left in charge of men behind with bag-
84 War Diary
gage. Stopped with A. B. Good time. R. M. Haskell's Division
of Infantry came in, also three Batteries of Artillery, 19th Shield's,
2nd 111. and 1st R. I. Went over and saw Ed. Byerley. He came
over. Saw Capt. Shields and Mark Crais. Wrote to Fannie and
sent home letter.
18th. Teams returned during night. Early in the morning,
breakfasted and packed up the wagons. Off at 9. Went over to the
19th and saw Byerley and Ed. Cobb. Reached Crab Orchard at noon
and got dinner at a private house. Ordered to report to Co. C for
duty. Went over to roll call but stopped at the Commissary.
Bumside and Shackleford, our Brigade Commander, came in. 2nd
E. Tenn., 9th Mich., 2nd and 7th Ohio.
19th. Orders came to march at 8. Got my mare shod and
prepared for the march, never moved more slowly, kept stopping
to rest. Reached Mt. Vernon at 4 P. M. Have enjoyed the day first
rate. Began to feel at home. Boys have treated me very respect-
fully and I like them. Hope to succeed well and through God's
grace do some good. Oh may I behave myself seemly every day.
Thursday, 20th. After breakfast, went out for forage with
the company. Found some hay out three miles over a rough stony
hill. Got some corn for roasting. During the day read some in
"Barnaby Rudge." Had a quiet visit with Henry Drake. In the
evening went down to the brook and had a good bath. Hired a
first rate boy last night — George. (Colored servant.)
21st. Soon after breakfast mail came. Letter for me from
home. In the afternoon wrote home. Studied some in "Clerk and
Tactics," then read in "Barnaby Rudge." In the afternoon
marched, our regt. in the advance. Went 12 miles and camped, no
grass or forage. Bunked with Spencer.
22nd. Reveille at daylight and orders to march at 6 A. M.
Rear guard. Hastened brealrfast and led out. Went down to the
road to an orchard and dismounted. Remained there till noon,
idling, joking and eating apples. Read Independent. How thank-
ful I am that I can have something to read. Loitered along the
road, getting to London at 9 P. M. 3 miles. Camped in a poor,
nasty place. Slept well.
23rd. Boys got started for forage, but orders came to march.
Reached London at 9 A. M. Went into camp and boys went for for-
age. I stayed in. Got some corn and had good dinner. Boys got
oats and fed till 5 P. M., then moved on as far as the Laurel River.
Camped about 10. Lay down near the road and was bothered by
24th. Aroused at 4. Got breakfast and off between 5 and 6.
(jood many boys didn't wake in time to get their breakfast fin-
ished. Quite a time with 2nd Tenn. — passing and repassing. Moved
along at very good pace. Crossed the Cumberland about 9 and
camped near Williamsburg. Went out for forage. Rained some.
Chilly. Wrote to Fannie.
August, 1863 85
25th. Was aroused at midnight to draw rations. Abbey away.
Went to town and was told to come next morning. Rained slowly
during night. Many out with no blankets. Train blocked. Wrote
Sarah Felton and F. D. Allen. Still a chilly rain falls. Saddled at
two and waited till five for rations. Marched three miles and
camped at the foot of the mountains. Helped issue rations. Fan-
nie graduates today. Great day in Oberlin. Would I were there.
26th. Crossed Jellico Mountain. Quite steep and long. Cool
and very pleasant marching. Marched 10 miles over hilly road and
camped for dinner. Ate with Chamberlain. Homeliest girls — least
intelligent looking I ever saw. Went on to Chitwoods and camped.
Cold night. Thought much of home and friends this commencement
day. At 5 : 35 P. M. crossed the Tenn. line. Gen. Burnside passed us
while at dinner.
27th. Breakfasted and moved out at 7. Passed the 44th,
104th, 103rd, 57th and 12th Ky. Watered and went into camp.
Forage party detailed and started and then ordered back. Roads
still among the hills, through woods. Pioneer corps finds work.
Went on li/o miles and camped with orders to muster. Boys re-
turned with little forage. Read some in "Barnaby." Ate dinner at
28th. Was mustered soon after breakfast (as 2nd Lieutenant) .
Ordered to march. Boys got in about 5, then started. Saddled sev-
eral hours in the rain. Moved half a mile, teams fast. Stopped
till 10 P. M., unsaddled and got lunch, just asleep. Wrote to Lucy
Randall. Spencer ordered back to Camp Nelson, leaving me in
command. Awful roads and hills, many wagons mired. Camped
about 2 A. M. in woods. Had the pleasure of answering several in-
quiries from Gen. Burnside. Met 50 prisoners.
29th. Aroused at daylight. Saddled and waited two hours
for "forward." Hornets' nest by road. Bees after Gen. Shackle-
ford and others, occasioned considerable fun. Moved 5 miles and
stopped for breakfast and to feed horses. More big hills. Air cool
and bracing. Nice day for marching. 30 miles from Montgomery,
where we camp. Four companies left with wagons. Ours at head
of Batt. Rode some with Major Nettleton and Robertson. Camped
about dark. Found hay and corn. In the woods.
30th. Reveille at 2 :45. Moved out at 4. Made the best march
for several days. Advance of Brigade. Came up with teams and
had a slow time getting by. Gave way for Burnside, Carter and
Shackleford. Reached Montgomery at 3 P. M. Occupied the ground
of Rebels. Drew rations and forage. Infantry came up by Somer-
set. Big army. Enemy reported at Kingston — Forrest. Great
31st. Up at 3 and off at 4, rear of our brigade. Wagons in
the way again. 8 hours going 10 miles. Camped on ground of
Major Ellis' fathers. Went out with forage detail. Got plenty of
hay and then let the boys go for oats. Got some peaches. Report
that 20,000 rebels are at K. Rebs left here this morning.
86 War Diary
1st. Reveille at early daylight. "Boots and Saddles" at 6 :30.
Marched out on the Kingston road and halted till nearly noon.
Gen. B. passed us. Infantry up and massed in a big field. Looks
like business. Moved on London road, more big hills. Numerous
reports about Rebs. Three taken at ford of Clinch River. Report
that Rebs have left London. Camped after crossing river. Got
2nd. Aroused at 2 A. M., in readiness for a fight. Got break-
fast, fed and moved at 6 o'clock. General order from Burnside
saying that any man guilty of stealing, robbing or pillaging should
be stripped of clothes, flogged, head shaved, branded with letter T.
and drummed out of service. Marched to Lenoir. Then artillery
opened up at London and we took the trot for 5 miles. 2nd Tenn.
attacked rebels. They burned the bridge and retreated. We too
late. An order to scout. Alarm that rebels were crossing. Went
swimming in Tenn. River. Half a mile wide. Current swift and
water clear. Went to London bridge. Found 45th Ohio there.
Took the company up there and showed the breastworks, good for-
tifications. Rifle pits and acres of trees cut down. Discovered noth-
3rd. After breakfast and feeding, moved to Lenoir, Stopped
two hours in the shade near the big springs. Several Union men
from over the river, Blount County, anxious for us to cross over.
Camped in the woods on a high bank of river. Many girls out to
see us. Several came up and took coffee with the boys, highly
pleased. People all seem to be loyal. Lenoir old rebel. Confiscated
corn, sugar, etc. Splendid crops along the river. Uneducated,
homely girls and women.
4th. Boys got ready to go for forage, when orders came to
report to H quarters immediately, lightly equipped. E, G. H and C
went under Capt. Stewart over the river to Morgantown. A **cof-
fee" girl brought us some peaches. Ate dinner with Rebs. $200
for a pan of flour. Lady said she paid $3,000 for 35 lbs. Take
nothing but rebel money. Took two or three prisoners, citizens.
E Co. let one get away. Camped at Mr. Griffith's near Unitia.
Union people, gave us a good supper. Slept in a wheat stack.
Saturday, 5th. Awakened at 4. Breakfasted at 5. Kind peo-
ple, intelligent woman. Most intelligent and pretty girls in Tenn.,
two. Had some music last night. Marched at 6. Rear guard.
Passed through Unitia, all Union. Illuminated houses last night.
All fared first rate, good time. Two meetings today and tomorrow.
Forded the river. Reached camp at 10 A. M. Ben got an early din-
ner. Did some business and took a nap. Had a good bath and
change of clothes. Some flour baked. Gave Ben $10 to pay for it !
Thought it $1 and got 50 cents back.
September, 1863 87
6th. Up early and on the march at 6:30 towards Knoxville.
Passed through a very pretty country along the railroad. Passed
Dr. Baker's, killed by Trescott, Co. C on raid, bushwhacker. Many
rich people, many well dressed darkies. Reached K. at 3 and lay
in dust for two hours. Major Seward — disgusted — ^marched us
through town when Col. P. overtook us and ordered us back
through town and to camp north of river. Very pretty town, 6,000
or 7,000 inhabitants once, many vacant houses now. Hartsuff's
Headquarters. Depots, cars and barracks. Boys showed me old
7th. About 3 o'clock Thede came and awakened me. I was so
glad to see him. Hardly seemed possible, the good boy. Wish he
were entirely well. Gave me some letters, wanted more. Walked
most of the way — two weeks on way. Drew rations and marched at
6. East of K. near Mossy Creek, and then towards Cumberland
Gap. Fed twice. Rode in rear of Co. to keep closed up. Boys did
nobly. Can't be beat by any company on the ground. Camped at 9
p. M. near a little stream. Some hills — one awful one. Road along
the bed of a little stream, very stony. 2,000 rebs at the Gap and our
men each side. A little skirmish yesterday.
8th. Reveille at 3 and off at 5. Marched near Tazewell and
fed and got coflfee. Saddled and marched half a mile and halted in
shade most of the afternoon by order of Bumside, coming up with
Infantry. Rode through town and got supper. Camped in a se-
cesh widow's orchard, two sons in rebel army, Jones. Found plenty
of peaches, apples and oats. Rest of the regiment remained sad-
dled in the streets. Moved on at sundown, Burnside having ar-
rived. Marched to within three miles of the Gap and camped on
9th. Moved on at daylight without breakfasting. Reached
Mr. Patterson's where the brigade was camped and fed and got
breakfast. Col. P. and Major went to gap with flag of truce. Still
refuse to surrender. Drew and issued rations. Burnside arrived,
and we at noon received orders to proceed to Baptist Gap and clear
the blockade. 8 miles we marched and then dismounted and climbed
the high and rough mountain, cutting out the timber as we went.
It was a hard job for me, came near bleeding. Thought at first we
were to have a fight. Gap surrendered at 4 P. M. Camped at foot
of the mountain.
10th. We were notified of the surrender of the Gap and 2500
prisoners and 12 pieces of artillery. Encouraged. Had been talk
that we were to storm the works. 32 pounders to be brought by
Baptist Gap. Had some chopping before getting to the main road.
Saw a good many Ohio boys on the other side. Oh such strong
works as those at the Gap — ^natural fortifications. High bluffs on
all sides. Plenty of water. Many rifle pits, and intrenchments.
Batteries well planted. Glad we went round. Two N. Carolina
88 War Diary
regts. One Ga. One Tenn. 5 days' rations on hand. Gen. Frazier
afraid boys wouldn't fight. Camped near Mr. Patterson's. Drake
ate supper with me. Chose Buell and Barber to go home for con-
11th. Awakened at daylight and moved at sunrise. In ad-
vance. Gen. Shackleford now commands 4th Div. and Col. Carter
the Brigade. Gen. Carter Prov. Mar. Gen. of Tenn. Reached
Clinch River at sundown, and camped. Receipted for oats, plenty
of eggs, chickens and potatoes. Camp near a little stream on
Union man's place. Bosworth sick today and in ambulance. Chick-
en and potatoes for supper. Apples and peaches enough today.
12th. All ready to move at "To Horse" but had to wait for
whole Brigade to move, being in the rear. Stopped about noon and
fed, also got coffee. Passed through Maynardsville and Graveston.
Went into camp a little after dark. Good deal of dust. Thunder
storm came up too quickly for supper. To bed immediately.
Sunday, 13th. Most of the boys wet, and orders to move be-
fore breakfast. Then stopped at noon and hurried off before boys
had time to swallow coffee. Straggling. Things don't seem to have
been managed well for two days. Into and through Knoxville, then
through again to our old camp north of town. C. G. F. back.
Brought me letters from home and Fannie. Did me good. Can
appreciate letters now — her vignette.
14th. Talk about marching but no
orders. During day studied some and
wrote two letters. Finished "Barnaby
Rudge." Gave a good many boys passes
to go to town. Last night reprimanded
Sergt. Beers for staying behind when
we went to C. Gap. Glad to get a little
rest. Went to town in evening. Provost
arrested several of us. Managed to get
released. Orders to march at 5 A. M.
Tuesday. Wrote to Fannie and Sarah
15th. Reveille early and all ready
to march at 5 but no orders. After re-
maining saddled two or three hours "Re-
Fannie Andrews ^^''" blew. Ordered to be ready at noon.
At Nineteen At 4 :30 orders came and we saddled and
went to town and witnessed the drum-
ming out of a thief — whole Div. — sad sight. Pitied the man.
Drunk and stole a horse. After dark marched out on Strawberry
Plains road. Camped at 2 A. M. Quite tired and sleepy.
16th. Up before sunrise and had breakfast. Report that
Longstreet and Ewell were at or near Jonesboro on Va. line. A
very dusty day. Passed S. Plains and Newmarket and camped at
Mossy Creek. Boy's master Dick came for them. I threatened him
and he left. Expected an exciting time in night or next morning.
September, 1863 89
Had things arranged. Union man. Boys were working for rebel
man when taken. Beautiful Mossy Creek.
17th. Made arrangements to get the boys away if possible.
Had boys posted all night. No demonstration to our surprise.
Passed through Morristown and Whiteville and camped at Bull's
Gap or the junction on railroad. Went to a Doctor's and purchased
some bacon and sweet potatoes and tomatoes. Good many citizens
out to see us. The Doctor claimed to be loyal. Gave receipt. Boys
fare pretty well, Co. "C." Many ladies along the road to see us.
Morristown secesh, Newmarket loyal.
18th. Moved out between 2 and 3 A. M. Got on the wrong road
and lost some time. Marched to within 5 miles of Greenville and
got breakfast and dinner at 11 :30 A. M. Bought a chicken and tur-
key. Good dinner. Drake ate with me, about sick, looks miser-
able. Moved on to Greenville and saw some of the 103rd Ohio.
Very pretty town. Prettiest have seen in Tenn. Home of Andy
Johnson. Woman said, "Noble and brave Union boys, God grant
you may all return home safely, our country at peace." Camped
with Brigade, 5 miles on. 18 miles to Jonesboro. Sent out squad
Saturday, 19th. Remained in camp till 1 P. M. Orders came
to report to Corps Hdqrs. at Knoxville. Supposed to go to Rosen-
crans. Drew flour and beef and made ready for the march.
Marched at 1 P. M. Passed through Greenville and camped at Blue
Springs, 8 miles from G. A very cold night. Boys jolly. Heavy
frost and cold. Many reports as to where we were to go.
20th. Ground white with frost. Quite jolly at Hdqrs. talking
over old Ky. times. Moved out at 7. Passed Bull Gap and got
nearly to Russelville and received orders to return to Jonesboro.
Battle expected. Stopped for supper and to cook beef and then
moved on. Reached our old camp 5 miles north of Greenfield at 2
A. M. Sleepy time in the night.
21st. Got up reasonably early, breakfasted and then moved on.
Reached Jonesboro near night. Quite a town and many secesh.
Girls sang "Bonny Blue Flag." Marched 6 miles and camped on a
Rebel's place. The prettiest and most refined girl I have seen in
Tenn. Got some butter and biscuit. Abbey and Thede are messing
with me. Our Brigade expecting a fight all the time, skirmish yes-
terday and fight today. Foster retreated.
22nd. Awakened at 1 A. M. Co. G and E made a mistake and
didn't march out till daylight. Moved to Johnston's Station and
got breakfast with regiment, then moved on to within a mile and
a half of Carter's Station. Got in line and remained there over-
Tiight. Support of Battery. Some cannonading on both sides.
7,000 to 10,000 rebels. 2nd Brigade came up in evening, also Bum-
side. Rebs throwing up breastworks. Slept at heads of horses
ready to mount.
23rd. Big smoke on Rebel side. Party went down and dis-
-covered bridge on fire, rebels all gone. Put out fire, only 20 ft.
90 War Diary
burned. Soon 2nd in advance and 7th 0. moved on across the Wa-
tauga and followed Rebs. Co. C in advance, came upon pickets, saw
them one and a half miles and came back having learned that they
had crossed the river, all but 60. One of C got a prisoner and one
shot a horse. Was platooned as flankers, men in reconnoissance.
Went back and camped in old rebel camp. Chicken for supper. Ex-
citing day. Hillhouse had few men as extreme advance. None
24th. 2nd Tennessee and 9th Mich, made a reconnoissance to-
wards ZoUicoflfer's Brigade. Maj. Nettleton went along as guide.
Found the rebel pickets on the same ground as yesterday. After
some skirmishing the boys returned. Forage parties recalled on
account of some exciting reports that a citizen brought in. Nothing
unusual. Moved camp. Most of forces retreated. Report that
Rosencrans had been whipped by Bragg. Flag of truce.
25th. Quite a cold day. More exciting stories about flank
movements by the enemy. Several scouting parties sent out. Sad-
dled up all night. Maj. N. and Dr. S. went with body of Reb.
Lieut, under flag of truce to rebel lines. Many reports. Raising
new regiment of Tenn.
26th. Unsaddled after roll call. Pretty early orders came to
fall back at noon. Cos. C and E with Col. Purington, Majs. Seward
and Nettleton went over the river and burned block houses and
bridges. Co. C had charge of firing two large blockhouses. Built
large piles of light trash inside and out. At the word all set fire.
Maj. remained with reserve. Marched 8 miles and camped. 2nd
rear guard. About 500 recruits went back with us. East Tennes-
Sunday, 27th. Sent out foraging party. Moved at 8 o'clock.
Passed through Jonesboro about noon. Camped four and a half
miles from town. Co. C detailed as picket. Post northwest of camp
on Kinsport road. Two rebel families near by. Made a levy of
bacon and potatoes and chickens. Gave receipt Bowman and Mat-
thews. In the evening Major N. came and told me he was going
home. Sent Buell and Baker into camp. Gave notes to Case for
$80.00 and A. B. for $40.00. Wrote home and to Fannie Andrews.
Boys all jolly. Warden officer of the day. (A. B. N. ordered to
Cleveland on recruiting service.)
28th. Went into camp soon after breakfast to see the Con-
script messengers mustered. Mail came, nothing for poor me —
somewhat disappointed. Boys all happy. Firing on pickets in
front. Two men and 7 horses of 7th Ohio taken from Reserve.
Whole command turned out. Force sent out and met by Rebels
with Artillery. Train sent back in a hurry. Fall back about noon.
Carter's orders being not to risk engagement— from Burnside.
People all sad to have us leave. Reached Henderson a little after
dark. Boys hate falling back, pleases rebs too well.
29th. Sent out forage detail and provision detail. Train came
up and got things out. Issued rations to finish the month. Plenty
October, 1863 91
of everything save hard bread. Read some in "Harold." At 3 P. M.
ordered out, scouting party reporting that enemy in column was
moving this way. Was left temporarily in command of Battalion
— ^three companies — in line on side hill two miles from camp; re-
lieved by Lt. Bills. Remained saddled at night.
30th. At 3 A. M. whole Brigade fell back, 2nd Ohio in the rear.
Arrived at Greenville and found that troops had all fallen back.
People in town seem to feel very sad. All houses closed and hardly
a person to be seen. Some few ladies in tears. Oh it seemed very
sad indeed. Brigade moved on. 2nd Ohio camped two miles west
1st. Train all gone to Bull's Gap. A drizzling rain all day.
Had just got in with forage and provisions when several pickets
were taken and camp alarmed. Fell back by companies for several
miles to prevent a flank movement — reported. Co. C occupied a
bam. Rained all night, very fortunate. My birthday anniversary
(twenty-two) . Would I could see my friends tonight.
2nd. After breakfast mounted and reported to Col. Puring-
ton, a mile ahead. Co. H had been to Greenville and discovered
nothing but reports. Co. C, 23 men, ordered to go till we found
whether the rebels were camped at Henderson, 6 miles east of
Greenville. Things looked suspicious as we went along but nothing
very strange. Found the pickets near Henderson. Ran them in
and skirmished with the Reserve, then fell back leaving platoons
and vedettes occasionally at favorable places. Squad tried to flank
us a mile from Greenville, column of rebels charged upon our rear
and took two prisoners. Messenger Bruce had just reported that
he could not get through town, full of rebels. Had just told the boys
when they charged with a yell, firing. Couldn't hold the column.
Formed line at town. Came up with drawn sabres. Reason for
thankfulness none of us were hurt. Rebels reported on all sides.
Seems that rebels came from woods into town after we passed and
waited for us.
3rd. Col. blamed none but himself yesterday; said he had
misgivings immediately and thought fortunate that all were not
taken. Moved before midnight. Camped at 2 A. M. near a creek,
"Muddy," called, I believe. Five miles from Bull's Gap. In P. M.
alarm, and 2nd and 7th took positions and had some skirmishing.
One man, Co. "A," killed. Went back to camp and 7th Ohio relieved
us. Camped a mile farther on. Got forage and settled down.
4th. Did very litle in the forenoon. Robertson and Ritter ate
with us. In P. M. detailed with 20 Co. B as picket. Relieved Co. L
and Lt. Hillhouse. House robbed by old relief. Went out and
posted the pickets. Then went into camp and learned if we were
right in instructions. Thede with me. Built good fii'es. Patrol
every hour. Lay down and rested well. No alarm.
92 War Diary
5th. Went over to the house and learned the damage. Very
pleasant people. How these people are suffering and will suffer dur-
ing the year. Whole Brigade and 103rd made heavy reconnois-
sance. Several killed, wounded and prisoners. Seven of the 103rd
missing. Relieved after dark by Lt. Lough, Co. A and M. All in
camp supposed Co. C committed the outrage. Boys told differently.
6th. In morning was called again to answer some charges
against picket. Boys cleared everything up. Made me feel bad
that so much should be charged against us when innocent. Sent
boys out after provisions. Commenced work on Quarterly Returns.
Mason down to settle.
7th. A rainy unpleasant day. Wagons up. Tent fly lost. Got
one of Lt. Pedrick who had three. Also got hospital fly for the
boys. Wrote to friends of Samuel Barnes — said a word in regard to
the demise of his brother William. Co. felt sad that no notice had
been taken before.
8th. Sergt. Beers worked on Quarterly Returns. Corp. Wood
went out with detail and got potatoes and honey. Thede went for
some apples, and took my washing. Orders came to make report or
history of companies, all the details since their formation. A
tedious duty with all books away. Wrote part of letter to Fannie.
Rich prize. Captured Rebel train. Troops continually arriving.
Forward movement soon.
9th. Sent out with "C" and "E" companies for forage. An
attack on train anticipated. Went where Co. I had scare the other
day. Was touched by the mourning of a lady over the devastation
the army was causing. I feel thankful that my best friends are far
from the presence of war. Finished letters to Fannie and home.
10th. Before breakfast was over, "Boots and Saddles" sound-
ed. Packed up and moved to Blue Springs. Burnside up. Or-
dered to various parts of the field but always recalled till near
night when the 9th A. corps charged and drove the enemy. Result
of day's fighting, 60 wounded and 8 killed. Bivouacked where night
found us. Troops moving up and taking positions. Big fight ex-
Sunday, 11th. Enemy found to have gone. Infantry pursue.
Pass them before reaching Greenville. Hear of the enemy at Hen-
derson and Rheatown, and Foster heading them. Trotted and loped
much. Could hear artillery from Henderson to R. Then dis-
mounted and part of regiment went in. Enemy break, then again
pursue. Keep the advance till sundown. Then camp where night
found us. Plenty of forage and good night's rest.
12th. Up at an early hour, breakfast and then move on. Again
took the advance. Reached Jonesboro. Rebels passed last night in
great hurry. 2nd Batt. passed through Jonesboro and went on
scout to Johnson's Station. Rebels left three hours before. One
rebel deserter, W. S. Davenport, thinks of joining Co. A. Smart
fellow from N. C. Reached J. about dark and went into camp.
October, 1863 93
13th. Got the desk out and papers to vote. Mail came. Seven
letters for me. Fannie, Ella, Fred, Will and home. Never felt as
today, an epoch in my life. Felt sad all day. Ordered forward.
Moved out on Blountville road, damp day and somewhat rainy.
Read considerable in the Independent Letters seem so acceptable
once more. Camped 5 miles from B. Hardly been myself today.
Camped after dark.
14th. Up and breakfasted before sunrise. Skirmishing com-
menced before fairly on the road. 2nd called to the front, Co. C as
skirmishers on left of the road in open field. Ordered to gain a
piece. Deployed and advanced. When 10 rods from the woods,
opened upon us. Boys dropped behind apple trees and fence and
replied, waiting for skirmishers on the right. Bullets whistled
close, when Battery on right opened a way to our rear and fired
near us. Fell back behind the fence till they came up, then advanced
into the woods. Could hear their train and sent word twice, but
the right didn't advance soon enough. Had several good shots.
Sergt. Bail wounded in the thigh. Good boy. Soon mounted and
advanced within two miles of B. Dismounted and doublequicked
two miles, to take a battery. Got out of the way. Spit blood.
Played out. Camped four miles back. Rest was sweet.
15th. Breakfasted and moved through Blountville towards
Bristol. Rested at B. till noon, waiting for reports from Foster's
Brigade — gone to Bristol and 7th Ohio gone to ZoUicoffer. Bristol
very enterprising little town — thoroughly secesh. Girls all pouting.
Sullivan County all rebel. Got a late rebel paper. Little news from
Rosencrans. Not very encouraging. Passed through and camped
at 8 miles, near Abington. Rained at 8 P. M. Aroused at 9 and
returned to Bristol in Egyptian darkness.
16th. Kept watch over Davenport. About midnight scout
went out. Got a tent from warehouse. Boys got plenty of tobacco
from warehouse. Many stores and private buildings were broken
into and plundered. Soon after daylight the Col. becoming dis-
gusted moved out three miles for breakfast. Ordered back about
noon. Burned 15 cars, three engines and building stored with salt.
Any amount of salt stored here left undisturbed. Burned three
bridges and tore up two miles of track above Bristol. Rained all
the afternoon. Camped about two miles from Blountville — ^good
place. Had charge of Batt. — quite honored. Heard Lewis Jones.
17th. Early breakfast and then moved. Took the ZoUicoffer
road, whole Brigade. Co. H went on with Shackleford. Stopped
and tore up two miles of track and burned the bridges. Still in
charge of Batt. Capt. Stewart sick and Lt. Bills under arrest.
About 5 P. M. report came that enemy were coming. To horse.
Such a run. 8th Tenn. pickets fired upon and several captured.
Moved towards Jonesboro. Camped on bjrroad to Carter. Good
camp but far from water.
18th. Moved on after breakfast. Passed through Jonesboro.
Stopped and saw Dick Bail and Bishop. Both doing well. Camped
94 War Diary
about two miles west of town. The Batt. gave three cheers for
Brough, 65,000 majority. At 3 P. M. Col. P., Lts. Hamlin, Hough-
ton, Eggleston, McBride and self and 8 men started for Knoxville.
Stopped three miles from Rheatown at good Union man's house, tol-
erable supper and bed.
19th. Breakfasted and got under way about nine. People
very afraid that we were going to fall back again. Passed through
Rheatown, Greenville and reached Bull's Gap about dark. Got sup-
per with Lt. Pearson. Stopped to see Darling — away visiting.
Getting along well. Stopped to make inquiries about the chase.
Killed one man, wounded one and killed a horse. Others reported
wounded at Greenville. Whole regiment followed us. 150 tried
to flank us. 60 or 70 in town from 11 A. M. till 1 P. M.
20th. Cleaned up and started for Knoxville at 8 A. M. Came
near being left. Hired a horse and hurried on. Davenport with us.
Went about K. some with him in search of friends. Went up and
saw Charlie. Supped and stayed with him over night. Had some
barbering done. Went to hospital and saw the sick boys. All get-
ting along slowly. Anxious to get back to regiment. Saw Sergt.
Bosworth and squad at Morristown. Ordered them back to regt.
21st. A rainy unpleasant day. Col. saw Burnside and got
order (?) for us to be mustered. Sergt. Munson did the business.
All right. Saw Pike and Co. D boys. Wrote a letter to Fannie.
How anxious I am to know the future. It looks dark enough to me
now. C. G. and other boys doing well — 100 and 125 dollars per
month. TuUy and AUie home on furlough.
22nd. After breakfast went to hospital. Did some chores.
Got horse for Davenport, who has enlisted with C Co. and took the
cars at 9. Crowded. Mason coming back to regiment. Proposals
for re-enlistment talked of. Co. D about concluded. Reached
Greenville about dark. Stopped with the boys. Very comfortable
time. Boys rather discouraged at war news, shortage of rations,
23rd. Cloudy, started out at 8. Commenced raining. Slip-
pery and nasty roads. Passed the train. When 6 miles from Jones-
boro stopped at a big house for dinner and feed. Old rebel wanted
Confederate money for pay. Let the boys stay over night. Went
on and found all regiment but stragglers gone to Watauga River.
Two letters from home, seemed good.
24th. Another unpleasant day. Boys drew some boots.
Brought in big pile of butter, bacon, potatoes and oats. Receipted
to Union man and Confed. money to Reb. Seems good to have the
boys back again. In the evening wrote home and to Ella Clark.
Feel ashamed of my carelessness. Ordered up with train. After
forage remained over night. All glad.
25th. Morning work over, set out for regt. Stopped in town
and saw wounded boys. Glad to see the boys so long absent.
Reached Watauga about noon. Found most of Co. C absent on a
scout. Came in about dark. Grand jubilee. Proposed to re-enlist
November, 1863 95
as regiment. All would like to go home this winter but some don't
want to be bound again till time's out.
26th. Got out desk and Co. property to work. Trains reloaded
and sent to the rear. Fear of an attack. Proposed to the boys the
order for re-enlistment. Read some in "B. House." Boys got some
good apples and apple butter. Cloudy and quite cold. Contradic-
tory news from the Army of the Potomac. Election news.
27th. In the morning, read some late newspapers — month
old. Took Davenport over to be mustered. Found no difficulty in
examination. Co. detailed for picket, also myself. Took 50 men to
Vaul's Ford on Blountville and J. road. Awkward place for picket,
7 miles from camp. Long ride posting pickets. Two letters from
home. Good. No alarm.
28th. At 2:30 relieved and ordered to Jonesboro, 11 miles.
Cold ride. Reached there at sunrise, reported to Shacklef ord. Sent
on G. road half a mile, dismounted and fed. Whole army retreat-
ing. Went mile east of town where Regt. in line. Stayed and
waited for Capt. Case to come from the river. Got chestnuts. Sent
for provisions. Fed below Leesburg, then marched to old camp at
29th. Boys went out for forage, every man for himself, horses
having stood hungry all night. Lay and slept considerably during
the forenoon. Boys got some apples. Saw the boys play poker
some. Am glad I have not the habit of playing. Col. sent for
wagons to come up. Mail sent for. Bosworth went. Getting
30th. Train and sutler came up. Got Co. property. Mail
came. Letter from home, expected more. Had inspection and
charged boys with ordnance and ordnance stores. Quite a time.
Appointed L. H. Thomas Corporal. Busy on muster rolls and
Quarterly Returns. Hugh is busy enough. Wrote a letter home.
Ordered to march at daylight. Rain poured during night. Uneasy
31st. Immediately after breakfast commenced muster. Co.
"C" was first on hand. Teams and 9th Mich, went for forage. Con-
siderable trouble drawing enough. At 2 :30 P. M. companies went
out and fired revolvers and rifles. I made several good shots with
the carbine. Good many boys under the influence of liquor. Helped
some about ordnance papers.
Sunday, Nov. 1st. Took a bath before breakfast. A beautiful
Sabbath day. Wish I could spend it quietly at home. May the time
soon come when we may all be at home in peace, but contentment we
should ask for. I find myself uneasy nowadays. Mr. Brown
preached at 2 from Ecclesiastes 12, 1. Very good. Read some in
Bums and several chapters in the Bible. Good visit with several
96 War Diary
2nd. Wrote a letter home. Helped make our ordnance returns
— about square in eversrthing. Was kept busy till quite late. Or-
dered to be ready to march tomorrow at daylight. Plenty of ru-
mors. Col. Kautz came to inspect the cavalry — ^all wished he would
come to stay.
3rd. In the morning went up and saw Provost Marshal about
Hayes, also saw him. Fear he will be caused some trouble before
getting away. Inspection at 1 P. M. Horses, men and arms. Co.
C did itself up in array. Col. P. loaned me "Lillian." Finished up
Quartermaster and clothing, camp and garrison equipage.
4th. Aroused before daylight. Struck tents and loaded wag-
ons. About 8 A. M. again pitched tents and sent out forage detail.
Voted on re-enlistment question. Co. C, 21. Well done for it. Felt
proud, better than most companies. Had good visit with many of
the boys. Finished "Lillian." Thede got some apples. Pleasant
5th. Up at 4 A. M. Co. "C" ordered to go with Capt. Easton on
«cout. Got on wrong road, being dark. Trotted two or three miles,
returned and fell in with the regt. Moved to near Rheatown and
waited for 5th Ind. to come down from Leesburg. Rainy and un-
pleasant. 14th 111. to front. Returned near old camp. During
night rained heavily. Boys got very wet. Slept well and dry.
6th. After breakfast sent out forage and provision detail.
About 8 heavy firing in the direction of Rogersville. Ordered to be
ready to march as soon as detail sent for comes in. Got in. Just
got supper ready and had to move out. Rested an hour in field— dis-
gusting. A very tedious night ride, heavy frost, boys without
coats and half naked. A great number of stragglers — ^getting warm.
Clear. Thousand fires.
7th. Halted near the gap till daylight. Moved on to Russel-
ville where we got forage and halted for dinner. Unsaddled and
remained over night. Great reports about the Rogersville affair.
7th Ohio passed by, rather thin. Several 2nd Tenn. prisoners came
in, having escaped from the rebels.
8th. Before noon detailed for picket with the company and
part of Co. E. Went on Rogersville road, relieving Co. "B." Got
forage and some provisions. Posted pickets. About 7 P. M. Lieut.
Newton came out and relieved me. Found at H. Quarters an order
to report to Col. Garrard for duty.
9th. Up before sunrise. Got breakfast and was off before
sunrise. Reached Morristown by 7 A. M. Reported for duty as
Commissary. Saw Lt. S., then went back to Russelville and got
rations for 2nd and 7th of Lt. Leavitt, Div. Com'ry. 2nd and 7th
went into camp north of town in the woods. Cold and chilly night.
10th. Had little or nothing to do. Went up to see Commissary
on business. Absent. Went out to Mr. Lynch's to see a horse.
Learned he had sold it and returned to camp. Left detail for Thede,
June, Lewis Emmons and Dan Coats. Night before received letter
from Lucy Randall — ^married.
November, 1863 97
11th. Sent out June for cattle. Brought in several nice ones.
About noon drew rations and issued them to the 2nd and 7th Ohio.
Did the work myself with the help of Mose. The detail for the boys
was received. They reported. Mail came. Nothing for me. Oh !
12th. Late in the morning sent June and squad out for more
cattle. Killed three beeves for 2nd Ohio. Went to town and saw
Div. coming. Lot of clothing came. Got some horse shoes. George
very bad face. Powder exploded and burned his face badly. Let-
ter from Fannie. How anxious I have been and still am. Oh the
future — dark.
13th. Drew flour for the brigade. Set the butchers to killing
hogs, 20. Some talk of moving. Wrote a short letter to the "blue
eyed bonnie" I once called mine. No particular news. Wrote to
Delos. Long time since I wrote to him. Weather pleasant. Got
"Spike" shod. Oh my heart is sad and weary. Issued clothing.
14th. After breakfast bugle sounded and tents were struck,
horses saddled and 2nd Ohio moved to St. Clair, 9 miles distant.
Moved qrs. up near Hdqrs. Rainy day, very during the night.
Went down and saw the colored men dance jigs and reels. Quite a
jolly time. Commenced messing with Com'ry detail. Good time.
15th. After breakfast packed up. Went up town and got ra-
tions of coffee and sugar for ten days, and beef. 7th marched to
St. Clair, also Col. Garrard. Drove the cattle. Found a comfort-
able room. An old stove for quartermasters and Commissary.
Cleaned it out, and got stove and seemed comfortable. Little like
Sunday. Thought often of home and home privileges.
16th. Before rising, was ordered to Garrard's quarters. Went
over and received orders to go to McKinney's Mill and get 40 sacks
of flour and then go to Bulls Gap where Hdqrs. had moved. Did my
business and rode to the Gap after dusk. Cold ride. Learned that
the Brigade was at the Lick Creek bridge. Pickets very exacting.
Siege of Knoxville, Nov. 17 to Dec. 4
17th. Sent Lewis to Russelville to see about rations. June
came with load of flour weighing 4,000. 2nd. N. Carolina and 23rd
Ind. Batt. in our Brigade drew rations. Saw post Commissary.
No rations. Things begin to look a little dubious. Considerable
running about for one day. Rode from Gap to camp with Lt.
18th. Aroused early and notified that a general evacuation is
to take place. Saddled, and so till noon. Train ordered to Rice's
Lower Ford. Rode over hastily to St. Clair and notified Pearson
when to cross. Got two teams to go to Kirkpatrick's mill. Some
fast and hard riding. 2nd O. V. C. train ferried but the rest
crossed at Cobb's Ford and trudged on towards Bean Station.
Some mud. Good joke on 11th. Mich. Batt. Sergt.
19th. About two stopped at a house and warmed. Got into
a bed for two hours. Pitied some poor people. Gave a woman $22
98 War Diary
scrip. Wolf and I went to a Mr. Tate's (rebel off the road) for
breakfast. One very affected rebel girl with curls, perfectly dis-
gusting. Train corralled near. One and one-half miles from Bean
Station. Lay down and took a nap. Mack lost his horse last night,
left him standing while he went to warm, walked 8 miles. Found
him today. Pearson and men messing with us. Went with Mr.
Berley to Div. Com. to sell him some beef and hogs. Boys came up
before night. Sent Lewis back to see about flour and beef for Bri-
gade. Moved about 8 P. M. — just settled for night's rest — ^to the
foot of Clinch Mountain. Trains and troops crossing all night.
Slept well in open air. Hired George
20th. Troops still passing. Various rumors as to the position
of Bumside in Knoxville. Got breakfast. 2nd 0. V. C. came along.
Nearly 20 ate with us. Moved on at 9. Got over the mountain
nicely. Two wagons broken. Long hill and rather steep but smooth
road. Went down into the valley and fed. Made me sad to see 6
mountain stragglers passing, all half famished and worn out — poor
fellows, no rations and no prospect for any. Left flour for Com-
mand and 6 beeves. Moved on to Tazewell in rain. Went to Mr.
Epp's, Union man, and heard some music. After supper remem-
bered hearing Maj. Nettleton speak of him. Good time. Camped at
T. Rained steadily all night. Many poor, hungry and footsore sol-
diers and citizens today and tonight.
21st. Raining heavily. Issued flour and beef to 2nd O. V. C.
Robertson came down. Moved north of town and pitched tents and
sent for forage. Two boys, *'Shorty" and another, sat by the light
and played "Seven Up." Became pleasant before night. Left flour
for the brigade with Powers. All wonder at our movements.
22nd. A bright pleasant morning and day. After breakfast
went up to Col. Foster's. Telegraphed to Garrard whether to go to
Command or remain at T. while the train went to the Gap. Or-
dered to report. Drew rations and moved to Sycamore. Saw the
papers at the Col.'s Hdqrs. Talk of the paymaster coming. Bum-
side thought safe at K. Four men started for K.
23rd. Went to mills and put them to running as fast as pos-
sible. Capt. Rankin in charge of two mills. June and Dan went to
town. No pay. Read papers. Alarm towards night. Pickets fired
upon. Some arms lost in the river. Pleasant day. Very strong
position here at this gap.
24th. Rob came before daylight and got flour for 2nd O. V. C.
Hard up for rations seemingly. Another alarm and all saddled up
before noon. Wagons moved to the rear and flour and meal col-
lected. Letters from home and A. B. Moved to Tazewell. Wagons
moved beyond. Couldn't find them. Slept at Hdqrs. after ram-
bling round awhile. Cold night.
25th. In the morning rode out and found the wagons li^
miles from town. Had Dan and Lewis go with Lt. Leavitt 14 miles
for flour and meal. Got back about midnight, clear and cold. One
of the Drivers came down. No move today. Spent the day at the
December, 1868 99
wagons mostly. Read some, pitched a fly and took our ease. Num-
erous reports as to Bumside.
26th. I shall be glad when the suspense shall end and we can
move forward or back where we can find plenty to eat. Had some
hogs driven up for 9th and 2nd. Bought 5 head of cattle. Drove
up 7 from near Gap. Infantry Brigade, Wilcox's, came up, still
half starved. Jackson so begged that we lent him 1,200 lb. of meal.
Letter from Ella Clark. Answered it. Did me good. Hid a dis-
patch on a messenger.
27th. Lt. Byard started for home. People sick. Sent two let-
ters, one home. Did some writing, business. Near night moved to
Bay Springs. Foster's Brigade passed today on K. road. Crossed
Clinch River. Sent Lu Emmons to the Gap to see if he could not
get rations. Cattle came up. Gave hogs to the regiments.
28th. Have an old store for the Commissary, storehouse be-
low and office above. Cleaned up and put up a stove. Looked about
to get mills. Hear no word from B. — ^borrowed meal. Aggravat-
ing. Lewis not successful. Dan fixed up a very good desk from an
old P. O. box. Read some in Burns. Settled some accounts.
29th. Started Theodore to find Leavitt and rations and to see
Jackson. Also sent for salt. Read several chapters in Bible. Have
neglected reading Bible too much since I have been in the army.
Borrowed "English Orphans" and reviewed it. Good story. Mrs.
Jones' Hdqrs. Two sons in rebel army.
30th. June came down looking better. No news of impor-
tance. Yesterday morning firing heard in the direction of Knox-
ville, very heavy. None since. Rebels thought to be leaving.
Thede came back about dark with rations of sugar and coflfee. Had
a long jaunt of it. Went from T. to Walker's Ford.
Tuesday, 1st. In the morning issued rations to the 9th Mich.
Sent Coats to see Fisher. Promised to send to me or come himself.
Rebels reported across the river. Scout sent out. Maj. Gen. Foster
arrived last night. Guns fired in his honor. Telegram from Leav-
itt to know about rations.
2nd. Finished Burns yesterday. Pleased with him except that
he tends too much to vulgarity. A good deal of wit. Firing all day
in the direction of Walker's Ford. Infantry moved down. Cavalry
obliged to fall back across the river. Commenced running mill at
Big Springs. Fisher failed to return the meal. Teams sent back in
evening. Put on my Regimentals.
3rd. During the day was quite busy getting wheat, etc., to-
gether. Ordered to be ready to march this P. M. Got all ready but
failed to move. Issued meal and flour till Tuesday. Wrote in the
evening. Had some apples to eat. Boys played checkers. Two
4th. Considerable movement among the troops. Beers and
Woods up from the 2nd Ohio. Played considerably at checkers with
Digitized by VjOOQIC
100 War Diary
the boys. Saw paper of the 27th. Several scouting parties sent out
and appearances of rebs leaving Tennessee for W. Virginia. Sent
letters yesterday home and to Fannie.
5th. A damp cloudy day. Sent out for meat and wheat. All
failed save the butchers. Some talk of moving. Played checkers
with Ordnance Sergt. Got badly beaten. Went to bed early with
orders to be ready to march at 7 A. M. the next morning. All quiet.
6th. Up at daylight and breakfast in time to move at 7.
Cloudy, cleared up in P. M. Moved down near Maynardsville road
and halted. Sent for rations. Scare in 2nd Brigade. Some firing.
Rebels left Knoxville and on way to Va. Cavalry here in valley.
Graham's Brigade after them. Guess all will get away. Few cap-
tured this P. M. Glorious for E. Tenn. Ours forevermore.
7th. Awakened by firing over Clinch Mountain. Sent back
details and teams for rations. Clear beautiful day. Moved at 9
A. M. up the valley. About 3 P. M. arrived at Bunch's Trail, a pass
through Clinch Mountain. Rebel pickets here and drove them.
Col. Acker dismounted 9th Mich, and dislodged them from the Gap.
After dark fell back to same place started from in the morning.
Very cold night, huddled down by fire with saddle blanket.
8th. Awoke considerably rested. Surprising how a tired man
can sleep. Drew one day's ration of meal and two of H. Bread.
Moved around Clinch Mountain to Blains Cross Roads. Boys killed
a flock of sheep. Passed a division of the 9th Army Corps in camp.
Stopped with boys at a house near road leading to Walker's Gap.
Got coffee and then slept in good bed — secesh.
9th. Up early and breakfasted on mush. Supper last night
the same. Infantry soon commenced passing. Left all boys but
Thede and went on. Passed through Rutledge. Command moved
on to Bean Station and camped — some skirmishing. Issued Hard
Bread and beef! Boys came up. Bunked down by the fire and
slept soundly. Cold night. Boys go for secesh badly on this trip.
10th. Soon after breakfast brigade ordered to Morristown on
a reconnoissance. Sent June to see about rations and left the rest
of the boys to go for cattle and pork. At the river encountered
rebel pickets. Drove them back on Morristown and Cheek's Cross
Roads. Drove the pickets steadily. 2nd O. V. C. on X roads, 9th
Mich, and 7th O. V. C. and section of Artillery on M. road. Mile
from M. found rebels posted in woods and cornfield behind a fence.
Artillery brought up and men dismounted in front and 9th sent to
the flank. Soon commenced in earnest. Our A. did badly, rebel
artillery first rate. At dusk 9th made a charge and routed three
regiments, 8, 21, 36th Va., from intrenchments. About 50 rebels
killed. Our loss slight.
11th. Last night command marched across the river after car-
ing for the wounded — building campfires. I rode on into camp and
read home letters brought by Maj. Nettleton. He called this morn-
ing and took breakfast with us. Went down and got hard bread and
a little sugar and coffee. Saw Corp. C. S., a little active fellow and
December, 1863 101
knows his business. Do not feel well today — hard cold and bad boil.
Read the news and Cincinnati Commercial of Dec. 1st. Nettleton
called in evening. Resolutions passed eulogizing Bumside and re-
gretting his loss.
12th. After breakfast rode to station and got bread. Went
down to the 2nd 0. V. C. and saw Co. C boys. Seems good to mingle
with them occasionally. Brigade ordered out to scout. Gone before
I was aware of movement, but unable to go anyway. Went four
miles above Morristown, and ran against too large a force, and
obliged to fall back. Unpleasant rainy afternoon. Read a little in
"Scottish Chiefs." Pleased.
Sunday, 13th. Remained at quarters nearly all day. Rainy in
the morning. Read in the Independent. About noon ordered to
pack wagons ready to move. Struck tents and all ready. Troops
returned to camps and tents again pitched. Begin to worry about
Thede. A. B. thinks he had better be discharged. So do I.
Bean Station, Tenn.
Monday, 14th. Dark, cloudy and foggy. Hear Jacob Smal-
lered of "C" Co. was killed yesterday. At noon Col. Garrard came
along with the Brigade. Teams ordered to hitch up. Didn't feel
well but concluded to go out. June went with me to station. Artil-
lery firing commenced. Found rebels near the station in position.
Forces were disposed of and work commenced. 2nd Ohio moved
from under fire. Ordered back again. Hot fire from 2 till dark,
awful firing. Heavy body of rebels on flanks and center.
15th. Last night I accompanied Col. Garrard, carrying his
orders. He is very cool under fire and indifferent as to the nearness
of shell, shot and musket ball, many of which gave him a close call.
Hugh White, Co. A. killed. Many narrow escapes. The scene after
dark was fine. I felt a wild enthusiasm at the work. Fell back li/^
miles and in line till morning. Moved back to some infantry who
made breastworks. Skirmishing all day. 250 lbs. of hardbread for
the Brigade. Fell back through Rutledge during the night.
16th. Long, Normaldorf and I went ahead and lay down by a
fire. Went back early to command and took breakfast on popcorn,
rather weak subsistence. Our brigade in rear. Remained two
hours after command left. Rebels soon commenced work and we
fell back and soon took positions. 7th O. V. C. in rear. Rebels
came out, skirmishers dismounted and reserve mounted in line of
battle. 7th fell back and the rebs charged. 2nd Ohio formed on a
hill in time to check rebs. Howitzer fired several shots. Continued
to fire back to two miles of cross roads and went into camp.
17th. Boys with no rations last night and none this morning.
Started details this afternoon. Issued meal in evening. Brigade
marched three miles, little northwest of cross roads. Hdqrs. at
Sawyer's, he away. Brigade ordered to the front. Cold night.
Beef killed but not issued. Col. permitted me to remain. Expect-
ing brigade back tomorrow night.
18th. Got 2nd O. and 7th O. details running mills. Bought some
beef cattle and settled some accounts. Various orders for the bri-
102 War Diary
gade. Uncertain about its movements. McDowell paying off 2nd
Brigade. Our Brigade to be paid off soon. A cold day. Water
frozen. I am so anxious to hear from Fannie. I am miserable
19th. Up quite early in the morning and sent word to the
details and to Leavitt. June came up with two wagons. Got 975
meal. 4th Army Corps camped near Cross roads. Saw Ed. Brice,
orderly for Gen. Hazen, 41st near by. A good many troops here
now. Sleep in a bed again tonight.
Sunday, 20th. June and I rode to cross roads, but got no ra-
tions, — discouraging and disgusting the way things run. Leavitt is
no man. Returned to camp. McDowell paying off our brigade.
Drew pay while Lieutenant — State Agent here. Sent $250 home
and paid all my debts, including servants. A cold night, read some
in "Scottish Chiefs." Still worry and feel uneasy as to the future.
Wait I must.
21st. Remaining troops paid off. About noon went down to
the 2nd Ohio and to my unspeakable joy found a letter from Fan-
nie. How long I have suffered from anxiety and suspense. I love
the dear child more than ever, if such a thing be possible. I an-
swered it during the evening. Col. Purington got a leave of absence
through Corps Hdqrs. Signed my "final statements." Henry Drake,
Houghton, Parish and Anderson were singing "Annie Laurie,"
"One Vacant Chair," and other pleasing songs.
22nd. Sent out my letter early in the morning. Had some
pork and soft bread to issue. Saw A. B. and talked about Thede.
Concluded to have him start for home with Hillhouse and George
also. Both talk of going to Knoxville tomorrow. Mark goes down
to work for Chamberlain. Finished the first volume of "Scottish
Chiefs." Much pleased with it. Thede and I had a good visit.
23rd. Hillhouse came around early. Hurried breakfast and
wrote a few lines home and to Fannie, for Thede to take. Got
George a saddle and Lewis govt, horse. How I dislike to have
Thede leave me. I shall be homesick. Still it is best. Poor fellow.
God grant he may get well soon. Command moved at 9 A. M. fol-
lowing Woolford's division. I waited till near dark. Lu (Emmons)
and I went together. Awful ford over Holston. Found brigade at
Newmarket. Took supper with Maj. Nettleton. Slept on floor.
24th. At 1 : 30 orders came to move immediately to the Chuckey
for the purpose of capturing a rebel brigade. Campbell's
brigade to attack in front and Garrard the rear, Garrard to
have command. Col. Palmer, senior, of G.'s, had detachments from
11th Ohio, 75th Penn., 1st Tenn. When half a mile from road, reb-
els fired on our pickets and Palmer rushed out, bringing on an en-
gagement. Rebels charged nearly to our horses, then we charged
them for half a mile. Ordered back by Sturgess just as were
making a flank movement. Rather heavy loss on each side. Saw
Bennie Sears. Things looked rather scaly for awhile. Got out all
right. In camp at 10 P. M. Supper.
December, 1863 103
25th. Cloudy and letter from home. How I should like to be
at home today. God bless all the dear friends. Wonder where
Thede is today. Gave two or three little Christmas gifts. Rachel
Brazelton gave me a nice large apple as a Christmas gift. Took
dinner with Maj. Nettleton. Had some apples to eat. In the even-
ing wrote letters home and to Fannie. Sent Lu to Strawberry
26th. At midnight orders came to be ready to move an hour
before daylight, not much sleep. Lewis not back. Col. Cook at-
tacked the enemy near Mossy Creek. Capron and Garrard for
support. Rained all the morning. Uncomfortable. Regts. in line
all day. Some artillery and a little musketry firing. Foster sent his
thanks for getting out well the other day. Our brigade rather light,
656. Camped near by. Made Hdqrs. at Dr. Peck's, a rebel, clever,
6 ft. 4 in. in height. Gave me "The Autocrat of the Breakfast
Table." Occupied a good room. Comfortable.
27th. A rainy unpleasant day. A negro came into the lines
giving news, making an attack on the rebels expedient. Wrote a
line more in F's letter. Were out all the P. M. — ^most of the fighting
on horseback. Some artillery firing. Drove the rebs beyond "Tal-
bot Station." Regiments lay in line saddled, our brigade in a piece
of woods. Lay upon a couple of rails with saddle blanket comforta-
bly. Rained some all night.
28th. Dried our clothes and got breakfast. Col. Purington
came and reported under arrest for disrespectful language to Gen.
Potter. Read a little in "Scottish Chiefs" and Independent, v Good
article on a visit to Oberlin. Lay about the fire until night. About
7 P. M. got an order to report to Col. Foster and then to Gen. Stur-
giss. Awful muddy and dark. Got back to qrs. late and went to
29th. At 2:30 A. M. got orders to march to Mossy Creek.
Marched at 3. Waited at the creek till nearly daylight, quite cool.
Went into a house and warmed. Woodford's and part of McCook's
divisions went with Foster's to Dandridge. Found no enemy and
returned to Mossy Creek. Stopped to feed. Heard cannonading
and got orders to report to Newmarket and then to M. Creek. So
far started that went around by road. Quite a heavy fight. At first
our men fell back and then we drove in turn. 100 killed and
wounded on our side and as many rebels. Saw two of our men,
heads shot off. Went to old place to camp.
30th. Slept by a big fire last night — very comfortable. Regi-
ments saddled ready for a fight. Sent Lewis back to S. Plains for
rations. Had some beef driven up and killed. Boys would have
suffered had they not been fortunate in getting from the country.
31st. Looked for rations all day. Read some in Harper's. In
evening Lt. Baird and I rode to Mossy Creek in search of rations
and to make an effort to procure a mill. Put up a tent fly in the
P. M. Rained till 12 P. M. and then turned awfully cold and blew a
hurricane. Fly came down. Wet and cold. Year comes in rathe*
104 War Diary
In East Tennessee.
1st. Happy New Year! Gay and festive. Frozen and just
starving. Re-enlistment question presented to the boys. Three
from the 2nd Ohio. Took dinner at hdqrs., at white house. Cab-
bage and beef and mutton. Had a chat with the people. All have
suffered badly. Even underclothes taken during the late fights by
rebs, also wheat and corn. First-rate visit with Col. Garrard and
Allen. Review of campaign. Hard bread, flour and pork for the
boys. Makes me happy. Don't ask more satisfaction than to get
plenty of rations. Have been half crazy with anxiety for days.
First command in line east of Mossy Creek. Rained last
night. Turned cold about 12 P. M. and blew a hurricane. Awful
tedious day. Boys must suffer very much. Col. and staff up and
around fires early.
2nd. Still cold as Greenland. Spent most of the day at the
white house. What a splendid day to attack the enemy were our
infantry on hand. Wrote letters home, to Fannie and Ella.
3rd. Ordered to fall back to McCook at daylight in anticipa-
tion of a fight. Went to Dr. Peck's. Sent up beef and meal. Went
to New Market in P. M. Got receipts and invoices. Let Spike go
at 2 :40 on a trot. Good chat with the boys around the fire.
4th. Enlistment question all the go. Maj. Nettleton gone to
Knoxville with proposition and application.
5th. Last day for re-enlistment. Most of the boys in favor. N.
telegraphs that proposition has been accepted and regt. will be
ordered home within fifteen days. Boys all excitement.
6th. About quarters most of the day. Read in "Autocrat of
the Breakfast Table." Cold. Evening Dan and I went to Regt.
Good time. Lost sugar. Back late. Little "taffy" and to bed.
7th. Regt. passed by to Strawberry Plains to turn over horses
and equipments. Saw Col. Garrard and got his photo. Bade him
goodbye. Gave me a compliment. Got relieved. Saw Miner — full
of bombast and gas.
8th. Lt. David relieved me. Went to company and returned.
All busy at work. Got permission to remain at Dr. Peck's till Sun-
day. Rode back very fast.
9th. Busy on company papers. Helped Davis. Still very cold.
Got June to take Jennie to Maj. N. Rode my Spike. No trouble.
Note — The "Jennie" referred to was Jennie Green, a bright and comely
mulatto slave girl of fifteen, who was owned by Dr. Peck who lived near Knox-
ville, Tenn., and who begged Major Tenney to rescue her from slavery. Ac-
cordingly he arranged with one of his assistants, Ed. June, the night of the
Regiment's departure for the North, to take the Major's extra horse, "Spikej"
and bring her to A. B. N.'s headquarters. This was skilfully done, and Jennie
was safely brought to Ohio. She was given schooling, and thereafter lived
with the Nettleton family until she was married in 1876. She was in all re-
spects an admirable character. — (A. B. N., June, 1911.)
January, 1864 105
10th. Packed up and moved to regt. Boys got their things
ready to turn over. Hines inspected property.
11th. Several boys not inclined to go home. Assigned to 7th
O. V. C. Thomas, Peck, Keam, Beach, Montgomery, Bentley,
Rutzel. Good boys, sorry. Relieved Hamlin. Went to Knoxville to
fix papers. Slept with Avery on floor at Charley's.
12th. Went to Hospitals with Dr. Smith to see sick. 2nd O. V.
C. hospitals in wretched condition. Saw Joshua — sick — ^and fixed
papers. Part of regt. came down.
13th. Rations of flour. Up early. Many officers at Cham-
berlain's. Off on the cars at 9:30. Gen. Foster on board — don't
like his style. Loudon at 2 P. M. Went to barracks. (30 days' "vet-
eran furlough" for those of the 2nd O. V. C. who re-enlisted.)
14th. Little to do. No boat. Marched at 2 P. M. for King-
ston — 6 miles — and camped. Dr. Noble and I bunked together.
15th. On soon after daylight. Meal and coflfee for breakfast.
Raised a little blood. Hard work. Meat and salt. No prospect
of boat. I am played out.
16th. Went down with Smith and Bob for dinner. Failed.
Good supper at the hotel. Started down the river at dark — in pon-
toon. Smith, Sheldon, Stopper, Rol. Morgan, Ab Cole, Nash, Geo.
Hart, etc. Went down three miles and put up at log barn — fire.
17th. Found a dugout at noon. Rol and I went ahead and
engaged dinner. Pulled on in P. M. Ab and I in canoe. Stayed
over night at a Union man's. Courtship scene. None of Tenn., her
women, institutions and privileges for me.
18th. Rainy. Passed White Creek Shoals in the morning
as Regt. came up. Let several boys in flatboat. Many boys on the
river. Gay times. Stopped at Mr. Brown's — rebel. Good accom-
19th. Early start. Water rough. Gave up canoe. Stopped
for dinner. Put up 12 miles from Hiawasse. Mr. Georges, poor
man, but rebel. Rebel girl. Member of church, chews, smokes and
dips and drinks poor whiskey.
20th. Off early. Every morning and noon have to wait for
somebody. Considerable sport. Took dinner after passing the
Hiawasse, where they had a rail-mauling, quilting and dance last
night. Most of the country turned out. Good deal of smallpox
scattered through the country. People alarmed. Put up with
some poor Union people. Slept in room with whole family.
21st. It is astonishing how much the people of E. Tenn.
have put up with, and how ignorant and coarse they are. Have
seen but one young lady in Tenn. whose clothes have fitted her
and who has acted the lady. 27 miles froiti Chattanooga. Great
time at dinner at one Shoemakers — rebel. Guard there — impudent.
Got into Chattanooga at 4 P. M. Good time with the Co. Rough
night. Routed twice.
106 War Diary
22nd. Aroused at four to march at 5. Failed to get off. Sa\^
Hy Smith, Goodsell and Walker, Charley Brooks and Milo Cravath
— Chaplain 100th O. Climbed Lookout Mt. with Hugh, Smith and
Lu Emmons. Difficult job, but well paid. Scenery grand. In
camp at 11. Coffee and went to bed. Scarcity of blankets. Much
23rd. At 5 filled box cars. Rode outside. Cold and frosty.
Very crooked road winding among the mountains south of Tenn.
River. 7th on at Bridgeport, Alabama. Saw Oberlin boys. Three
months more only. Lay at Stevenson till dark. Read, ate, lounged
and napped. Made the most of a crowded car for sleep. Would
have liked to pass Murfreesboro and Tullahoma in the daytime.
24th. At Nashville, 9 A. M. quartered at Seminary Barracks.
H. Drake and I went to dinner at a restaurant. Saw colored troops
drilled and inspected. Went about town. Some splendid resi-
dences. Randall quite sick with pleurisy.
25th. Breakfast with Drake, Maj. Seward and nephew. Din-
ner with Capt. Case. Turned over arms. Lt. Pedrick wounded
accidentally in foot. Cars at 5 P. M. Crowded and slow. Private
26th. Found Extell under seats dead, poor boy. Has suf-
fered much, not been alive for months. Procured coffin. Started
from Bowling Green before noon. Slow work. At Louisville at
10:30 P. M. Went to Barracks in city, coffee and bread, poor and
27th. Concluded to bury Extell's remains in city. Went to
Gait House for breakfast. Bought a pair of boots. Evening saw
Corsican Brothers, went with company.
28th. Took Burs, Thomas, Wood and Bosworth to Gait House
for breakfast. Wrote a line to John's parents. Crossed th^ river
at 2 :30 P. M. Charge of I Co. too, stopped at Seymour till 9 P. M.
Changed cars. Rode in passenger car during night. Some sleep.
29th. Passed through Cincinnati before daylight. Left for
Columbus at 7 :30. Stopped opposite Camp Chase and walked over.
Got supper at boarding house. Boys poor accommodations.
30th. Barracks fitted up as comfortable as possible, "I" and
"C* officers together. Wrote a line home and to Fannie. Paroled.
31st. The day in camp. Read in Atlantic and wrote a letter
home. Mr. Brown and a friend made a formal Sunday call. Dis-
gusting — his preaching and practice.
February, 1st. Worked on the rolls. Read the papers and a
little in Atlantic.
2nd. Cold, disagreeable day. Letters from home and Fan-
nie, 1st of Jan. Both happy and sad. Made a fool of myself talk-
ing to old Brown at Hdqrs. Wrote to Fannie.
February, 1864 107
3rd. Hugh and I went to town in evening and heard the Swiss
Bell Ringers. Good time. Zettler House.
4th. Went down to the stable with the boys to see the horses.
Went to clothing store — ^vest and hat — ^measured for pants. Camp
in time for dinner. Wrote some.
5th. Stayed in camp. Board of Survey. Read in "Tales
6th. In evening went to town to see about assignment. Went
to Atheneum. "Hidden Hand," Miss Sallie St. Clair played her
part well — ^pretty actress.
7th. Made arrangements for 13 men. Went to camp again
after making diligent inquiries, and partial agreement.
8th. Saw several committees in C. About 11 made arrange-
ments for rest of company in Polk Township, Cranford County.
$100 bounty. Several of us went to town and to theatre. Restau-
rant first for supper.
9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th spent getting mustered
and rolls completed. 8th boys paid off and furloughed Saturday.
Most of the regt. already in city. Work on company papers.
15th. Packed away C and G equipage and blankets. Boys
went to town early. Tom, Smith and I went after dinner. Saw the
washerwoman. Pity her but disgusted at her freedom and fond-
ness. Went to Zettler House. Good many of C Co. there. Houses
all full. Randall down again. Got my horses out. Am uneasy
to get away. Oh dear!
16th. Cold. Did my business. Got transportation for boys
and by permission at 3 P. M. left for home. Had to stay over at
Grafton. Cold day.
17th. Went on my way rejoicing at 9 o'clock. Found open
arms at home. How good to be here again. I couldn't realize it
down in Tenn. I am happy — one thing short! Treasure Carrie!
God be praised for the blessing of home and friends.
18-20th. Remained quietly at home resting and reading and
playing chess till Sat. P. M. went to C. In evening called on Fannie.
Happy time — same creature. (She spent the winter of 1864 in
Cleveland at the home of her sister, Helen Cobb.)
21st. Attended Plymouth Church in the morning. In the P. M.
went over to Uncle Jones'. In the evening heard Fred Douglass.
22nd. Went over to Bazaar with Roxena. Saw Fannies Hud-
son and Henderson. Saw R. to cars at noon. Heard Garfield with
Fannie. Saw Will H. and Hub Terrell. Not much changed. In
the evening called and walked with F. Good visit, then went to
23rd. Morning and dinner at Mr. Cobb's. Think much of
Mrs. C. P. M. at Bazaar. Evening with the fairy belle. Had a
splendid visit. Feel benefited. Future and prospects.
24th. Up and took cars at 7 :30 for home. Thede back from
Swift's. Somewhat tired.
108 War Diary
25th. Folks went down to Cleveland even to Carrie. Floy
came. She, Agnes and I kept house. Good time. Commenced letter
to F. Attended meeting.
26th. The day at home. In evening called at Ella's. Had a
pleasant visit and a good game of chess — Prof. Clarke.
27th. Folks returned from Cleveland. Called at Mrs. Hud-
son's. F. not at home. Visited a little while at Tutor Fairchild's.
Read Charlie's last letter. Good time.
28th. Thede and I attended church together. Heard Prof.
Finney in the morning. Prof. Morgan in P. M. Good sermons.
Heard Mr. Fairfield in evening. "Repent, lest we grieve the spirit
of God." Thede went forward. I feel determined through God's
grace to do, work and live for Jesus hereafter, less for self.
29th. Thede went to Pittsfield and around to see if he couldn't
find a recruit. Melissa and I went to Minnie's. Came home
for Thede but he had gone away. Took Floy over. Waffles and
sugar for supper. Floy and I went to Young People's meeting.
Interesting. M. caught cold.
1st. Spent the day at home. Commenced the "Dutch Repub-
lic." Much interested. In the evening Thede and I went to meet-
ing. Prof. Peck. "If I am thy Father, where then is mine honor."
2nd. Maj. Nettleton returned from Sandusky and started for
Washington at 2 P. M. Thede and I rode horseback to Amherst.
Saw Mary, Grandma's and Helen's folks. Called at Mr. Kline's.
Spent the evening at home. Uneasy for some reason. Am looking
for a letter but it doesn't come.
Srd. Spent the morning at home. In evening called upon
Fannie Henderson. To my joy a letter from F. came this P. M.
4th. Read and visited during the morning. Floy, Thede and
I went to Cleveland on the P. M. train. Went to the various halls
at Fair (Sanitary Commission) and to Uncle's to tea. Mrs. D.
so hoarse as to be unable to speak. Floy and Thede went to
Minstrels. I called at Mr. Cobb's. Spent a very pleasant evening
with F. and Mrs. Cobb. Saw Floy off on morning train.
5th. Rain and snow. After dinner Fannie and I went to
Fine Arts Hall. Very pleasant time. Called at Mrs. Cobb's. Went
to Uncle Jones' to tea. Company, Mr. Kingsley, Chas. Spencer
and Mrs. Turner. Passable evening.
6th. Sunday. Thede and I attended Prof. Thome's church
with the friends. Communion. Season of rich feasting. Benefited.
P. M. went to S. S. Bible class. Adah sang S. S. hymns. Of course
nearly went up. Evening heard Mr. Thome. Quiet visit with
7th. At 10 A. M. went to the east side with Roxena. Fine
Arts Hall and then for bath. P. M. called at Mr. Bamitz',Bys',Mrs.
March, 1864 109
Cobb's and Cous. Brougham's. Fannie and I rode out — E. Cleve-
land, etc. Enjoyed myself hugely. We also went to hear Anna Dickin-
son. "Words for the Hour." After lecture, walked and talked
over our love affairs, and discussed our relations and feelings. Had
it not been for a few hindrances and contingencies, I think we
would have engaged ourselves. Under the circumstances I could
and would not entertain the thought. I love the girl and hope she
loves me. God forbid that we should ever be married to be un-
happy, if ever done must be mutual self-sacrifice from choice. God
help and bless both of us.
8th. Came home on morning train. An hour too early at the
depot. Chester called and played three games of chess. Victor.
Minnie at home in evening. Played authors. Saw her home. Am
quite uneasy yet as to the result of F's decision. Anyway I will
try to be happy myself and to make others happy, be good and do
good. God help me.
9th. Wednesday spent the day at home.. Somewhat rainy.
Played chess with Thede and read in "Dutch Republic." What is
more trying to be borne than suspense.
10th. Major Nettleton returned. Told M. this morning in
regard to F. and myself. She thinks as I do, that if the girl really
loves me she ought to know it. If not, we ought to stop our inti-
macy. So shall I act. Received letter, unable to decide, does not
know her own heart. Answered, after a crying spell, and consult-
ing with Ma and M. We all think alike. Feel as if I were doing my
duty anyway. Finished the letter and went to Friday prayer meet-
ing. Spoke. Did me good. Determined through the grace of God
to make my trial a blessing. Will be a man and a Christian. Called
at Fannie Hudson's. Meeting in the evening.
12th. Wrote to Alf Webber and Hugh. Read some in Dio
Lewis' "Weak Lungs, and How to Make Them Strong" — ^much in-
terested. Called yesterday to see Jamie Johnson. Walked home
from town with Ella and challenged for a game of chess. Went
down and played in the evening — ^the champion. Letter from Fan-
nie asking me to come down.
13th. Felt so unwell and uneasy, concluded not to go to
church. Lay down part of the day. Read "Bitter Sweet," by Hol-
land. Much interested.
14th. Ma, Thede and I went down and looked at the Bushnell
place. Concluded to take it. Went to Cleveland on P. M. train.
Considerable snow last night and yesterday. Pleasant overhead
but bad underneath. Almost concluded not to go out today on
account of feeling so miserably weak and nervous. Went immedi-
ately to Mr. Cobb's. Helen came to the door. I fairly shook. Oh,
could I see Fannie. I went in. Helen brought me a letter from
Fannie. Soon F. came. The letter told her sorrow at the trouble,
reviewed our friendship, told her doubt and how she had hid it and
smothered it and not allowed herself to think she hadn't true love
110 War Diary
for me. She said "With my child-love, I loved you Luman. Why
I do not now, I do not know." Again, "I never would admit that
I did not love you, I can not say now that I do not." Helen came.
She pitied both of us. Twas a sad misfortune, but it was probably
for our good. She felt from her conversation with F. and ques-
tions that she did not love me as she should. She thought we had
better part friends and await the will of God. F. said once, "Oh
it seems as though I could throw my arms around your neck and
take it all back." Helen was very kind to me and wished me to
write to her. How sad the necessity of such a course. F. had
been crying. She undoubtedly sympathizes with me in my sore
trial. She prayed and hoped it would be different some day. If
the change did come, she would fly to me. Her sympathy, if that
it is, is deep. I can not realize that she does not love me. How
can I have been mistaken these years — since she was seventeen.
I can forgive all, for she suffered herself to please me. How strange
our parting was — solemn, but as of old. Oh it all seems but a
mere dream to me. Can it be reality? It seems cruel, but a wise
God will make it a blessing, I hope. I pray God that he will sus-
tain and bless us and bring us together here below, if he can con-
sistently, if not, grant us both a rich inheritance in Heaven. This
meeting and parting, can I ever forget it? No, never. Can it
be that we have parted to be mere friends forever? It can not seem
so to me. It always has seemed to me during these years that we
were fated to be and dwell together, bearing each the other's bur-
dens and each other's joys, most of all happy in each other's love.
Time will disclose all of its secrets and eternity, all till then re-
maining mysterious. I'll await the result as trustfully and pa-
tiently as possible. God's will, not ours be done. I must use every
exertion not to allow this to ruin or seriously injure me. It will
not do for me to think much of the matter.
Went home on the night freight. Home after 10. Showed Ma
my letter and told her the result of interview.
15th. All the young folks were invited to Dea. Turner's to
tea. I remained at home. Played chess with Thede. Read some —
attending preaching in the evening. Prof. Fairchild made a good
discourse. Got out my letters from Fannie, reviewed them and
burned them. It seemed hard and sad to do so, but I knew it was
best. Could not discover any change in the style of her letters in
the spring of 1861. They seemed full as warm and affectionate
then as ever during the whole year.
16th. Melissa wrote a letter to F. I enclosed a note speaking
of my burning the letters and asking F. to do the same way with
mine and also my pictures. Melissa took my letters around to
Minnie's. Thede and I walked around before supper.
17th. Stormy day. Played a little chess and read some. In
the P. M. went to Thursday lecture. A stranger, an old grad-
uate, occupied the pulpit — from a tent on Tappan Square. Colum-
bian's concert in the evening. Remained at home with Ma and
March, 1864 111
Friday, 18th. Spent most of the day in the house. So in-
terested in a game of chess that I forgot the church prayer meet-
ing till too late. Attended preaching in the evening.
19th. Spent the day getting things ready for leaving. Saw
Prof. Peck. Called at Maria's (Jewell) in the evening, then at
Minnie's. Game of authors. Melissa, Flora and I at M.'s. Nettle-
ton came in on the night freight. Regt. received marching orders,
Mt. Sterling, Ky.
Sunday, 20th. Went to S. S. in the morning. Mr. Fitch spoke
splendidly. Pres. Finney preached, the old and new heart, right-
eous and wicked man. Minnie and John came over in P. M.
Called at Mrs. Holtsander's. Went home with Minnie to tea. Then
to preaching by Mr. Fairfield. Neglect of so great salvation. This
has been a happy day to me and withal a sad one. Oh it seems
very hard to leave home again. Would that I could go with affairs
in a little different state.
21st. Packed up in the morning. Went to Cleveland on the
P. M. train. George went to the depot with me. Thede rode the
horses. Saw Will, took supper with him. Went to the depot and
around somewhat, expecting Fred. Good visit with Delos. Put
up at Forest City Hotel. Saw most of the Co. Boys. Half of 2nd
O. V. C. on a drunk.
Tuesday, 22nd. Went with Thede over to Uncle Jones'. Stayed
till after dinner. Visited with boys. Saw Will and Terrell play
billiards. Introduced to Mrs. Case. Col. Purington asked me in
to see his wife. In the evening officers presented Mrs. P. with a
silver tea service. $3.00 per man. Wine, etc. Didn't indulge.
Saw the Arabs perform — great feats.
23rd. Boys on hand to start. Didn't get off. Tomorrow at
10 we now expect to leave. Most of the regt. has got along. Thede
and I went over to Uncle Jones' to tea and remained till 8 :30 P. M.
Then went to depot and welcomed Fred. Delos and Will there too.
We four "B. F.s" spent several hours very pleasantly. Made me
both happy and sad. Seemed good for so many to be together
Thursday, 24th. After breakfast went to town. Forgot my
belt. Had to go by Mr. Cobb's three times. Felt sad as I breathed
a goodbye. Sad sad, sad ! Will times ever change? I am glad none
of my friends can know the feelings of my heart. Fred and Will
and Terrell went to the depot with me. Boys feeling well. Got
off at 10. Reached Columbus at 7 P. M. Left at 10 P. M.
Friday, 25th. Reached Cincinnati a little before daylight.
Marched in the rain to barracks up town. Got breakfast at a
restaurant. Telegram came ordering us to Annapolis. Boys re-
ceived the news with huzzas. Rejoiced that we were not obliged
to go to Knoxville. Dismounted and encamped as we had orders
to do. Took the cars again at 8 P. M.
26th. Reached Columbus at 10 A. M. Took the Central Ohio.
Never passed through the country before. Pleased with Newark
and Zanesville. Country rough east.
112 War Diary
Sunday, 27th. Reached Bellaire at 2:30 A. M. and were fer-
ried across the river. Took the Baltimore and Ohio road before
daylight. In box cars — plenty of straw. Very rough country.
Fairmount, Grafton most important town today, junction of the
two branches. Road ran along the Monongahela for a time, then
the Cheat River. Passed through several tunnels, one nearly a
mile long. Some very heavy grades — 117 ft. per mile for 17 miles..
Monday, 28th. Passed through Martinsburg and Harper's
Ferry. Saw John Brown's engine house, a very strong position
indeed. Great amount of work on the road, 13 trains passed us
this morning going west. Road along the Potomac many miles.
Passed Relay House about 9 A. M. Annapolis Junction at 10 P. M.
Tried to get the landlord up to get some supper. Great time. After
rattling away at doors and windows, got up on roof to window
where there was a light. People nearly frightened to death. One
woman about eight months gone — ^man feared for her. Officers
went to saloon and then back to cars.
29th. Reached paroled camp at Annapolis before daylight.
Passed the day in camp. No stores and no wood. Good time chat-
ting, laughing and fooling. In evening played a game of chess
with Major Nettleton. Slept with him at Post Quartermaster's,
Maj. Carpenter from Akron. Camp very pleasant. Barber shop,
reading room, chapel, news depot, neat buildings and good soil.
30th. A rainy unpleasant day. Detailed to act as R. Q. M.
vice Bills, who thinks of resigning on account of matters at home.
Played some at chess. Boys seem to regret my leaving the com*
pany. I know I do. I do desire to do my duty well, faithfully
and honestly. In the evening took the non-commissioned officers
over for oysters. Went to chapel to prayer meeting — interesting.
31st. Went to town to the Q. M. with Bill. A rainy unpleas-
ant day. Slept with Brother N. at Q. M. Carpenter's.
April 1st. Moved camp over the railroad, three-quarters of
a mile. Went to town and got camp and G. equipage, and hay and
2nd. Got up some straw and forage. A rainy day. Slept
with Bill in Q. M. Dept.
April 3r(i. Sunday. Went to town and receipted for cloth-
ing. A rainy unpleasant day.
4th. Went to town with Tom Wood. Worked all day and
finally succeeded in getting two loads of clothing. Very rainy and
unpleasant. Teams got lost. Worried Tom — ^misunderstanding.
5th. Burge and Tom went to town. Found the teams and
got the rest of the clothing. Still unpleasant and chilly. Boys
all catching cold.
6th. Issued clothing to the companies. Short on several ar-
ticles. Had Thede detailed. Barber commenced cooking.
April, 1864 113
7th. Thursday. Letters from home yesterday. Read the "Life
of Capt. Hurley Vicars" in the morning. Tom and Thede went to
town to see Dan. P. M. went out to see companies drill. Would
like to drill right well. Dreamed of Fannie last night.
8th-19th. Generally went to town once during the day on bus-
iness and to see Dan. The boy has seen trouble and I fear that it
will be too much for him. He had been intimate with and for some
time engaged to a young lady of wealthy family. The father op-
posed the intimacy and engagement and ordered all attentions dis-
continued. Burned Dan's letters and her letters, taking them from
the office privily. She remained true, but her father compelled her
to marry another, she all the time protesting. I know how to
sympathize with Dan, poor boy.
Twenty-six officers and non-commissioned officers ordered into
Penn. to buy horses for the regt. to be gone five days or thereabouts.
Gen. Burnside came to see us one day. Another day, Burnside,
Grant and Washburn reviewed us. Have read "Sutherland," author
unknown, not much liked because it has a pro-slavery tendency.
"Red Tape and Pigeon Hole Generals." Telling criticisms on
Fitz-John Porter, Butterfield, McClellan and Regulars generally.
Written in a spicy and entertaining style and withal quite inter-
esting and I guess, truthful.
Reported that Bumside's expedition will leave on the 24th.
Fear that we will be left in the lurch. Dread to be. Have played
chess somewhat with A. B. N. Ma has moved to Minnie's, Minnie
very sick. Written home twice and heard twice.
20th. Received orders to turn in A Tents and draw shelter
tents in readiness to go to Washington for outfit. Went to town
late on bus. Drake received commission and Brown acceptance of
resignation, good all around. Gave an oyster supper. Was not
21st. Went to town half a dozen times. No train comes yet.
Struck tents and moved out to camp. Parole before dark. Turned
over property. Slept in open air.
22nd. Cars ready and off at 10 A. M. Got to Washington at
4 P. M. Rode to 6th St. wharf and made arrangements for trans-
portation to Giesboro. Rather disappointed in the city of which I
have read so much, where so many great men have congregated,
where so much treason has been plotted, inhuman laws made. Penn.
Ave. is a moderately pretty street, but otherwise the city seems the
poorest I was ever in. The capitol is grand, massive, grounds beau-
23rd. Went to the White House and went through the East
Room and two or three reception rooms. Eight very large mirrors
in the East room, velvet and gilt papering, heavy brussels carpet,
elegant sofas. Reception room surpasses anything I ever saw.
Waited at Soldier's Rest from 9 till 1 P. M. for Major Seward. Then
got teams for baggage. Went to depot to have boats ready. Weath-
er as mild and warm as in June. Streets very, very dusty. Wil-
114 War Diary
lard's and Metropolitan fine hotels. Passed Treasury Building.
Moved at 4 P. M. to Camp Stoneman, via Giesboro Point by boat.
24th-29th. Busy at work supplying the regt. with horses,
etc. 29 officers, on extra duty, returned to regt. Orders to march
as soon as possible. Papers from home. Busy exchanging horses.
Got 33 good ones in Washington.
30th. F.'s birthday — alas ! alas ! Busy all day getting Q. M.
stores and fixing up for the march. Wrote home and to George.
Didn't get to bed till nearly one. Have had hard work for several
May 1st. Busy getting ordnance boxes returned to Dept. till
10 o'clock. Regt. marched at 11. Train off at about 1 P. M. — 12
wagons. Thede and I stayed behind to get receipts for property.
Left Washington between 5 and 6 o'clock. Capt. and A. D. C.
on Maj. Gen. Auger's staff disliked to give me a pass for fear we
would be gobbled! Caught up just as the regt. camped 9 or 10
miles from Washington. Supper and to bed at 10 P. M. Slept well,
2nd. Reveille at 4. Off at 7. Pike road still. Passed through
Fairfax C. H. a place of only half a dozen scattered buildings. No
fences along the road and very few houses, and those abandoned,
hilly country and considerably woody. Camped near Bristol Sta-
tion. 22nd and 24th N. Y. and 3rd N. J. near us. Commenced rain-
ing before we got our tents pitched. Cold, wet night. Slept very
Monday, 3rd. Moved on at 8 o'clock having waited for tents
to dry off. Passed Catlett Station and reached Warrenton Junc-
tion at noon. Burnside's Hdqrs. here. One Div. here. Passed one
at Manassas, at Ferrero and one at Bristol. Drew hay for our
feed, also oats for three days. Also 7 wagons. Kept quite busy.
Didn't get much sleep ; ordered to march at 2 A. M. Cold — Tea— 8
days of commissaries and 5 of forage.
4th. Got off before 4 o'clock. Came up with one div. of in-
fantry at Bealeton Station. Beautiful morning. Went on to Brandy
Station, unsaddled and got dinner and finally remained overnight.
Drew hay and picked up some oats. Fight at Chancellorsville. Did
5th. Orders to march at 4 o'clock. Got up in time for break-
fast. Today our forces seem to abandon Brandy Station, and the
railroad. Most of the army across the Rapidan and Germania Ford.
Reached the ford with 300 cattle at 10. Four companies reported
to Gen. Wilcox. Infantry crossing all day, 9th Corps. A very
warm day. Dusty roads, faces all crisped. Rapidan a narrow
rocky bottom, high banks, rapid stream. Rappahannock narrow
and less rapid. Went into camp about a mile from the river, rode
May, 1864 115
out Pike to our pickets. Rebel pickets in sight. Very heavy firing
on the left in the 6th Sedgwicks Corps. Quite heavy loss. Rumor
that Butler was in Petersburg and Thomas fighting at Dalton.
(Beginning of Grant's attack on Lee and the Campaign of the
6th. Regt. saddled and moved out into position at 2 o'clock.
After breakfast went out to Regt. awhile. Very hot. Firing com-
menced at daylight. Heaviest again in Sedgwick's Corps. Bum-
side over near Chancellorsville. Just about dark firing was very
heavy. Various reports in regard to loss. Dreamed last night of
7th. At 1 o'clock, received orders to pull out. Followed some
3rd Div. trains. Went down near Chancellorsville and breakfasted.
Firing commenced early. Very hot and sultry. Regt. still back
at the Ford. Moved to Chancellorsville (the walls of a brick house
mark the spot) and remained over night. A good many fortifica-
tions remaining of those thrown up a year ago. Firing has been
incessant all day. Troops passing towards Spottsylvania all night.
8th. During the day moved to Todd's Tavern. A large open
space. All the trains of the army parked here. An ocean of teams.
Pulled out a short distance after dark. General order saying that
our armies had been victorious at Spottsylvania during the day.
Parked near Gen. Bumside's Hdqrs. Saw Gen. Stevenson, Patten
and Patrick. Maj. Nettleton stayed with us. Considerable en-
couraging news in regard to Butler and Thomas.
9th. Moved half a mile in the afternoon and then divided my
forage to last till Sunday. Many of the teams on quarter rations.
Hard fighting, all day.
10th. During the day went to the regt. Some beef, 16V^
cents per pound. Thomas and I went to the front. Arrived there
at nearly sundown just as a charge was to be made. Gen. Grant,
Meade and several lesser generals with staffs out. We fell in. Col.
Upton's Brigade charged and took the enemy's works with a brig-
ade of rebs under Dough. Grant had one of his never-ending stubs
in his mouth, and puffed freely. Both Grant and Meade looked
serious and thoughtful till the news of success came. Then they
seemed pleased. Grant said "That looks like desperation, surren-
dering without firing a gun." But they had held their ground
stubbornly during the day. Grant said "A brigade today, will try
a corps tomorrow." Never felt more animated. I felt such a re-
lief from the suspense and anxiety which had been upon me for
several days. I presume nearly the whole of the army and country
are as uneasy and anxious as I. I awake frequently during the
night. "H." moved half a mile last night towards Fredericks-
burg. Rained most all day. Heavy fighting all day, with little
success. Several charges made, but rebs repulsed them.
12th. Orders early to move. Sent 10 teams yesterday after
forage. Sent two today for rations; Went with Pike and Ed.
Livingston to the front, raining quite hard. Last night Gen.
116 War Diary
Hancock moved from right to left and this morning captured a
division of Rebs under Johnson — Bushrod, I hear. Several charges
made to little purpose. Ed and I visited our breastworks and one
battery of 15 guns. Napoleon 12 arid Rifled guns. Artillery firing
very heavy all along the lines. Train pulled out about 2 o'clock
and moved to within 3 miles of Fredericksburg. Cut off several
miles of bad roads. Camped a little after dark. Rainy night.
Firing still continues.
13th. Comparatively quiet today. Christ's brigade, Pa. and
Mich. 9th Corps badly cut up in a charge. Com. killed beef and
took to the command. Saw a paper of the 11th. Forage train
14th. Sent forage to the Regt. Maj. Seward came with four
companies from Belle Plains. Gave several some dinner. Maj.
Seward remained with us, unable to ride further. Regt. near Todd's
Tavern. No news from the army. Report that it is swinging
round to the left. Some fighting in Burnside's Corps.
Sunday, 15th. Trains passing to the rear all night and today.
Started teams for forage. Rainy night and cloudy today. Several
from the Regt. down, Col. P. — Regt. under Maj. Nettleton had a
fight with a brigade of rebs. Lost 15 or 20 horses, and four men
were wounded. Rebs fell back as soon as the "dark cloud" made
its appearance. Big reports came to the rear. Guess Button
showed little pluck.
16th. Moved down to the valley near Fredericksburg. Went
into town twice and looked at the fortifications and city. It must
have been beautiful before the war. Scenery along the river
splendid. Went around with Nettleton and Seward. Town full
17th. Lay in camp all day. Played whist with Seward and
18th. Read Independents and " Night and Morning," by
Charles Leper. Hard fighting today at Spottsylvania, nearly a
drawn game. Ours if either.
19th. Went down with Thede to Spottsylvania. Visited all
the fortifications. Went to the picket line. Could see the rebs very
distinctly in rifle pits and works. Our fortifications only 1200
yds. apart. Train captured and recaptured.
20th. Birge got in last night with oats. Went out to Regt.
Considerable excitement on account of report that Ewell had
flanked our army and was about to attack Fredericksburg.
21st. Regt. back at F. All trains leaving on Bowling Green.
Got off at dark. 4 miles during the night.
2nd. Got into Guiney Station at noon. Stayed till the next
23rd. Aroused at 1:30 a. m. Got oflF at 3:30. I went back
to the regt. and remained till 3 P. M. Reached the train at Milford
Station, 3 miles below Bowling Green. A beautiful little village.
A splendid rolling country. Rows of trees along the road each
side. A good night's rest.
June, 1864 117
24th. Read in ''Villette/' Saw Lt. Bennett, 44th N. Y.
Heavy firing in the distance nearly all day. Train moved out in
the evening. Crossed the Mattapony. Went one and one-half
mile? and camped at 1 :30 A. M.
25th. Troops crossed the North Anna. Regt. camped near
the train. Read in "Villette" and played a little at cards.
26th. A rainy unpleasant day. Went down to the Regt.
Regt. moved in the evening to Milford and on towards the ''White
House." Trains commenced passing to the rear by another road
to the white house.
27th. Orders to hitch up about 11 A. M. Moved about 3 P. M.
Read one volume of "Marble Faun." Marched all night.
28th. Saw Col. P. Train moved on to Newtown and camped.
Regt. ordered to the cavalry corp. Made preparations to remain
with the Regt. — Thede, Hank, Barb and I. Regt. captured nine
reb wagons yesterday. Plenty of corn and bacon. Glee Club gave
some music at F. F. V., reb family.
29th. Sunday. Reached the 3rd Div. C. C. little before
midnight. 1st Brigade Col. Mcintosh. Camped near Hanovertown
on the Pamunkey. Crossed the Mattapony today and passed
through Dunkirk. Like to remain with the Regt.
30th. Remained in camp till 5 P. M. when we were ordered
to march. Went out one mile and dismounted. Soon received
orders to return to camp. Artillery firing commenced early in the
morning and continued all day — ^terrific towards evening. A con-
tinuous roar. What suspense. God grant that we may be suc-
cessful. May He give wisdom and grace to our leaders, strength
and nerve to our men and victory to our cause. We must be suc-
cessful, for it must be that the right is on our side. I would give
anything to know and witness how goes the battle. A very warm
31st. Saddled up and moved at 3 A. M. Crossed the Pam-
unkey and took Hanover Court House. About two miles from
town began skirmishing. At noon 2nd made a charge, driving the
enemy and capturing some prisoners, skirmishing till about sun-
down, when the brigade formed and charged the rebel position
about the court house. I was on the left. Rode my horse. Firing
very hot indeed. Rebels held a fence along a sunken road and
several houses. 2nd charged this position. The number of dead
(rebs) left upon the field told plainly the work we did. Rebels
gave way. Came near capturing two pieces of artillery which
played upon us till the last minute. Our regiment lost 25 in killed
and wounded. Remained in position during night. In the morn-
ing moved on towards Ashland.
June 1st. Skirmishing all the way to Ashland under Mcin-
tosh. 5th N. Y. in advance. Soon after reaching Ashland rear
was attacked. Then commenced a fight lasting till near sundown,
118 War Diary
when we left up the R. R. track by order of Gen. Wilson, who was
on the telegraph road with the remainder of Div. Reached Han-
over C. H. about 11 P. M., the object of the movement being
accomplished, viz. : bridges over the North Anna were destroyed.
Again the 2nd O. V. V. C. did splendidly — probably saving the
June 2nd. Lay in camp near Hanover C. H. at Dr. Price's
till dark when we moved towards White House. Went into camp
about 2 A. M.
3rd. Reinforcements coming in rapidly via W. H. and also
Fredericksburg. 13th O. C. arrived. Saw paper of the 31st.
News very encouraging. Reported move of rebel infantry around
and to rear of Bumside's right. Guess old Grant has fixed it so
as to give them a warm reception.. Rained yesterday and last night.
Our troops in good spirits. 2nd Brigade in our advance. Fought
over the ground near Salem Church where our Cavalry Corps had
a severe fight with rebel infantry the day they crossed the Pam-
unkey. Col. Prescott, 1st Vermont, killed and Lt. Col. 1st Conn,
wounded in the thigh. Rebs retreated beyond our fortifications.
1st Brigade Battery fired a little. Moved up to the outer works
and remained till night. 2nd Brigade formed over to the left
nearly at right angles to Bumside's line. Three Divisions of rebel
infantry, Heths of Ewell's Corps, Rhodes of Hill's, and one of
Longstreet's charged the flank of Bumside. Rebs were repulsed
with great slaughter. 2nd Brigade did splendidly. The cross fire
of artillery and musketry just mowed down the rebels. 1st Brigade
moved back and formed where we formed in the morning. Slept
till morning. Letter from home. May 15.
4th. Soon after daybreak Regt. moved up. Packs ordered
up and breakfast got near the church. Regt. dismounted and put
into the breastworks. Rebel cavalry charged and drove our boys
from the first line of works, by flanking them. Soon column came
up and rebs ran back. Had one killed and two or three wounded
in their scrape. Tom came up in the evening, going back to the
company, would like to go myself. About sundown the firing on
Bumside's right was the most terrific I ever heard and continued
for nearly half an hour. It must have been an assault. Am anx-
ious to hear the result. Gen. Torbert's division of cavalry arrived.
Regt. nearly all on duty.
Sunday, 5th. Rainy and cool this morning. Would that I
could see some of the dear home friends. A letter from Minnie
Friday did us much good. Hear the glad result of the fighting
last night. Rebels charged our center from five to eight times and
every time were repulsed. Passed the day mostly under the fly,
visiting with the boys, reading my testanlent and thinking over old
times, troubles, joys, blessings, etc. The phantom form still haunts
me day and night. Cleared off before sundown. All the commis-
sary corps here now. Gen. Wilson remarked today to Gen. Sheri-
dan that the 2nd Ohio was the best regiment in the Div., that the 5th
N. Y. was formerly but it had to yield to the 2nd now.
June, 1864 119
6th. During the morning the corps fell back to "Old Church
Tavern," near Newcastle on the Pamunkey to rest men and recruit
horses. I went on to the train to see about forage, etc. Took sup-
per with the boys. Like Capt. Viall very much. A very pleasant
man but of little principle, I guess. Tom came back with me. He
returned to company.
7th. Our wagons came up. Went down again to train. Took
four mules to draw forge. Q. M. away, so failed. Have worked
pretty faithfully for a forge but yet without success. Saw Col. of
2nd N. Y. this morning and borrowed a forge — temporarily. Got
some clothing and shoeing tools.
8th. Got an order from Col. Hammond and procured a forge
of the 5th N. Y.. an old one, shoes and nails. 2nd O. V. C. went
out on picket. Relieved 1st Conn. Firing still continues at inter-
vals along the line. Grant is getting siege guns up to the front.
Everything looks encouraging. Railroad in progress.
9th. Read in "Queen Mab," by Julia Kavanagh. Shoeing
horses as rapidly as possible. A very sultry, oppressive day. A
few drops of rain. Turned in to Capt. Viall 3 contraband mules
temporarily. Hired David Brooks.
10th. Friday. Cloudy this morning and a cool refreshing
breeze stirring. Wrote a letter home. Would we could see the
dear friends. Regt. relieved from picket. I feel happy and con-
tented today. Would that these uneasy, dark, gloomy moments
would never come again. Night of the 4th dreamed of a lost friend.
11. Wrote to Fred Allen, and Watson Jones. Big mail came.
Whole month. Big feast.
12th. Wrote a letter of apology to Mr. Brown, our former
chaplain. Would my temper, etc., never got the upper hand of me.
Read Independents. Afternoon ordered to move in evening. Sent
off train. Our Regt. in rear till midnight.
13th. In the morning our regiment left at White House road
on picket and rear guard. Several prisoners. Whole army moved.
Rear guard until we crossed the Chickahominy, a narrow, swampy,
insignificant stream. Remained near the river — ^south bank — till
dark. Moved on towards Charles City C. H.— camping from 2
A. M. till daylight.
14th. Moved on to Charles City, and drew one-half day's
rations of provisions. Remained saddled till 3 P. M. when we moved
back on the Richmond road to the junction of Richmond and Harri-
son Landing roads. Remained saddled at some church till morn-
ing. Hasty breakfast.
15th. Moved out on Richmond road, and Malvern Hill road
till we encountered the enemy. Six companies of our regiment on
extreme left skirmish line — rest in reserve, till the 18 P. V. were
driven back in a little disorder; then the six companies were
ordered in. So much confusion on part of 18th that we were into
the rebs or they into us before we knew it. Then came confusion
of orders. Our boys saw rebel infantry. Did them some damage.
120 War Diary
By order fell back a few rods and then held our line. One of Co.
A killed and one of Co. M wounded. After one-half hour ordered
to fall back. Nettleton's Batt. holding the rebs — ^mounted — 2 men
wounded and 3 horses killed. Awfulest place for a fight we were
ever in. Very thick pine brush and few trees. Woods on fire and
smoke almost intolerable. Got out well. Fell back to junction
of roads. I dismounted to fight. 2nd Ohio on picket. Co. M. or-
dered back to Smith's store where we had fought. Rebs came in
rear. Killed Sergt. Edson. One missing. Quiet till morning. Deep
sleep. Rations issued. We failed to get any. Oh this is the most
fatiguing work we ever did.
16th. Engineer Corps came out and made fortifications. 2nd
had strong works. Co. D left in a fort thing built by Co. in evening
over night. Just at dusk before regt. fell back, rebels came out to
open place and we gave them a volley. Co. D withdrew to works
soon after daylight — rebs appearing in force. Great deal of sport.
Rebs came down to mill. Our boys would fire and they would aim
to kill. Dropped one horse and probably one man. Withdrew at
dark to Charles City Landing, arriving at 3 A. M., horses having
remained under the saddle 108 hours with no feed and little graz-
ing, horses very weak. Report that Petersburg had been captured
17th. Moved soon after daylight across the James River on
pontoon bridges. River full of boats, splendid river. Camped
till 3 P. M. Drew rations and forage. Moved to 4 miles of Peters-
burg, other brigade too. Camped at 10 P. M. till morning.
18th. At 4 A. M. moved out on Sussex C. H. road and camped
8 miles from Petersburg. In evening drew rations and forage. In
P. M. awful connonading and musketry, the most terrific we have
yet heard. Already last night we held all but the inner line of
works. Captured 22 guns and many prisoners. Report that the
blacks captured one fort with 4 guns, and killed all the garrison.
Yesterday was almost sick, am better today, but weak. Awful bad
water for a few days. Oh the anxiety to know the result of the
fighting today. God grant us success.
19th. Sunday. Bathed and washed shirt and drawers. Read
some in the Acts of the Apostles. Went to headquarters with
20th. Moved camp into the woods to the left of the old camp
in the open field. Major Nettleton attacked with dysentery. Letter
last night from George, the night before, from home. Both wel-
come. Drew two days' forage.
21st. Tuesday. Wrote home and to George's people in Tenn.
Saw Gen. Kautz. He came over to pay us a visit. It seemed good
to shake his hand and talk with him once more. Hope that we can
be transferred to his command. He encouraged us. Prepji^^tions
for a big move tomorrow by the cavalry. May success attend us.
Kautz thinks that Richmond is a certain capture. Very hot day.
Maj. N. goes to hospital, best man in our Regt., brave, upright.
June, 1864 121
modest, dignified and sound in principles and morals. Would the
same could be said of more of our officers.
22nd. Up last night till midnight issuing oats, etc., and draw-
ing clothing. Regt. up at 1 A. M. and moved at 2. Moved through
byroads around to the Jerusalem Plank road across to Reams'
Station on the Weldon and Petersburg R. R. having crossed the
Norfolk R. R. Burned the station and water tanks and a quantity
of wood. Moved off to Dinwiddie C. H. and then across the coun-
try to the Petersburg and Lynchburg R. R. Destroyed several
miles of track, tearing up much and burning fence rails on the
rest. Don't think this did much good. Kautz captured two trains
of cars loaded with furniture, etc., from Petersburg. Went into
camp at 11 and remained till 1:30 A. M. (This began the famous
and rather disastrous "Wilson's Raid.")
23rd. Moved on the R. R. destroying as we went till noon,
when we got dinner. 12 miles from Burkesville a rebel force under
W. H. Lee as reported of about 2000 cavalry got between Kautz
and Wilson. Fight commenced immediately and lasted till dark —
our brigade in rear. Drove the rebs at dark in a charge — our regt.
on picket and in support of a battery. Got a good night's rest.
Pickets firing all the time.
24th. At 3 A. M. breakfasted. Column moved out on Meher-
rin road — our Regt. the rear guard. Reached the station at 4 P. M.
On picket. Troops destroyed the track as they advanced. Road
made of stringers and bar iron spiked on. Destruction almost
complete. Disturbed but little on picket.
25th. Up early and moved at 4 A. M. 2nd Brigade in rear.
Passed through Keysville at 5 A. M. Took a detail of 20 men away
from column for horses and mules. A great many men dismounted
in the heat of yesterday. Went 6 or 7 miles to the right of the
R. R. Passed through a very rich and beautiful country. Never
saw more splendid crops. Went to Charlotte C. H. (Charlotte
(Co.) C. H. is given as Marysville on war maps, and in Century
Atlas as Smithville.) Detachment of 2nd N. Y. broke open stores,
released two civil prisoners and did many things out of the way.
Our boys did not indulge in one thing disgraceful to my knowledge.
People complimented us very highly. Seemed very thankful that we
were so kind to them. They seemed perfectly surprised that we did
not burn and rob. What a shame that Southern papers should de-
ceive the country so in regard to our army. Got dinner at Mrs.
Smith's, very pleasant and kind. Wanted my name, for she should
always remember me with a feeling of kindness and obligation. Son
in Wise's brigade. Rejoined the column near Mossing Ford with
about 25 mules and horses. All the stock and carriages had been run
farther off. Many pretty girls in town, some refugees from Freder-
icksbui:g. Most of them had been north and had dear friends there.
Dressed neatly, pleasant and educated. Pleased with the trip.
Halted one mile from the Staunton river. Artillery firing. Rode up
to the front with Col. Purington. Rebels fortified on west bank of
122 War Diary
the river. Heavy fort on one side of the R. R. and a battery on the
other. Entrenchments right on the bank of the river. Our boys
on the east bank without protection. Our batteries in prominent
position commanding bridge and reb works. Quite a duel. Our
boys suffered from grape and canister. Reb force supposed to be
about 1000 militia and 300 regulars. At 11 moved by our batteries
in easy range of reb batteries up the river R. R. crossing covered
with hay to muffle the sound. Depot buildings full of wounded.
Moved on to Wylliesburg, arriving at daylight.
26th. Kautz left the Staunton just before daylight. Passed
through Christianville, getting a good supply of corn and oats.
Crossed the south fork of the Meherrin river and camped. All
27th. Moved out early in the morning. Encountered rebs
about noon. Encamped an hour. 2nd Ohio on picket. Moved
nearly all night. Stopped from 1 :30 till 3. 8 miles from Lawrence-
28th. D. and L. companies extremes. 2nd Ohio in advance.
Stopped at one rich plantation thoroughly secesh. Col. said to the
lady of the house, "We are out foraging today and are coming
down here to live soon." She said, "I guess Gen. Lee will have
something to say about that." Crossed the Nottoway at the double
bridge. After crossing Stony Creek encountered rebels in force.
2nd soon in. Charged — drove rebs. Rebs charged back again and
drove us. Brigade dismounted and went into the woods and soon
into the open fields and drove the rebs back some distance. 2nd
Batt. in picket. After firing moved up to a house and lane and
formed. Advanced. Soon close and heavy work. Night came on.
Boys hastily built breastworks of rails 50 yds from rebs. Soon our
Regt. was reduced to 50 or 60 men who lay upon their faces till
midnight, when the line withdrew a little. I was mounted for some
time in the lane and behind the house, firing and carrying orders
till the line advanced when I dismounted and led forward with the
line. Awful hot. Horse got away once. Before midnight my lungs
began to bleed so badly that I mounted and went back to Artillery
and then to a fire. Several very heavy volleys by the rebs — said
to be infantry.
29th. By daylight, all our force save three Regts. and brigade
for rear guard had moved out towards Ream's Station. Heavy fir-
ing in rear. Soon heard that rebs had got between horses and men
and captured nearly all. Reached Ream's Station about noon. Reb-
els in heavy force, cavalry and infantry. Longstreet's Corps being
along the railroad to Weldon. Kautz went on in morning to take
position. Sent back word that the command could not get through.
Wilson said we must. Soon organized to charge through. Then
this was given up. 5th N. Y. partly dismounted and part in re-
serve. Same with 2nd Ohio. Then mounted as reserve. Wilson
got ready to leave by the road we came — ^burned the wagons and
June, 1864 123
moved on. Soon rebs came on dismounted in our rear. Very
heavy force. Moved off regularly towards the battery, which opened
with grape and canister. Moved up to Kautz* division through
the woods. Col. absent — don't know why. Kautz said the orders
were to get out the best way possible. Columns moved near to-
gether. Moved to the southwest to near Stony Creek Station
and crossed the R. R. Advance charged the rebs. Kautz had
considerable fighting at first. Soon after crossing the R. R. rebs
came upon our rear and we had a run of several miles — 5th Penn.
and Detachments of several regts. — Col. West in command. No
advance or rear guard. Had I been a line officer, I should have or-
ganized a force rear guard. Did propose the thing to Capt. Easton,
but he couldn't see it. Held up and walked determined if there
were any more firing to fall out and call upon 2nd Ohio and wait.
Tom Wood, brave and true boy, fell out with several others and
formed rear guard when almost within our lines. Rebs in ambush
fired upon them and killed Tom. Poor fellow. How sorry I am for
his young wife. Camped soon after passing our picket.
30th. Moved on to the 2nd Corps inside of the entrenchments.
6th Corps moved out too late yesterday to relieve us. Tore up sev-
eral miles of the Welden R. R. We are satisfied with our work.
Several miles on the south side R. R. and 25 or 30 miles of the Dan-
ville R. R. Sorry that we could not get out without so much loss.
Blame Wilson. No grain and no day's rations.
July 1st. Got a light ration of forage. Lay in the dirt all
day. Bought some rations and got some sanitary stores. Got
along well. Ordered to move in the morning at 6.
2nd. Rations of forage and commissary. Marched about 8.
Went by the 9th Corps. Maj. Seward, Meeks, Thede and I rode over
to Wilcox's Div. and saw Reeve Spencer. Went up to the line and
saw the 60th Ohio. Got popped at twice by sharpshooters, and were
careful too. Took dinner with Reeve. Our works strong but rebel
works full as strong and occupying more commanding ground and
much of the ground in rear of our 1st line. Sharpshooters doing
much damage. About 20 hit each day in the Div. Interested in
the heavy works taken by the 18th Corps and by the Darkies.
Saw quite an artillery duel between a heavy battery on our side
and reb battery on the other side of Appomattox. Petersburg in
plain view. Splendid time. Rode down to City Point and thence
to Light House Point where we found our corps, about 200 2nd 0. V.
V. C. quite encouraging. The Detachments came down behind us.
3rd. Went to City Point with Kelly. Had a real good visit
with Brother John. Seemed splendid to see him. Got back to the
corps about dusk. Visited the Sanitary. Big thing. (Prof. John
M. Ellis was serving on the Christian Commission at City Point.)
124 War Diary
4th. Spent the day very quietly in camp. Have been great
rumors as to today's proceedings, but nothing has occurred as
5th. Marsh came down and stayed to dinner. Moved camp
a mile. A very hot day indeed. Good visit with Marsh. Better
6th. Passed the day quietly in camp. Spencer here today.
Very warm. In a shady place. Nice bower and shade trees in
7th. Got clothing and issued. Not very well today. Have had
several good games of chess with Major. Wrote to Roxena yes-
8th. Barber was sick so Bob and Thede got dinner. Very
warm day. Did very little. Read some.
9th. Finished a letter to Uncle Albert. Not as neat and
concise as I wish it were. I am too apt to hurry my work of all
kinds — I must be more guarded. Thede went down to see John.
10th. Took the inspected horses to Quartermaster Stone and
turned them in — 79 to be receipted for by Lt. Spangler. Had a good
bath. Read several articles in the Atlantic. My eyes are occasion-
ing me considerable trouble. Have thought of home a good deal to-
day. Many of the officers are thinking of going home when their
three years' term expires. Of course it would be pleasant to go
home as soon as possible, but many officers promised their men that
they would remain with them. I don't know what I shall do. I
could not go to Oberlin to stay and I have no desire to go elsewhere
and I think for the present every man able should bear arms.
11th. Was busy in the morning. Went to Q. M.'s and C. S.'s.
Thought some of going to see John, but gave up the idea. Wrote
home. Thede wrote too. Read some in Atlantic. Played game of
"Seven Up" with Lukins.
12th. Drew and issued clothing. Very sultry day. Sprinkled
this morning and tonight. Wrote to Tom Wood's wife. Nettleton
went to Point. Good many rumors about our going away North,
13th. Wrote home and to Hugh Beer's wife. More clothing.
14th. Papers of the 13th. Grand panic in Baltimore and
15th. Extra men moved near Hdqrs. John came down and
remained over night. Splendid time. Brought stores for Regt.
16th. Rode to City Point with John. Visited the hospitals of
5th Corps with him. Good time. Enjoyed it much. Saw Hamilton.
Surg. N. Y. Regt. Eyes quite sore.
17th. Spent the day very quietly in camp, over Independents
and other papers. Wrote home and to Lucy Randall Campbell.
18th. Relieved the 1st N. H. on picket near Cox's Mills. Major
Nettleton, while relieving pickets, had horse shot. Lt. 1st N. H.
killed by his side. Guerrilas in ambush. Hdqrs. in a pleasant shady
July, 1864 125
19th. Played some at chess and read a little in Shakespeare.
Eyes quite weak. Letters from home and Floy. Quiet. Heavy
firing in direction of Petersburg. Rained almost all day.
20th. All quiet with the pickets. Played some at chess. Read
papers and "Othello." Wrote to Ella Clark.
21st. 2nd N. Y. and 1st Conn, came out early and relieved
us. Beat Col. P. a game of chess. Camped in the woods near our
old camp. We have a nice place.
22nd. Transferred forge to 3rd Jersey. Thede and I rode
to City Point. Bigelow and we took dinner with John. Pleasant
time. Visited Capt. Dorsey. Enjoyed the ride.
23rd. Saturday. Nettleton went to the Point yesterday so he
did not go down this evening for John.
24th. Sunday. A. M. went to the Point for John. He came
out and preached for us at 4 P. M. Goodly number out. Excellent
remarks. A. B. and I rode back with him and remained over night
on account of rain. Horse fell upon my leg going down. No se-
rious harm. Came near breaking it. Good visit with John. Saw
25th. Monday. Waited till 10 o'clock and saw John off
Started for home. We envy him. Would we could go too. Got
home about noon. In the evening marched to left of the army and
relieved a brigade of the 2nd Div. on picket. Our regiment on the
right of the brigade.
26th. Day spent improving the picket line, etc. Word came
in P. M. that rebs were preparing for a movement on the left.
Caution ordered. No demonstration.
27th. In morning accompanied Col. P. and Maj. N. on a
tour to visit our line, and brigade of infantry. Rebs in plain view.
No firing in front of infantry for two weeks.
28th. Boys exchanged papers with Johnnies. Got one of the
27th. No news. Have played chess considerably for a week or two.
Have not been victor for a few days.
29th. Friday. The Major went down to see friends in the
18th Corps, a failure. I thought of accompanying him but through
a blunder didn't go. My eyes have occasioned me much trouble of
late. At 10 P. M. Thede and I made our way to 9th Corps Hdqrs.
to see affair reported to come off in morning.
30th. Got a sightly position in front of the 18th Corps where
all points of interest were in view. Lay till sunrise upon one of
the leveled forts, a cannon ball visiting the vicinity frequently.
Just at sunrise a cloud of dust and dirt rising suddenly into the
air, followed by a distant rumble, gave us warning that the work
had commenced. The dust had hardly reached its height when 200
guns opened. The scene was wonderfully grand. We watched for
two hours. We couldn't see the maneuvering of troops. As the
fort went up, the 9th Corps went in with a yell, and took the works
where the opening was made. The colored troops charged on
against the next line and were repulsed with great slaughter. Many
126 War Diary
regard the whole thing as a failure. Returned to camp. (This
refers to one of the most spectacular and unsuccessful events of the
war — Bumside's explosion of a mine under Mahone's rebel division
and forts in front of Petersburg. This "crater" is still a "show"
place. 1911. A. B. N.).
31st. Sunday. Relieved from picket and marched to Brigade
Hdqrs. Camped in woods. Fixed a bower. A very hot day, yes-
terday too. Report that the portion of the enemy's works occupied
after mine explosion was abandoned today by order of Gen Grant.
Received letters from Mr. Brown and my good Sarah Felton, also
notes from Ed and Otto.
August 1st. Monday. Commenced a letter to Sarah. Wrote
home. Regt. remained saddled some time in the morning in an-
ticipation of an attack. Went on picket in evening.
2nd. Finished a letter to Sarah. My eyes are so weak that I
can use them but very little.
3rd. Received papers of 1st claiming a grand victory here —
all bosh — sorry. Some one is much at fault that the grand plan
of July 30, 1864, failed. Grant seems to have used the best strat-
egy and skill. Who is at fault will soon be determined. Visited
the picket line. Saw the Johnnies. Many amusing incidents occur
daily. As our line fell back July 30 the rebel line advanced. When
we went back Johnnies occupied one of our posts. Had saluted
the sergeant and asked if we intended establishing our old line and
carelessly fell back. Today Johnnies and our men gather apples
from the same trees. Boys trade tobacco, coffee and many things.
4th. Thursday. Letters received from Mr. Charles Wood
and Mrs. Beers. Regt. relieved in the night.
5th. Friday. Brigade marched at sunrise. Relieved by 2nd
Div. Reached City Point before noon. 18th P. V. embarked for
Washington. 2nd Ohio went to Landing. On board and anchored
off the Point. Took a bath before leaving wharf. While hastily
looking for Col. P. for detail to load oats, I accidentally walked off
into the river. Had my revolver on and coat and pants in my arms.
Soon found a board nailed upon a pile and hung on till helped out.
Lost my hat. God is kind. I owe him gratitude for saving me.
(This was the beginning of Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley cam-
paign in which the 2nd Ohio was prominent.)
6th. Saturday. A very pleasant ride down the James.
Rounded Lighthouse Point. Soon passed Harrison's Landing, then
Fort Powhatan and Wilcox's Landing. Here danger from reb
guns ceased. The old Jamestown site on left bank, a few chimneys
still standing, Newport near where the Merrimac fight came off,
Cumberland and Congress sunk. Sewall's Point across, eight
miles down Fortress Monroe. Went ashore. Everything carried
August, 1864 127
on in the finest style. Splendid fort, having an armament of over
200 guns and "The Union" monster gun which fired a shot from
Fort Monroe to SewalFs Point, 8 miles. Ripraps still progressing.
A splendid fort built in center of stream on the shoals. Gov't pris-
oners at work on it. Through Hampton Roads into the Chesapeake
and Atlantic. Passing Old Point Comfort, the bay is very wide.
Saw an American and English frigate and a French gunboat. An
English cutter manned by 8 or 10 fellows in white came ashore.
Reached Point Lookout about sundown, the ironclad Roanoke lying
off the point. Up the river, 12 miles, and anchored for the night.
A most pleasant trip. Stormed enough to roughen the bay a little.
Good fare upon the boat. Pass hundreds of boats, most of them
making their way to City Point, I suppose. Phosphorus.
7th. Sunday. Moved up the Potomac. Had a good view of
Mt. Vernon. A beautiful location. Passed Fort Washington.
Reached Giesboro about noon. Moved up to the woods between
Camp Stoneman and Washington. Got forage and settled down.
8th. Put in an estimate for clothing and drew forage.
9th. Tuesday. Thede sold his horse. Went over to town and
procured some clothing.
10th. Wednesday. Had charge of the dock and disembarking
of troops at the wharf. Rode to town near evening.
11th. Retained my order for duty but was allowed to go to
town. Tried to find Mr. Mills' and Mr. Holtslander's but A. B. gave
me the wrong directions. Filled up my requisition and went to
Washington and drew clothing. Visited the Capitol.
12th. Friday. Drew and issued more clothing during the day.
At 5 P. M. division moved. A. B., Thede and I went ahead. Had
two dishes of ice cream at expense of George Palmer. Went to the
depot and saw 150 O. N. G. starting home. It makes us almost
homesick and yet we do not envy them much. Called at Mr. Holts-
lander's — away. Then at Mr. Mills'. Much pleased with the fam-
ily — pretty children — Flint, Leof and Lyra. Marched 15 miles.
Crossed the river at Chain Bridge. Went into camp about mid-
13th. Saturday. Awfully warm. Lay in camp till 4 P. M.
Had charge of brigade train. Rained.
14th. Sunday. Got into camp at noon. Lay all day near
15th. Monday. Brigade commenced pulling out before day-
light. 1st Brigade in rear. Passed through Leesburg about 3 P. M.
Once a very wealthy little town apparently, now old and rusty.
Very noted for rebel sympathy. Saw several pretty ladies.
Camped near Purcellville. In P. M. near Leesburg one wagon got
behind and two rebels jumped out upon the road, stripped a ser-
geant of his arms and clothes and took four mules. Rear guard was
too far behind.
16th. Tuesday. Marched at daylight. Passed through Berry-
ville, where Moseby burned 40 wagons for the 19th Corps a few
128 War Diary
days since. Div. Q. M. Cole went to Harper's Ferry with empty
wagons for supplies, leaving the Div. train, etc., under my charge.
Moved on the road to Front Royal. Camped about midnight.
17th. We moved out at daylight. Passed White Post and
turned towards Winchester, which we reached about noon. Train
passed through and camped on Berryville road. Major Seward re-
ported to escort the train. Moved at 5 P. M. 1st Cav. Div. and 3rd
and one brigade of infantry in line south of town. Skirmishing
till dark, when rebs charged on skirmish line on left and captured
a good many prisoners. Major Nettleton acted as rear guard
through town. Lost one killed, Johnson, and 8 wounded. Com-
mand got through town in haste. Col. Purington and Dutton again
skedaddled, guess they will hear from it this time. Moved to Sum-
mit Point, 16 miles from Harper's Ferry. Rained during the night.
18th. Thursday. Division came up. Moved east of town to
give it opportunity to take position. Unharnessed most of the
day. Visited some with Major Nettleton. Had a good night's rest.
19th. Friday. Have settled several claims during yesterday
and today. Two girls just came with a hay account. If we remain
here it will be pleasant to call there. Harnessed before noon. Our
pickets driven. Read **Roue" by Bulwer.
20th. Saturday. Spent the day quietly in camp. A little
skirmishing between pickets. Rebels reported moving on Martins-
burg. Some talk about officers in regt. Rained.
21st. Sunday. Pickets driven in early. 2nd sent to support
the 3rd N. J. Suffered some. Train ordered back one mile. Went
back. Found rebels in possession of Charlestown road, one mile
further. Sent out a picket from an escort with ambulance train, and
made a little reconnoissance, discovering a small rebel force. Soon
two regiments in charge of half a dozen aides came back to guard
the train through. Laughable time. Passed through Charlestown
and by order of Gen. Torbert, went on to Bolivar Heights, near
Harper's Ferry. Major N. sick and along with us. Got a supper
22nd. Monday. Breakfast at a house near camp. Went over
and saw Lt. Cole, a division Q. M. Went to the Ferry, drew for-
age for animals. 2nd Ohio was on picket last night, deployed as
skirmishers, 2 miles west of Charlestown. At daylight attacked by
the rebels. Capt. Denning, the brave man, and Henry Drake, the
noble and true soldier, mortally wounded, poor men. All forces
fell back. Went out with forage in P. M. I feel it almost a duty
to return to some of the dangers of the officers of the line.
23rd. Tuesday. Lu went back to the regt. Remained with the
brigade all night. Returned to train in time for breakfast. Moved
train over to Cole's. Went with Bob to barbershop. Sent Barber
to his company yesterday. Ficklin has taken his place and is do-
ing splendidly. War news seems favorable. Reports that the en-
emy are retreating down the valley, also that he has turned towards
Washington, former probably true. Lee cannot spare so many
September, 1864 129
men. Cavalry force, 2nd Ohio a part, sent out light on reconnois-
24th. Wednesday. A beautiful day, a little hazy. Forage is-
sued. Boys sent to Frederick to look up brigade train. Fears of
its capture. Train arrived. Boys came down to shoe horses.
25th. Intended to join the regiment, but heard that it had
gone out early on a reconnoissance. Eggleston remained with me.
Maj. N. came up after dark tired out. Train pulled out in night
and Div. crossed the river.
26th. Moved out at daylight. Overtook the command before
it reached Boonsboro. Called on Bayard and Babcock. Was up
on Maryland Heights day before yesterday. Camped at Boonsboro.
27th. Rained last night. Thunder heavy. Moved through
Sharpsburg and over the Antietam battle ground. Turned towards
Williamsport and camped three miles from Sharpsburg.
28th. Sunday. Reveille at 2 A. M. Breakfasted and were on
the road at daylight. Our Brig, in advance. Passed through S.
Rebels in retreat. Overtook the infantry on Jamestown road.
Camped at C.
29th. Up early but did not march. Considerable firing in di-
rection of Smithfield. No reports. Good news in papers.
30th. Marched at 12 :30. Received letter from Mrs. T. Wood.
Camped at Berryville.
31st. At daylight went on a reconnoissance towards Win-
chester. Found rebs and drove them to their main body on the
Opequon. No one hurt. Very spirited little affair.
1st. Lay in camp all day. In evening relieved 3rd Jersey on
picket. Busy most all night drawing oats.
2nd. Friday. At daylight fell back. Left the main road.
Passed through Kabletown and reached the fortified position 3
miles from C. On picket two miles toward B. Nicely settled down,
when ordered to march. Reached B. about midnight. 5th N. Y.
had skirmish with pickets.
3rd. Saturday. Soon after daylight moved out. Passed
through Millwood and White Post, two miles, and returned to M.
and camped. Rained. Moseby has gathered up quite a number of
our men within a few days.
4th. Sunday. Moved back by road. Rebs at Berryville and
in our rear. 2nd Ohio train guard. Custer's brigade suffered some.
Train moved to Rippon. Parked.
5th. Monday. Moved back to B. last night. Rained. Drivers
and dead-beats got scared and pulled out very quickly before we
moved. In line on left of infantry. Skirmishing soon after day-
light. News of fall of Atlanta. All jubilant. Lay in camp till
P. M. then went on picket. Rainy and very unpleasant. Boys suf-
fered. Sat upon their horses and at the foot of trees all night.
130 War Diary
6th. Tuesday. Relieved at dark. Spent the day getting
papers signed. Letter from home. Oats and rations. Not in camp
till after dark. Pleasant place.
7th. Wednesday. Division moved out at 4 :30. Our regiment
in rear, reconnoissance. Went within two miles of Winchester,
found the enemy and returned — sharp firing. In camp at dark.
8th. Thursday. Rainy and cool. Lay still all day. Read
''Charles Vivasseur." Wagons came up, oats and rations. Wrote
home and to Mrs. Wood.
9th. Friday. Moved camp, beautiful place on left and rear of
infantry. Busy. Regiment not to be consolidated.
10th. Saturday. Busy over monthly papers. Letter from
home. Fixed up my commissary returns.^
11th. Sunday. Spent the day quietly in camp. Read papers
and "Lady of the Lake."
12th. Monday. Regt. went out on a scout to Millwood. Re-
mained in camp. Read some and worked. Considerable rain for
two or three days. Cold nights.
13th. Beautiful, clear morning. Brigade on a scout. Took
in a S. Carolina regt. The 2nd Ohio charged them (Infantry) driv-
ing them into a little piece of woods and surrounding them. Whole
line of battle in sight. The Col. and 145 men surrendered, our loss
slight. In good spirits.
14th. Wednesday. Regt. was on picket near Berryville. Went
to Harper's Ferry with forges.
15th. Thursday. Returned to Berrjrville. Rode rapidly with-
out company most of the way.
16th. Remained in camp. Read and wrote.
17th. Saturday. Got officers to sign papers. Forges get
18th. Sent regt. wagons loaded to Ferry. Preparations to
move. 2nd Ohio made a reconnoissance, driving rebs across the
Opequon. All Q. M.s ordered to Ferry with wagons. Houghton
told me there was business on hand and the General would like me
for aide. Soon an order came for me to report. I was pleased.
Moved out and then back into camp over night.
(Battle of Winchester)
19th. Monday. Moved at 2 A. M. Slept with Houghton.
Reached the Opequon about daylight, 2nd N. Y. charging. After
*In my possession are a large number of these diiplicate packages of
"Monthly Returns of Quartermasters Stores," "Monthly Returns of Clothing,
Camp and Garrison Equipage, Abstracts, Vouchers," etc., etc., all carefully
assorted and securely fastened. (F. D. T.) The following is a copy of one
of the vouchers : "I certify on honor that during the months of November and
December, 1864, the following quartermasters* stores were necessarily expend-
ed under my direction in Co. C, 2nd Ohio Cav.: 113, one hundred and thirteen
grain sacks (worn). During the greater portion of this time our Regiment
has been continually moving and these sacks have been used for bedding, for
horses and men. Luman H. Tenney,
Capt. 2nd Ohio Cav.
Camp Russell, Va., December 30, 1864. Com*d*g Co. C."
October, 1864 131
this, constant charging till we drove a rebel brigade of infantry
from fortified position. Very hard fighting. Gen. Mcintosh always
in the van. When Gen. Sheridan' came up he patted Mc. on shoulder
and said, "You have done nobly.*' Moved to left. More charging
on flank. Gen. Mc. and Chapman wounded. Purington in com-
mand. Just before dark whole rebel force was routed. Followed
8 miles and camped.
20th. Followed up, picking up stragglers. Halted near Front
21st. Wednesday. At daylight in fog crossed the river at a
charge, driving Wickham's brigade. Came upon their force in
strong position, 8 miles, reb battery.
22nd. Rebs at Milford, fortified. Whole Cav. corps up. Skir-
mishing all day. At night fell back. Great victory by infantry.
23rd. Friday. Withdrew to Buckton across the South Fork.
Had we only gone in yesterday, what success. Moved back near
Milford. Camp at 12 P. M.
24th. After breakfast moved on. 1st and 2nd in advance,
rebel works strong. Crossed the South Fork and camped in Mas-
sanutten Gap. Passed Luray. Captured some prisoners.
25th. Went through the gap to New Market. Clothing and
rations. Marched to Harrisonburg. Infantry here.
26th. Monday. Marched to Staunton, 3rd Div., Regular bri-
gade 1st and 2nd Div. went to Port Republic.
27th. Tuesday. Burned R. R. and stores. Captured Com'y
and Q. M. stores. Quite a time. Visited rebel hospital. Deaf and
Dumb Asylum, and Insane Asylum. Marched to Waynesboro in eve.
28th. Wednesday. Tore up R. R. and iron bridge. Near dark
rebs came up the valley and attacked. Reb infantry got on our
flank. Had to run a gauntlet. 2nd Ohio and 3rd N. J. rear guard.
29th. Thursday. Marched on back road to Bridgewater.
30th. Friday. Rainy day. Borrowed "Charles O'Malley."
1st. Saturday. My birthday. Would I could see Ma and sis-
ters. God bless them. Gen. W. relieved by Gen. Custer. Gen. W.
ordered to Gen. Sherman, Chief of cavalry.
2nd. Sunday. Changed camp. Not unsaddled before enemy
came up and charged pickets through town. 2nd N. Y. and 18th
P. V. charged back, driving rebs over abutments into the river.
Moved back near Dayton.
3rd. Saddled at 4 A. M. No demonstration.
4th and 5th. Paymaster paid off 1st Conn. Drew 8 months'
pay. Lt. Meigs of Sheridan's staff killed by guerrillas.
6th. Moved back, burning every bam and stack on road. Fol-
lowed closely. Camped near Brock's Gap. 5th N. Y. and 18th P. V.
driven back. Considerable uneasiness during night.
Digitized by VjOOQIC
132 War Diaey
7th. Friday. Daylight advanced the line of pickets. Saw
reb. Division massed, 2nd Brigade in rear. Attacked and broken
in the P. M. 1st Brigade checked the rebs, lost some forges and
sheep and cattle. Col. Pennington took command today. Camped
at Columbia Furnace.
8th. Saturday. Moved on at 6 A. M. 1st Brigade in rear.
Rebs charged. 18th P. V., 2nd N. Y. charged back. Then Brigade
formed for the regt. to come in. 18th lost some men, 15.
9th. Sunday. Ma's birthday. God bless her and grant her
many years to live. 55. Packs and train ordered back. Moved
back to fight rebs. Found them at Tom's Brook hill. 5th N. Y. in
advance. 3rd N. J. support. Line soon formed and advance
sounded, then charged. Went in with 2nd Ohio. Completely routed
the Johnnies and ran them pell-mell several miles, capturing 6
pieces of artillery, 12 wagons, 14 ambulances, 154 prisoners. 1st
Div. about the same success. 5 pieces of artillery.
10th. Monday. Lay in camp at Tom's Brook. Letter from
Minnie. Wrote home. Captured property sent to Strasburg.
11th. Tuesday. In camp till 4 P. M. Moved to position on
Cedar Creek, passing Fisher's Hill, via Pike and Strasburg.
Camped near Middletown.
12th. Wednesday. In camp all day.
Report of Lee's Cav. Div. in Sept. :
1st Va 171
IjJ !i J^^ ) Wickham's Brigade.
4th " '//.'.'.'.'/.'.[ 245
5th " 183
6th " 318
15th " 110 ) Lomax' Brigade.
W. H. F. Lee's Brigade, 9th Va., 10th Va. and 13th Va.
Majors F. H. Furguson.
Dr. A. C. Randolph.
Capt. Chas. Cavendish.
Lieut. Chas. Mummigerode.
13th. Thursday. Lay in camp all day. Forage.
14th. Friday. Rebels made a reconnoissance along our whole
15th. Saturday. Moved out to Brigade Hdqrs. in evening.
Two boils. 2nd Ohio on picket.
16th. Sunday. Returned to regt. Ordered to escort Sheridan
to Piedmont. Remained in camp. Read some.
October, 1864 183
17th. Monday. In the morning rebs attacked pickets. Cap-
tured Maj. Morey. 20 men.
18th. Tuesday. All quiet. 2nd Ohio returned.
19th. Wednesday. Firing again on picket. Turned out. At
daylight heavy firing commenced on left with infantry. At 8 A. M.
learned the infantry had fallen back in confusion, losing 24 pieces
of artillery. 8th and 19th corps broken. 6th corps firm and in line.
Cavalry went into position immediately and gave infantry time to
form. Crossed the pike and formed again — under heavy fire all
the time. Kept the position until Sheridan came up, then sent over
to the right again. Charged rebel cavalry. Little before dusk
whole line advanced — routing the rebs. Two regts. of 3rd Div.
charged to the right, driving reb cavalry over Cedar Creek and the
rest charging on right of 19th corps, 5th N. Y. in advance. Over-
took the artillery and wagon trains, capturing it and many pris-
20th. Thursday. Pursued on back road 15 miles, picking up
some prisoners. The victory complete. All worship Sheridan who
turned a complete rout into the most complete victory of the war.
Rebs panic stricken, not even forming at Fisher's Hill. Our loss
in killed and wounded heavy. Gen. Ramseur mortally wounded.
At our old camp.
21st. Friday. Moved camp. Wrote a line home. Beautiful
day. Letter from home yesterday. Regt. went on picket.
22nd. Saturday. The Major started for home on leave of ab-
sence. Wrote a line and sent my money, $750.
Note — The modest entry under date of Oct. 19, 1864, refers to the historic
battle of Cedar Creek, Va., when Sheridan made his famous ride on his black
horse from Winchester, "twenty miles away," and saved the day. During
Sheridan's temporary absence from his army, Gen. H. G. Wright, the next in
command, permitted himself and the army to be totally surprised at three
o'clock in the morning, by the recently defeated army of Gen. Jubal A. Early.
The Union troops were nearly all sleeping in their tents when the enemy's
cannon and musketry opened on them in a terrific onslaught at close range.
The Union artillery was mainly captured, nearly 5,000 Union soldiers killed
and captured, and our army, except the Cavalry and one Division of Infantry,
started in panic and confused retreat towards Winchester in the rear — ^where
Sheridan had spent the previous night. Up to that point the event had been
one of the greatest Union disasters of the war. But about 10 o'clock in the
morning Sheridan arrived on the field in the dramatic manner described in
the poem, "Sheridan's Ride," and instantly all was reversed. Meanwhile the
Cavalry, which had not been involved in the surprise and panic and slaughter,
being encamped on the right and left fianks of the army out of the line of the
attack of Early, had promptly been ordered to the center and front, where
they held the Confederates back from further pursuit until Sheridan's arrival.
Sheridan's presence promptly restored confidence. The retreating and dis-
organized troops quickly rallied, and by 3 P. M. a general charge was ordered
all along the line occupying some four miles front. The Cavalry charge on this
occasion was the finest performance and spectacle at any time witnessed by
the writer during the war. The astonished and recently victorious Confeder-
ates broke in confusion, their retreat was a worse panic than that of the
Union army in the early morning. All our artillery was retaken from the
enemy and some thirty cannon captured in addition, besides great numbers of
prisoners and the entire wagon train of Early. Early's army never made an-
other serious rally. — A. B. N.
134 War Diary
23rd. Sunday. Rode to Army Hdqrs. and to fortifications.
Artillery parked near Hdqrs. Read Independents. Splendid ser-
mon by Re'>\ R. W. Hitchcock. "Blessed be the Lord who teacheth
my hands to war and my fingers to fight."
24th. Monday. Rode to several Hdqrs. with Adj. Pike. Wat-
son and Pearson mustered out. Read papers and letter from home.
25th. Tuesday. Teams came up. Seems good. Hurrying up
Q. M. papers. Letter from Ella Clark.
26th. Wednesday. In camp. Regt. not picket. Cloudy. Pay-
27th. Thursday. Regt. paid off. Drew pay for Sept. and
Oct. On picket. Clothing drawn but not issued. Rainy.
28th. Friday. Regt. came in and drew clothing. Wrote to
Will, Fred and C. G. and D. R. H. Letter from Will, one month on
29th. Saturday. Wrote to Grandpa and Watson Jones.
30th. Sunday. Received order relieving me from Q. M. duty
and assigned to Co. C. McBride a Q. M. Desire to do God's will.
31st. Monday. Spent the day in camp. Wrote home. Read
some in "Dombey & Son.*' A great deal of poker going on, com-
mencing with Hdqrs.
1st. Went on picket in P. M. Board of survey in A. M. Beau-
tiful day. Busy on returns.
2nd. Wednesday. All quiet. Relieved in P. M. Raw cold
day. Dreamed of F. last night. Grief of soul.
3rd. Thursday. A rainy day. Read and wrote on papers.
Was at Brig. Hdqrs.
4th. Friday. Went out with forage detail over in Little North
5th. Saturday. In camp all day. Straightened Q. M. ac-
counts and turned over property to Lt. Dutton.
6th. Sunday. Inspection of division by Major Otis. Undress
parade. Col. Purington took leave of the boys. Given three cheers.
Ordered out on two days' scout. Went to forks of road, Cedar
Creek and Strasburg over Little North and camped. Acted Adjt.
Very laughable scene. A drunken citizen came in, bewildered and
lost, almost frozen. He could find a demijohn of brandy if we could
only tell him where he laid down.
7th. Monday. Went to Cold Spring Gap in Great North
Mountains, then around to Russel's Mills and for forage and camp
in old place.
8th. Tuesday. The decisive day of the nation. If the cause
of the Union prevails today, liberty and union will be ours forever.
God grant the right success. Ordered into camp. Moved back
through Newtown. Rosser reported prowling about. Voted. 201
for Lincoln, 4 for McClellan. Glorious for the 2nd Ohio.
November, 1864 135
9th. Wednesday. After dinner moved to Mt. Zion church.
Met the infantry marching back. Rainy day.
10th. Thursday. Pleasant morning. Clear and mild. Moved
back 214 miles into camp.
11th. Friday. On picket in P. M. Letter from home. Rebs
12th. Saturday. Gen. Rosser attacked 1st Conn, on recon-
noissance. 2nd Ohio charged to help them. Both driven back
after several charges, in some confusion. Brigade out and drove
rebs back — ^at Shells — ^hand-to-hand encounter — charge after
charge. Col. Hull killed. Drove rebs over the creek, four miles.
Rebel brigade came in rear and picked up many stragglers. 2nd
Ohio lost 20. Had my horse wounded. Early's whole army at
13th. Sunday. Reconnoissance by all cavalry to Cedar Creek.
No enemy. Very cold.
14th. Monday. Lay in camp. Wrote home, to Sarah and
15th. Tuesday. In camp. Read some and did company busi-
16th. Wednesday. On picket. Had charge of 2nd Batt. on
outpost. Deserters came in. Quiet time. Guard mounting. Har-
per smd Atlantic.
17th. Thursday. Relieved by 18th P. V. Got into camp a
little before dark.
18th. Friday. Nettleton returned. Letters from home. God
bless the good friends. Commissions for boys. 1st Lt. for me.
Letter from Roxena.
19th. Saturday. Officer of the day. "C" Co. on picket in rear
of camp. Wrote to Uncle Branch.
20th. Sunday. Rest of regt. on picket. Wrote to Lizzie Cobb.
Drew rations and ammunition.
21st. Monday. Out before daylight and moved at 6 A. M., 2nd
and 3rd Divisions. A rainy, cold, disagreeable day. Camped just
22nd. Went on to Mt. Jackson and found the whole of Early's
army posted two miles beyond. Quite lively skirmishing. 2nd
Ohio in rear at the creek. Had charge of 3rd Battalion, broken as
soon as rebs charged through town. Colors in front. Charged back
several times. Infantry kept close on heels of the cavalry. Lyons,
poor boy, is missing. Camped on old ground at Woodstock. A
very cold night.
23rd. Wednesday. Resumed our backward march, the rebs
following as far as Fisher's Hill. Very cold. Walked till sore
footed. Went into old camp.
24th. Thursday. After breakfast went on picket on middle
road, on reserve post. Very quiet but cold — ^little sleep. Many
prayers have gone up today for the welfare of the soldiers and the
salvation of the country. May God soon bring the rebs to their
senses and bring an honorable peace with freedom to all men.
136 War Diary
25th. Friday. Thanksgiving chickens for dinner. Wrote to
Mrs. Beers. Forage caps issued. Considerable dissatisfaction
among the boys. Band played some time.
26th. Saturday. Remained in camp. Read and wrote to Will.
27th. Sunday. Brigade inspection in the morning. Officers
and men are becoming pretty thoroughly disgusted with Col. Pen-
nington on account of his mean and inconsistent orders. Wrote
28th. Monday. In camp all day. Got mustered as 1st Lt.
After supper, "General" and "Boots and Saddles" blew. Lay till
twelve and then pulled out on back grade and Moorfield Pike.
29th. Tuesday. Crossed the Big North at Cold Springs Gap.
Passed through Wardensville and got dinner and fed. Co. "C."
eight men. Very disagreeable march last night. Beautiful day,
mild and delightful. Am happy as a lark in the sunshine. Enemy
reported at Moorfield. Went on after half an hour's rest. God
grant us success if we meet him. May the right soon prevail and
this cruel war end. Camped on the Shenandoah mountain top.
30th. Wednesday. Up at 4 and on the road at 5. The most
beautiful sunrise from the vast height. A grand view of moun-
tains stretching away for miles in all directions. 2nd Ohio in ad-
vance. Reached Moorfield at 10 A. M. Remained till 2 P. M. Re-
turned via northwestern grade. Camped 13 miles from M. on an
old gentleman's farm. I had quite a talk with him. He owned a
farm, sterile and poor, of 200 acres in among the hills. He was 70
years of age. Moved there 34 years since when all was a wilder-
ness. Had never owned a slave. Had cleaned up the farm, built a
log house and made all the improvements with his own hands. It
made him almost crazy to see all going to destruction in one night —
all his fences, outbuildings, cattle, sheep and fowls. An only son
at home, an invalid. Had always been true to the government.
Only wished that God would now call him, that he might be with
his many friends in the church yard — pointing to it near by — ^and
this aspect of suffering and starvation be taken from him.
1st. Thursday. 2nd Ohio in rear. Kept along down North
river. Passed through "Hanging, Rock" Gap. Scenery grand.
Camped at Capron Bridge in Lost River valley, 18 miles below
Wardensville. On picket. Easy post.
2nd. Friday. Went into our old camp at 2 P. M. Mail from
3rd. Saturday. Spent the day in camp. Was officer of the
day. Wrote to Uncle Milo.
4th. Sunday. Wrote several letters and read. Heard a ser-
mon at Brigade Hdqrs.
5th. Monday. 2nd Ohio went out to Fisher's Hill on a scout.
Got back in evening. Enemy reported in front by 2nd N. Y. Big
December, 1864 137
fires. Thought they heard bugles, etc. Co. C in advance. No
6th. Tuesday. In camp. Bill Smith officer of the day.
7th. Wednesday. On picket. Put up with Co. B. Charge of
3rd Batt. Pleasant time. Cold night. Excellent letters from Ella
and Will. Heard reports of promotion.
8th. Thursday. Relieved in good season.
9th. Friday. In camp. Wrote to cousin Sarah in answer to
letter received today. Drilled 3rd Batt. in rear formation.
10th. Saturday. Cold day. No drill. Boys on picket.
11th. Sunday. Snowed all last night. 6 inches of snow this
morning. Wrote to Fred, C. G., Ella and home.
12th. Monday. Wrote letter for Fecklin and several in an-
swer to letters for Co. "C" people. Awfully cold.
13th. Notice of appointment from Adj. Gen'l of Ohio as cap-
tain came. Went over to muster. No success. Several promotions.
14th. Went twice to mustering officer without success. Fin-
ished "Dante" and "Dream Life" by Ike Marvel. Beautiful pic-
tures of life, beautiful because so real. Good lessons. Had good
visits with Easton and McBride. Clear.
15th. Got horses shod. Cloudy. Saw F. again in my dreams.
I wish I could be rid of this thought about such things. Could never
live at home. Am better off here than I would be there.
16th. Got news of Thomas' attack on Hood's flank. Great re-
joicing in infantry.
17th. Saturday. More good news from Thomas. Brigade
officer of the day. Rode over to infantry. Received a beautiful
pair of shoulder straps as Christmas gift — with a note from A. B.
18th. Sunday. A good letter from Prof. Peck. A beautiful
picture of Melissa and the darling baby (Carrie Nettleton Thurber) .
Letter from home. Wrote to the Prof.
From his letter to Prof. Peck.
Everybody in the 2nd Ohio is familiar with the name and services of
Prof. Peck, of Oberlin, the man who has always done so much for the Ohio
soldiers, both the sick and well, and who had an article in the paper a short
time ago about the 2nd Ohio.
The boys are delighted with your praise of the Regiment. I have told a
good many what you wrote in regard to us. All say, "Well, if he says that he
does not know a regiment which has done better than ours, we ought to feel
protidy for he is well acquainted with Ohio troops.**
Our Regiment has been sadly depleted during the campaign. It has not
been recruited, but we hope to have it filled up, if another call for troops shall
be made. Perhaps a portion of the records of Company C, with which I am
serving will interest you. On the 1st day of May, 1864, the Company left
Washington with forty-eight men, all told. During the summer, seven recruits
joined it, making a total of fifty-five. From May 1st until this date, the
losses foot up as follows : Five killed — all brave and good — thirty wounded and
seventeen missing. Today we number for duty, eleven enlisted men, every one
Theodore is robust and always ready for duty. He is well-fashioned for
a soldier, having a hardy constitution and a jolly temperament. He was
pleased to be remembered by you.
Yesterday I received a beautiful Christmas gift from my friends. Will Hud-
son, Fred Allen, Delos Haynes and Charley Fairchild, a pair of shoulder-
138 War Diary
straps. The Col. received a very cunning picture today of Sister Melissa, with
her little treasure Carrie in her arms.
The glorious news from Gen*ls Thomas and Sherman has just been read
to us. We gave three hearty cheers. We hope that the end is not far distant.
Luman H. Tenney,
Capt. 2nd O. V. V. C.
MELISSA AND BABY CARRIE
19th. Wrote home. Orders to march in the morning at 6:30
20th. Up at four. An early breakfast. 3rd Div. started up
the valley, while 1st and 2nd went in another direction with 10
days' rations. Camped at Woodstock.
21st. Wednesday. Orders regarding success of Sherman and
Thomas, read to us near Mt. Jackson. Camped 8 miles south of
22nd. Up at 4. Rain froze as it fell. Awfully cold. At 5 :30
"To horse" sounded. Soon a yell went up near the 2nd Brig., then
a few shots. We were ordered to mount immediately — did it. A
line could be seen on a distant hill. A few men came up within a
few rods of camp. We moved to the flank, came front into line,
my Batt. 1st in advance. Threw out skirmishers. Firing com-
menced immediately and we advanced, firing. Rebs run. Cap-
tured two and killed two. The command proved to be Rosser's Div.
which came in from the back road and from the flank. Charged the
2nd Brig, and drove it. Passed to the rear and captured several
ambulance horses. Result was 30 men killed, wounded and missing
on our side. 22 men captured from rebs and 10 killed. One of
H Co. sabre cut, and one horse killed. Moved back and camped at
Woodstock. 2nd on picket. Small force of the enemy followed.
Skirmished till dark.
COLONEL ALVRED BAYARD NETTLETON
Brevetted Brigadier General March, 1865, "for Gallant and Meritorious
Service. ' '
140 War Diary
22nd. Marched at 5 :30. The most uncomfortable day I ever
passed. 45 2nd Ohio men with frozen feet. Much suffering through-
out the division. Wind blew the snow right through us. Camped
in rear of old infantry line, in awful place, with no wood. Boys
went for fences about Hdqrs. Col. Pennington threatened to shoot
some of the boys. Chet, Houghton, Eggleston and Smith captain's
23rd. Friday. Application made to send Sergt. Laundon and
myself to Ohio. Have enjoyed looking over the papers. Every-
thing looks very bright indeed. The new call and the late suc-
cesses are glorious.
24th. Saturday. In the morning helped Hillhouse fix up his
ordnance papers. P. M. whiskey issued. Boys pretty jolly.
25th. Sunday. A rather unpleasant day. Spent Christmas
quietly. Ate dinner with Capt. Chester. Oysters. Wrote home.
26th. Monday. News of the fall of Savannah. Monthly in-
spection. Detailed for picket.
27th. Relieved from picket and ordered to appear as witness
in case of U. S. versus Seth Combs for desertion. Did what I could
28th. Moved camp upon a hill near by. Awfully muddy.
Made a large fire.
29th. Field officer of the day. Moved over upon the Romney
pike. Visited the picket line.
30th. Went to work cutting wood for quarters.
31st. Split logs and laid them up nearly high enough for com-
fort. Mustered. Very disagreeable morning. Pleasanter in the
P. M. Cold night. Home letter.
Upon the fly-leaves of the little 1864 war diary book are the
following quotations from Dante's Divine Comedy. The Cary trans-
lation was used. My references as to pages are to the edition of
Oscar Kuhns, T.Y.Crowell & Co.,New York and Boston. (F.D.T.)
"With such a smile
As might have made one blest amid the flames," (p. 346) .
"So shall delight make thee not feel thy toil," (page 360).
"Let not the people be too swift to judge;
As one who reckons on the blade in field,
Or e'er the crop be ripe. For I have seen
The thorn frown rudely all the winter long,
And bark, that all her way across the sea
Ran straight and speedy, perish at the last
E'en in the haven's mouth" (page 376).
"For one of these may rise, the other fall," (p. 376) .
"These eyes are not thine only Paradise" (p. 395).
"voice hath not uttered
Nor hath ink written, nor in fantasy
Was e'er conceived" (p. 399).
Is born on Indus banks, and none is there
Who speaks of Christ, nor who doth read nor write;
January, 1865 141
And all his inclinations and his acts,
As far as human reason sees, are good;
And he offendeth not in word or deed:
But unbaptized he dies and void of faith.
Where is the justice that condemns him? Where
His blame, if he believeth not?" (p. 401).
Oh mortal men! be wary how ye judge;" (p. 407).
"The sword of heaven is not in haste to smite,
Nor yet doth linger;" (p. 412).
"Faith of things hoped is substance, and the proof
Of things not seen" (p. 422).
"With hope, that leads to blissful end;" "Hope," (said I,)
"Is of the joy to come a sure expectance;" (p. 426).
"Good, inasmuch as we perceive the good.
Kindles our love;" (p. 430).
"Keep the choicest of thy love for God." (p. 430).
"One universal smile it seemed of all things" (p. 433).
"Oh, mortal lust!
That canst not lift thy head above the waves
Which whelm and sink thee down." (p. 436).
"faith and innocence
Are met with but in babes;" (p. 437).
"The aim of all
Is how to shine: e'en they, whose office is
To preach the gospel, let the gospel sleep.
And pass their own inventions off instead" (p. 444).
"Here break we off, as the good workman doth.
That shapes the cloak according to the cloth." (p. 458).
How feeble and how faint art thou, to give
Conception birth." (p. 461).
1st. Sunday. After roll call earned a breakfast by chopping
wood. Made a good fire. Drew a load of bricks from the country.
Many of the boys are suffering from poor boots and short rations.
Have worked some today, but conscience clear.
2nd. Monday. Commenced building fireplace. Morrison
worked for me. Very busy day. Tired out at night.
3rd. Finished the chimney and moved into the new house —
little more than 8 ft. square.
4th. Wednesday. Charge of picket. This morning failed to
get out at roll call. Did not hear the bugle. My first failure since
I have been an officer in the 2nd Ohio. A very cold windy day.
Reserve at a large stone bam.
5th. Thursday. Relieved late in the day.
6th. Friday. Worked on house some. Uncomfortable day.
7th. Saturday. Letter from home. Sarah Felton.
8th. Sunday. Bruce got me a door. Busy with fireplace.
9th. Monday. Put up picket poles and policed ground.
10th. Tuesday. Officer of the day. Brigade Hdqrs. A pleas-
ant ride around the lines.
142 War Diary
11th. Wednesday. Letters from Mrs. Wood. Watrous.
12th. Letter from Frank. Answered all my letters. Played
some at chess.
13th. Friday. Drew some extra ordnance. Inspected by
Corps Inspector. Complimented by him. Have very neat quar-
ters and neat ground.
14th. Saturday. Drew clothing. Beat Col. at chess.
15th. Cleaned up and rested. Prospect of going home on re-
16th. Monday. Read some. Application for an officer and 8
sergeants made to go home on recruiting service. Officers' meeting.
Determined to have a history of the 2nd Ohio. Newton, Houghton
and Dr. McReynold as conmiittee to get up a plan.
17th. Tuesday. Spent the day in camp. Grounds fixed up
nicely — ^are complimented often. Boys take hold well. Non-com-
missioned officers' meeting.
18th. Wednesday. The glorious news of the fall of Fort
Fisher on Sunday, the 15th. Another officers' meeting. Plan of
history submitted — descriptive. The same committee continued for
general supervision and compilation.
19th. Thursday. Quiet day in hut. Out to daily duties. Read
Atlantic. Coates made Capt. in Colored Regt. yesterday. Snowing.
20th. Friday. On picket. Bill Smith on, too. Line visited
by Col. Randall, Brig. Ins. and Capt. Houghton, and Officer of
21st. Saturday. Rainy and raw. Scouting party went out to
Cedar Creek, through the Gap and around the mountain and came
back by Fawcett's Gap. Awful day. A hunt for Imboden's men.
No one seen.
22nd. Sunday. Storm continues. Some snow on the ground.
Worked on shelters for horses out of pine brush. Bosworth and
Robinson discharged. Ordered to write of East Tenn. campaign,
one chapter in the history of the 2nd Ohio.
23rd. Monday. Dan left us. He has been a brave and faithful
soldier. It seems hard to lose him. He will make a splendid officer.
Still rain and hail fall.
24th. Tuesday. In camp. Played chess with A. B. Read
25th. Charge of picket. Bill Smith with me. Cold day. Very
26th. Thursday. Relieved by 1st Conn. Cold, some chess.
27th. Friday. Chess with Laundon. Cold night. Clear.
28th. Saturday. 50 men of the 2nd Ohio on a scout with sa-
bres under Capt. Chester. Clear and cold.
29th. Sunday. Weather moderated. Scout came in at mid-
night. Wrote home. Captured 16 or 20 rebs on picket.
30th. Monday. Spent the day in camp. Fixed up sheds.
31st. Tuesday. Millard on picket. Read "Rob Roy," "Lu-
cile," Harper's. Drilled.
February, 1865 143
1st. Wednesday. Grand Cavalry review. Raw day. Grand
sight. Whole corps. Lady with Gen. Sheridan. Passed through
2nd. Several furloughs came back. Boys happy. Am almost
homesick, but put on as good a face as possible. Who knoweth the
3rd. Friday. Brigade Officer of the Day. Rode around the
line with A. B., Div. Officer of the Day. Stormy day. Deserters
4th. Saturday. Made out my report and handed it in at
Guard Mount. Learned that recruiting orders had gone by the
5th. Sunday. Spent the day in quarters reading Independent,
Testament and a story. Windy.
6th. Monday. In camp. Officers' school.
7th. Great snow storm. Six or eight inches. Read in At-
lantic. Letter from home. No school.
8th. Wednesday. Weather rather mild. Good sleighing.
Wrote home. Shoveled the snow from the parade ground. Read in
National Magazine. In evening attended school. Interesting time.
Capt. Easton called to inquire into certain reports he had heard
circulated by me. We had a plain talk. Sorry the thing came up.
9th. Cleared up the grounds during the day. Received a
letter from Sarah Felton and Will Hudson in evening, with Sarah's
picture. School in evening. Detailed for picket.
10th. On picket. Had a first class guard mount. Everything
passed off splendidly. Made the rounds with the Brigade Officer of
the Day in the deep snow.
11th. Relieved about 11. No excitement during my tour.
Billy Smith on duty with me. In evening school. Made several
ignorant blunders. It vexes me to make mistakes. I wish I knew
more. I am so ignorant on all subjects.
12th. Snowing in morning. Blowing all day. Batt. inspec-
tion in A. M. Undress parade in P. M. Read sermon in Independ-
ent and considerable miscellaneous matter. Wrote home.
13th. Batt. drill in P. M. Read a general order in regard to
the duties of sentinels and soldiers off duty. Read "St. Ronan's
Well." Thede brought it up to me. Letter from home.
14th. Spent the day in camp. School in the evening. Had a
very pleasant time. The more I have opportunity to learn and the
more I am questioned, the more I realize my own ignorance and
15th. A detail for picket. Bill on. Answered all my old let-
ters. Will's excellent one. Fred's, Sarah's, C. G.'s and Dan Coate's.
Spent most of the day thus. Read some.
144 War Diary
16th. Cleared up the snow from the ground in the morning.
Boys came in from picket. How bright the war prospect looks.
Hope to see home by July 4th, '65.
17th. Friday. Class in evening. Good news of Sherman's
march. Bamitz returned. Inspection in the morning by Capt.
Lawder. The regt. looked splendidly. Talk with Nettleton about
18th. Saturday. Another stormy day. Snowed all the P. M.
No mail or papers. Read and wrote. Class in evening. Am en-
joying the discussions very much. Home Sweet Home — on the
19th. Sunday. Battalion inspection in the morning. Had a
good bath. Cleaned up grounds. In the evening Capt. Newton
came in. Had a good visit. Talked Tenn. experiences. Traver
and Barnitz in awhile.
20th. Officer of the Day. Beautiful day. Clear and mild.
Went the rounds with Div. Officer of the Day and Sergt. Bail.
Pleasant time. Lots of deserters coming in. One batch of 23.
News of fall of Columbia, S. C. Glory ! Read to troops. God be
praised for the prospect. Chet back.
21st. Went down and saw Chester. Went home with Hough-
ton and played chess. Beat him three games. Cold and chilly. In
P. M. studied my lesson. No school in evening — ^very stormy.
Signed and returned a Warranty Deed for a lot.
22nd. Spent the day in camp. Read Scott's "Heart of Mid-
lothian." Much interested. Smith and I studied our lesson to-
gether. Capt. Bamitz in class. Got the bundle from home. Am
pleased with the new clothes. Good friends.
23rd. Soon after breakfast received one wagon to each com-
pany to fix up stables with. Worked all day in rain. Great im-
provement in them. Macadamized them. Not done yet. Interest-
ing school in evening.
24th. Wilmington ours! Went to Winchester to get some
barbering done — Smith and I. Pleasant time. Beautiful day over-
head. Roads bad. On board of administration with Barnitz and
Easton to make appropriation of Regt's fund for colors. Regt. on
picket. Felt most sick. Proposition to go home when A. B. re-
turns with Lissa to Washington.
25th. Furloughs stopped and pontoon train came up today.
The Col.'s leave failed. He was in great trouble, having promised
his wife to come home and yet expecting to remain with regt. after
leave. Muddy, but pleasant overhead.
EXTRACT FROM LETTER OF BREVET BRIGADIER GENERAL NET-
TLETON TO MRS. LUMAN H. TENNEY
Lakeside, Mich., June 20, 1911.
* * * Today in looking over war-time papers I came across the oricr-
inals and copies of certain letters from Greneral Custer. They relate so closely
and importantlv to the history, career, and military standing of the Second
Ohio Cavalry that it occurs to me that you might like to file copies with the
War Records which you are now collating and arranging.
February, 1865 145
Luman Tenney's admirable service, his high qualities as a disciplinarian,
and as a commander of men in the battlefield, so largely contributed to the
food record made by the regiment that that record is in one sense a part of
is own. These letters from General Custer, the idolized commander of our
Division, are exceptional in the history of Army experience.
Headquarters 3rd Cavalry Division, Mid. Mil. Division,
Feb. 24, 1865.
His Excellency Gov. Brough:
As Lt. Col. Nettleton of the Second Ohio Cavalry is about to proceed to
his home in Ohio with the intention of procuring as many men as possible to
fill his regiment, I desire to urge upon your Excellency the propriety of ren-
dering Col. Nettleton all possible facilities for accomplishing this end.
The Second Ohio has been under my command for a considerable period,
during which time they have been repeatedly engaged with the enemy. Upon
all such occasions their conduct has been most gallant and deserving. I have
known this regiment to hold positions against vastly superior forces of the
enemy under circumstances which most regriments would have considered as
warranting a retreat; and I take pleasure in assuring your Excellency that in
my entire division, numbering twelve regiments from different states, I have
none in which I repose greater confidence than in the 2nd Ohio. For these
reasons I feel assured that the interests of the service would be greatly pro-
moted by filling the regiment to the maximum number.
Your Excellency cannot find among the many gallant sons of Ohio a more
gallant or deserving officer than Lt. Col. Nettleton.
G. A. Custer, Bv*t Major Greneral.
Headquarters 3rd Cav. Div.
Lt. Col. A. B. Nettleton, Feb. 24th, 1865.
Comdg 2nd Ohio Cav.,
Through 1st Brigade Headquarters.
The General comdg Divis. has directed me to express to you his great and
entire satisfaction with the manner in which the pickets from your regiment
were performing their duties today while he was inspecting the line. Not a
man failed to understand and execute the orders issued from these and su-
perior Headquarters, not a man but who did credit to himself and his regiment.
The General is much gratified to see that your men on the picket line are
anxious, like true soldiers, to keep up the excellent reputation your regiment
has won on the battle field.
Very respectfully yours, etc.,
L. Siebert, A. A. Genl.
The incident which called forth the above letter occurred the day before
and while Sheridan's army was in winter quarters at Winchester, Va. Gen.
Custer with his staff and escort galloping out the Romney Pike, came sud-
denly upon the sentinel at the picket post, who ordered "Halt" and demanded
An attempt by the General to awe the sentinel, who was told that cer-
tainly he knew well who it was seeking to pass, made no difference; and the
General proceeding to ride forward was again abruptly stopped before the
sentinel's raised gun and the declaration that he would shoot anyone attempt-
ing to pass without first giving the countersign. Thereupon the General dis-
mounted, advanced, gave the countersign and was permitted to pass.
26th. Every preparation made to move. Ordnance and Q. M.
stores condemned and turned in. Several orders and circulars
came around. All bustle and commotion. Wrote home.
27th. Reveille at 3 A. M. Moved at 6. Moved through Win-
chester. Formed several times in crossing streams, etc. Seemed
146 War Diary
good to see Gen. Sheridan along on his black horse. Halted many
times. Went into camp at 10 P. M. Very good rest. Woodstock.
28th. Reveille at 4 A. M. Brigade moved out in advance at 6.
Waited at the Shenandoah for the pontoons to come up. Most of
our brigade forded. One 3rd N. J. man drowned. Our regt. did
nicely. Camped at Lacey's Springs.
1st. Wednesday. By mistake up before daylight. Brigade in
rear of column. Did not move out till 9 A. M. Advance captured
the two bridges between Harrisburg and Staunton. Several pris-
oners captured. Camped six miles from Staunton. Wagons cap-
2nd. Thursday. Commenced to rain early. Our div. in ad-
vance. Massed just before reaching S. Reached our old camp at
Waynesboro at 3 P. M. The Va. Brigade formed mounted. We
formed dismounted. Went out where we could see the rebel line on
a hill and in the woods, running almost around W. 2nd Ohio in ad-
vance as skirmishers. Forward was given and the 2nd went for-
ward until it carried the woods and the hill, driving the Johnnies
pell-mell. I was mounted and went in on the muscle, when the rebs
gave way. Took a great many prisoners myself. Captured 1,300
prisoners, 10 guns and 150 wagons and 10 stands of colors. Ad-
vance charged through the gap and burned a heavy amount of
supplies at Greenville. Gen. Early barely escaped capture. It is a
wonder to me how the boys stood it so well. Gen. Custer gave us
great credit. Camped just through the gap. Raining.
4th. Yesterday moved on to Charlottesville and burned three
heavy bridges on Va. Central. Awful roads. Rainy still. Camped
at C. Nice place. Burned bridges. Went out on Lynchburg road
and tore up track. Clear and pleasant. Worked hard. Went back
to old camp. Plenty of forage. Slept well.
5th. Sunday. Saddled up early but did not move out. One
hundred men pulled down the burned bridges. More destruction of
R. R. Went out with forage detail. Camped under the hill on
which is the home of Thomas Jefferson. Rations and ammunition.
6th. Another clear, beautiful day. 1st Div. in yesterday.
Saddled up at 4 A. M. Moved out to guard train at 6. Moved in
rear of brigade at 9. Marched through a passage underneath the
Virginia University. Rear guard. Marched all night. Halted
every five minutes — ^burned many rails. Rather poor country.
7th. Went into camp for breakfast at about 8 A. M. 22 miles
from Charlottesville — ^beautiful day. Moved on different roads —
still in rear of train. Passed through Lovingston or Nelson C. H.
after dark. Camped six miles on picket.
8th. In advance of train. Turned towards the river. Went
by Arrington Station to New Market at the junction of the Tye
March, 1865 147
and James rivers. Met the 1st Div. which went up the river from
Charlottesville. Rainy night.
9th. Moved out in the morning at 6. My Batt. in the extreme
advance. Passed Howardsville and Scottsville and camped at Hard-
ware River bridge. Travelled down the tow path mostly. Rain
10th. Moved on to Columbia at the junction of the Rivanna
and James. Pleasant day — ^bad roads. Went into camp and sent
out forage detail. Got plenty of forage and subsistence. Very
wealthy plantation. Large number of negroes. Canal thoroughly
11th. Saturday. Lay in camp all day. Cleaned up. Two in-
spections. Bathed and changed my clothes. Details went out for
forage. Seemed good to get a day's rest. Improved it as well as
possible with the work to do.
12th. Sunday. Reveille at 3 A. M. Marched at 5. A snail's
pace all day. Clear and beautiful day. Moved north. 1st Div.
moved off to the left. Have thought a good deal of home and
friends today. God bless the dear ones at home. Camped at Fred-
erick Hall Station.
13th. Monday. Reveille at 4 A. M. Out at 5 :30. Went out on
R. R. and destroyed a great distance of the R. R. The boys worked
with a will. Burned several warehouses full of tobacco. Lay in
camp from 1 A, M. 1st Div. up the R. R.
14th. Moved out at daylight. When 6 miles from the South
Anna ground squirrel bridge, my battalion was ordered forward at
a trot to support the 1st Conn, in a chase after Early with 300 men.
Kept up the chase 12 miles. Crossed the Chickahominy — 10 miles
from Richmond — scattered the force. Custer offered 30 days' fur-
lough to the captor of Early. Kept up the trot into Ashland, re-
crossing Chickahominy. No force. Very sore, chafed and tired.
Moved back north of South Anna. Many horses played out. Ours
did well. Lost but one. Held them at a square trot. Anniversary
of an eventful day in my life. Have thought a great deal today of
this day a year ago and the other days near them. It makes me sad
to review them.
15th. Reveille at 1 :30. Moved out on wrong road. Went to
Ashland — stayed all day. Pickets rebel division came up and at-
tacked us. 2nd drove back the advance. 2nd N. Y. lost several
men. Camped north of the North Anna at 12 P. M. Heard firing
16th. Up at 4. No breakfast. Haversack empty for two days.
Rained last night and this morning. Warm as in June. Our Div.
in advance. Got into camp at 4 P. M. at Mangohick. Easton's Batt.
and 50 men from 1st Batt. on a scout to Hanovertown Ferry. Boys
had a hard time to get forage and rations. 30 or 40 miles from the
17th. Reveille at 4. Moved out at 8, having been in line two
hours. In rear of the train. Got into camp before dark. Plenty
148 War Diary
of rations. Passed through Aylett's Ware House and camped near
King William Court House, 8 miles from White House.
18th. Reveille at 4. Out at 6. Arrived at White House at 11
A. M. Unsaddled and camped. Transports and gunboats. Forage
and rations. Beautiful day. Took a bath. Saw a paper of the
16th. Pleased me much. Wrote home. Slaves gathered together.
19th. Crossed the river on R. R. bridge. 2nd went out on
picket, to Baltimore Crossroads. My Batt. on outpost. Rode about
the country to get a good idea of it. Scouts were prowling about
all night. Changed position. Kept us on the alert all night. Sev-
20th. Relieved by the 2nd N. Y. about noon. Returned to
camp near W. House. Drew rations and forage. Inspection of
horses. Estimates for clothing, C. and Garrison equipage. A very
hot day. Seemed like Petersburg. Read old file of papers.
Dreamed of Fannie.
21st. Clear and beautiful day. Warm. Cleaned up. Went
to the landing. Could find nothing which I wanted. Rained.
Papers of the 20th received. Everything seems to be moving off
prosperously. God grant us an early peace. Dreamed of little
22nd. Clear. Wind up. Soon after breakfast accompanied
Col. Nettleton to the boat which he took for Washington and home
on a five days' leave. Thede and I sent a letter. Would that we
could go with him. How happy the home folks will be, especially
Melissa and Minnie.
23rd. Sun shines out in its fullness. Dreamed of being at
home last night. It was Sunday and I at church. Mail came.
Glorious news. A child born, a nephew. (Albert Ellis.) Joy is
in the household. Prosperity and happiness to the father and
mother. Received Tennyson's "Enoch Arden." A sweet, sad story.
Any number of old papers. Spent the day feasting upon good
things. Splendid day.
24th. Tuesday. Wrote home and to several friends. Went to
the landing and procured some little eatables and paper. Paymas-
ter in camp. Saw him. Busy with the Michigan Brigade and 1st
Vermont. Marching orders.
25th. Ready to march at 6. Took my pockets full of mail to
the landing. Dismounted men went by boats. Our regt. in rear
of Div. and train. Crossed the Chickahominy on pontoons and
reached Harrison's Landing in evening. Fortifications.
26th. Had a very good view of McClellan's defensive works.
Good. Moved up the river and crossed at Deep Bottom. An occa-
sional shot. Heard of taking in 2,700 rebs in front of Petersburg.
Camped, at Bermuda Hundred.
27th. A beautiful day. Clear and warm and somewhat dusty.
Crossed the Appomattox. Moved along the line to the Norfolk
R. R. Seemed natural to hear the continuous firing once more.
Few changes in appearance. Woods all gone.
April, 1865 149
28th. Rested in the morning. Charley Smith, Sergt., came
over from the 60th Ohio. Went down to Hancock Station. Troops
passing to the left. Orders to march tomorrow morning at 6.
Work ahead. Broke up mess. In with Steams.
29th. The whole night occupied in paying off the regt. Got
very little money myself. Up early after a little nap. Boys sent
their money home by Dr. Smith and Adj. Pike, who have mustered
out of service. Went to Army Hdqrs. Moved out. Joined Div.
near old picket line. Marched 4 miles beyond Reams and camped.
Rained — awful roads.
30th. Rain continued. Lay in the mud till noon, then moved
into the woods. Moved out just after getting fixed up comfortably.
Moved 4 miles over awful roads and camped 5 miles from Dinwid-
die C. H. Building a good deal of corduroy road. Put on picket.
Barnitz uneasy all night. Allowed no rest.
31st. Cleared up soon after sunrise, but did not remain so
long. Very heavy firing. Musketry and artillery to the right of
and beyond Dinwiddie C. H. Very uneasy to know how the day is
going. God grant us victory. Success now, the capture of the
Southside and the Danville R. R. must bring peace soon. We can
leave the cause in God's care. On to Dinwiddie — ^there at 6 P. M.
1st Div. all driven back. 3rd Div. engaged. 3rd N. J. ammunition
exhausted. Go up at a trot, dismount and go in. Doublequicked
half a mile — came upon infantry line which opened fire and
-charged. Had to fall back quickly. Horse wounded. Many good
men lost. Fortified and lay on our arms.
1st. Saturday. At daylight, without supper or breakfast, ad-
vanced. Rebels in front fell back. 5th corps up. Advanced dis-
mounted 5 miles to the rebel breastworks. Built temporary breast-
works. Held them under fire till 4 P. M. when the 5th corps came
up and charged. Advanced through the pines till in sight of works
and guns with a yell. Repulsed. Formed line again and in 15 min-
utes charged again. Got under the works and laid down. Here
Brother Thede, noble and brave boy, was struck through with a
piece of shell. Helped him from the field. Suffered awfully. In
answer to my questions he said: "Luman, I think my wound is
mortal. I can not live. I have tried to do my duty today. Tell
mother I only wish I had been a better boy. I hope that God will
accept me and take me to Heaven." He had his senses for 30 or 40
minutes when he sank away as we carried him along and died be-
fore we reached the hospital. I thought that he had fallen asleep.
I spoke to him but received no answer. His pulse beat feebly. I
knew then that he was going. The Doctor gave him some brandy,
but no life appeared. I buried him in a rough box beneath a cedar
tree in front of the house and across the road and cut the head-
board with a knife. God sustain mother.
Killed in the Last Great Battle at Five Forks, Va.
April, 1865 151
Monday, 3rd. Yesterday I wrote to mother and sisters. The
fighting of Saturday was most severe. The 2nd Ohio lost 35 killed
and wounded in the two days. 5 officers. Trees completely rid-
dled where we were. How so few fell I can not see. Brilliant af-
fair — ^but oh the cost. Petersburg ours, too. It seems hard to lose
dear friends when peace seems so near. Picket's Div. captured
nearly entire. Wrote the sad news home, also wrote Richard Bail's
people. Moved out at 9 A. M. Crossed the south side R. R. between
Fords and Sutherlands. 5th Corps across. Very little firing heard
today. 1st Div. struck the rebs near the river road. Firing after
LETTER FROM L. H. TENNEY TO HIS MOTHER AND SISTERS
Oak Grove, Alabama, Sunday P. M., April 1, 1866.
My Dear Mother and Friends:
I wonder if nearly the same thoughts are not in your mind this P. M. which
are in mine.
The sun is just about as low now at 6 o'clock as it was a year ago, when
our noble boy, Theodore, fell in the thickest of the fight, face towards the
enemy, there in the pine woods at Five Forks. How vividly everything of
that sad and yet memorable day comes up to me.
March 31st was a hard day for us. The enemy had driven our cavalry
(save one division) from Five Forks nearly back to Dinwiddie Court House.
Our Division was sent for (it was behind, hard at work, getting the train
through the mud) and went forward at a trot. As we neared the Court
House and heard the volleys of musketry, the cheers of the rebels, and saw our
men falling back — ^many straggling — we knew that there was work ahead.
How quiet our boys were during the few minutes while we were regaining our
organizations. Soon we went forward at a gallop. A half mile at this pace
and we came to Custer's and Sheridan's colors near an unsupported battery
and in sight of the rebel line.
Advancing across a small valley before us, our regiment in advance, we
dismounted, formed line by battalions and on double quick started forward in
less time, I believe, than I have been in telling it.
The brave Custer, with staff and orderlies, colors flying, went forward
We gave one Second Ohio yell, perhaps a little more faintly than at other
times, for the prospect looked dark, and other regiments took it up. The rebel
line faced about, but though stragglers left hurriedly, marched slowly. I was
afraid. We were within range. It seemed the only thing to do, for we were
too few to form a line and hold our position. Another charge was ordered.
The Div. colors were not behind. We had hardly started again with a yell,
than that rebel line, Pickett's Div. of Infantry in our front, faced about, fired
a volley and came forward on the double quick.
My horse had been shot and I had taken position behind a tree. Thede
was a short distance behind me. How well I remember how he exclaimed : "Oh
what makes them run," and then: "Lume, Luman, come, our men are falling
back, we'll get captured!" — and how closely he kept by me, always following
me, as I went back slowly through the edge of the woods, my lungs troubling
me. The sun had gone down and darkness came when we regained the ground
where we had dismounted. We threw up rail breastworks and waited for the
rebels. They were cautious, advanced skirmishers found our position and fell
back to camp in sight of us. Volunteers were called for or rather "the best
men" to a certain number were sent out as scouts to learn the whereabouts and
whatabouts of the enemy. Thede was among the number. Without supper or
sleep, we awaited the dawn of the day. Quite a number of our boys had fallen,
April, 1865 153
among then Capt. Newton. We talked about our casualties, and the narrow
escai)e of many, and wondered what the morrow would bring. We felt that the
fighting was to be decisive, but knew not whether one day would bring victory.
Occasional shots were fired by skirmishers. Morning came. The scouts
reported that the enemy had commenced falling back just before day. Sher-
idan came out with his colors. Our horses were brought up and we marched
forward. After going a mile firing commenced on our fiank. We counter-
marched, dismounted, formed line and advanced again, driving cavalry before
us. We had missed breakfast, and the boys were weighed down with ammu-
nition, so they left their haversacks upon their horses.
Theodore looked pale and tired — said his bowels were troubling him. It
was afternoon before we reached the enemy's position at Five Forks. We at-
tacked and were repulsed. A gap between the Cavalry and Infantry was dis-
covered, so that two hours were spent moving to the right and then to the left,
in front of and in range of the enemy's works. Here, weak, faint and hungry,
we threw up sufficient works of logs, etc., to cover our bodies when lying down.
Thede and I were together. He got some crumbs of crackers from my saddle.
It was now four o'clock when the bugles sounded the charge, and the
boys, forgetting their weariness, jumped up and vied with each other in ad-
vancing to within a few rods of the works, dark with clouds of smoke and
belching guns. How grim, savage and hateful everything looked in our front!
You remember well the rest — the next charge — the bravery of the boy, his
fall, his devotion to duty, certainty of death, remembrance of his sins, and
faith for their forgiveness through Christ — ^the kind messages to Ma — and
then his falling so peacefully to sleep. I never can forget the nrm but pleasant
look upon his countenance, as he lay among the groaning, dying and dead at
the hospital. Then his burial. I thanked God that his brother could be with
him in his last moments and lay his remains away to rest till the final trumpet
My thoughts were sad as I groped my way through the dark woods to our
camp. I thought particularly of the mourning at home. I knew that you
would be sad to feel that the boy should be taken in his youth, the hope of his
mother and joy of his friends, and yet I felt that you would inwardly thank
God that his death had brought glory to Him and freedom to men. The dearer
he was to his friends, the brighter his hopes, the greater the sacrifice was in
the eyes of God. We ought to feel — I do — that we have a living interest in this
great good accomplished and sealed by the blood of our dearest friends. And
we certainly have reason to trust that Theodore's inheritance is in Heaven,
drawing us thither.
Luman H. Tenney.
Note — One year after the above letter, on April 16, 1867, Luman Harris
Tenney and Frances Delia Andrews were married at Oberlin, Ohio.
And about a year and a half later when the brother and mother went to
Virginia to look up the burial place of "Brother Theodore" the following
letters were written to me in our home in Sandusky, Ohio.
F. D. T., Feb. 5, 1914.
Petersburg, Va., Nov. 12, 1868.
My Sweet Child :
We arrived here safely a few minutes ago. One of Ma's first remarks
after getting here was, "I wish Fannie, Minnie and Melissa could be here with
us today." I have made the same wish in regard to my darling wife every day
since I left her and the dear baby. (Bernard.)
We reached Washington Tuesday evening rather late. Yesterday spent
the morning in looking up records. Found that Theodore was buried here in
National Cemetery, "Poplar Grove," about two miles out.
Shall undoubtedly leave him.
Yesterday afternoon we drove over to Arlington Heights and the National
Cemetery there, where some 13,000 soldiers rest —
154 War Diary
"Sleep the sleep that knows not waking,
Dream of battlefields no more."
We shall go early to the cemetery and probably to Richmond for the night.
Much love, dear child, from
Your devoted husband,
Washington, D. C, Nov. 14, 1868.
My Own Dear Fannie:
We reached here last evening after a very satisfactory visit at Petersburg
and Richmond and pleasant trip back. * ♦ ♦ We found Theodore's grave
very pleasantly situated in the National Cemetery near Petersburg. Everything
seemed very satisfactory to Ma. We got flowers and put on the grave. * * ♦
Shall probably reach home Thursday.
Kiss our sweet "da-da" treasure many times for me. Accept much love,
dear Fannie, from
BERNARD FREDERICK AND HIS MOTHER
4th. Up at daylight. Sent telegram home. Moved up the
Appomattox, our Div. in advance. Captured 300 or 400 prisoners,
5 guns and many wagons. Hill's Corps and cavalry on our front.
Near Bevil's Bridge enemy made a stand at a crossroads to get a
part of their column by. Artillery opened and rebs ran. Our regt.
did not become engaged. Went out to pick up wounded. Quite a
number of deserters. Camped on this ground. Richmond ours.
God hasten peace. Clear and pleasant. Cavalry moved on up the
Appomattox. 1st Div. in advance. Would that I could see mother
now in her distress. Passed a part of the infantry. Made a feint
towards Amelia C. H. Went into camp. 2nd on picket. Moved
out again at 11 P. M. Returned to main road and marched all night.
5th. Wednesday. Reached Juttersville Station on Danville
R. R. at 10. 5th Corps made a reconnoissance and captured a
April, 1865 155
large number of prisoners, wagons, flags, cannon, etc. Suffered
some. Rebs at Amelia C. H. Cox spied.
6th. Drew rations in the night. Moved at 7 — ^whole army.
Cavalry to the left of Burkeville. Charged the reb wagon train.
Scattered the skirmish line and charged each way. Chester and
myself charged nearly 4 miles, nearly to the head of train — no sup-
port. (Battle of Sailor's Creek.) Chester wounded in the head.
Eggleston and Smith got several pieces of artillery. Got back to
command by a circuitous route, the rebs having cut us off. Two
divisions charged mounted and were repulsed. Reformed and
charged again with success, the 6th Corps engaging the rear. Lt.
Stearns killed. Several Co. "C" captured. Several thousand pris-
oners, many colors. Generals and cannon. 2nd credited 650 pris-
oners, 60 officers and 4 pieces of artillery. Lost good men.
In a letter from Capt. Chester dated March 23, 1914, regarding the
fighting at Sailor's Creek ne says :
"Our regiment and brigade was ordered to charge Lee's wagon train in
sight, across a small stream with banks on the farther side. Our regiment
was, as I remember it, the last one in the column so were the left of the line
of battle or attack. We struck the wagon train and commenced taking pris-
oners. All formation of company or regiment was broken, every soldier acting
independently. The driver oi a mule team refused to stop when I ordered him to
do so, and I was about to shoot him when it occurred to me that if I killed
the driver the team would continue to go just the same. So I rode up to
the "lead" mule (the one on the left hand side of head pair) and shot it.
That stopped Uie entire team and blocked the narrow road. I then captured
a rebel Major and turned him over to Sergt. Waters of Co. H to take to the
rear. As soon as that was done Joe T. Haskell — now of Wellington — came
to me. Capt. Tenney with his orderly, and Lieut. Steams, came up, so there
were five of us. We turned to the right and rode to the top of the bank or
bluff and there the rebel train was in full sight again a mile or more from
where we first charged it. The five men took position several rods apart
so as to cover or snow quite a line. As we showed ourselves the train
guard fired on us. We each turned and called out loudly for the "pretended
battalions" in the ravine to charge. We advanced on the gallop tiring our
revolvers and shooting as we went. The train guard was stampeded and ran.
We followed along the train for a quarter of a mile to where the fence had
been thrown down and the wagons were going into a piece of woods. I was a few
rods from the fence when a rebel from behind a tree in the woods fired at
me and missed hitting me. I fired my revolver at him, to no effect, however.
He then reloaded his gun, stepping from behind the tree in doin^ so, then
rested his gun beside the tree and took deliberate aim at me, and fired. The
bullet knocked me from my horse. Capt. Tenney rode up, caught my horse
and told me I was all right. I supposed I was mortally wounded. Haskell
came to me and taking a suit case from a wagon found some white cloth and
tied up my head. In the meantime other men came up and Capt. Tenney
and Lt. Steams led them to attack the train again going through the woods,
some distance I think. Somewhere after leaving me Lieut. Stearns was killed
by a train guard."
April 7th. Marched out, 32 reb colors behind Custer. Crossed
S. S. R. R. at Rice's Depot. Passed through Prince Edward's C. H.
and camped on a fork of the Appomattox. Lee's army off to the
right on the Lynchburg road.
8th. Moved out early and met the 2nd Div., Crook's, at Pros-
pect Station on R. R. A beautiful day. Troops all cheer for Cus-
Digitized by VjOOQIC
156 War Diary
ter. Captured at Appomattox Station 4 trains of cars, charged and
captured 24 pieces of artillery and heavy train of wagons after
fighting until 10 P. M. Did not stop till reached rebel camp at Ap-
pomattox C. H. Horse hit by a shell and I struck by a spent ball.
9th. Sunday. Fighting commenced early. 24 and 15 Corps
up. Infantry coming up double quick. Rebs attacked. Drove cav-
alry back. Infantry turned the tide. Grant summoned Lee to sur-
render. Lee asks for terms. Grant orders Sheridan to press him.
Whole thing moves up, Custer in advance. White flag meets him.
Silence reigns. The whole cavalry cheer. A rebel cavalry force
attack. Easily repulse it. Whole reb army before us. Glorious
On April 9, 1865, recognizing that the end of the war was at hand, and
that his relations with the Third Cavalry Division must soon be sundered, its
beloved commander promulgated to his troops that memorable address best
CUSTER'S FAREWELL ORDER
Headquarters Third Cavalry Div.,
Appomattox Court House, Virginia, April 9, 1865.
With profound gratitude toward the God of Battles, by whose blessings
our enemies have been humbled and our arms triumphant, your Commanding
General avails himself of this, his first opportunity, to express to you his ad-
miration of the heroic manner in which you have passed through the series of
battles which today resulted in the surrender of the enemy's entire army.
The record established by your indomitable courage is unparalleled in the
annals of war. Your prowess has won for you even the respect and admiration
of your enemies. During the past six months, although in most instances con-
fronted by superior numbers, you have captured from the enemy, in open bat-
tle, one hundred and eleven pieces of field artillery, sixty-five battle flags, and
upwards of ten thousand prisoners of war, including seven general officers.
Within the past ten days, and included in the above, you have captured forty-
six field pieces of artillery, and thirty-seven battle flags. You have never lost
a gun, never lost a color and have never been defeated; and notwithstanding
the numerous engagements in which you have borne a prominent part, includ-
ing those memorable battles of the Shenandoah, you have captured every piece
of artillery which the enemy has dared to open on you. The near approach of
peace renders it improbable that you will again be called upon to undergo the
fatigue of toilsome march, or the exposure of the battlefield; but should the
assistance of keen blades wielded by your sturdy arms, be required to hasten
the coming of that glorious peace for which we have been so long contending,
the General Commanding is firmly confident that, in the future as in the past,
every demand will meet with a hearty and willing response.
Let us hope that our work is done, and that, blest with the comforts of
peace, we may be permitted to enjoy the pleasure of home and friends. For
our comrades who nave fallen let us ever cherish a grateful remembrance ; to
the wounded and those who languish in Southern prisons let our heartfelt sym-
pathy be tendered.
And now, speaking for myself alone, when the war is ended and the task
of the historian begins — when those deeds of daring, which have rendered the
name and fame of the Third Cavalry Division imperishable, are inscribed on
the bright pages of our country's history, I only ask that my name be written
as that of the Commander of tne Third Cavalry Division.
G. A. Custer,
Brevet Major General Commanding.
L. W. Barnhart,
Captain and A. A. A. G.
158 War Diary
Extract from an account of the surrender given by J. T. Haskell, Co. H,
at the Reunion of the 2nd Ohio Cav. held in Cleveland, Ohio, October 10, 1911.
"It seems fitting and proper as a final word of the 2nd Ohio Cavalry's part
in this account of the surrender, Gen. Custer's Headquarters being almost in
the immediate front of the Regiment, to give an account of his (Gen. Custer's)
receiving the flag of truce from the Rebel officer carrying the same, and as that
account is given by the Rebel General John B. Gordon better than any other
account I have ever seen, I will give his words : He says, "I had received word
from Gen. Lee informing me that there was a flag of truce between him and
Gen. Grant, and that I should notify the Union Army in my front. I called
for my Chief of Staff and said, *take a flag of truce, bear this message to the
Union commander, quick.' He said, 'I have no flag of truce.' *0 well,' I said,
*take your handkerchief and tie it on a stick and go.' He said, 'General, I have
no handkerchief.' I said, 'Tear up your shirt, put that on a stick and go.* He
said, 'I have no white shirt, and see you have none, there is not a white shirt in
the whole Army.' I said, *Get something, get something and go.' He got
something and went. There soon returned with him one of the most superb
horsemen that ever sat a saddle, and as I looked into his flashing blue eyes,
with his long curls falling to his shoulders, I found myself in the presence of
that afterwards great Indian fighter, that man who ought forever to hold a
place in every American heart, the gallant Custer.
"With a wave of his sword, which embodied all the grace of the schools,
he said to me, *Gen. Gordon, I bring you the compliments of Gen. Sheridan. I
also bring you, sir. Gen. Sheridan's demand for your immediate and uncondi-
tional surrender.' Just then a white flag was seen in my front, and with it
rode Gen. Sheridan and his staff."
Note — Mrs. Elizabeth B. Custer, widow of General Custer, has recently
presented me with a souvenir consisting of a part of this famous Flag of
Truce (which flag was a crash towel), a fragment of the table on which Grant
and Lee signed the Articles of Surrender at Appomatox, and a piece of the
red necktie worn by Gen. Custer on this occasion. A. B. N., June 14, 1911.
LETTER FROM L. H. TENNEY TO HIS MOTHER AND SISTERS
"Oakland," Alabama, Sunday P. M., April 8, 1866.
My Dear Friends:
I am reminded every day of the campaign during those last days of the
rebellion. On this day, one year ago — ^the sun far down in the west — our
brigade with no noise save the clamping of horses' feet and the clanking of
sabre scabbards, charged down upon the worried Johnnies at Appomattox Sta-
tion. The surprise was complete. Three trains of cars, well loaded with
provisions and munitions of war for Gen. Lee's mere skeleton of an army, with
the force guarding them fell into our hands without the loss of a man. Three
miles away to the east and rear was Appomattox Court House, where the flying
and discomforted army was halting. Gen. Walker, Reb., had been sent ahead
with the Artillery brigade to take the cars for Lynchburg, only twenty-three
miles distant, where Lee was coming. The Artillery was just coming in from
the east as we reached the station from the south. The Gen. wheeled his guns,
25, in the road where they were, hoping by a hard fight to get the station.
Grape, canister and shell came thick and fast and infantry stood firmly by the
guns as we made charge after charge. Night came. Other divisions were
coming up. (Jen. Custer became impatient. He rode along the line and shout-
ed, "Boys, the 3rd Div. must have those guns. I'm going to charge if I go
alone." The guns were belching forth red fire. The word was given. (Jen.
Custer did not charge alone. Guns, wagons and prisoners were ours and our
boys did not stop until they had passed the Court House where the camp-fires
marked the location of the rebel army along the hillsides. Several 2na Ohio
April, 1865 159
boys were there, Major Easton, Capt. Co. M and Lieut. Rand. The boys were
full of enthusiasm and eager to "charcfe them." Mounted men were in our
front. I ordered "cease firing" and asked who they were. "Gen. Geary and
his staff," was the reply. Looking down to the left of the road, we noticed by
the light of the camp-fires a line advancing. We were almost in rear of it.
We expected a volley as we withdrew, but the confusion saved us.
At midnight our Div. was relieved. We camped at the station. We won-
dered what the morrow would bring forth. We knew that we were in front of
Lee without Infantry support. And the continual skirmishing told us that Lee
was not to be penned without a hard fight. The morning of the 9th came.
The Cavalry was being pushed back rapidly towards the station. The boys
were falling, scores of them — why was it with victory so near? — ^when over
the hill a dark column was espied coming down the road in close column at
quick time. What relief from the awful suspense! What cared we for the
color or race of those men so they brought relief to us. We saw courage and
determination in their coal-black faces. Give them the ballot, for they insured
victory that day. The Cavalry, after being relieved, formed squadrons and at
a trot, under flank fire, moved through the fields toward the Court House.
Lines of Infantry were in our rear, moving up from the south and west.
Aids came down the line, shouting "Make no noise! Gen. Grant has ordered
Lee to surrender and Sheridan to press him! We are going to do it!"
We reach the wooded hills, south of and in sight of the Court House. All
at once the Artillery ceases firing. A white flag appears in front. The col-
umn halts. Gen. Custer meets it. Again Aids dash off and we see it in their
faces, "Lee has surrendered!" Oh the wild and mad huzzas which followed!
Pen can not picture the scene. The four years of suffering, death and horrid
war were over. Thank God! thank God!! was upon every tongue. Peace,
home and friends were ours. Yes, thank God! What wonder that we were
crazy with joy? Right here some of Wheeler's Cavalry, not advised of the
truce, came charging upon us. We held our fire, forbore till they meanly per-
sisted, when our boys without orders drove them back. They learned of the
truce just in time to save precious blood. Not eighty rods in front of us, when
we halted in a hollow, was a brigade of rebel infantry with twelve pieces of
artillery loaded to the muzzle with grape shot, waiting for us to come over the
hill. Here Sergt. Weary of Co. A fell while demanding the colors of the bri-
gade. He was a brave man and left a family of children to mourn him. How
many loving friends were waiting then for the coming of their brave boys,
who now mourn their noble dead, whose graves mark the bloody struggle dur-
ing those eight days from Petersburg to Appomattox.
In the exultations of rictory the fallen were well-nigh forgotten. Then
on either side of Appomattox C. H. the two armies went into camp — all
friends. Rations were issued to all — and the rank and file on each side happy
and thankful, I ween, that no more bugle calls were to summon them to b^tUe.
I have spun out this account, but I remember that Lu was absent at the
time and the circumstances and incidents are so fresh in my mind that I have
enjoyed reviewing them.
May the President and Congress so act as to secure the fruits of the
dearly bought victory.
I don't know and cannot decide what is best in the way of imposing re-
quirements upon the Southern people and establishing guaranties for the rights
The long and bitter discussion preparatory to action on the part of the
government, I am confident, is working evil among Southerners. It tends to
alienate them. They feel that the spirit of the majority of the Northern
people is unfriendly towards them. The conduct of the people in this section
has seemed consistent. We couldn't expect more.
Much more delay in giving them some kind of show will exasi>erate a
great many, I think, and make them unfriendly to Northerners, unkind and
unjust to freedmen and disloyal to the government, while now I think the
reverse is true.
I enioyed the letter from Uncle Albert.
Witn much love to all and two kisses to Carrie,
Your brother Luman.
160 War Diary
10th. Camped last night side by side with Lee's army. A
great jubilee among the boys. Soon after sunrise moved out. Sher-
idan passed us. Cheered him as he passed. Camped at Prospect
11th. Marched out in advance of the Corps — Custer command-
ing. Grant passed us. Boys cheered him lustily. Went into camp
9 miles from Burke's Station. Little rain.
12th. Marched at usual hour in rear of Division train. Bad
roads and very tedious marching. Col. Nettleton met us near the
Junction. Had a good visit with him. Line from home. How
anxious I am to see dear mother and sisters. I love them more
dearly than ever. Camped at B. New colors arrived. Rained.
All begin to talk of home and peace. I do desire to be a true ex-
emplary Christian during my remaining days.
13th. Contrary to the general expectation, marched. A little
rain. Went into camp near Nottoway Station. Put up picket
poles and laid out camp in order. Letter of the 6th from home.
Folks are all resigned and cheerful. I am so glad.
14th. Spent the day reading the papers and writing letters.
Wrote to Mr. Porter and Bails' people. The whole north seems
jubilant over the glorious successes, and becomingly ascribes the
praise to God. All seem disposed to be lenient to the enemy, too,
all but Davis. Salute fired. Four years today since the flag came
down from Sumter.
15th. Wrote several letters and read the papers. Yesterday
put in application for leave of absence. I am very anxious to see
my dear mother. Would that Johnston would be wise and surren-
der. Think he will be. Thank God that peace is so near and a
united country will live to advance religion, justice and liberty.
Forage detail. Virginians thoroughly submissive.
16th. Reveille at 4 A. M. with orders to move at 6. Orders
countermanded on account of no rations. Went to sutler's and got
cheese, buttermilk and cakes. Beautiful day. Letter from Minnie.
Papers. A report that Lincoln was killed a short time since by an
assassin. God grant it may not be true, for the country's good.
Am happy today, my mind peaceful. Saw F. last night and night
before. Lincoln assassinated. How great the loss to the country.
All boys but two took a verbal temperance pledge. Got my leave
and took the cars in evening.
Note — After the surrender of Lee on April 9th, 1865, the Cavalry Corps,
including the 2nd Ohio, marched southward to strike the remaining Confeder-
ate army commanded by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, which was still confronting
Sherman's army in North Carolina. Shortly after we had crossed the Roanoke
River and entered North Carolina word came to us that Johnston had sensibly
surrendered to Sherman and we marched northward to Richmond and Peters-
burg, and on to Washington, in time for the Grand Review. This episode in
the Regiment's records is not mentioned in the diary because Major Tenney
was at that time absent on leave at home. — A. B. N., June 10, 1911.
April, 1865 161
17th. Rode all night with paroled prisoners — Yankees. Cold.
Beached City Point at 8 A. M. Got ready to leave on the mail
boat at 10 A. M. Boat loaded mostly with Southern officers and a
few Yankees, few citizens. Saw a telegraph operator with whom
I was acquainted in Tenn. Read late papers. Accounts of the as-
sassination. A little seasick. Most of the rebels seem submissive
and willing to come under the old flag again.
Tuesday, 18th. Had a very good night's rest. Up early. Pleas-
ant visit with an Indiana man. Several Southern ladies on board
the boat. Great gloom in Washington. Excitement very high.
Went to White House and viewed the President's remains in state.
Everybody on the alert to discover the conspirators. Drew pay for
January and February. Took the evening train via Harrisburg.
Read papers and slept. The whole nation in mourning. All busi-
ness places draped.
19th. Reached Pittsburg at 2 P. M. Left on Cleveland train
at 3. Pittsburg in mourning. Rode in company with a Cleveland
man, Briggs, I believe. Pleasant visit. Gave me a detail of the
working of the carrier P. O. system. Passed through Cleveland
at 10 P. M. Stayed over at Grafton. The funeral of the President
took place today. Ceremonies throughout the Union. Johnson
bound to deal roughly with traitors.
20th. Rainy. Reached home on the morning train. Met my
good mother at the door. It seemed so good. She seemed per-
fectly resigned to the loss of Theodore. Never was more happy in
my life. Ma and I went down to see Minnie and Melissa. Happy
meeting. Beautiful little baby Bertie. Carrie a little angel, good
and beautiful. Now could I only see Fannie and be reconciled as
of old my happiness would be complete.
21st. Ate supper yesterday with Minnie. Spent the morning
playing with Carrie and reading. Afternoon Minnie and John over
to tea. Went up town with Melissa. Fannie in Bellevue teaching.
Fortunate for me. Rode out with Charlie. Took Carrie along.
Tea at Minnie's. Music from Joe and John. Fisher and Allie Nor-
22nd. Went to town in the morning to market. Will Hudson
came out. We boys got together and had a jolly time. Floy and
George came out. Good visit. Chester came home. Walked with
Will to the river, too late for train. A lame stiff neck. Spent a part
of evening at Minnie's. Saw the Hudson family. F. Henderson
and Will Keep. Hurrah !
23rd. Was unable to get out on account of my neck. Read
Thede's diaries to Ma and Melissa, and talked about him. Minnie
in a short time. Read Atlantic. Melissa went to church in P. M.
Played with Carrie. Quite a wintry day. Prof. Peck very kind to
24th. Spent the morning at home. In the P. M. went with the
girls to Monthly Rhetoricals. Charley Fairchild had an exercise
entitled, "One Year with Red Tape." Good. After his exercise we
walked about town.
162 War Diary
25th. Early in the morning started for Amherst with the
children. Had a pleasant visit at Grandpa's. After dinner, Lissa,
Mary, Floy and I went over to cousin Helen's. Tea there. Saw
many old friends. Home at 8 P. M.
26th. Spent the day in O. Thought of going to Wellington
with Chester but he was out of town. Read most of the day. "Got-
ta Family" and Atlantic. Some rain.
27th. Melissa and I went to Gleveland. F. D. Allen and G. G.
Fairchild out, too. Spent a portion of the day with the boys. Din-
ner with Will. Galled at Uncle Jones' in the evening. Gousin Min-
nie there. Spent the night with the boys.
28th. Saw the train come in. Gommenced to rain early in the
day. The procession was grand. Got wet through looking at it.
The Bajida and other arrangements were splendid. Very unpleas-
29th. Saturday. Yesterday we came home instead of going
to Madison, on account of rain. Spent a portion of the day with the
boys at Gharlie's— dinner. Went up to see Will off. Evening at
30th. Went to Sunday School in the morning with Delos and
G. G. Mr. Fitch spoke splendidly. Went to church with Melissa.
Mr. Finney preached on "Lasciviousness" — an excellent sermon —
^. M. and P. M. Home in the evening.
1st. Monday. The day at home. Sat for a vignette at Platte's.
In evening went with Melissa to Young People's Meeting. Seemed
real good and like old times. Am trying to live a higher Ghristian
life. Will try to make Ma and friends happy.
2nd. Gloudy in the morning. Went to depot for Minnie New-
hall. Spent a part of the day at Minnie's with the girls. The rest
of the time at home. Little time to read. Gleveland pictures came.
3rd. Gousin Minnie and I stood and sat for pictures. Had a
jolly time. Minnie over at our house a portion of the day. Am en-
joying my visit with Gousin first rate.
4th. In the morning, aided by the girls, I trimmed up the rose
bushes and cleaned around the yard. P. M. we all went over to
Minnie's. Uncle Dan telegraphed that he would be along on even-
ing train. Went up to cars. Friends didn't come. Minnie disap-
pointed. Played at chess a good deal.
5th. Uncle Dan, Aunts Roxena and Rhodilla, with the good
Gousins Ella and Alonzo, came on morning train. Spent the P. M.
at Minnie's. Went with the girls, Minnie and Ella, to Watson's and
Piatt's to see Garpenter's picture of Lincoln and his cabinet. Had
a first rate time at home eating philopenas with the girls.
6th. Newhall friends went yesterday. Has been a very
stormy, dreary day. Galled at Dr. Steele's. Visited with Aunt
Rhodilla and Alonzo. Read some. Got Mrs. Gharles' writings.
May, 1865 163
''Cotta Family," "Early Dawn" and "Kitty Trevellyn's Diary."
Also coarse Testament for mother.
7th. Went to Sunday School with Fred and C. G. in Prof.
Penfield's class. A stranger from Natchez spoke. Went to church
with Aunt Rhodilla, and Melissa. After service Charlie and I
walked up R. R. Pleasant time. Have seen a good many friends
8th. Left on the 8 A. M. train. Reached Columbus at 2 P. M.
Went up to Capitol and ascertained that Nettleton had been com-
missioned Col. and Seward's commission revoked. Wrote home and
to Uncle Albert. Rained. Looked around the city a little.
9th. Went off on the 4 :25 A. M. train on Ohio Central. Reached
Bellaire at 10 :30 A. M. Crossed the river and took the Baltimore &
Ohio R. R. Very poor conveniences. Enjoyed the scenery along
the Monongahela, Cheat river and Potomac. Slept considerably.
10th. Reached the Relay House at 9 A. M. Saw Rob and Okie
McDowell. Reached Washington about noon. Got permission to
remain in city till regiment came to Alexandria. Stopped at
Thursday, 11th. Drew one month's pay on my order. Went
through the Patent Office and to the Treasury. Went home with Mr.
Mills to tea and remained over night. Rained. Had a very pleas-
ant time with Flint, Lyra and Leof . Capitol yesterday.
12th. Cool morning. Saw Bigelow. Went to the hospital to
see 2nd Ohio boys. Couldn't find Tuttle — ^will look again. Got some
eatables from Ohio agent and took them to the boys. Went over
in P. M. to Giesboro to see Major Welch. Went with him and Mr.
Sloan's people to the theatre. Miss Milburn, and Johnson and Gas-
kill. Escorted Miss Milburn. Uncle Tom's Cabin. Very touching
13th. After breakfast accompanied the Major on an inspect-
ing tour to the various stables. Rode. A beautiful day. Seward
gone home on leave and will muster as Lt. Col. Welch seems very
popular at this depot, and very busy. Wrote to Charlie. Invited
out in evening, but didn't accept.
14th. Went to church in morning with Welch. Kautz called.
After dinner went on tug to Washington. Saw Chet at National.
Letter from home. Told me a little about F. Chet and I went to
Pres. Church. Services good.
15th. Was routed out this morning at 10 A. M. by Chester.
Gave the P. M. General a call to learn about extra pay on resigna-
tion. Visited Navy Yard before dinner and Arsenal after dinner.
Wrote to Mr. Wright.
16th. A cool morning. Up betimes. Dreamed till nervous
about F. Would that I could reasonably get this subject out. of my
mind. God guide me. There would be satisfaction in a short look
into the future. Chet and I called on Electa and Lorenzo. Went
to a Catholic Fair.
164 War Diary
17th. Chester and I walked about town. Cavalry arrived yes-
terday. At noon we got a carriage and drove over to Command.
Seemed good to see the boys again. Beautiful camp, two niiles from
A. W. and A. with the Potomac, Giesboro and Heights in full view.
18th. Melissa came last night. Lu has gone over to see her.
Talked of getting up a paper asking absent officers to leave the
service. Dropped it. Rainy. Major Welch came over. Quite a
time with Div. excitement.
19th. Rode a little distance with Major Welch. Told him of
the plan talked of. Read in "Skirmishes and Sketches" by Gail
Hamilton — much interested. Order for the Grand march in re-
view. Good visit with Traver. Read me some of his leisure notes.
20th. Ordered to move. Went out beyond Fairfax Seminary
to see 105th Ohio. Cumings and Wilcox away. Intended to stop to
see Melissa as we passed through Washington, D. C, but found
the marching order countermanded, so went back to camp.
21st. Up at 3 A. M. in the rain. Marched at 7. Moved
through Washington with drawn sabres in platoon column. Passed
by Willard's. Sheridan standing on the balcony. Stopped at Mr.
Mills' over night. Nettleton rode to camp.
22nd. After breakfast M. and I called at Electa's and visited
the capitol. Strawberries. Went to Patent Office, met the Holts-
landers. When we got home found Stanton with horse. Waited
at depot for Uncle till 10 P. M. then went to camp.
23rd. In camp near Bladensburg. Got ready early for the
review. The whole Division in red neckties. Custer bade us fare-
well. 'Twas sad. Met Uncle and Aunt. Saw 2nd Corps and part
of 5th pass in review.
Wednesday, 24th. Twelve of us officers went to town with
orderlies. Ran guard. Saw Johnson, Stanton, Welles, Speed,
Grant, Sherman, Howard, Slocum, Logan, Cadwallader, Sanford,
Farragut and several other distinguished men. Grand affair.
THE GRAND REVIEW AT WASHINGTON, ON MAY
23 AND 24, 1865.
This historic event, briefly covered in the diary, under dates
of May 23 and 24, 1865, had had no precedent in the past and is
not likely to have a parallel in future. It marked officially the close
of the great war, the restoration of peace, the preservation of the
American Republic from destruction, and the gratitude of the
American people for a result perpetual and inestimable in its
value not only to them but to all mankind.
The troops participating in the Review numbered nearly Two
Hundred Thousand Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery, being the
veteran soldiers of (1) the Armies of the Potomac and James com-
manded by Generals Grant and Meade; (2) the Army of the Shen-
May, 1865 165
andoah, commanded by General Sheridan, including Sheridan's
Cavalry Corps which in full ranks numbered 16,000 troopers; (3)
Sherman's Army, which he had led victoriously from the Ohio
River, through Kentucky, Tennessee and "through Georgia to the
Sea," and thence through the Carolinas and Virginia to Washing-
ton. On the two successive days mentioned this combined host
marched the length of Pennsylvania Avenue, and in front of the
White House passed in review and saluted President Andrew John-
son and the distinguished group of men mentioned in Major Ten-
ney's diary including Gen. U. S. Grant, Gen. W. T. Sherman, Gen-
erals Meade and Sheridan, Howard, Slocum, Logan, and Admirals
Farragut and Porter. With these were also the members of the
Cabinet including especially Secretary of War, E. M. Stanton and
Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles.
This event was the signal for the disbandment and return to
civil life of the nearly One Million volunteer soldiers and sailors
then on the rolls of the Army and Navy of the United States. This
was accomplished progressively and very rapidly, as fast as the
troops could be paid off and transported to their homes.
Much to the dissatisfaction of the Second Ohio Cavalry that
regiment was retained in service nearly six months after the close
of hostilities, being sent to southwestern Missouri to look after
some disorderly elements there, as mentioned under dates of May
27 to June 27, 1865, in the diary.— A. B. N.
25th, Nettleton returned to camp early. I went out at noon.
Met M. and A. on Penn. Ave. Went up to Uncle's— discouraged.
Started for Alexandria but was too late. M. and I went up to a
restaurant for supper.
26th. Talked of going to camp today, but too rainy. Got a
carriage and we six rode over to Arlington Heights, the forts,
Arlington House and Freedmen's School. Wrote to Mother. Had
a good time. Went to theatre.
27th. Still raining. Folks concluded to go to Richmond today.
Went to camp on 8:30 train. Nettleton went down. Regiment
ordered to Missouri. Too late for Richmond. Great feeling among
the boys. Disappointed. Q. M. rations.
28th. In camp. Worked on my ordnance papers. Got them
ready to send off. Nettleton went to town. Welch and Sloan in
camp. Recruits not to go to Missouri. Paper circulating.
29th. Busy most of the day fixing up Company papers. Un-
able to find Company's desk. City Point boys up. Quite full com-
pany. Orders to move at 4 A. M tomorrow. Has been hard work
to decide what to do.
30th. Reveille at 2 A. M. Turned in stores. Packed up. Went
to town with Lu at 10. Got some strawberries at Mrs. Mills'.
She has been very kind to me. Ice cream with Stanton. At 3 P. M.
took the cars with Melissa for Cincinnati. Went as far as Fred-
erick City and remained over night at U. S. Hotel. M. and I took
a stroll up street. Had a very pleasant time. Talked about Fannie.
166 War Diary
Her conduct seems very strange and yet I can not condemn her. I
feel as of old. God will right things if it is best. I am very happy
to be with my good sister.
31st. Arose late. Feeling well. A beautiful day. Visited
hospital. Saw Sergt. Babcock and got him released. At 12 took
cars. Got into Cumberland at 7:30. Stopped at St. Nicholas.
Strolled up town. Some very pleasant residences. Crook and Kel-
ley carried from here.
June 1st. Thursday. At breakfast met an old friend of the
2nd. Raised Co. F. Comfortably settled in the cars at 8. Melissa
enjoyed the Cheat River and Cheat Mountain scenery first rate.
Bellaire at dark. Some country lads and lassies on board. Met
Birge on Central Ohio sleeping car.
2nd. Mr. Birge told us of Martin Fitch's death by drowning.
God sustain the afflicted. After washing up at the Gibson House,
Melissa went to see Ellie Bushnell. I attended to business and then
went home with Albert. Pleasant visit. Like Mr. Morgan and
family. Al and wife went back with us — ice cream.
3rd. Went to Court House and auction sales with Albert.
Regt. came in early. Spent several hours with Watson. He is
feeling badly. Am sorry for him. Many of the boys drunk. Two
men drowned. Very sad. Co. E. Melissa received rather a rough
initiation. Wheel broke, so had to lie by several hours near Cin-
Sunday, 4th. Reached Louisville before noon. Overtook the
Columbia. Our boat the Prima Donna. Slow time getting through
the canal at Louisville. Columbia went over the falls. In evening
had some music and rehearsal by Barnitz. Good.
5th. Another clear and beautiful day. Read "A New At-
mosphere." Game of whist. Passed the Cumberland and Ten-
nessee in the night. The riding in the evening was delightful.
Gathered on bow and sung.
6th. Took on coal at Cairo. Rounded the point and entered
the Father of Waters. Had a quiet and pleasant ride. Monoto-
nous country along the levee. A great many wood yards.
7th. Some beautiful scenery today. High bluffs and a num-
ber of castle homes. Got into St. Louis a little before dusk. A. B.
and M. got oflf at Carondelet and came up by cars. Took supper
at Olive St. House. Wrote home. Letter from home.
8th. About 8 o'clock started for Benton Barracks. One
lady ran out with flag and said "Welcome home." Learn that we
are not to go to Texas. Went out on foot. Got a pleasant boarding
place near camp. Chet and I near together.
9th. Field officer of the day. Went to the city for Melissa.
Had a good visit as we rode out. Took her to J. R. Davies'. Spent
June, 1865 167
the evening with the two families, Davies and Bostwicks. Enjoyed
myself first rate.
10th. Relieved by Capt. Easton. Kept busy at my papers.
Jones to be mustered out. Sent in Descriptive Rolls of Tiner
and Barber. The paper signed by the officers was sent to Seward,
Hillhouse and Wilcox. Think of resigning very soon.
11th. Attended service in the morning and evening at chapel.
Saw Crumb — Chris. Com. delegate. Saw J. R, D. too. Chet and
I had a cozy chat together. Talked of home and the happiness
soon to be ours. Also talked of our Chris, experience.
12th. Went to city and got me a pair of boots, in the rain.
Returned to camp for dinner. Chet sent in his papers. Called on
Melissa with Chet. Miss Hamlin there.
13th. A. B.'s muster out came. He called the officers to-
gether and bade them goodbye, turning over the property. At-
tended prayer meeting at Christian Com. rooms — interesting.
14th. Spent the day in camp. Some rain. Sent in my resig-
nation. The morale of the regiment is very low. A spirit of in-
subordination and independence prevails. Boys are very dissi-
15th. Went to town and saw Sister M. and A. B. off at 4 :20.
Hated to see them go. Hope to see them at home soon. Very warm.
16th. Went to town to see about selling my horse. Chester
left for Davenport, Iowa. I feel most homesick. I do dislike to
leave the boys for many reasons. I love them all.
17th. Saturday. Took my mare to the city and sold her for
$100. Very hot day. Began on my Q. M. papers. Sent Feb. re-
turns in. Several resignations returned. Disappointed. Hope
mine will go through.
18th. Letter from Cousin Minnie, also from home. Have
made application for about a dozen furloughs and sent as many
men to hospital for examination for discharge.
19th. Spent the day at my Q. M. Returns for March, April
and May. In the evening spent a few minutes visiting with Chap-
lain Ives and Dailey's daughters. Had a cozy chat.
20th. A very hot day. Read some. Saw Hayes. Time hangs
heavily while waiting. Played a good game of ball with Co. "H."
Haven't been so much engaged for years.
21st. Got several papers from home. Report that we move
tomorrow for Springfield, Mo. Dislike the thought of going my-
self. Will try to get my papers through. Read and slept. Wrote
22nd. Went to town with Billy Smith and Tuttle to see Birge
about a horse transaction. Settled it easily.
23rd. Stayed at Lindell last night. This morning called at
Dept. Hdqrs. but got no satisfaction from Barnes. Regt. marched
at 1:30 P. M. Some drunk and noisy. Some left. Went to city
with Bosworth, Attended theatre. The Deans in "Stranger*' and
168 War Diary
24th. Didn't wake up till ten o'clock. Quite a joke. Lost
our breakfast. Went to camp in time for dinner. Very hot day.
June and other 2nd Ohio boys over to see me. Rained in the night.
25th. Did not go out to church in A. M. Wrote home and to
George. Read in "Capt. Bonneville," by Irving. Several of the
boys called. In evening attended service. Mr. Ives preached. In-
26th. A very cool, pleasant morning. Went to the city to
see Ren Bosworth off on leave. Expect to be homesick now living
alone. Got back to camp before supper. Got me some pants, vest,
shirts and other necessaries for comfort.
27th. Passed the day in camp. Drew ''Stumbling Blocks"
and read. In evening went to prayer meeting at chapel. Muster-
ing officer examined our returns. Boys moved down to Marine
28th. Saw Adams up from the regiment. They had an awful
time going down to Rolla. Attended prayer meeting P. M. and
evening. Also party at boarding place. Played chess with Miss
Tripp from Wis., a Soldier's Aid lady.
29th. Ren back last night. Cloudy but hot. Wrote home
and to Headly. Bosworth and I called on Miss Tripp and Mrs.
Searle. Had a very sociable time. Saw Miss Lizzie Daily a few
minutes, too. Read "Country Living and Country Thinking" and
June 30th. Friday. Bosworth left for home. I read paper
and books. Drew Longfellow's Poems and Carleton's "Days and
Nights on the Battlefield." Enjoyed reading it. How near Gen.
Grant came to losing everything at Fort Donaldson and Shiloh.
Played five games of chess with Mrs. Forbes.
1st. Stayed at home and read most all day. Peck and a
friend came down and stayed a few minutes. Ren left yesterday
for his sister's in 111. Hated to have him go. Am uneasy to get
2nd. Attended service at the chapel. Mr. Ives preached. A
good sermon. I desire to get more religion, more of the love of
Jesus. God give me grace to live an earnest, living, though humble
3rd. Peck came up in evening. Played chess and checkers.
Have had several very pleasant visits with Mrs. Searle and Miss
Tripp. Mrs. Forbes too, is very kind to me. No letter from home.
4th. After breakfast had a siege of chess with Mr. Barney.
A very hot day. A great many-friends around St. Louis. Remained
in camp till evening when I went to city. Saw fire works and got
ice cream. Met Albert Hinman.
5th. The little beggar girl, Emma, still comes around. Am
sorry for her. Life has but few charms for her. Her father killed
June, 1865 169
at Shiloh, her brother died at Sulphur Springs, a drummer boy,
her mother had rheumatism, her little brother another little beggar.
A very bad girl. God help the poor and afflicted.
6th. Yesterday Robert Brown came here to the Christian
Commission. Went with him to see J. R. Davies and Bostwick.
Made an engagement to go to tea today, but Brown did not get
around in time. Had a pleasant evening chat with Cousin Sarah
and Miss Tripp, Barney, Mrs. Forbes and Mrs. Daily also.
7th. Spent the day reading "Eliana" of Lamb's and "Oliver
Twist." Much interested in both. In evening, Mr. McC. and
Brown held a meeting near Post Hdqrs. Sang patriotic songs
first, then a religious meeting. Several spoke. 1500 present. 800
rose for prayers. Very affecting. Mrs. Searle and other ladies
out. Felt much benefited myself.
8th. Read in the morning. Went with Brown to Mrs. Kel-
logg's to dinner. Belong to Tenney family. Had a good visit. All
act and look much like Tenney family. Another large meeting
in evening. Great interest manifested. Several spoke.
9th. Inquiry meeting. About 50 men out. After breakfast,
I went to the city. Took some notices to Mr. Parsons. Attended
Sunday School and church at 1st Pres. Dr. Nelson. Good services
but not much earnestness. Got back to camp for dinner. A silly
sentimental poet on the cars. Chapel in evening. Rain.
10th. A cool delightful morning. Was disappointed in not
getting my papers. Read in "Oliver Twist." In evening went to
meeting (conference) in open air. Very interesting. God is at
11th. In the morning read "Christian's Mistake" by Miss
Muloch. A good story. In P. M. mail. Discharge came. Happy.
Went to city. Saw Will Bushnell. Supped with him. Ice cream
with 2nd Ohio boys. Like Cousin Sarah Searle so much.
12th. Immediately after breakfast packed up and went
around to bid my friends goodbye. Felt sad as well as happy. God
bless the friends at Benton Barracks. Got paid. Saw Will B.
Off at 4 P. M. Made several acquaintances. Can hardly realize
that I am going back home to stay.
13th. Got into Indianapolis at 5 A. M. Grafton at 2 :30. Home
4:30. A very happy boy. Thank God for his mercies to us. I
desire to live so as to show my gratitude.
Note — The diary closes with the following resume. F. D. T.
In eight months fought
18 pieces Artillery
900 Small Arms
During service passed through
Marched 22000 Miles
Watered horses in the rivers
Marais des Cypres
Digitized by VjOOQIC
THE B. F. GROUP
Standing — Delos Haynes
Seated — Fred Allen, Will Hudson, Charley Fairchild, Luman Tennkt
1860 B. F. MEMORANDUM 1877
The following extract from a letter written by Charles G. Fair-
child explains the meaning of the term B. F.
"When we were boys of 13 or 14 we had a literary society. As my brother
Henry and I came home one night he complained to my father that a few
of the older boys — "big fry" he called them — got all the offices, though the
small ones outnumbered them. From this date the terms "Big Fry" and
"Little Fry^' became catchwords and were bandied back and forth until fin-
ally the "Big Fry" were rounded up into an exclusive inner set of five mem-
bers. Nothing was made of this in the literary society. But in the long sum-
mer afternoons we "B. F.'s" used to gather somewhere, get some lemons and
sugar if they were in any way obtainable, take a long time in drinking a little
lemonade, and listening perhaps to an improvised story or two from one of
our members who was especially gifted in this line. At one time an illus-
trated paper in the interest of the "B. F." appeared. It was entitled "The
Thunderbolt," laboriously written by hand and passed from member to member
Not a boy of us realized that our club meant anything, but when mar-
riage came and there followed a Bertha Frances, a Bernard Frederick and a
Barbara Frances, all first born babies bearing the initials "B. F.", we first
began to realize that "B. F." had struck tap roots deep in our hearts. From
an unplanned beginning with no organization, nothing sober or specially
rational, with no thought of the future, we had come, under cover of old jokes
and an accidental name, to prefer each other, to like each other, to love
What does "B. F." stand for? Perhaps for the greatest thing in the
world. If we could only all love each other in a senseless, foolish way — simply
love each other, with no questions asked and no special thought — what a
changed world this would be."
This seal was adopted by the B. F.'s
as their "coat of arms.*' The mot-
to "Unns amore** was unearthed from
the classics by one of the members;
the introduction of periods between
the first three letters opening the way
for this unique translation:
"Unus amorcy* one in love; "mjore^'
in custom; "ore,*' in face; "re," in
fact. The "unus** being read into
each sentence amplifies the original
motto as follows: "One in love, one
in custom, one in face, one in fact."
It was at the last reunion of the B. F. boys held in March, 1877, at the
home of Delos R. Haynes in St. Louis, Mo., that the idea was conceived of
each one writing a brief account of his life since the year 1860. This meant
recalling the history of eighteen years, but each "B. F." did this, and the five
accounts were carefully put together in good form for preserving. F. D. T.
174 Entry of Luman H. Tenney
Luman Tenney, N. Amherst, 0. Bom
Oct. 1, 1841.
Very pleasant arrangement with F. (first).
Went to Vermont in September. Taught
school in Sudbury. Success. Visited Will at
Williams. Stood by B. F.
Maple sugar in Spring ; foot tramp to Can-
I ^ ^ I ada ; returned through Pennsylvania ; ar-
rived August in Oberlin. Enlisted in 2nd
0. C. Sept. 9th.
With regiment in Missouri, Indian Terri-
18 6 2 tory, Fort Scott, and back to Ohio in Decem-
Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant. East Tenn-
I ^ Ij o essee Campaign. Morgan raid. Summer
furlough in Oberlin. More pleasant rela-
Furlough in March. Virginia Campaign.
18 6 4 Promoted to Captain. B. F. shoulder-straps
Five Forks and Appomattox. Brevetted
Major. Mustered out in July, St. Louis.
I ^ Ij -^ Was in Washington Review. Few enjoy-
ments — enjoyments ceased. In Sept. came
to St. Louis. Blind Asylum. In December to
Alabama. Cotton at Demopolis.
Cotton crop and missionary works. Went
Sandusky in May; local on Register. Ober-
1 H 6 6 lin excursion. Engagement July 11. Pleas-
ant relations rest of year. First congrega-
Happily married Apr. 16. Trip to New
l^Qj York ; entertained by C. G. Stave business in
Sandusky with Dorsey. Everything went
merry as a marriage bell.
Still happy and in every way prosperous.
B. F. boy bom May 4. The next important
1 8 6 H event was the B. F. reunion in Sandusky.
Visited by Delos and Fred. B. F. cup pre-
sented ; speech by W. N.
Organized Sandusky Tool Co.; dissolved
I ^ ^ 9 partnership with Dorsey. Visit from Delos,
Carlie and Fannie Hudson. Profanity and
B. F. Memorandum 175
Sought new worlds to conquer. Explored
Lake Superior. Discovered the N. Pac. rail-
road enterprise and the foundations of a
\^jQ wondrous city at the head of the Lake. In-
vited Delos to come and drive a comer-stake
with me. He came and I went east to sell
N. Pac. bonds. Theodore Edward bom Feb.
Continued work at bonds much of time.
Real estate business in Duluth not successful.
I ^'y I Made trip to Salt Lake and did the Mormons.
Delos took the public schools. Visited Char-
ley in spring and fall. Fannie in Oberlin
part of year.
Delos returned to St. Louis. Associated
myself with H. Turner in Red River Colony
18 7 2 scheme, which promised well, but turned out
poorly. Mary Emeline bom Aug. 27. Visit-
ed Ohio and Phila.
Continued colony enterprise with varying
success till the panic in fall, when the enter-
18 7 3 prise was abandoned — ^failure. Will visited
me in the summer. Visited mother and Me-
lissa in Philadelphia.
Moved to Glyndon in the spring, combin-
ing wheat-farming, merchandizing and land-
18 7 4 selling. Store profitable ; lost crop of grain
by grasshoppers. Superintendent of Clay
Business continued prosperous. Crops de-
stroyed by grasshoppers. Organized Teach-
18 7 5 ers' Institute for Northern Minnesota. Vis-
ited Fort Garry. Brother Arthur and Char-
ley with us.
Aug. 1st removed to Minneapolis, con-
tinuing business at Glyndon. Fairly pros-
18 7 6 perous. Eddy Williams' Church. Young
Ladies' Bible Class. More at home than for
several years. Visit from father Andrews.
Business in safes and scales at Minneapo-
I ^ 1^ ly lis, also old business at Glyndon. The event
of the year was B. F. reunion at Delos'. Vis-
Note — Luman Harris Tenney was bom in Minne-
apolis, Minn., May 18, 1877, after this last entry
was written. Died in Sanford, Florida, Dec. 25, 1882.
THE TENNEY FAMILY
Taken in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1879
FRONT VIEW OF THE ANDREWS-TENXEY HOME
Taken in 1912
The Tenney Family Resided Here After 1882
LUMAN HARRIS TENNEY
From the Red River Valley News, Glyndon, Minn., Feb. 12, 1880.
Luther Osbom, Editor.
MAJOR TENNEY OF GLYNDON.
HIS DEATH TUESDAY MORNING AT THE AGE OF 38.
We have this week to write of the most impressive event in
Glyndon's history which has transpired during the life of the
News. Luman H. Tenney, who has been ill for a month, grew
rapidly worse on the night of Saturday, was thought to be dying
through Sunday, hovered between life and death all the following
day, and on Tuesday at 10 :30 A. M. quietly breathed out his life.
Although he died as many another man has died with admoni-
tion of the approach and progress of disease, after time enough
had passed to give warning to friends and the community about
him, and in the presence of full preparation on his part, yet a
shock is felt among us almost as if he had been taken at a blow.
Communities are never ready for the death of such men as Major
Tenney! few communities have such men to lose.
The illness which has been apparent to his friends and neigh-
bors has been but five weeks' duration, and confinement to the
house was continuous for three weeks only. He was of the never-
give-up type of men who have little tolerance for the idea of sick-
ness in the ordinary sense. His latest planning and anticipating
which have been arrested and put aside by his final sickness were
of a visit to Florida for rest and health-getting during the re«
maining weeks of winter ; the starting of himself and Mrs. Tenney
on this journey was set for the second week in January. February
sees him laid to his last rest beside Northern oaks and elms and
lindens that grow strong on winds and frosts, instead of breathing
soft airs where oranges grow and magnolias bloom and cypress
boughs wave. Yet we have his own word for it that it is well with
him to take God's disposing in place of his own proposing.
A due estimate of Mr. Tenney's character this hand cannot
pen on this day of his burial ; and although the heart that moves
the hand be wrung with the task, yet it would not for a world barter
the privilege of laying an offering upon the tomb of one who was
close as any brother and who has borne a brother's part without
the impulse of natural kinship. The village children mourn him as
one who seemed to be of them, young men learned of him and will
venerate his memory and know why they do so, men of his own
age will miss the fit object of their glad deference in daily counsel
and action, and grayer and graver men will keenly know that
their peer in ripe knowledge and a greater in wise doing has gone
out from them forever.
The world knew Major Tenney for his character first, next for
his talent, and third for his deeds. Those close to his friendship
180 In Memoriam
knew the Christian mainspring that moved him, saw the golden
thread of conscience running through his days and years of sun-
shine and cloud, and were sure of the faith that kept him high-
minded, that made him patient in labors whose end other good men
sometimes could not see.
In mental characteristics he was obedient to heaven's first law
of order, clear, simple, strong. In ways personal and social he was
gentle, refined, unstudied, nobly human, and at large liberty as
respects mere conventionalities. Sincerity marked his every going
out and in before friend or stranger. In business he was a very
engine of energy and precision, industrious we fear to rashness,
conservative, enterprising, adhering to time-tested methods while
teachable in the midst of the new events of a new country, of
high integrity and faithfulness, requiring good faith in return
from the party of the second part, be he lofty or lowly, employee
or customer. For the community he had aspirations beyond the
majority of his fellows. In holy fear of the calamities possible to
follow the use of rum, he exercised the power he held in colony
times to make legal stipulation that it should not be made or sold
within the bounds of land conveyed. School and church and society
all have felt his elevating influence. Ambitious to do excellent
things, he was singularly free even from the willingness to have
his excellences told. It would be like him, if he could, to restrain
the hand that writes this much in his praise.
Men dying at life's meridian need not be counted lost. Though
his mantle may not find a single pair of shoulders on which to fall,
yet shall we not find among us here one and there another upon
whom its several folds shall rest and who shall finish his work?
This word shall be "The News" memorial of him.
LOYAL LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES.
BREVET MAJOR LUMAN HARRIS TENNEY, U. S. V.
Brevet Major Luman Harris Tenney, of the Second Regiment
Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, was bom in North Amherst, Lorain Coun-
ty, Ohio, October 1, 1841. His father, Luman Tenney, M.D., for-
merly of Vermont, was a leading physician of the place. On the
side of his mother, Emeline C. Harris, he was descended from a
family of sturdy pioneers, who were among the earliest to remove
from Massachusetts and settle on the Western Reserve, then almost
an unbroken wilderness.
In Memoriam 181
Removing to Oberlin, Ohio, at fourteen years of age, he pre-
pared for college, and in 1859 entered the class of 1863. The dis-
astrous battle of Bull Run was to him, as to many, an imperative
call to duty, and in September of that year he left his classes and
enlisted as a private soldier in the Second Ohio Cavalry, then or-
ganizing at Camp Wade, in Cleveland. He shortly went to the
front with his regiment in the capacity of commissary sergeant
of his battalion, and thereafter served in the field until two months
after the surrender of the Confederate armies. He was succes-
sively promoted for merit to the grade of second lieutenant, first
lieutenant, and captain in the line, and was subsequently brevetted
major by the President, "for gallant service in the campaigns of
the Shenandoah Valley in 1864." He was present in over fifty bat-
tles and lesser engagements with the enemy, including Grant's
campaign of the Wilderness, Sheridan's battles of Winchester,
Cedar Creek, and Waynesborough, the siege of Petersburg, and
the closing campaign about Richmond, culminating with the sur-
render of Lee's army at Appomattox. At the bloody battle oi
Five Forks, April 1, 1865, Major Tenney especially distinguished
himself for gallantry, coolness, and efficiency, winning the unstinted
commendation of his superior officers. In this engagement, his
brother, Theodore A. Tenney, fell at his side, fatally hurt by a
shell from the enemy's artillery.
Returning to private life, he engaged in business pursuits.
On April 16, 1867, he was married to Miss Frances D. Andrews,
of Ohio. Later he removed to Minnesota. In 1871 and 1872 he
was connected with the work of constructing the Northern Pacific
Railroad. Settling at Glyndon, in the Red River Valley, he founded
there an agricultural colony of European and American settlers.
Here he made his home, engaged on a large scale in growing grain
and handling the wheat crop of the Northern belt. Naturally a
leader of men, he took a prominent and influential part in every
movement that promised a betterment of existing conditions.
On February 10, 1880, Major Tenney died of heart-failure,
meeting death as courageously as he had so often faced it on the
field of battle.
MAJOR TENNEY'S COMRADES.
The surviving members of the 2nd regiment Ohio cavalry held
their annual reunion at Chippewa Lake on Aug. 26th, 1880. A
part of the exercises was an eulogistic address on the life and
character of the late Luman H. Tenney of Glyndon, Minn., deliv-
ered by Capt. H. W. Chester, and a few extracts are here given.
On the morning of the 9th day of September, 1861, five young
men, full of love of country and running over with patriotism, left
Oberlin for Cleveland, and determined to "go to the war." They
selected as their comrades the boys of the Second Ohio Cavalry —
Wade and Hutchins' pet regiment — then being organized at Camp
Wade. They cast in their lot with the determined men of Welling-
182 In Memoriam
ton. As in the fall of 1858 Oberlin and Wellington joined hands
in their efforts to help the oppressed, so now her sons joined their
swords to drive the oppressor from the land, and compel him to
let the captive go free; although it would not have been admitted
at that time that such was the object, yet the issue was forced upon
us, and I am proud of the fact that it was accepted at last, and that
in consequence victory perched upon our banners.
Our departed comrade was one of the Oberlin boys. Upon the
organization of the Regiment he was appointed Battalion commis-
sary sergeant. While in that position his executive ability was no-
ticed, and promotion followed. It was while in the commissary de-
partment that his devotion to duty first appeared. Although he was
not expected to take a very active part on the skirmish line, yet
he never was known to shield himself behind his position and leave
the fighting to others, but where the greatest danger and the great-
est need of help was, there he was sure to be found. All of you
who were in our first serious fight, at Steubenville, Ky., will re-
member it not so much for the numbers engaged as for the fierce-
ness of the attack, and the determined resistance made by our colo-
nel, August V. Kautz. It was in this engagement, where Captain
Case was so severely wounded and several of our brave men killed,
that our comrade acted as aide to our colonel and displayed his
coolness and bravery under fire. This was only a faint indication
of the spirit that controlled him and became more conspicuous
during the following years.
During 1862 and 1863 he was to be found at his post of duty
doing faithfully and well whatever was assigned to him. In the
summer of 1863 our comrade was commissioned to second lieu-
tenant, after passing a rigid examination before Colonel Kautz.
In November, 1864, he was promoted from second to first lieuten-
ant, and in December commissioned captain, and assigned to duty
in command of company C. Under his command that company did
its full share of fighting, and I have no doubt but that the members
of that excellent company present with us today would testify that
in Captain Tenney they had a commander who would lead them
wherever their bravest would dare to go, and I know that he found
in that company men who would go wherever he would lead the
way. Many of you probably remember instances where our com-
rade displayed his unswerving devotion to duty and where he was
conspicuous for his bravery. I will give you one or two only:
I well remember his action at Five Forks on the first day of April,
1865. How in that terrible ordeal he appeared to be just as cool
and self-possessed as though his command was on dress parade;
how he passed along the line encouraging his men and instructing
them to take advantage of every opportunity to protect themselves,
at the same time unmindful of the danger to which he exposed him-
self. It was during this engagement that his brother Theodore
was mortally wounded by a piece of shell from the enemy's battery
in our front. Our comrade was standing near him at the time. I
shall not soon forget the evidence of a struggle between his sense
In Memoriam 183
of duty as a soldier, and his love for his brother, as to whether he
should carry him from the field or remain at his post. Just then
the enemy's fire slackened so that he was enabled to accompany his
brother to the rear, and receive his dying message to his mother,
which was: "Tell mother I only wish I had been a better boy."
He soon came back to his command, and was with them to the end.
It was the 6th day of April, five days after the battle at Five Forks,
at the battle of Sailor's Creek, that our comrade, in company with
four others, formed a line of battle across a forty-acre field, and
charged a wagon train guarded by five times their number. They
deployed their line so as to present a long line of battle, and made
a gallant charge, leading on their pretended battalions, driving the
enemy from the field, and cutting their wagon train, which resulted
in the capture of a train two miles long, with a loss of one-fifth of
the charging party wounded. It was just after this charge that
another fifth of this party was killed — Lieut. Stearns, whom you will
remember as the gallant commander of company B.
At Appomattox Court House, Harper's Farm (Sailor's Creek),
and High Bridge our comrade distinguished himself as a commander
that could meet and overcome obstacles that would appal a less reso-
lute spirit. He was in command of a battalion, I believe, at the sur-
render of Lee's army on the 9th day of April, and returned with his
regiment to Washington, and participated with it in the grand re-
view. Again at Cincinnati, when the regiment was en route for St.
Louis, he displayed his control over men during great excitement,
and succeeded in quieting a disturbance that might have resulted in
a blot on the fair name of our regiment had it been managed with
less skill. Soon after this he was commissioned major in recognition
of his services to his country. It is well to remember the valorous
deeds of the defenders of our country, and crown them with
wreaths of laurel, and tell of their heroic acts to our children, and
children's children. Still it is in civil life where most of us must
fight the battles that make us heroes, or defeat us in all our efforts
for the good of mankind; so with our comrade, although dis-
tinguished in war, it was in civil life that he found scope for his
nobler traits of character.
It is quite remarkable how, in the ten short years that he
was connected with the growth of northern Minnesota, he im-
pressed his character upon that whole region. I cannot better de-
scribe his influence and the respect in which he was held than by
quoting some of the many testimonials culled from the press of
"This news will bring sadness to the hearts of hundreds, who
have recognized in the one who is so suddenly gone, a noble. Chris-
tian man, anxious to do what he believed to be right. We mourn
for him as a brother, as those sad words, whose meaning is so hard
184 In Memoriam
to realize, force themselves upon us, "We shall see his face no
For ten years he has been a leading spirit in Minnesota, and
the town of Glyndon is largely his creation.
He leaves his wife and four children in comfortable circum-
stances, and leaves them also the remembrance of a devoted hus-
band and father, and the record of a useful life."
"The news of the death of Major L. H. Tenney, formerly of
Minneapolis, which occurred this morning at his home in Glyndon,
will be received with general and undisguised regret. Major Ten-
ney was an estimable man in every relation of life, an active, ener-
getic business man, an excellent citizen.
He dies in the prime of vigorous manhood, and his loss will
be deeply felt along the line of the Northern Pacific, where he
transacted a large grain business, was widely known and highly
Hon. A. McCrea, State Senator from this district, writes:
"It causes a feeling of sadness to hear of the death of Major
Well can I remember the talk we had of our future prospects.
He has gone to realize the facts, while I still remain in a world
I have no doubt his Christian fortitude held him up in his last
moments. Although not intimately acquainted, I entertained great
respect for him as a man, a very useful man of business, and one
who will be missed not only in your village but all along the lines
of railroad in this section of our state. His amiable wife and her
family have my heartfelt sympathy. If I had been home in time
I would have attended the funeral."
Then follow the few remaining lines of Capt. Chester's
We who are still on the battle-field of life would lay upon his
grave our offering of love, our tribute of respect. Having done
what we may for the dead, let us remember that devoted wife and
the four fatherless children who must wait in vain for the return
of the fallen soldier, and renew our expressions of sympathy, and
invoke for them the tender care of our great Commander-in-Chief.
In Memoriam 185
SECOND OHIO CAVALRY ASSOCIATION,
CLEVELAND, Feb. 21st, 1880.
Whereas, This Association has learned with deep regret of
the death of our former comrade in arms
MAJOR LUMAN H. TENNEY,
which occurred at his home in Glyndon, Minn., on the tenth day
of February, therefore.
Resolved, That while we bow in humble submission to the will
of the Great Captain who has called him from among us, our grief
is none the less poignant; our sorrow none the less deep; and we
do and ever will cherish the memory of Comrade Tenney as that
of one of the best, bravest and most patriotic soldiers of our old
command ; one who hesitated at no danger when duty called ; and
whose courage, devotion and Christian character was an example
worthy to be imitated by us all. In his death the country has lost
one of its noblest defenders, society an honored and useful mem-
ber ; each and all of us a generous friend ; and his family has sus-
tained a loss we find no words to express. To them in this hour
of great sorrow we can only extend our warmest sympathies.
Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the records
of the Association, and a copy be sent to the family of our dead
Walter R. Austin, Albert Barnitz,
Acting Secretary. Brevet Col. U. S. Army,
Pres. of Association.
LETTER FROM COL. ALBERT BARNITZ TO MRS. LUMAN
Cleveland, Ohio, March 1, 1880.
Mrs. Luman H. Tenney,
Dear Madam :
Having just signed in the capacity of President of the Associa-
tion, the engrossed copy of the resolutions passed at a recent meet-
ing of surviving members of the old 2nd Ohio Cavalry, I have
thought it not inappropriate, although personally a stranger to
yourself, to add a few words, as testifying my personal regard
and attachment for your late husband. I knew him scarcely other-
186 In Memoriam
wise than as a soldier, and did not indeed, become well acquainted
with him until the vicissitudes of the service threw upon me the
command of the regiment, in the closing campaign of the war, and
then it was that I came to admire his unflinching courage and his
soldierly ability; at Five Forks, especially, he rendered distin-
guished service in command of his squadron — or battalion perhaps.
I was near him through a considerable portion of the engagement,
and well remember his valorous conduct upon that trying occasion.
It was there, too that his brother, a handsome and noble boy, was
shot down and instantly killed by a shell from the enemy's battery,
as he stood in the act of firing his carbine, and just as I was ad-
monishing him to shelter himself behind a tree near which he stood.
I am perhaps the only living eye-witness of the occurrence, and
unstrapped from my saddle the talma in which he was carried
from the field ; and the circumstance is as vivid in my mind as if it
had occurred but yesterday and all the other marked events of the
engagement, and of the subsequent battles in which your husband
And so it is that although the war has been long ended, "And
our great deeds are half -forgotten things," yet I remember vividly
my intimate associates of the war, and think of them always as I
knew them in the field ; and I think of your late husband only as
the faithful comrade, the prompt, energetic and ever-reliable sol-
dier ; and you — ^you who ^n your cruel bereavement will, more than
another, mourn his untimely death, will remember him only in
the peaceful and tender relations of domestic life, and may even
deem it strange that, by reason of the past, whereof you know not
except dimly, and as by tradition, a train of bronzed and weather-
beaten men should come across the intervening years, bearing
myrrh and incense, and ask to lay upon a soldier's bier some trib-
ute from his comrades of the war.
Respectfully and sincerely yours,
Brevet Col. U. S. Army.
THE TENNEY FAMILY IN AMERICA
IS DESCENDED FROM
Thomas Tenney, the first ancestor in America. He came over
with the Rev. Ezekiel Roger's company from Yorkshire, England,
arriving in Salem, Mass., Dec, 1638, and settling in Rowley, Mass.,
April, 1639. He was about twenty-four when he came over with
his wife Ann. His English home was Rowley on the Yorkshire
Wolds East Riding. Rev. Ezekiel Rogers was a man of learning,
very devout, possessed of much zeal, and felt keenly the religious
persecution of King Charles' order to the clergy to read in church
the declaration of sports, in which the king directed that no hin-
drance should be thrown in the way of those who wished to dance
or shoot at the butts (a target) on Sunday afternoon. Puritan
Rogers, aggrieved at this and other persecutions, gathered to him
in the parish of Rowley a company, Thomas Tenney and his wife
Ann forming one family, for the purpose of emigrating to America.
Dea. John Tenney in 1682 was one of the eighteen who formed
the first Cong, church under Rev. Zacharia Symmes in Bradford,
Dea. (Elder) Samuel Tenney was a Lieutenant in the Conti-
nental army and a member of the Colonial Assembly in 1725.
Jesse Tenney and Hannah were married in Norwich, Conn.,
1773, moving to Bennington in 1774. When the war commenced
Hannah took her son Isaac on horse back to the Connecticut home,
Jesse entering the service. After the war they returned to Ben-
nington to their fine farm near the "Battle Ground" which now has
the highest battle monument from tidal point in the world. Jesse
Tenney was very benevolent and kind-hearted, so much so that the
Bennington neighbors, in referring to him, would say, "Take it,
take it, says Tenney." In 1805 he moved to Sudbury, Vt.
Isaac Tenney settled in Orwell, Vt., on land which his father
had purchased immediately after the Revolutionary War.
(These facts taken from "The Tenney Family" by M. J. Ten-
Mar. Feb. 14, 1723
Res. Bennington, Vt.
Was Commissary in
Mar. Sept. 30, 1773
Res. Orwell, Vt.
Mar. 1799, Nov. 28
Born July 29, 1725
Mar. Nov. 7, 1748
Born Nov. 30, 1783
Mar. Mar. 30, 1807
Mar. Mar. 23, l77l
Born Oct. 26, 1786
Dea. John Tenney, son of Thomas
ba. Sam'l Tenney
1640-1722 and Ann Tenney
Mercy Parrot, daughter Francis Parrot
Capt. Joseph Boynton
Born 1671, Died 1709
Mar. Dec. 18, 1690
1645-1730 of Rowley, Mass.
John Wood, son of Thos, and Ann Wood
tfar. Jan. 16, 1680 of Boxford, Mass.
Born July 21, 1662
Samuel Griswold Capt, Sam'l Criswold
Born Feb. 8, 1693
Mar. April 2, 1719
Born in Kenilworth, Eng.
Mar. Dec. 10, 1685
Francis, son of
of Windsor, Ct.
Ruth, daughter of
Dr. Sam'l Abell
Dea. Wm. Rockwell
of Windsor, Ct.
1 Now Groveland
WAR OF THE REBELLION
OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE
Some of the Many References (over 200) Made to the 2nd Ohio
Col. Doubleday, Round Grove, Cow Skin Prairie,
Grand River 13
Col. Salomon, on Arresting Col. Wier 13
Col. Kautz, Captain West's or Rocky Gap 23
Col. Sanders, Sander's Raid 23
Gen. Shackelford, Morgan Raid 23
Col. Kautz, Morgan Raid 23
Gen. Wilson, 3rd Cav. Div., Apr. 7 to June 16, 1864 36
Gen. Mcintosh, May 5 to June 22, 1864 36
Lt.-Col. Purington, May 5 to June 12, 1864 36
Gen. Ferrero, Piney Branch Church 36
Gen. Rosser, C. S. A., Piney Branch Church 36
Gen. Ferrero, Harris Farm 36
Gen. Wilson, June 17-July 30, 1864 40
Gen. Mcintosh, June 22-July 3, 1864 40
Lt.-Col. Purington, June 13- July 24, 1864 40
Col. Kautz, Wilson Raid 40
Gen. Sheridan, Abraham's Creek 43
Gen. Torbett, Aug. 8-Oct. 31, Nov. 12 and 21-23. .43
Gen. Wilson, July 31 to Sept. 30, 1864 43
Gen. Custer, Oct. 9 and Oct. 19, 1864 43
Gen. Mcintosh, Sept. 13 and 17, 1864 43
Lt.-Col. Purington, Oct. 9, 1864 43
Lt.-Col. Whittaker, Moorfield, Feb. 4-6, 1865 46
Gen. Sheridan, Feb. 27 to March 28, 1865 46
Gen. Merritt, Feb. 27 to March 28, 1865 .46
Gen. Custer, Feb. 27 to March 28, 1865 46
Col. Pennington, Feb. 27 to March 28, 1865 46
June 15 to 30, 1864 40
Sept. 19, 1864 : 43
Oct. 19, 1864 43
March 29 to April 9 46
23rd Army Corps, Aug. 1 to Sept. 30, 1863 30
3rd Cav. Div., Aug. 1 to Dec. 22, 1864 43
1st Brig. 3rd Cav. Div., Aug. 4 to Dec. 31, 1864. . .43
Gen. Sheridan, March 26 to April 9, 1865 46
Gen. Merritt, March 26 to April 9, 1865 46
Gen. Custer, March 26 to April 9, 1865 46
Col. Pennington, March 26 to April 9, 1865 46
Appomatox Campaign, Union and Confederate 46
Order of March at Grand Review in Washington,
D. C, May 23, 1865 46
Enlisted Sept. 9 1
Camp Wade, Cleveland, Ohio Sept. 16 1
Com. Sergt., appointment Sept 20 1
Home on freight Nov. 27 4
Camp Dennison, Cincinnati, O., 8000 troops encamped. Dec. 2 4
Jim Lane of Kansas, to go under Jan. 6 5
St. Louis, took cars for, 1300 strong Jan. 15 5
Platte City, Mo Jan. 28 6
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas • Feb. 17 7
Kansas City, Kansas, and Independence, Mo Feb. 22 7
Fort Scott, Kansas Mar. 10 9
"Went out with detail of 20 to cut wood for regiment. Had 12
mule teams. Drew 22 loads" Mar. 21 9
"Heard the wolves howl in the night" Mar. 22 10
"Went to the Fort to sign pay rolls. Sergts. receive only $17 a
month. A joke on their extra stripes" Mar. 27 10
Indians in their savage state April 13 11
Horse Creek, Mo April 22 12
Turkey Creek, Kansas, state senator a prisoner April 26 12
Cowskin Prairie, "in the Cherokee Nation," Ind. Ter May 8 14
Carthage, Mo May 10 14
Lamar. Lost horse May 14 15
"Went to creek to wash, Lt. Hubbard arrested Brool^s and me
because somebody had wanted us and couldn't find us" May 16 15
Round Grove, Mo. Acted as carrier for the "Greneral." Accom-
panied Maj. Purington. Took many prisoners June 6 17
"We boys sent to Wilson Dodge to get Maj. Puring^ton a $10
ring" June 22 18
"Finished march, Neosha to Cowskin, tent blew over, soaking
wet" .June 30 19
In saddles at 3 A. M. Rode 18 miles, encamped on Grand River. .July 3 20
Letter, Flat Rock July 11 20
Capt. Nettleton sick. Col. Wier under arrest July 18 21
Rocky Creek, Spring River. "The present hour looks dark but I
have faith in the future" July 30 22
"Marched today 22 miles over a barren prairie. Camped 16
miles from Ft. Scott. Got to fooling with Reeve" Aug. 2 23
Lone Jack, Mo Aug. 17 26
Johnstown, Mo., breakfasted at, Rode all night. Slept bareback.
Major Miner fell from his horse. It was almost impossible to
get the sleeping ones awake and along Aug. 19 27
"Boys fully convinced that we would soon get mustered out of
service. All talk about home visits" Sept. 1 29
"Marriage of Sister Minnie" Sept. 6 30
Detailed for picket guard Oct. 3 35
Newtonia, Mo., battle of Oct. 4 35
Bentonville, Ark. Wrong countersign given Oct. 18 37
Fayetteville, on a scout Nov. 6 41
"A Grand Scene" Nov.
"Bullets whistled merrily for a season" Nov.
Cane Hill. Sick with chills Nov.
1862 letter, "that soft bed at home" Dec.
"Bid Kansas good-bye and off on hog cars at Weston, 34 in a
freight car, all lay down piled top of one another" Dec.
Columbus, arrived at Dec.
Resume of year 51 i
Camp chase. Libbie Kinney Jan.
"A. fe. N. and Melissa married today" Jan.
Furlough home, ten days Jan.
"Theodore allowed to enlist" Feb.
"Crisis," robbing of the Mar.
Furlough home, three days Mar.
Cincinnati, ordered to move to April
Maysville, Ky., Ohio River April
Lexington, Ky April
Monticello, Ky., Skirmish, John Devlin killed June
John Morgan's raid, beginning of .July
John Morgan surrendered July
Columbus, 0. "Put under guard." "Ludicrous" July
Cincinnati, O. Military prison July
2nd Lieut., commissioned July
Furlough, ten days Aug.
Tenn. line, crossed the Aug.
2nd Lieut., mustered as Aug.
Bumside, order from, "any man guilty of stealing," etc Sept.
"Thede walked from Oberlin most of the way." "Co. 'C boys
can't be beat" Sept.
Cumberland Gap, E. Tenn Sept.
Thief, whole division witnessed the drumming out of a Sept. 15
Mossy Creek, . Tenn. "Boys* Master Dick came for them. I
threatened him and he left" Sept.
Greenville. Home of Andy Johnson Sept.
Carters Station, Tenn Sept.
Greenville, Tenn Oct. 2 and
Blountville, near. "Sergt. Bails wounded" Oct.
Siege of Knoxville. "Great scarcity of provisions" . . .Nov. 17 to Dec.
Morristown, Reconnaissance Dec.
Col. Garrard, carrying orders for Dec.
Still in E. Tenn. "Happy New Year. Frozen and just starving" . Jan.
"Veteran furlough" of 30 days for those re-enlisting Jan.
Courtship scene Jan.
E. Tenn. people, description of Jan.
Chattanooga, climbed Lookout Mt Jan.
Furlough, 30 days. Oberlin and Cleveland Feb. 17 to Mar. 24 1(
Mt. Sterling, Ky. Marching orders to Mar.
At Cincinnati, telegram ordering to Annapolis, Md. "Boys re-
ceived the news with Huzzahs" Mar.
Annapolis, Camp at Mar.
R. Q. M., detailed to act as Mar.
26 officers and non-com. officers ordered into Penn. to buy horses
for regiment. "Gen. Burnside came to see us one day."
"Another day, Burnside, Grant and Washburn reviewed
us" April 8 to 19 113
Washington, D. C. Arrangements for transportation to Gies-
boro April 22 113
"Regt. marched at 11. Thede and I stayed behind to get receipts
for property. Left between 5 and 6. Capt. and A. D. C. on
Ma j .-Gen. Auger's staff disliked to give me pass for fear we
would be gobbled !" May 1 114
Grant's attack on Lee, beginning of, and the Campaign of the
Wilderness May 5 114
Grant said, "A Brigade today, will try a corps, tomorrow" May 10 115
Hanover C. H. "Again the 2nd O. V. V. C. did splendidly, prob-
ably saving the Brigade" June 1 118
"Gen. Wilson remarked today to Gen. Sheridan that the 2nd
Ohio was the best regiment in the Division" June 5 118 '
Smith's Store. "Most fatiguing work we ever did" June 15 119
Charles City Landing. "Horses very weak, having remained un-
der the saddle 108 hours with no feed and little grazing.
Dropped one horse" June 16 120
"Captured 22 guns and many prisoners." "Oh the anxiety to
know the result of the fighting today" June 18 120
"Major N. best man in our regiment" June 21 120
Charlotte C. H., Va. "Our boys did hot indulge in one disgraceful
thing to my knowledge" June 25 121
Stony Creek. "Regt. reduced to 50 or 60 men who lay upon their
faces till midnight" June 28 122
Reams Station. "Kautz said the orders were to get out the best
way possible" June 29 122
"Sharpshooters, got popped at twice by" July 2 123
Brother John, visit with. (Prof. John M. Ellis was serving on
the Christian Commission at City Point.) July 3 123
A. B. N. had horse shot July 18 124
"John preached for us" July 24 125
"Boys exchanged papers with the Johnnies" July 28 125
Bumside's explosion of a mine July 30 125
"Accidentally walked off into the river" Aug. 5 126
Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaigrn, beginning of Aug. 5 126*
Potomac, moved up the Aug. 7 127
Winchester, within two miles of Sfept. 7 130
Commissary Returns , Sept. 10 130
"Houghton told me there was business on hand and the General
would like me for aide" Sept. 18 130
Winchester, Battle of Sept. 19 130
Tom's Brook hill / Oct. 9 132
Cedar Creek, Va., Sheridan, A. B. N Oct. 19 133-"
Quartermaster duty, relieved from, and assigned to Co. C Oct. 30 134
"Lincoln, 201 votes for, 4 for McClellan" Nov. 8 134
"Hand-to-hand encounter." "Had my horse wounded" Nov. 12 135
"Had charge of 2nd Battalion" Nov. 16 135
"1st Lieut., Commission for" Nov. 18 135
"Officer of the day" Nov. 19 135
Mt. Jackson, found the whole of Early's army 2 miles beyond.
"Had charge of 3rd Batt." Nov. 22 135
1st Lieut., mustered as Nov. 28 136
Talk with old gentleman who owned a farm Nov. 30 136
Captain, notice of appointment as Dec. 13 137
Shoulder-straps. "Christmas gift from B. F. boys" Dec. 17 137
"New Market, camped 8 miles south of" Dec. 21 138
Lacey Springs. Skirmish. Rosser's Div. "Awful day. 45 2nd
O. men with frozen feet" Dec. 22 138
Newspapers. "Late successes are glorious" Dec. 23 140
"Moved camp upon a hill near by" Dec. 28 140
Romney Pike. "Officer of the day" Dec. 29 140
The Dante Quotations 140
Bricks from country, drew a load of Jan. 1 141
Fire-place, built Jan. 2 141
New house, moved in, 8 ft. square Jan. 3 141
"Failed to get out at roll-call, first failure since being an officer". .Jan. 4 141
Officer of the day Jan. 10 141
Neat quarters, complimented by Corp inspector Jan. 13 142
Officer of the day Jan. 20 142
Brigade officer of the day. A. B. Div. officer Feb. 3 143
"** Received one wagon to each company to fix up stables with,
worked all day in rain. Macadamized them'' Feb. 23 144
A. B. N. Lakeside. Extract from 1911 letter 144
Custer's letter 145
Waynesboro, Va. 2nd Ohio in advance as skirmishers. "Drove
the Johnnies pell-mell. Took a good many prisoners myself.
Gen. Custer gave us great credit" Mar. 2 146
"'TMy Battalion ordered forward at a trot in chase after 'Early.'
Kept up the chase 12 miles, scattered the force, many horses
played out. 10 miles from Richmond. Custer offered 30
days' furlough to the captor of Early" Mar. 14 147
■*'No breakfast. Haversack empty for two days" Mar. 16 147
"My Battalion on outpost" Mar. 19 148
Accompanied Col. Nettleton to the boat, which he took for Wash-
ington and home on a five days' furlough Mar. 22 148
Albert Ellis. "A child born" Mar. 23 148
Appomattox, crossed the, continuous firing Mar. 27 148
^Work ahead" Mar. 28 149
"The whole night occupied in paying off the regiment. Up early
after a little nap^' Mar. 29 149
""Lay in the mud till noon, moved 4 miles over awful roads and
camped five miles from Dinwiddie C. H. Bamitz uneasy all
night. Allowed no rest" Mar. 30 149
Dinwiddie C. H., at 6 P. M. Horse wounded Mar. 31 149
Five Forks, Va. At daylight, without supper or breakfast, ad-
vanced at sunset in the thickest of th^ fight. Theodore Ten-
ney killed April 1 149
L. H. T. letter of April 1, 1866 151
Note telling of marriage 153
Petersburg letters of 1868 153- 154
Sailor's Creek. "Chester and myself charged nearly 4 miles. No
support. Chester wounded" April 6 155
Chester's letter 155
Appomattox Station. Fighting all day. "Horse hit by a shell,
and I struck by a spent ball" April 8 155
Appomattox C. H. White flag. "Glorious day. Surrender" April 9 156
^'Custer's Farewell order" 156
J. T. Haskell's account of white flag 158
A. B. N.'s note about white flag 158
L. H. T. letter of April 8, 1866, describing battle at Appomattox 158
Put in application for leave of absence. Report that Lincoln was
killed. "God grant it may not be true.'^ "Assassination" . . . April 15 160
*'Got my leave and took cars in evening" April 16 160
A. B. N.'s note about Gen. Johnston's surrender 160
President's remains in state, viewed April 18 161
Home ten days April 20 161
-*F. Henderson and Will Keep" April 22 161
Columbus. A. B. N. commissioned Col May 8 163
Washington May 10 163
Bladensburg, in camp near, "Got ready for the 'Review.' Whole
Div. in red neckties" May 23 164
Grand Review, A. B. N/s description of 164
Missouri, rcgt, ordered to, Took cars with Melissa for Cincin-
nati May 27 165
Fitch, Martin, death by drowning June 2 166
St. LouiSj Benton Barracks June 8 166
"Field officer of day. Think of resigning very soon" June 9 166
A. B.*s muster out came June 13 167
"Sent in my resignation" June 14 167
"Went to town and saw Sister M. and A. B. off" June 15 167
"Took my horse to city, sold for $100" June 17 167
Discharge came July 11 169
Home July 13 169
B. F. Memorandum 173
C. G. Fairchild letter 173
In Memoriam 179
Red River Valley News 179
Military Order of Loyal Legion 180
"Major Tenney's comrades," by Captain Chester 181
Resolutions, 2nd Ohio Cav 185
Col. Bamitz' letter 185
Genealogical chart 188
KEY TO MAP
Battles y Actionsy Engagements and Skirmishes of the
2nd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
NO. PLACE. DATE.
1 Independence, Mo Feb. 22
2 Horse Creek, Mo May 7
EXPEDITION INTO INDIAN TERRITORY.
3 Grand River, Cow Skin Prairie or
Round Grove, Ind. Ter June 6
CAMPAIGN IN SOUTHWEST MO. AND N. W. ARKANSAS.
4 Lone Jack, Mo Aug. 18
5 Newtonia, Mo Sept. 30
6 Newtonia, Mo Oct. 4
7 Cane Hill, Ark Nov. 14
8 Cane Hill, Ark Nov. 28
9 Prairie Grove, Ark Dec. 7
10 Mount Sterling, Ky March 19
11 Monticello, Ky April 30
12 Monticello, Ky May 1
13 Monticello, Ky May 30
14 Monticello, Ky : . June 9
15 Rocky Gap, Ky June 9
SANDER'S RAID INTO EAST TENNESSEE.
16 Wartburg, Tenn June 17
17 Lenoirs, Tenn June 19
18 Knoxville, Tenn June 19
19 Knoxville, Tenn June 20
20 Strawberry Plains, Tenn June 20
21 New Market, Tenn June 21
22 Mossey Crek, Tenn June 21
23 Powder Springs Gap, Tenn June 21
NO. PLACE. DATE.
87 Abrahams Creek, Va Sept. 13
88 Winchester, Va Sept. 19
89 Cedarville, Va Sept. 20
90 Front Royal, Va Sept. 21
91 Milford, Va Sept. 22
92 Waynesborough, Va Sept. 28
93 Bridgewater, Va Oct. 2
94 Columbia Furnace, Va Oct. 7
95 Tom's Brook, Va Oct. 9
96 Cedar Creek, Va Oct. 19
97 Mt. Zion Church or Newtown, Va Nov. 12
98 Mt. Jackson, Va Nov. 22
99 Moorefield, W. Va Nov. 30
100 Lacey's Springs, Va Dec. 21
101 Waynesborough, Va March 2
102 Goochland, Va March 11
103 Ashland, Va March 15
104 Dinwiddie C. H., Va March 31
105 Five Forks, Va April 1
106 Namozine Creek, Va April 3
107 Sailor's Creek, Va April 6
108 Appomattox Station, Va April 8
109 Appomattox C. H., Va April 9